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Jurnal Profesi Medika
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Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" : 5 Documents clear
Hubungan Tingkat Pendapatan terhadap Keberhasilan Pengobatan pada Pasien Tuberkulosis di Puskesmas Kecamatan Johar Baru Jakarta Pusat Tahun 2016 Rahmah, Putri Mufrida
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (211.229 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v12i1.261

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB), infection disease caused by M. tuberculosis, is a global challenge in health. TB can damage socially by causing stigma and isolation society also inflict financial loss. About 75% TB patients is productive ages economically (15-50 years old) and is estimated would lose working times 3-4 months and thus would lose their incomes about 20-30%. This study aims to determine the relation between incomes with the success of tuberculosis in treatment at Community Health Center of Johar Baru Central Jakarta in 2016. This study was done by analytical survey with cross sectional design. Population and sample are adult patients at Community Health Center of Johar Baru in 2016. Samples are selected using Simple Random Sampling. The data were collected by using questionnaires and crosschecked by looking at TB03 Card. Data was analyzed by using Chi Square test. There were 45 patients (80,4%) succeed in TB treatment and 32 patients (78%) have low incomes (<Regional minimum wage).  Results from statistical tests using Chi Square test obtained P value = 0.115 (>0.05). There is no relation between incomes with the success of Tuberculosis treatment on Tuberculosis patients in Community Health Center of Johar Baru Central Jakarta in 2016.
Hubungan Peran Pengawas Menelan Obat (PMO) Terhadap Keberhasilan Pengobatan Tuberkulosis Di Puskesmas Kecamatan Johar Baru Jakarta Pusat Tahun 2016 Herda, Wahyuni; Tunru, Insan Sosiawan A; Yusnita, Yusnita
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.679 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v12i1.258

Abstract

Tuberculosis is a disease of global concern. By 2015 six countries contributing to 60% of the global total are India, Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa. China, India and Indonesia alone accounted for 45% of cases in the world.The World Health Organization (WHO)has recommended the Directly Observed Treatment Shortcourse (DOTS) strategy for TB control by involving Drug Supervisors (PMO). It aims to achieve patient recovery, prevent transmission, and avoid drug resistant cases. This study aims to determine the relation between the roles of treatment observers (PMO) with the success of tuberculosis treatment at community health center of Johar Baru Central Jakarta in 2016.This research was conducted by Cross-Sectional non-experimental quantitative method. Population and sample are the patient of adult pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis at community health center of Johar Baru Central Jakarta in 2016. Samples are selected by using Simple Random Sampling. The data were collected by interview using questionnaire. Data analysis using SPSS with Chi-Square test.There were 45 respondents (80,4%) succeed in TB treatment and respondent with PMO roles category were 40 (71,4%). Result of statistical test using Chi-Square test obtained P value = 1,000 (> 0,05).There is no relation between the roles of treatment observers (PMO) with the success of tuberculosis treatment at community health center of Johar Baru Central Jakarta in 2016.
Gambaran Angka Drop Out Pada Penggunaan Terapirumatan Metadon Di Puskesmas Senen, Puskesmas Gambir Dan Puskesmas Kemayoran Jakarta Pusat Pada Tahun 2014-2016 Dan Tinjauannya Menurut Islam Ichwan, Zulha Annisa; Poerwantoro, Bambang; Zuhroni, Zuhroni
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (179.859 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v12i1.273

Abstract

Currently Indonesia has a drug emergency status. Drug users in Indonesia was recorded as many as 5.1 million people. Every year, about 15 thousand people die from drug use. To overcome all these circumstances the government through the Regulation of the Minister of Health, apply Methadone Maintenance Therapy program. Methadone is not a cure for opiate dependency: during methadone use, the user remains dependent on opiates physically. Participants of methadone maintenance therapy often feel themselves healthy enough to get out of the therapy program (drop out). This study aims to determine the number of dropout in the use of methadone maintenance therapy at Puskesmas Senen, Puskesmas Gambir and Puskesmas Kemayoran Central Jakarta from 2014 to 2016 and overview in Islamic views. Method: This research method used descriptive survey with retrospective data using secondary data in the form of data Drop Out on Methadone Usage at Puskesmas Senen, Puskesmas Gambir and Puskesmas Kemayoran Central Jakarta in 2014-2016. Result: The results of this study indicate the number of patients dropped out on methadone maintenance therapy at Puskesmas Senen, Puskesmas Gambir and Puskesmas Kemayoran in 3 years. At Puskesmas Senen, the highest drop out rate occurred in 2015 with 16 patients from 239 registered patients (6.7%). At Puskesmas Gambir, the highest drop out rate occurred in 2015 with 34 patients from 98 registered patients (34.7%). And at Puskesmas Kemayoran, the highest drop out rate occurred in 2015 with 11 patients from 55 patients who registered (20%). Patients dropping out on methadone maintenance therapy in both Puskesmas Senen and Kemayoran were mostly male and most dropped out at 25 to 49 years with 24 patients out of 25 drop out patients (96%). Conclusion: The highest drop out rate in all three puskesmas occurred in 2015. Patients drop out most of the male and most occur in the age group of 25-49 years. In the view of Islam drug abuse is illegal but if used for medical purposes and not excessive is allowed. This is a state of emergency and the circumstances are still allowed to remember the method often raised by scholars, "The state of emergency allows forbidden things". To reduce the rate of drop out and recurrence, the principle that must be applied of treatment for drug addicts patients are treated and repented, with integrated methods of medical therapy, psychological, social and religious.
Gambaran Rerata Kadar Kalsium Dan Fosfor Pada Pasien Yang Menjalani Hemodialisis Di Rumah Sakit Anna Medika Bekasi Annisya, Nur; Armelia, Linda
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.49 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v12i1.276

Abstract

Background: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a pathophysiological process with a diverse etiology, resulting in slow progressive kidney function. Hemodialysis is used as a therapy to replace deteriorating renal function. PGK has high mortality and morbidity, because it can cause various complications, one of the complications of PGK is the regulation of mineral settings, especially calcium and phosphate. Methods: The type of research in this study is descriptive quantitative with cross sectional study design. The population in this study were PGK patients undergoing hemodialysis at Anna Medika Bekasi Hospital. Sample selection using simple random sampling technique with condition to fulfill inclusion criteria. Secondary data retrieval (medical record). Results: From 55 samples were 32 patients (58.2%) with hypocalcemia category, 14 patients (25.4%) with normal calcium level, 9 patients (16.4%) with hypercalcemia category, 10 patients (18.2%) with hypophosphatemia category, 4 patients (7.3% ) with normal phosphorus levels and 41 patients (74.5%) by category. Of 32 patients (58.2%) hypocalcemia and 41 (74.5%) hyperphosphatemia which decreased calcium along with a rise in phosphorus by 22 patients (40%). Conclusion: In this study it was found that patients were more likely to have hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia. Less than half the patients had decreased levels of calcium along with elevated levels of phosphorus.
Hubungan Durasi Paparan Gelombang Elektromagnetik Telepon Seluler Terhadap Kadar Melatonin Pada Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus) Galur Wistar Putri, Irrayanti; Harliansyah, Harliansyah
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (297.885 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v12i1.337

Abstract

Background : Mobile Phone (MP) is a wireless communication tools that nowadays used by people with many features that can ease the user. Cellphone is releasing electromagnetic radiation that can causes side effect for the user itself, one example of the side effect is disturbing the melatonin hormone synthesis that can cause the abnormal sirkadian body rythm, so the sleep patterns are disrupted, causing insomnia, islam is teaching us to keep our health, for example is to keep the rythm of our bedtime regularly. Objective : Knowing the relation between exposure duration of mobile phone electromagnetic radiation to melatonin level of Wistar albino rats observed by medicine and islam perspectives. Methods : This study was experimental study, total sample was determined by frederer theory and analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistic 21 for Windows. Results : The results showed that melatonin levels in the positive control group (dark control group) 13,705 ± 0,500 were compared with the group which exposed for 3 hours 13,375 ± 0,654 with (p=0,299) and in the positive control group (dark control group) 13,705 ± 0,500 compared with the group which exposed for 6 hours 13,223 ± 0,529 with (p=0,116). Conclusions : There is no significant relation between exposure duration of mobile phone electromagnetic radiation to melatonin levels in Wistar albino rats.

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