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INDONESIA
LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching
ISSN : 25808672     EISSN : 25809962     DOI : -
Language Literacy is a blind peer-reviewed journal biannually published by the Faculty of Literature, Islamic University of North Sumatra, Medan, Indonesia. Publication is issued in June and December. Authors are encouraged to submit complete unpublished and original works or research results, which are not under review in any other journals. Manuscripts should follow the style of the journal and are subject to both review and editing. The scopes of the journal include, but not limited to, the following areas: linguistics, literature and language teaching written in English.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 34 Documents
HEROISM IN LIN CARTER’S NOVEL THE QUEST OF KADJI Sawira, Sawira; Suhadi, Jumino; Manugeren, M.
LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (219.997 KB) | DOI: 10.30743/ll.v1i1.249

Abstract

Abstract The focus of the study goes to the protagonist’s heroism in making his country a peaceful state. There always seems to be a hero in everyone’s life; everyone has one, and many act as one. A. hero is simply a man admired for his achievements and noble qualities. Despite the accuracy of any dictionary, a hero can be defined according to the mind of the beholder. Heroes have been constructed in many fictional literary works and myths, as well as in reality.  This research is conducted by means of descriptive qualitative method proposed by Krathwohl (2010), and the theory of heroism applied is the one proposed by Kohen (2010). There are three forms of heroism showed by Kadji, the protagonist of the novel: courage, sacrifice and suffering. Kadji is still young but urged by his courage, he is ready to take an official assignment to finish the enemy of his state, named Shamad. The study is conducted by applying descriptive qualitative method with purposes of describing, explaining and validating things related to the data taken from the novel. From the research result it is seen that Kadji in quest of the enemy experiences sacrifice and suffering but motored by his courage all is settled down  to the upmost outcome. Kadji is a real patriot for his state and his clans as he has shown a spirit of heroism in all his steps. Kadji has proved himself to be a hero. It is in line with what Kohen (2010) claims that  heroes are people who transform compassion or a personal virtue into heroic action or a civic virtue. He has proved so much to his forefathers of his fatherland that they do not tolerate traitors.  Keywords: heroism, courage, sacrifice, suffering
MARITAL DISHARMONY IN JACKIE COLLINS’ NOVEL HOLLYWOOD WIVES Buwono, Nuri; Suhendi, Andang; Sahri, Zulfan
LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.821 KB) | DOI: 10.30743/ll.v1i1.248

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Abstract The study is centered on marital disharmony reflected from the protagonist, Elaine Conti, in running her family life. Marital disharmony can occur if the spouses do not spend sufficient time together or if they do not have common interests. Elaine Conti is married to a famous actor of Hollywood, Ross Conti, but their marriage is not running smoothly as Elaine cannot put herself in a proper place of a good wife. The analysis shows that any relationship is hard and any relationship can lead to a range of arguments and difficulties. However when it comes to marriage all of these difficulties are exacerbated, which is a shame because the steaks are also exacerbated. A break up means potentially losing home, meaning legal and financial difficulties and it may mean putting the rest of the family and particularly any children through a lot of difficulties. This is seen that Elaine, the protagonist, cannot play her role as a good wife in the family caused by her extravagant lifestyle, committing adultery and insatiable passion.  The method used here is Descriptive Qualitative proposed by Koul (1990) and the results show that her attitudes in running a marriage life have caused a marital disharmony, in line with the main theory referred to as the base of the study proposed by Hendrix stating that extravagance, adultery and insatiable passions are the main causing factors to marital disharmony. Keywords: disharmony, marriage, extravagance, adultery, passion
HEROISM IN RUDYARD KIPLING’S NOVEL THE JUNGLE BOOK Selian, Hartini; Suhadi, Jumino; Manugeren, M.
LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.34 KB) | DOI: 10.30743/ll.v1i1.246

Abstract

Abstract This study is about heroism in the novel The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling. There are three points of discussion under this title: giving protection, defending rights and gratitude. Defending rights is associated with heroic deeds. A hero is a random citizen that rises to an occasion and performs an action of superhero proportions. Gratitude implies thankfulness or an appreciation of benefits conferred together with a desire, when practicable, to return those benefits. Defending rights is tied to human rights which are universally applicable to one and all. These are the significant components of heroism. One of the relevant and outstanding modern theories of heroism applied here is proposed by Gibbon (2009) stating that hero is just an average man who fights to solve a common problem in today’s society. The study is conducted with Descriptive Qualitative Method proposed by Haughman (2009) in which he states that Qualitative research is a form of social inquiry that focuses on the way people interpret and make sense of their experiences and the world in which they live. Kipling leads children down the jungle path into adventures beyond their day to day imagining and along the way he shows the value of ‘doing for yourself, of learning who to trust. The result shows that heroism is highlighted through the major characters and the conclusive points are some of the significant characters such as Mowgli, Father Wolf, Mother Wolf, Hathi, and Bagheera have done heroic deeds. Their heroism is presented in the forms of giving protection, defending rights and gratitude. Keywords: heroism, human rights, gratitude
CAUSE AND EFFECT OF SUFFERING IN SYDNEY SHELDON’S NOVEL IF TOMORROW COMES Setiawan, Muarif; Barus, Efendi; Pawiro, M. Ali
LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (208.749 KB) | DOI: 10.30743/ll.v1i1.247

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Abstract  If Tomorrow Comes, a novel written by Sydney Sheldon, is a story of intrigue and revenge. Tracy Whitney is a young, beautiful and intelligent woman and about to marry a wealth man until, suddenly, she is betrayed, framed by a ruthless Mafia gang, and then abandoned by the man she loves. Only her ingenuity saves her and helps her fight back. The significant theme of the novel is suffering, which is the focus of the study with two major points of discussion: the causes and the effects of suffering, subdivided into avarice and loss of trust as a part of the first major point and courage, revenge and hypocrisy as the second major one. The study is conducted with descriptive qualitative method proposed by Dawson (2004) pointing out that qualitative descriptive research is appropriately used to analyze social phenomena. The result shows that the protagonist, Tracy Whitney, faces a lot of suffering from the beginning of the story; that is from the tragic of her mother’s death till she is out of jail. All the sufferings are triggered by avarice of a small group of bandits of white collars having a great personal interest who stand against Tracy and loss of trust from her fiancé, the one whom she expects to be with her in time of difficulty. Owing to her sufferings, Tracy becomes strong mentally but she also turns to be revengeful woman of significant hypocrisy. Keywords: suffering, avarice, trust, courage, revenge and hypocrisy.
MULTI-POTENTIALITY IN MICHAEL AVALLONE’S NOVEL KRAKATOA EAST OF JAVA Alimsyah, Alimsyah; Suhadi, Jumino; Manugeren, M.
LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (217.501 KB) | DOI: 10.30743/ll.v1i1.177

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Abstract The research is about the protagonist’s multi-potentiality with three points of analysis: multi-potentiality in career, in self-discipline and making friend. Multi-potentiality exists when strong genetics and a desire to practice come together to create superior ability. Discipline means order or code of behaviour. Self-discipline refers to the ability to control one’s own feeling is very important. Self-Discipline leads to overcome one’s own weaknesses. Life without Self-discipline is no life. There are many valuable things in life, but friendship may be one of the most important. To live life without the experience of friendship is life without living. Human interaction is a necessity to survival, but developed friendships are essential to the successful well being of anyone. True friendship is a feeling of love, sharing and caring. The theory of multi-potentiality is proposed by Timoty (2008) stating that from knowledge and skills comes multi-potentiality, a set of personal characteristics that enhance one’s ability to achieve expertise in an accelerated manner.  These traits allow one to improve at quicker rates than others in their field that are at the same level of expertise. Descriptive qualitative method by Bickman (2010) is applied to analyze all the data concerning multi-potentiality and conducted to demonstrate association or relationships between things in the world around us in this matter, significant events in the novel and how all the events are molded into a story. The result shows that the protagonist has multi-potentiality in the forms of ability in career, self-discipline and making friends. Keywords: self-discipline, potentiality, career
SELF-CONFIDENCE IN HENRY FIELDING’S NOVEL TOM JONES Sunardi, Sunardi; Sitepu, Darman; Sahri, Zulfan
LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.468 KB) | DOI: 10.30743/ll.v1i1.250

Abstract

Abstract  Self-confidence is the core point of this research. Self confidence is a feeling that makes people think that they will do better after their efforts, a feeling that they can know more over time, a feeling that they can change themselves to adapt to the environment.There are three points of discussion under the topic. The first is self-confidence in facing family problem. There is no family without a problem and every single problem could be settled by means of self-confidence. This is followed by self-confidence in love as the second point. Love is a universal nuance that comes to everybody’s uplifting or crushing the person concerned and again by self-confidence love becomes a ladder to betterment in life.  The third is self confidence in self-identity. A man will never be considered a man unless he has self-identity, which may appear in various forms, one of which is social standing.  The main theory of self-confidence in taken from Brown stating that confidence is the belief that one will perform in a correct proper effective way. This research is conducted with descriptive qualitative method proposed by Krathwohl (1998), exploring social issues to be an epitome of guidelines.  The results show that the protagonist has a strong self-confidence in facing family problem, love and self-identity. He faces a lot of problems in his family and this happens because he is an adopted child. However, through his strong self-confidence he could settle all the obstacles nicely and finally his self-confidence gives comfort to him. Key words: confidence, family, love, identity.
POTRAYAL OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY ENGLISH WOMEN IN JANE AUSTEN’S NOVEL SENSE AND SENSIBILITY Alamsyah, Alamsyah; Pasaribu, Azmir; Sahri, Zulfan
LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (218.283 KB) | DOI: 10.30743/ll.v1i1.153

Abstract

The study has three points of discussion. The first deals with the rights of woman in obtaining property especially the one inherited from parents. The second does with the roles of women in the family. Once women married, their property rights are governed by English common law, legally absorbed by their husbands. Furthermore, married women could not make wills or dispose of any property without their husbands consent. The third deals with the roles of women in society. A woman is surely forbidden to do any type of job or business. All is done by man. The main theory concerning property rights of women is proposed by Shanley (2000) who states that from the legal unity of the husband and wife, it follows that a married woman could not sue or be sued unless her husband is also a party to the suit, could not sign contracts unless her husband joins her. And for the research method, the Descriptive Qualitative Approach proposed by Bogdan and Biklen (1992) is applied, concerning the opinions, experiences and feeling of individuals producing subjective data. It elaborates social phenomena as they occur naturally. The finding shows that all the female characters in the novel get into the problems of property rights, standings in family as well as in the society.
THE RELIABILITY OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE ANXIETY SCALE IN MALAY VERSION BASED ON CRONBACH’S ALPHA Sham, Rosnah Mohd.; Azmi, Mohd Nazri Latiff
LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (450.966 KB) | DOI: 10.30743/ll.v2i1.490

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This paper is part of a study which addresses the reliability of Foreign Language Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) in Malay version.  Researchers find that the reliability of an instrument is closely associated with its validity and an instrument cannot be valid unless it is reliable. However, the reliability of an instrument does not depend on its validity. Therefore, this paper investigates the reliability of the instrument called FLCAS in Malay version.  FLCAS is widely used in collecting data relating to language anxiety and perhaps the most reliable and comprehensive tool in language anxiety.  This paper objectively measures the reliability of FLCAS by using Cronbach’s Alpha, the most widely used objective measure of reliability.  The sampled population involved 302 respondents from the government secondary schools in Putrajaya Federal Territory, Malaysia.  The items had been translated into the Malay language and back translated into English.  Results show that the internal consistency of Crobanch’s Alpha 0.90.  It can be concluded that FLCAS in Malay version is an appropriate instrument to measure the levels of language anxiety among the Malaysian secondary school students who learn English as a second language.
THE SHIFT OF ACEHNESE LANGUAGE IN PULAU KAMPAI COMMUNITY, NORTH SUMATRA Chairuddin, Chairuddin
LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (490.24 KB) | DOI: 10.30743/ll.v2i1.478

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This Study deals with “The Shift of Acehnese Language in Pulau Kampai Community”.The aims of this research are: (1) to obtain the reasons of language shifting that has happened in Pulau Kampai?  (2).to find out what factors that caused shifting of Acehnese language in Pulau Kampai.This research use the qualitative descriptive, The Subject of research is the second generation of Acehnese community in Pulau Kampai. The Researcher found that the shifting pattern of Acehnese language among Acehnese community in Pulau Kampai is bilingual subordinate patterns that exist in the second stage. The Acehnese community (in this case, second generation) still uses Acehnese language predominantly but there are some new words that come from other languages that are used to replace some words in Acehnese.The shifting of Acehnese language happened caused by four factor that interconnected between one and the other. The four factors include (1). Migration (Acehnese community in Pulsu Kampai is a newcomers from the other areas, that are Beurenuen, Sigli, Tamiang and Aceh Timur, (2). Number of the speaker (Acehnese community is minority community, (3) Demographic, (Location of new area), and (4) Economic (a condition that requires Acehnese people to meet or join with other workers)caused a shifting of language.
LANGUAGE IDEOLOGY OF TEENAGERS TOWARD THE CATEGORIES OF GENDER IN LANGSA KOTA Muti, Cut Kania Annissa Jingga; Faradilla, Nisa; Harahap, Sarah Ziehan
LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (361.661 KB) | DOI: 10.30743/ll.v2i1.465

Abstract

ABSTRAKSociolinguistics is a study or discussion of language related to the language Sociolinguistics consists of two elements of the word that is socio and linguistics. Linguistics is the study of language, especially the elements of language (speech, word, sentence) and the relationship between speakers who are part of the members of society.Sociolinguistics places the position of language in relation to its use in society. This means that sociolinguistics views language as primarily a social system and communication system, and is part of a particular society and culture. Hence language and use of language are not observed individually but are always associated with their activities in society.Every human being born into the world is elected into two types, women and men. Gender refers to differences in male and female characters based on cultural construction, relating to the nature of their status, position, and role in society as well as socially-culturally constructed gender differences.In sociolinguistics, language and gender have a very close relationship. There is the phrase "why do women talk differently from men?" In other words, we are concerned with several factors that make women prefer to use standard language compared to men. In this regard, it is worth examining the language as a social part, a deed of value, reflecting the complexity of social networks, politics, culture, and age and society relations.language ideology is ideas and beliefs about what a language is, how it works and how it should work, which are widely accepted in particular communities and which can be shown to be consequential for the way languages are both used and judged in the actual social practice of those communities. In the community of western intellectuals, for instance, one key language ideology is inherited from the tradition of ideas whose major exponents include John Locke (in the Essay Concerning Human Understanding) and Ferdinand de Saussure (in the reconstructed and posthumously published work whose English translation is titled A Course in General Linguistics). In this tradition, signs (or words they are usually treated as being the same thing) stand for ideas, language is the means for conveying those ideas from one mind to another, and the process is underwritten by a sort of social contract, whereby speakers of a given language agree to make the same signs stand for the same ideas.

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