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Jurnal Profesi Medika
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Articles 39 Documents
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR DEMOGRAFI, PERIODE DAN LAMA KERJA DOKTER TERHADAP KETERLAMBATAN PENGISIAN RESUME MEDIS PASIEN BPJS DI RUANG RAWAT INAP RSAU DR. ESNAWAN ANTARIKSA Nuraini, Nia; K, Gatot Soeryo; Yusmaini, Hany
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 10, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1703.209 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v10i1.9

Abstract

More than 50% of the medical resume at airforce hospital (RSAU) were not returned in due time which caused claim verifcation delayed by social security administrator (BPJS). The purpose of the study was to find out the relation of physician’s demography factors, work periode and duration in terms of the delays in completing medical resume. Cross sectional design was implemented and secondary data was obtained from medical records. Logistic regression analysis showed thedominant factors of the delays in completing medical resume amongstage, sex, work period and work load was sex.
PERBEDAAN EFEKTIVITAS EKSTRAK RIMPANG TEMULAWAK (Curcuma xanthorriza Roxb.) DENGAN EKSTRAK DAUN SALAM (Eugenia polyantha Wight) PADA PENURUNAN KADAR KOLESTEROL TOTAL TIKUS PUTIH JANTAN (Rattus norvegicus) Rizki, Ayu Ulan; Cholid, Cholid; Amalia, Muttia
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 10, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (350.039 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v10i1.14

Abstract

Dyslipidemia is a coronary heart disease risk factor. Dyslipidemia is characterized by the elevated levels of LDL, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and the decrease in HDL. Ginger rhizome (Curcuma xanthorriza Roxb.) and bay leaf (Eugenia polyantha Wight.) are local plants that have the abilities to decrease total cholesterol. This research design was true experimental with pre- and post-control group design. Criteria of sample were white rats, wistar strain, male, age of 8-12 weeks, and body weight range of 150-200 grams. Sampling method was simple random sampling. The experimental rats were acclimatized for seven days. Hypercholesterol diet was fed two weeks, and then the rats were given intervention and get hypercholesterol diet for two weeks. During intervention, the experimental rats were divided into 6 groups of administrationi.e, rats administered with 1) carboxymethil celluse/CMC, 2) simvastatin 0,9 mg/kg BW/day, 3) ginger rhizome extract 200 mg /kg BW/day, 4) ginger rhizome extract 400 mg/kg BW/day, 5) bay leaf extract 200 mg/kg BW/day, and 6) bay leaf extract 400 mg/kg BW/day. Blood samples were taken from caudal vein and total cholesterol levels were measured by spectrophotometry. The analysis used paired T test, One Way ANOVA test. The results showed ginger rhizome extract did not effectively reduce total cholesterol. However, bay leaf extract effectively decreased total cholesterol levels with the highest total cholesterol reduction was found in rats administered with dose of 400 mg/kg BW/day i.e, 15.4 mg/dl. Bay leaf extract have the same effectivity with simvastatin as a standard drug in lowering cholesterol level.
INSIDENSI KHOLANGITIS KRONIK SEBAGAI MANIFESTASI EKSTRAINTESTINAL PENDERITA IBD DI RSPAD GATOT SOEBROTO JAKARTA PUSAT ARL, Syafruddin; Martamala, Ruswhandi
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 11, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (391.681 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v11i1.210

Abstract

IBD (Inflammatory Bowel Disease) as a disease of inflammation of chronic intestinal. The extraintestinal manifestation is predominantly in the form Pericholangitis, chronic cholitis or primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), which usually appear after a few years later from the pop-up cases of IBD with the incidence rate of 5%. Want to know the incidence rate of IBD and PSC in patients were undergoing colonoscopy at RSPAD GS since of March 1, 2016 until February 28, 2017. All patients were undergoing colonoscopy for one year included as a subject of research. Subjects sorted and selected on the findings of the colonoscopy as IBD and non-IBD. Data Cholitis chronic (KHK) is based on the findings of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and total bilirubin elevated serum and serum albumin divided into groups of KHK-IBD or PSC, KHK-non-IBD, Non-KHK-IBD and Non- KHK-non-IBD. Correlation between the PSC and the PSC with IBD were tested statistically by Fisher, materials taken retrospective descriptive. Data PSC and IBD patients as follows: The incidence rate of IBD and PSC are 18.6% and 5.4%; Correlation PSC with extraintestinal manifestation of IBD acceptable expectation (p = 0.000); demographic data of IBD (30 patients) with male 62.4% (18 people), mean age was 50.6 years and incidence between 40 - 59 years old.
PENGARUH FAKTOR-FAKTOR RISIKO PENUAAN DINI DI KULIT PADA REMAJA WANITA USIA 18-21 TAHUN Dewiastuti, Marlina; Hasanah, Irma Fathul
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 10, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1532.699 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v10i1.10

Abstract

Skin aging process is a dynamic process. Skin aging process causes histologic change in skin layer. There are 2 factors causing skin aging process, intrinsic factor (nutritional status) and extrinsic factor (UV light).Tis research was conducted in a population of medical students of UPN Veteran Jakarta. The objective of this study was to ascertain prevalence of skin aging process and whether there was a relationship between the intrinsic and extrinsic factors and skin aging process. The design in this study was a cross-sectional study of the 136 research subjects. The collected data were analyzed by univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis. The incidence of skin aging process is 57.35%. Chi-square test showed that there was a relationship between the application of sunscreen and skin aging process (p = 0.001). There was no signifcant relationship between nutritional status (p=0,246) and skin aging process. From that result, skin aging process has occurred in late adolescent and most influence factor is application of sunscreen.
UJI EFEKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK DAUN BINAHONG (Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis) TERHADAP ISOLAT BAKTERI Escherichia coli JAJANAN CILOK SECARA IN VITRO DENGAN METODE DIFUSI Abima, Fadel; Bahar, Meiskha; Chairani, Aulia
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 11, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.317 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v11i1.205

Abstract

Diarrhea is still one of the world’s major health problem especially in developing country. Foods and beverages contaminated by microorganism become the risk factor of diarrhea, including Escherichia coli (E. coli). One of the curative effort that can be done is to utilise the secondary metabolite compounds contained in binahong leaf (Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis). This study used true experimental method. The sample was binahong leaf extract with concentration of 25%, 50, and 75% using diffusion method (Kirby-Bauer) on doublelayered Mueller Hinton Agar (MHA) (base layer and seed layer) in order to measure the growth inhibition zone around the cylinder plate. The amount of population on this study was 24 isolations of E. coli. The repetition of each treatment group was counted by Federer formula. The result analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test and showed that there was difference on binahong leaf extract effectiveness (p < 0,05), as well as on post hoc analysis using MannWhitney test showed that there was significant difference at concentration of 25%,50%, and 75%. (p < 0,001). This shows that there is a significant differences in the concentration of binahong leaf extract.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PERILAKU KELUARGA TERHADAP KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KELURAHAN PANCORAN MAS Jihaan, Sarah; Chairani, Aulia; Mashoedojo, Mashoedojo
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 11, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (288.865 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v11i1.211

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever was a viral endemic disease which has became on of common health problems encountered in Indonesian. The incidence rate of DHF in Kelurahan Pancoran Mas had been become the highest and significant increase from 2010-2015. This research determine the correlation between family health behavior and the incidens of DHF. This is an analytic survey research by cluster random sampling. The subject were all of the people who live in Kelurahan Pancoran Mas with produced a sample is 136 respondents. Data collection use the questioner and analyse by chi square statistic test (P=0,05). From the research result was found that there’s no correlation of family health behavior with dengue incidence with P=0,254 (P>0,05). It can be concluded that the alternative hypothesis in this study (Ha) rejected and the hypothesis (Ho) is accepted where there’s no correlation between of family health behavior with dengue incidence.
UJI EFEKTIVITAS EKSTRAK KUNYIT SEBAGAI ANTIBAKTERI DALAM PERTUMBUHAN Bacillus sp dan Shigella dysentriae SECARA IN VITRO Yuliati, Yuliati
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 10, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1520.714 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v10i1.11

Abstract

Turmeric is a spice plants that acts as an antibacterial, because it contains a variety of compounds including curcumin and essential oil. Essential oils can be used as an antibacterial because it contains hydroxyl and carbonyl functional group which is phenols derivative. Te phenol derivatives will interact with the bacterial cell wall, then absorbed and penetrated into the bacterial cell, causing precipitation and denaturation of proteins, the result will lyse the bacterial cell membrane, while the antibacterial activity of curcuminis by inhibiting bacterial cell proliferation. Turmeric has launched a pharmacological effect, lowering the fat content, asthma , hepatitis , anti- gall , anti- inflammatory , anti- diarrhea , and act as anti-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory. Turmeric has antibacterial properties of curcumin and essential oil that is capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria that causes diarrhea and Shigelladysenteriae Bacillus sp. Tis study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of turmeric extract on the growth of Bacillus sp and Shigella dysenteriae, with various concentrations of 15%, 30%, 50%, 75%, and 100% by the well diffusion method. Based on theinhibition zone measurement of bacteria Bacillus sp and Shigella dysenteriaethe results were weak category, for the bacteria Bacillus sp with a concentration of 15 % , 30 % , 50 % , 75 % , and 100 % with a diameter of 11 ; 12.3 ; 13 , 3 ; 13.7 ; 14.7 mm, while for the bacteria Shigella dysenteriae with the same concentration has a diameter of 10.3 ; 11.7 ; 12.3 ; 13.3 , and 14.7 mm. Te conclusion of the study is that the antibacterial activity of turmeric extract is more effective against the bacteria Bacillus spthan against bacteria Shigella dysenteriae, although the difference was not signifcant.
UJI EFEKTIVITAS LARUTAN MADU SEBAGAI ANTIBAKTERI TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN Staphylococcus aureus DAN Pseudomonas aeruginosae DENGAN METODE DISK DIFFUSION Yuliati, Yuliati
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 11, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (260.115 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v11i1.206

Abstract

Honey is one of the traditional medicine that can be used in the community for wound treatment since centuries ago. Honey has an antibacterial effect, due to its high osmolarity , hydrogen peroxide content, low pH and low activity. The pH of honey is acidic (ranges about 3.2-4.5), inhibits the metabolism of Gram negative and positive bacteria, in consequence would be bacterial metabolism inhibition. This condition would lead to bacterial lysis. Honey can be used as wound treatment, controls blood sugar in diabetes patient`s, antioxidants, prevents inflammation outer layer surrounding the mouth of the laser beam treatment of cancer patients, treats gastrointestinal inflammation, as well as the material beauty products, hair and skin. This study was conducted to determine the comparative effectiveness of honey solution on the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosae with various concentrations of 105 ppm, 106 ppm , 5x106 ppm , 107 ppm , and 108 ppm by well diffusion method. According to the MIC result on S .aureus, its is included in weak category, with an average diameter 6.5 mm , 10.5 mm, 12 mm, and 14.7 mm on 106 ppm, 5x106 ppm, 107 ppm, and 108 ppm, respectively. Based on the MIC result on Pseudomonas aeruginosae, it also included in weak category, with an average diameter 6 mm , 8.5 um , 9.5 mm, 10.5 mm on 106 ppm, 5x106 ppm on 106 ppm, 5x106 ppm, 107 ppm, and 108 ppm, respectively. This study concluded that antibacterial from honey solution is more effective against Staphylococcus aureus than Pseudomonas aeruginosae, although there are no significantly difference.
PREVALENSI DAN FAKTOR RISIKO TUNGAU DEBU RUMAH DI PAMULANG (TANGERANG) DAN PASAR REBO (JAKARTA) Subahar, Rizal; Widiastuti, Widiastuti; Aulung, Agus
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 10, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1763.736 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v10i1.4

Abstract

House dust mites (HDM), anaeroallergen which may be found in all of part of the urban house including mattress. The objectives of this study were to find out the prevalence and risk factors of house dust mites in urban communities i.e.,Pamulang (Southern Tangerang) and Pasar Rebo (Nothern Jakarta). The study design was a cross-sectional study. The samples of house dusts were collected from house of respondents, living-room floors, bed-room floors, kitchen-room floors, terrace-room floors, ventilation, kapuk mattress, sofa, spring bed, foam mattress, and carpet. Mites were examined by a direct method. The species of HDM found were Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, D.farinae, and Glyciphagus destructor. The prevalence rate ofHDM was 66,9% (621/927). Statistically, no significant difference(p>0,05) was found between the prevalence of HDM in Pamulang(59,8% ,307/513) and Pasar Rebo (75,8%, 314/414). In Pamulang, 94.2% (49/52)of the respondent’s houses were HDM positive (+) and 63.6% (28/44) in Pasar Rebo. Mattresses and bed-room floors were risk factors for HDM(OR=1.99 95% CI 1.06-3.72 and OR=1.8 95% CI 1.10-2.90). This study showed that the houses in two urban communities hadrich HDM.
HUBUNGAN USIA IBU, GRAVIDITAS, RIWAYAT PRE-EKLAMPSIA BERAT DI RSUD. KABUPATEN BEKASI PERIODE JUNI 2015- JUNI 2016 Luthfiyani, Syifa Aulia; Reksoprodjo, Mariono; Anisah, Anisah
Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 11, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta Kerja Sama KNPT

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (368.393 KB) | DOI: 10.33533/jpm.v11i1.212

Abstract

Pre-eclampsia/Eclampsia is the second largest cause of maternal death after postpartum hemorrhage. There are some risk factors that influence the occurrence of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. The aim of the research was to analyze the correlation between risk factors and find the most influence factors to the incidence of severe pre-eclampsia in RSUD District Bekasi. This case control study research done by using secondary data by looking at the data in patient medical records in RSUD District Bekasi period June 2015 - June 2016 and then analyzed using univariate, bivariate with Chi-square and multivariate logistic regression. Sampling method using simple random sampling technique. The results of the bivariate analysis showed there was a significant relationship between gravidity, obesity and history of pre-eclampsia with severe pre-eclampsia with each value of p = 0.022 (OR: 0.251), p = 0.002 (OR: 6,923) and p = 0.0001 (OR: 9.273). Multivariate analysis showed that history of pre-eclampsia and obesity are factors that most influence to the occurrence of severe pre-eclampsia. There was a significant relationship between gravidity, history of pre-eclampsia and obesity with severe pre-eclampsia. Primigravidas 2.51 times higher risk, history of pre-eclampsia positive 6,923 times higher and obesity 9.273 times higher more at risk of developing severe pre-eclampsia.

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