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LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching
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Articles
THE RELIABILITY OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE ANXIETY SCALE IN MALAY VERSION BASED ON CRONBACH’S ALPHA

Sham, Rosnah Mohd., Azmi, Mohd Nazri Latiff

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

This paper is part of a study which addresses the reliability of Foreign Language Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) in Malay version.  Researchers find that the reliability of an instrument is closely associated with its validity and an instrument cannot be valid unless it is reliable. However, the reliability of an instrument does not depend on its validity. Therefore, this paper investigates the reliability of the instrument called FLCAS in Malay version.  FLCAS is widely used in collecting data relating to language anxiety and perhaps the most reliable and comprehensive tool in language anxiety.  This paper objectively measures the reliability of FLCAS by using Cronbach’s Alpha, the most widely used objective measure of reliability.  The sampled population involved 302 respondents from the government secondary schools in Putrajaya Federal Territory, Malaysia.  The items had been translated into the Malay language and back translated into English.  Results show that the internal consistency of Crobanch’s Alpha 0.90.  It can be concluded that FLCAS in Malay version is an appropriate instrument to measure the levels of language anxiety among the Malaysian secondary school students who learn English as a second language.

THE SHIFT OF ACEHNESE LANGUAGE IN PULAU KAMPAI COMMUNITY, NORTH SUMATRA

Chairuddin, Chairuddin

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

This Study deals with “The Shift of Acehnese Language in Pulau Kampai Community”.The aims of this research are: (1) to obtain the reasons of language shifting that has happened in Pulau Kampai?  (2).to find out what factors that caused shifting of Acehnese language in Pulau Kampai.This research use the qualitative descriptive, The Subject of research is the second generation of Acehnese community in Pulau Kampai. The Researcher found that the shifting pattern of Acehnese language among Acehnese community in Pulau Kampai is bilingual subordinate patterns that exist in the second stage. The Acehnese community (in this case, second generation) still uses Acehnese language predominantly but there are some new words that come from other languages that are used to replace some words in Acehnese.The shifting of Acehnese language happened caused by four factor that interconnected between one and the other. The four factors include (1). Migration (Acehnese community in Pulsu Kampai is a newcomers from the other areas, that are Beurenuen, Sigli, Tamiang and Aceh Timur, (2). Number of the speaker (Acehnese community is minority community, (3) Demographic, (Location of new area), and (4) Economic (a condition that requires Acehnese people to meet or join with other workers)caused a shifting of language.

LANGUAGE IDEOLOGY OF TEENAGERS TOWARD THE CATEGORIES OF GENDER IN LANGSA KOTA

Muti, Cut Kania Annissa Jingga, Faradilla, Nisa, Harahap, Sarah Ziehan

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

ABSTRAKSociolinguistics is a study or discussion of language related to the language Sociolinguistics consists of two elements of the word that is socio and linguistics. Linguistics is the study of language, especially the elements of language (speech, word, sentence) and the relationship between speakers who are part of the members of society.Sociolinguistics places the position of language in relation to its use in society. This means that sociolinguistics views language as primarily a social system and communication system, and is part of a particular society and culture. Hence language and use of language are not observed individually but are always associated with their activities in society.Every human being born into the world is elected into two types, women and men. Gender refers to differences in male and female characters based on cultural construction, relating to the nature of their status, position, and role in society as well as socially-culturally constructed gender differences.In sociolinguistics, language and gender have a very close relationship. There is the phrase "why do women talk differently from men?" In other words, we are concerned with several factors that make women prefer to use standard language compared to men. In this regard, it is worth examining the language as a social part, a deed of value, reflecting the complexity of social networks, politics, culture, and age and society relations.language ideology is ideas and beliefs about what a language is, how it works and how it should work, which are widely accepted in particular communities and which can be shown to be consequential for the way languages are both used and judged in the actual social practice of those communities. In the community of western intellectuals, for instance, one key language ideology is inherited from the tradition of ideas whose major exponents include John Locke (in the Essay Concerning Human Understanding) and Ferdinand de Saussure (in the reconstructed and posthumously published work whose English translation is titled A Course in General Linguistics). In this tradition, signs (or words they are usually treated as being the same thing) stand for ideas, language is the means for conveying those ideas from one mind to another, and the process is underwritten by a sort of social contract, whereby speakers of a given language agree to make the same signs stand for the same ideas.

THE WASHBACK EFFECT OF SCHOOL-BASED ORAL EVALUATION PERFORMANCE AND ITS CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP WITH FEAR OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION

Sham, Rosnah Mohd, Azmi, Mohd Nazri Latiff

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

This paper presents part of a study that investigates the washback effect of a School-Based Oral Evaluation (SBOE) performance from the teachers’ perceptions.  It also investigates the causal relationship between students who have passed in the school-based oral evaluation (SBOE) with fear of negative evaluation. The participants are 302 of form four students and four English teachers from the Putrajaya Federal Territory government secondary schools in Malaysia. It is a mixed-method study in which data were collected in sequential, analysed separately, and then explained. The quantitative data were collected by using FLCAS, the School-Based Oral Evaluation (SBOE) results and the qualitative data were collected from the semi-structured interviews with the English teachers and guidelines on SBOE from the Ministry of Education Malaysia. The quantitative method used descriptive statistical analysis, whereas the qualitative method used content analysis.  Students’ result in the mid-term examination 2017 had shown that they scored high marks in the SBOE.  The quantitative results revealed that the students experienced low mean level of fear of negative evaluation.  The teachers reported that students had shown positive attitude during the SBOE and English class interaction.  They were focused, confident, responsive and not panic.  There is a positive washback effect of SBOE on the students’ result. High results in SBOE affected the mean level of fear of negative evaluation. The partial eta-squared showed the value of 0.106 which is considered high.  This study suggests two broad future tasks.  The first task involves the development of national curriculum in English language which dependence upon oral English language.  The second task focuses on the development of English language training and skills for the English teachers.Keywords: washback effect, School-Based Oral Evaluation performance, causal relationship, fear of negative evaluation

TEENAGERS CULTURAL VALUES TOWARDS THEIR VERNACULAR AND INDONESIAN LANGUAGES

Dharma, Anjasmara Tri, Lubis, Wan Muthia, Syahra, Nur Alfi

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

This study aim to analyze How to Compare the Cultural Values of a Teenager toward Vernacular Language and Bahasa Indonesia.This study population throughout teenagers around Langsa. Especially in old Langsa sub district, meurandeh village like boys and girls aged around 12-21 years old much as 15 teenagers. Data were collected using a questionnaire for the teenagers. The result of study is teenagers really love and appreciate their vernacular language because vernacular language is mother tounge, teenagers still comsider the vernacular language is very important to know their identity because the vernacular language according to the teenagers can communicate with their environment. Teenagers in area meurandeh Langsa not very active role in preserving the culture of the region because that preserve the regional culture is the parents. If parents do not also preserve the culture of the region then certainly the culture will slowly disappear.  So the value of teenagers culture toward local language to communicate with others both in using the vernacular language and Bahasa Indonesia.

LOCAL WISDOM OF KEMBAR MAYANG IN WEDDING TRADITION OF JAWA ETHNIC

Hidayati, Hidayati

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

The research is concerned with the local wisdom of Kembar Mayang in wedding tradition of Jawa ethnic. Local wisdom can be in the forms of knowledge, skills and policies used for the welfare of the peoples concerned. Tied to this, Kembar Mayang,  about a meter in height,  has been known as a pair of symbolic ornaments made from of janur or coconut leaf, trunks of  banana tree, fruits and flowers of five colors and usually presented in the wedding tradition of Jawa ethnic. The research is conducted by means of descriptive qualitative method and supported by phenomenological approach. Data collection technique and procedures cover observation, interview, questionnaire and documentation with 20 key informants consisting of community leader, scholars, and community members. The results show that there are four points of local wisdom in Kembar Mayang: Maintaining Family Honor, termed  keris-kerisan in the form of  dagger-shaped webbing; Mutual Protection, termed  payung-payungan in the form of  umbrella-shaped webbing;  Fidelity, termed  manuk-manukan in the form of  bird-shaped webbing; Tenacity and Sacrifice, termed walang-walangan, in the form of  praying mantis- shaped webbing. Kembar Mayang as a cultural heritage is to be preserved to be used as a guideline in social life. 

LANGUAGE MANAGEMENT IN NON-MARRIAGE COUPLE

Sahri, Alfi, Rafiana, Nurmalia, Dibha, Cut Droena

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze how non-marriage couples plan language planning for their daily communicating and language decline for their future children when they are married. The population of this study is all couples dating arround Langsa as many as 10 couples. Data were collected using questionnaires for dating couples. The result of the research is that the coupleshas many good planning to plan the language fir them and their future child, beside that there are still many who want to use local language. Couples dating in the Langsa cuty prefer to plan language planning is the Indonesian language is the mother tongue and for their children will be able to easily communicate with people arround.

ENGLISH WRITING PERFORMANCE USING BLENDED LEARNING IN TVET EDUCATION

Abdul Rahman, Ayuni Madarina

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

This study focuses on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) includes formal, non-formal and informal learning that prepare young people with the knowledge and skills required in the world of work. English has become an important language in Malaysian higher learning institutions that is used as a medium of interaction and for other educational purposes. For this study, the researcher would like to highlight the impacts of blended learning on students’ writing performance. This is due to the concerns regarding students’ difficulty in English writing. The study used experimental research design to conduct the study that involved 60 students from semester 1 who took Communicative English 1. The study has been conducted on two groups, which were experimental and control group. The students had to answer the questionnaire regarding teacher centred approach (control group) and blended learning approach (experimental group). Also, students do writing test to be correlated with the result from questionnaire. SPSS version 23 that used Kendall’s correlation has become the the tool to analyse the result. The result shows that blended learning has a positive effect to the most students in experimental group.

HEROISM IN LIN CARTER’S NOVEL THE QUEST OF KADJI

Sawira, Sawira, Suhadi, Jumino, Manugeren, M.

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Sastra UISU Medan

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Abstract

Abstract The focus of the study goes to the protagonist’s heroism in making his country a peaceful state. There always seems to be a hero in everyone’s life; everyone has one, and many act as one. A. hero is simply a man admired for his achievements and noble qualities. Despite the accuracy of any dictionary, a hero can be defined according to the mind of the beholder. Heroes have been constructed in many fictional literary works and myths, as well as in reality.  This research is conducted by means of descriptive qualitative method proposed by Krathwohl (2010), and the theory of heroism applied is the one proposed by Kohen (2010). There are three forms of heroism showed by Kadji, the protagonist of the novel: courage, sacrifice and suffering. Kadji is still young but urged by his courage, he is ready to take an official assignment to finish the enemy of his state, named Shamad. The study is conducted by applying descriptive qualitative method with purposes of describing, explaining and validating things related to the data taken from the novel. From the research result it is seen that Kadji in quest of the enemy experiences sacrifice and suffering but motored by his courage all is settled down  to the upmost outcome. Kadji is a real patriot for his state and his clans as he has shown a spirit of heroism in all his steps. Kadji has proved himself to be a hero. It is in line with what Kohen (2010) claims that  heroes are people who transform compassion or a personal virtue into heroic action or a civic virtue. He has proved so much to his forefathers of his fatherland that they do not tolerate traitors.  Keywords: heroism, courage, sacrifice, suffering

MARITAL DISHARMONY IN JACKIE COLLINS’ NOVEL HOLLYWOOD WIVES

Buwono, Nuri, Suhendi, Andang, Sahri, Zulfan

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Sastra UISU Medan

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Abstract

Abstract The study is centered on marital disharmony reflected from the protagonist, Elaine Conti, in running her family life. Marital disharmony can occur if the spouses do not spend sufficient time together or if they do not have common interests. Elaine Conti is married to a famous actor of Hollywood, Ross Conti, but their marriage is not running smoothly as Elaine cannot put herself in a proper place of a good wife. The analysis shows that any relationship is hard and any relationship can lead to a range of arguments and difficulties. However when it comes to marriage all of these difficulties are exacerbated, which is a shame because the steaks are also exacerbated. A break up means potentially losing home, meaning legal and financial difficulties and it may mean putting the rest of the family and particularly any children through a lot of difficulties. This is seen that Elaine, the protagonist, cannot play her role as a good wife in the family caused by her extravagant lifestyle, committing adultery and insatiable passion.  The method used here is Descriptive Qualitative proposed by Koul (1990) and the results show that her attitudes in running a marriage life have caused a marital disharmony, in line with the main theory referred to as the base of the study proposed by Hendrix stating that extravagance, adultery and insatiable passions are the main causing factors to marital disharmony. Keywords: disharmony, marriage, extravagance, adultery, passion