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MODEL DESA WARISAN BUDAYA: PENDEKATAN BARU DALAM KONSERVASI WARISAN BUDAYA PEDESAAN

Al Barroh, Intan Maulida

Berkala Arkeologi Vol 38, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Rural cultural heritages have great potential to develop, thus they need to be conserved. Conservation Village Model is a community program in forest conservation area that is combined and implemented in cultural heritage field and be called Cultural Heritage Village Model. This research contributes to the development of conceptual framework for cultural heritage conservation with the community engagement basis in the rural area. This research is literature research that focuses on the concept and framework of Cultural Heritage Village Model. The research stage began from collecting literatures. Analysis method used in this research is a qualitative method. This article will integrate data about Conservation Village Model and cultural heritage conservation. The result of this research is the emergence of Cultural Heritage Village Model concept including its vision and mission, basic principles, village model criteria, activity stages, activity focus, and Cultural Heritage Village Model succeed criteria.

SAPATHA DALAM RELASI KUASA DAN PENDISIPLINAN PADA MASYARAKAT BALI KUNO ABAD IX-XIV MASEHI

Ardika, I Wayan, Setiawan, I Ketut, Wiguna, IGN Tara, Srijaya, I Wayan

Berkala Arkeologi Vol 38, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Inscription is a written record which contains regulation or law and should be obeyed by officers or functionaries and community in general. Sapatha or curse was normally written at the end of the inscription which states the punishment for those who objected the regulations or laws. People punished morally if they objected the regulations or law include seven times to be reincarnated and surfering in all their lives. Sapatha or curse was seen as a discourse in relation of power and knowledge of the kings who reigned in the Old Balinese period. This article explores the sapatha or curse in Old Balinese inscriptions dated from the IX up to XIV century. The aim of this article is to describe the relationship of power and knowledge, as well as discipline and punishment in ancient Bali. Data was gained through documentary studies and interpreted hermeneutically. Theories of ideology, knowledge and power, as well as discipline and punishment will be applied in this article.

Back Cover Vol. 38 No.1 (2018)

Arkeologi, Berkala

Berkala Arkeologi Vol 38, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta

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Abstract

PERKEMBANGAN MORFOLOGI KOTA GORONTALO DARI MASA TRADISIONAL HINGGA KOLONIAL

Marzuki, Irfanuddin Wahid

Berkala Arkeologi Vol 38, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Gorontalo is the biggest city and the forerunner of the present Gorontalo Province. Gorontalo has been existing since traditional era, Islamic kingdoms, colonial, and up to the present. During the traditional and kingdom era, Gorontalo was the small kingdom included in Ternate area. In fact, it witnessed the changes of power during colonial era when it was excluded from Manado regency. It remained the same even until independence time, Gorontalo became the area of North Sulawesi Province until in the year 2000 became its own province. The purpose of this research is to reveal the morphological development of the city respectivelly from traditional to colonial era in addition to find out the background factor of the morphological development. This research used urban archaeology whose main studies are urban components, including urban planning as well as city life as the inseperable component. This research underwent the following steps, collecting data, analysis and interpreting data resulted in a conclusion. The data collections includes primary data and secondary one (archive, text, maps, and other literacy sources). The result suggested that during traditional era the morphological city of Gorontalo was simple, and the settlement was spreading in small groups and doesn not have a regular urban planning component. The starting point as a city with regular spatial components began during the reign of Sultan Botutihe. Subsequent developments in the colonial period of the city center moved to the south referring to the rule of law of indies.

Cover Berkala Arkeologi Vol. 38 No. 1 (2018)

Arkeologi, Berkala

Berkala Arkeologi Vol 38, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta

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Abstract

PROSES PEMBENTUKAN DATA ARKEOLOGI BAWAH AIR KAPAL LIBERTY DI TULAMBEN

Pratama, Henki Riko

Berkala Arkeologi Vol 38, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta

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Abstract

USAT Liberty Shipwreck is one of the underwater archaeological remains that attracts a considerable number of underwater tourism enthusiasts both locally and internationally. Despite of its popularity, the historical background of the Liberty Shipwreck remains unrevealed as well as its deposition process. This article aims to discuss the process of archaeological data formation on the wrecksite of Liberty Ships in Tulamben Waters along with the causing factors that affecting its current condition. This research used qualitative methods with inductive reasoning to explain the process of archaeological formation data. The results of this research indicate that there are two main factors affecting the process of the shipwreck formation which are; the behavioral process and the transformation process. The behavioral process occurs when the ship was still in its cultural system until it was deposited on the seafloor, this consisted of several stages: procurement, manufacture, use, abandonment and decay. Once deposited in the waters of Tulamben Beach, the Liberty Ship was affected by C-transform and N-transform factors. The main C-transform factors were the looting and diving activities, while N-transform factor consisted of the eruption of Mount Agung, the dynamics of Tulamben seashore and the process that occur under the waters.

Preface Vol.38 No.1 Mei 2018

Arkeologi, Berkala

Berkala Arkeologi Vol 38, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta

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Abstract

KESULTANAN TIDORE : BUKTI ARKEOLOGI SEBAGAI PUSAT KEKUASAAN ISLAM DAN PENGARUHNYA DI WILAYAH PERIFERI

Handoko, Wuri, Mansyur, Syahruddin

Berkala Arkeologi Vol 38, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The sultanate of Tidore is not only an area of Islamic influence residing in Tidore Island, as it is widely understood all along. Tidore Sultanate, is actually one of the centers of Islamic power that has a broad influence to other areas in the Maluku Islands and in Papua. Tidore with Ternate, is the most developed region, as both are able to expand influence and control other areas. This study is a literature study, through historical data and archaeological data from previous studies, to explain the development of the Tidore Sultanate as a center of power and influence in the Tidore power periphery region. The results of the study explain, based on historical data and archaeological evidence, Tidore developed as a center of power with the character of a sultanate city, and has a broad influence to other areas both in the Maluku Islands and in Papua which is the periferinya territory or the territory of Tidore Sultanate.

Appendix Vol. 38 No.1 (2018)

Arkeologi, Berkala

Berkala Arkeologi Vol 38, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta

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Abstract

NISAN KUNO DI JAILOLO: BUKTI PERKEMBANGAN ISLAM ABAD KE-18 DI MALUKU UTARA

Abdul Jalil, Laila

Berkala Arkeologi Vol 37, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Moluccas Islands which is rich of spices has become an appeal for the foreign trades to come make a trades of spices. The first foreign traders who visited the Moluccas Island are muslim Arab traders. The entry of Islam into Jaillolo is marked by the existence of ancient gravestone in the Village of Galala and Gam Lamo. This paper aims to describe the process of entry through the variatons of ancient gravestone in Jailolo. This preliminary study used descriptive method of analysis.Kepulauan Maluku yang kaya akan rempah-rempah telah menjadi daya tarik bagi para pedagang asing untuk datang dan berdagang rempah-rempah. Pedagang asing yang pertama mendatangi Kepulauan Maluku adalah pedagang Arab muslim. Masuknya Islam ke Jailolo ditandai dengan keberadaan nisan-nisan kuno di Desa Galala dan Gam Lamo. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui proses masuknya Islam melalui variasi nisan kuno di Jailolo. Penelitian awal mengenai peninggalan arkeologi Islam di Jailolo ini menggunakan metode deskriptif analisis.