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Media Gizi Indonesia
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Articles 14 Documents
RELATED BEHAVIOR FACTORS, CONSUMPTION FAST FOOD FREQUENCY, DIET AND GENETIC LEVEL WITH EXCESS WEIGHT Nusa, Adisti Fitriana Andar; Adi, Anis Catur
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmiah Media Gizi Indonesia
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ABSTRACTObesity in Indonesia is rising increasingly in number of events, include obesity in adolescence. This increasing frequently occurs in urban adolescents caused by fast food proliferation. The continuity of fast food consumption and further more already become behavior will have negative impact on nutritional status of adolescence because of its imbalance nutritional content. This study analyzed the relationship between behavioral factors, frequency of fast food consumption, diet and genetics with overweight grade in adolescents. This study was observational analytic study using cross-sectional design. The samples were 70 people composed of male and female high school students (class X and class XI) aged 15–17 years old. There was random sampling technique and data was analyzed by Chi Square test and Fishers exact test. The results showed that there was a significant relationship of dietary variables and overweight grade (p = 0.041) and there were no significant relationship of genetic variables, behavioral factors, frequency of fast food consumption with overweight grade (p > 0.05). The results showed a relationship of attitudes with frequency of fast food consumption (p = 0.05) and no significant relationship of other behavioral factors variable (predisposing factors (knowledge), enabling (distance and how to purchase fast food) and reinforcing (family support and friends)) with frequency of fast food consumption (p > 0.05). There was a significant relationship of dietary variables, overweight grade, attitude variables with frequency of fast food consumption. Recommended to give correct information about fast food for teenagers and to increase physical activity for overweight teenagers. Keywords: obesity, fast food, diet, genetic
SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS RELATED TO THE HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY URBAN FISHERMEN IN SURABAYA Sari, Ana Kartika; Andrias, Dini Ririn
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmiah Media Gizi Indonesia
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ABSTRACTHousehold food security is an important phase in food security concept, since it may directly affects nutritional status of the entire family members. Fishermen community is one of the groups in urban communities which is vulnerable to food insecurity. The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated to household food security among fishermen households. This cross-sectional study was done in Sukolilo Village, Bulak Sub District, Surabaya on June 2011. Fifty households were selected using simple random sampling technique. The data were collected through interview and household food security status was determined by using U.S. HFSSM. The results showed that most of the households were food insecure (88%). The study also showed that there were association between income p = 0.037 (p < α) and expenditure p = 0.016 (p < α) to household food security status. Conversely, there were no association between education of the wives, education of the household head, occupation, family size, electronic assets, non-electronic assets, nutrition knowledge, physical access to food, economic access to food, food availability, and Coping Strategy Index score to household food security status. This study concludes that factors associated to household food security status of fishermen households in Sukolilo Village, Bulak Sub District, Surabaya are household income and expenditure. Trainings to improve skills of the fishermen and families is essential to increase household income during scarcity. In addition, nutrition training held for the wives is also necessary to improve their nutrition knowledge. Keywords: Household Food Security, Fishermen, Coping Strategy Index
EFFECT OF ADDITION OF MEAT gravestone (Pilsbryoconcha exilis) AND CARROT (Daucus Carota L.) POWER TO ACCEPT AND NUTRITION CONTENT cracker based MOCAF (Modified Cassava Flour) Anisa, Anisa; Adi, Anis Catur
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmiah Media Gizi Indonesia
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ABSTRACTBarnacles which are high in vitamin A can be processed into crackers and may become a potential alternative of healthy snacks. This research was aimed to know the effect of adding barnacles and carrots towards the acceptance, water content, protein content of crackers which is enriched in barnacles and carrots. This research was also aimed to find the best composition of barnacles, carrots and other ingredients of crackers. This research was done by using pure experimental study for product development and quasi experimental study for organoleptic testing. Four treatment and six repetitions were applied in this study. Twenty semi-trained panelists were involved in organoleptic test. Product acceptance was tested using statistical analysis Friedman Test and Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test (α = 0.05). Organoleptic test showed that the most preferable formula were F1 and F2 with average scor 3.57. Formula F3 had the highest content of protein and vitamin A. The results showed hat formula F2 was tend to be the best formula. Statistical analysis using Friedman test showed that there was significant difference of product acceptance in term of color (p = 0.001), taste (p = 0.000), and shape (p = 0.017) among formulas.This research concludes that there was difference in acceptance of formula F1, F2 and F3, and the best composition of crackers is formula F2. This research suggests producers to consider the thickness of crackers and fry the crackers in proper temperature (150oC–160oC), as well as in proper time (around 10 seconds). Keywords: kerupuk, barnacle meat, carrots, protein, vitamin A
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CHARACTERISTICS OF MOTHER, FAMILY SUPPORT, SUPPORT SERVICES PROVISION OF HEALTH WITH PATTERN ASI (Studies in the Work Area Fishermen Gresik Regency Health Center) Madjidi, Arina; Adiningsih, Sri
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmiah Media Gizi Indonesia
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ABSTRACTThe government had been promoting exclusive breastfeeding. In contras, there was reduction number of exclusive breastfeeding in the last three years at Nelayan Public Health Centre and only 11,82% in 2010 (target was 80%). It maybe caused by multi factors such as maternal characteristic, family and health care support. The objective of this research was to analyze the correlation between maternal characteristic, family support and health care support with the pattern of breast feeding. This research was observational analytic with cross sectional design, which subjects were79 mothers of 6–11 months baby at Nelayan Public Health Centre’s areas and selected by simple random sampling. Data about family and health care support were measured by questionnaire that had been modified from Hughes Breastfeeding Support Scale and ten steps to success breastfeeding then analyzed by chi-square test (α = 5%). The exclusive breastfeeding was 19.0%, the majority of mothers was 20–35 years old, high school educated, did not work, maternals knowledge was high, have negative attitude to exclusive breastfeeding, family support and health care support were categorized moderate. There were correlation between knowledge (p = 0.003), attitude (p = 0.006), family support (p = 0.002), health care support (p = 0.001) with the pattern of breastfeeding. The family and health care should be support breastfeed mother by giving praise, valuation, help and information.Keywords: exclusive breastfeeding, maternal characteristics, family support, health care support
RELATIONSHIP INTAKE AND CONSUMPTION PATTERNS VITAMIN A, ZINC AND PROTEINS WITH ARI EVENT AND STATUS IN CHILD NUTRITION Fitriyah, Riska; Mahmudiono, Trias
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmiah Media Gizi Indonesia
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ABSTRACTMalnutrition can be caused by the lack of food consumption and the presence of infectious disease. Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is one of the example. ARI can be prevented by having a healthy consumption pattern and enough consumption of nutrients that can protect the respiratory tract and enhance immunity as well, such as vitamin A, protein and zinc. The purpose of this study was to analyze the association of nutritional status, incidence of ARI during the last 6 months in children at the Arif Rahman Hakim Orphanage Surabaya with the patterns of consumption, intake of vitamin A, protein and zinc. This research was analytic observational study with cross sectional design. Total respondents in this research was 32 children selected using simple random sampling technique. Data were analyzed using chi-square, depend on data scale of each variable. The results showed about 43,8% respondent were early adolescents (10–12 years). Most of them have a normal nutritional status (90.6%). There was no association between nutritional status and the eating habits of the respondents (p = 0.186) but there was an association with the type of snack that was often consumed (p = 0.010). There was an association between nutritional status with the consumption of vitamin A (p = 0.023) and insidence of ARI with the consumption of zinc (p = 0.047) but there was no association between the incidence of ARI protein intake (p = 0.232) with vitamin A intake (p = 0.857). It can be concluded that there is an association between nutritional status and the type of snack that is often consumed and vitamin A. There is also association between insidence of ARI and the consumption of zinc. It is suggested that there should be a sort of control upon the meal time schedule and eating habits of children, so that nutrient intake can be met fullfilled macro and micronutrients to prevent respiratory diseases.Keywords:  nut ritional  status,  incidence  of  AR I, consumption patterns, intake of vitamin A, protein and zinc.  
CONSUMPTION OF RELATIONS WITH NUTRITION HEALING THE WOUNDS AFTER OPERATION SECTIO Cesarea Widjianingsih, Elok; Wirjatmadi, Bambang
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmiah Media Gizi Indonesia
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 ABSTRACTIn recent days, many postnatal infection incidences caused by poor sectio cesaria wound healing process or unhealed sectio cesaria wound are found. In fact, sectio cesaria should be “hygiene” operation measure and having infection rate not more than 2%. Malnutrition is considered as one of infection causes. This research was performed to identify relationship between nutrition consumption levels and wound healing process after sectio cesaria operation. This research was performed by cross sectional design using quantitative and qualitative approaches. Interview and observation were conducted on 51 postnatal mothers with sectio cesarea wounds who had met the criteria. Subjects were collected from population by simple random sampling. Further interview was performed to obtain more detail information about the variable researched. Independent variables were age, educational level, knowledge, expense for food, consumption pattern and nutrition consumption level. The dependent variable was wound healing process post sectio cesaria operation. Based on Spearman correlation statistical test, it was obtained correlation coefficient of 0.767 (r > 0.5) or p = 0.000 (< 0.05). Test result showed that there was a significant relationship between respondent nutrition consumption and wound healing process post sectio cesarea operation. It could be concluded that post natal mother had good nutrition consumption level through their complete wound healing process (by primary process) and post natal mother who had poor consumption level were at risk to experience infection on their post sectio cesaria wound (by secondary process). Keywords: consumption, nutrition, sectio cesarea
LIFESTYLE RELATIONSHIPS WITH ADOLESCENT NUTRITION Rochman, Iftita; Adriani, Merryana
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmiah Media Gizi Indonesia
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ABSTRACTAdolescence is an important age in both physically and psychologically, because in this age there is a transition from childhood to adultery. Reformation era has an effect to the change of adolescent’s behavior and life style especially in urban area. There is a shifting of the adolescent’s life style from the traditional ways style of life to the modern ways style of life. The varieties of life style and behavior will affect the nutritional condition of adolescents. That is why it is necessary to be learned about the relation between the life style and the nutritional status of adolescents. The adolescent’s life styles researched consist of sports habit, smoking habit, drinking alcohols behavior and drugs consuming behavior. This was an observational research and the data was collected by cross sectional. The population was the XI grade students of SMA Trimurti Surabaya at the total of 299 students, and for the sample 76 students were taken by simple random sampling. The relation between life styles and the nutritional status of adolescence were analyzed by using the Chi Square Test. It was found out that there was a relation between the smoking habit (p =0.001) and the drugs consuming behavior (p = 0.039) with the nutritional status of adolescent. In the contrary, there was no relation between sport habit (p = 0.101) and drinking alcohol behavior (p = 0.170) with the nutritional status of adolescent. These show that not all the adolescent modern ways style of life have relation to the nutritional status. Based on this research, it can be concluded that smoking habit and drugs consuming behavior are the adolescent’s life style that have relation to the nutritional status. Meanwhile the sport habit and drinking alcohol behavior have no relation to the nutritional status of adolescents. That is why it is a necessary of having a seminar about healthy life style on school age adolescent so that there will be no any nutritional disturbances in adolescents. Keywords: adolescent, life style, nutritional status
CONTRIBUTION CHARGES RELATED glycemic PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL OF FOOD AND NUTRITION FOR MORE EVENTS IN ADOLESCENT IN FULL DAY SMP SURABAYA Hanifah, Nurul; Nindya, Triska Susila
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmiah Media Gizi Indonesia
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ABSTRACTOver consumption and lack of physical activity lead to overweight and obesity. Glycemic load plays an important role in overweight and obesity because it can increase blood glucose rapidly. It will bring impact on catisfy feeling. The aim of this study was to assess glycemic load and physical activity level to nutrition status in adolescent. This research was an observational analytic study with case control design. Population was all student aged 12–14 year at SMP Islam Al-Azhar 13, SMP Islam Al-Azhar Kelapa Gading and Insan Mulia school. The sample was devided in two groups, criteria for case group was BMI for Age > 1 SD up to > 3 SD, whereas criteria control group and BMI for Age -2 SD up to 1 SD. The sample size used in case and control group was 35 people respectively and it selected with simple random sampling technique. Chi square test was performed to determine the correlation between independent and dependent variable. The result showed that variables in correlation with overweight status in full day junior high school Surabaya were energy level (p= 0.004, OR = 5.06, 95% CI = 1.79 < OR < 14.31), protein intake (p =0.02, OR=5.57, 95% CI = 1.41< OR < 21.99), glycemic load (p = 0.007, OR = 4.5, 95% CI= 1.59 < OR < 12.66) and physical activity level (p = 0.042, OR = 3.37, 95% CI = 1.164 < OR < 9.744). The study conclude that there were correlation between glycemic load and physical activity level to overweight or obesity. Eating healthy diet that considered glycemic load and changing sedentary lifestyle with doing some exercise regularly at least 60 minute/day will help to prevent the overweight or obesity. Keywords: overweight, glicemic load, phisycal activity and adolescent
NURSING PRACTICE EARLY RELATIONS WITH EVENT INITIATION OF DIARRHEA IN INFANTS 0-12 MONTHS OF AGE Minarsih, Minarsih; Adiningsih, Sri
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmiah Media Gizi Indonesia
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ABSTRACTBreast milk is the first food choice of baby born but not all mothers have to practice since an hour when the baby born. A lot of mother in hurry start to work again and they live in kampoeng with a bad sanitation that influenced of health of the baby. Puskesmas (Health Center) in Surabaya introduce practice early breastfeeding to pregnant mother since 2009. Early breastfeeding practice which colostrums as antibody in breast milk can protect the baby from incident of diarrhea. This research aims to identify the relationship between early breastfeeding practice and diarrhea case of 0–12 months old babies in Pakis Health Center working area in Surabaya. The research was observational with cross-sectional design hold in sample of 92 mother who have baby 0–12 month old which obtained by simple random sampling method. Data collected was secondary data and primary data which was obtained by questionaire interview to baby’s mother about knowledge, breastfeeding practice and incidence of diarrhea. Data analyzed by Chi Square test with α = 0.05. Dependent variables were diarrhea case and babies age of the first diarhea case whereas independent variable was early breastfeeding practice. Research result showed that early breastfeeding practice could decrease baby’s diarrhea case. It found significant negative correlation in significant of early breastfeeding practice and the incidence of diarrhea (ρ = 0.014 OR = 0.313). Baby with early breastfeeding practice very rare suffer from diarrhea. Result also showed negative correlation between early breastfeeding practice and the age of baby got diarrhea (ρ = 0.049 OR =0.19). The baby have a first diarrhea in three day of live if mother did not practice in early breastfeeding and baby got diarrhea in 90 day of live if mother practice in early breastfeeding. Conclusion is that there was relationship between early breastfeeding practice and babies diarrhea case. Recommendation is that knowledge improvement about early breastfeeding is needed therefore the benefit can be obtained by baby as well as baby’s mother. Keywords: early breastfeeding inisiation, diarrhea
RELATIONSHIPS DIET, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, ATTITUDES AND KNOWLEDGE OF OBESITY WITH NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF EMPLOYEES STATE CIVIL SERVICE OFFICE IN EAST JAVA PROVINCIAL HEALTH Dewi, Ade Chintya Nirmala; Mahmudiono, Trias
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmiah Media Gizi Indonesia
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ABSTRACTObesity has become a global problem worldwide. Obesity caused by imbalance between physical activity and intake of nutrients and energy. Civil Servant is a job that has a low physical activity during the working hours, so the Civil Servant has a high risk for having over nutritional status. The purpose of this research was to analyze the correlation between diet, physical activity, attitudes and knowledge about obesity with nutritional status. This study was an  observational-analytic  study with  cross  sectional design. Total sample were 87 people who selected by proportional simple random sampling technique. Data were analyzed by using correlation tests, different test and chi-square test adjusted for the scale of the variable data. The results showed that there was a correlation between physical activity working and  nutritional status (p = 0.024). There was no  correlation between sports activity (p = 0.768) and other physical activity (p = 0.592) with nutritional status. Knowledge (p = 0.456) and attitudes about obesity (p = 0.989) was not correlated with nutritional status. There was no correlation between energy intake (p = 0.731) and protein intake (p = 0.537) with nutritional status. Factors that could influent the nutritional status were physical activity level and diet. Based on the results, it was suggested for the Civil Servant in the Health Office of East Java Province should increase the physical activity and paid more attention to their nutrient intake, in orderto reach the Nutrient Adequacy Score. Keywords: civil servants, diet, physical activity, attitudes, knowledge, nutritional status

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