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Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English
Published by IAIN Kendari
ISSN : -     EISSN : -
Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English is a peer-reviewed journal, published twice a year by UPT Pengembangan Bahasa IAIN Kendari. Langkawi Journal invites scholars, researchers, and students to contribute the result of their studies and researches in Arabic and English with linguistic studies, both in micro and macro terms, such as applied linguistics, philology, script studies, including Arabic and English language education.
Articles
58
Articles
Students' Writing Errors and What Lies Beyond Them

Imaniar, Fahmy

Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English Vol. 4 No. 2 2018
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Writing in second language is demanding that leads learners to make errors in their performance. Fortunately, the view of error has changed into a way of understanding second language acquisition and its practice. Error analysis is an approach of SLA to learn the errors made by the second language learners. However, knowing the errors made is not enough, therefore, it is important to see the factors beyond the errors. This present study aims at knowing what writing errors the learners make and what the most common error occurs are. Furthermore, this study explored what factor lies beyond those errors. Through mixed method design as well as Error Analysis (EA) approach, this study was conducted in one learning course in Sidoarjo, East Java, Indonesia. Through this study, it was revealed that omission was the type of error mostly made. Furthermore, intralingual and interlingual factors were the ones beyond the errors. It is expected that this study will contribute to the knowledge and practice on the fields of not only Second Language Acquisition (SLA) but also English Language Teaching (ELT) involving teachers and students.   

Vygotsky’s Legacy on Teaching and Learning Writing as Social Process

Nurfaidah, Sitti

Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English Vol. 4 No. 2 2018
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Vygotsky has imprinted many influences on learning and teaching learning development. Although his main works focus on psychological aspects of children’s learning, it is very useful both for the teachers and researchers in understanding and exploring the best they can do for the development of the children’s learning. One of Vygotsky’s legacy can be traced in the process of teaching and learning writing in which this skill is regarded as social process. Scholars believe that his idea on sociohistorical perspective becomes the foundation in giving scaffolding in teaching writing, collaborative work activity in writing lesson, as well as teacher reflection on his teaching and learning activities in the classroom, as much as the teaching and learning writing as social process. This article, therefore, represents review on how Vygotsky’s influences on language learning and teaching development, particularly in writing which is considered as social process.

Question-Answer in ‘Ayat-Ayat Cinta’ (A Study of Speech Act in Novel)

Batmang, Batmang

Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English Vol. 4 No. 2 2018
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

This study aims to obtain information related to the forms and the uses of linkages adjacency pair of 'question-answer' used in Ayat-Ayat Cinta, as well as understand the function of the adjacent pair in establishing the integrity of the novel discourse. This study is a qualitative study which is operationally using the principles of speech act study. The speech act referred in this study is a dialogue in the novel which becomes the data source of this research. Data was collected by the following procedure: (1) to identify the overall dialogue in the novel; Ayat-Ayat Cinta; (2) to determine the adjacent pair in the form of "questions-answers."; (3) to find the forms and the links between each pair of utterances focused on "question-answer” type. The research findings indicate that the adjacent pairs of "question-answer" are found in the following forms: (1) short sentences; (2) ellipsis (3) deep structure; and (4) informal language (slang). The function of the adjacency pairs of "question-answer" in this novel are as controlling the integrity of discourse, namely (1) to express pleasure/choice of the characters; (2) to explain the identity, background and character of the characters; and (3) to reveal the history of the past of the characters.

Constructing WH-Questions Througn An Error Analysis at Junior High School of Indonesia

Masruddin, Masruddin, Karmila, Karmila

Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English Vol. 4 No. 2 2018
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

This research aims at finding out the types of errors committed by the students in making wh questions. The researcher applies descriptive research. It is used to describe the errors of the students. in making wh-questions. The population of this research is the second year students of SMP Negeri 2 Bua Ponrang. The total number of population in this research is 240 students. The researcher uses purposive sampling technique in determining class VIII A. Therefore, the total number of sample in this research is 28 students. Based on the result of data analysis, the researcher concludes the types of error that the second year students at SMP Negeri 2 Bua Ponrang committed in making wh-questions are omission, simple addition, archi-form, alternating form, misordering, and miselection. The omission is dominant errors that the students made because from 1017 of total errors, 475 or 46.7% of the total errors are omission. Then, it followed by archi-form with the total errors is 275 or 28%, 155 errors of simple addition or 15.2%, 93 errors of misordering or 9.1%, 11 errors of alternating form or 1.1%, and the least types of errors is miselection with 8 errors or 0.8%.

Students' Variation In Translating English Passive Voice Into Bahasa Indonesia

Irwan, Irwan, Putra, Hendra Eka, Rahmadani, Rahmadani

Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English Vol. 4 No. 2 2018
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

This article was focused on analyzing students’ variation in translating English passive voice into Bahasa Indonesia.  The data was taken from the final examination results of Translation I subject.  There were 91 documents. Data were analyzed based on the theory of translation variation.  There were 137 translation variations found after analyzing the students’ translation results. The variations of students’ translations were “(had) being banned” 8 translated variation, “was brought down in” 13 translated variation, “be sentenced” 7 translated variations, “(is) given by” 7 translated variations, “were convicted of” 7 translated variations, “were embroiled in” 5 translated variations, “was placed under” 7 translated variations, “is sponsored by” 4 translated variations, “(was) exposed by” 17 translated variations, “had been covered up by” 5 translated variations, “was banned from” 5 translated variations, “were excluded from” 5 translated variations, “have never been convicted of” 7 translated variations, “(was) banned for” 5 translated variations, “was not suspended” 11 translated variations, “have been banned for” 4 translated variations, “was charged over” 4 translated variations, “were investigated” 2 translated variations, “was caught up in” 4 translated variations.  It can be concluded that the students’ translation skill especially in translating passive voice still have problem and it should be developed as well as possible. 

Humor, Happiness and Work Relationship among Faculty Members in Islamic Higher Education of Indonesia

Gunawan, Fahmi, Alimin, Alimin

Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English Vol. 4 No. 2 2018
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Humor is important among educators to refresh their mind from busy work, strengthen friendship and interpersonal relationship, create happiness, and to improve working performance and cooperation of both personal and professional matters. This study aims to examine the humor in the perspective of linguistics and psychology, especially the semantic aspect among colleagues of lecturers in Islamic universities of Indonesia. A qualitative-descriptive method was employed to analyze data which were collected through participants’ observation and in-depth interview. The results indicate that to create humor from a linguistic perspective, lecturers used polysemy and homonym aspects as part of the language game. Polysemy is only a word while homonym is a word, abbreviation, and acronym. The words that indicate polysemy is margacinta, hawa, and kopi, while the words that indicate homonyms in the form of words maroko, farj, and tabrakan. On the other hand, the abbreviation homonymy is found in the phrases of peraturan pemerintah and pembimbing akademik and the acronyms are found in words akper, jatol, jaka, marisa and jelita. This language game then creates a joyful atmosphere among lecturers which ultimately affects their interpersonal relationships. The proximity of interpersonal relations also has implications for better employment relations and increased productivity to do works assigned to them. Finally, this research confirms that language games such as polysemy and homonymy can also be used to create humor aimed not only to refresh mind but also to create happiness and improve work performance to increase productivity in universities.Keywords: Humor, happiness, relationship, lecturer, Islamic Higher Education.

Mother Tongues Roles In English Language Learning

Seftiawan, Fery

Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English Vol. 4 No. 1 2018
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

The Indonesian language as the medium of instruction indirectly affects all sectors of life across the nation. Starting from business, workplace, and entertainment to education, Indonesian language is used as the main standard language. The usage of the Indonesian language leads the hypothesized thought that it may in one side eradicate the existing tribal languages gradually. While in another side it may also have beneficial aspects like helping people (different ethnic group) to communicate as well as assisting remote learners to study English better. Due to the cases happen in two divergent conditions, this paper examines the use of Indonesian language in facilitating learners to study English. The result of this short paper shows that Indonesian language implication to some extent helps learners to study English better than those who use tribal language as their daily language to communicate. In term of second language acquisition, Indonesian language helps learners achieve some words through translation. Children in different region have different language acquisition as well as their style of learning a foreign language. Those who live in a “sophisticated” area are likely familiar with the Indonesian language that leads them learn English better than those who live in a suburban area.

Implementing the Method of Memorizing Vocabulary in Pushing Students to Learn Arabic

Faizah, Rohmatul

Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English Vol. 4 No. 1 2018
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

The method of memorizing the vocabulary is one of the educational methods in teaching Arabic in the Madrasah Tanwir al-Tsanawiyah al-Islamiyah Talun Sumberrejo Bojonegoro East Java. The activities of teaching students to memorize certain vocabulary under the supervision and guidance of the teacher, then given the task of memorizing the vocabulary in a certain period of time. The student pretended to memorize the vocabularies in front of the teacher temporarily or non-temporary depend on the desire of the teacher. It helps students to answer the question about the lesson on the Arabic language during the exam. So, students compete to learn Arabic in order to get the results fully in the lesson. Students return with training to memorize vocabularies. This method will make it easier for students to learn four language skills so that the Arabic language can be embodied and united in them. Problems in the implementation of the way to memorize the vocabulary is the teachers felt difficulty to apply the method of keeping vocabulary because of the difference in the ability of pupils in compositing of sentences of the vocabulary they memorized. Students feel difficulty writing the vocabulary they memorized than students feel heavy punishment. As the solution of the problems, the teacher should teach the Arabic language patiently and understand the conditions of the students, take care of the process of teaching, take the time to give greater attention to students with weak memory, give the students a lot of motivation to be active in learning and help students memorize and arrange the correct sentences, also to train students in writing the vocabulary repeatedly to read the vocabulary and order them to write.

Using Singular in The Plural Sense (Study in the Quranic Verses and the Words of the Arabs)

Pallawagau, Baso, Amir, Abdul Muiz

Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English Vol. 4 No. 1 2018
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

This research deals with the placing of the singular in the meaning of the plural in the Quranic verses and the words of the Arabs. Hence, the problem of research is as follows: How did the linguists view the singular status of the plural? Was the use of singular in the meaning of the plural valid for all single words? The type of research used in this field is descriptive qualitative research, using the analytical method of grammar, and the technique of a collection consists of the library method. The result of the study answers this problem and that the advent of the singular in the meaning of the plural is not denounced by the Arabs if the speech is evidence of its collection. This method is mentioned in the Holy Quran and the words of the Arabs. However, not every single word is valid for the meaning of the plural without evidence 

Communicative Arabic and Structure of Its Philosophical Teaching

Rusydi, Muhammad

Langkawi: Journal of The Association for Arabic and English Vol. 4 No. 1 2018
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

This article orients to expose the philosophical frame of communicative Arabic teaching. Communicative Arabic teaching has a strong philosophical framework because this modern teaching approach directs the Arabic language to its original position as a tool to communicate. In this context, the ontology dealing with the essence of Arabic teaching as a pedagogical reality, the epistemology dealing with its procedural framework and the ontology dealing with its value framework see that communicative Arabic teaching should be developed with a suitable educational philosophy reinforcing the Arabic to its functional-communicative framework. This article, finally, presents an alternative analysis to perceive communicative Arabic teaching.