LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching
Language Literacy is a blind peer-reviewed journal biannually published by the Faculty of Literature, Islamic University of North Sumatra, Medan, Indonesia. Publication is issued in June and December. Authors are encouraged to submit complete unpublished and original works or research results, which are not under review in any other journals. Manuscripts should follow the style of the journal and are subject to both review and editing. The scopes of the journal include, but not limited to, the following areas: linguistics, literature and language teaching written in English.
Articles
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Articles
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Error Analysis of Subject-Verb Agreement Made by Students in Meurandeh Langsa

Gunawan, Rasyid, Indah, Reny Lestari, Mulyani, Putri

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

This research aimed at identifying the subject-verb agreement errors in students‚?? writing. This research applied a descriptive research. The data were collected through test and non-test instruments. Test instruments were conducted through writing test and non-test instruments were through questionnaire and interview. The data obtained from both test and non-test instruments were conducted by employing descriptive analysis. This research analyzed students‚?? narrative writing based on Surface Strategy Taxonomy proposed by Dulay, Burt and Krashen (1982). This result revealed the types of error in subject-verb agreement in the students‚?? narrative writing covering omission, addition and misinformation. In conclusion, the students involved in the research made a number of errors. It was found that the students‚?? ability to use subject-verb agreement in English was still low.

Adverbial Derivation in Toba Batak Language: A Generative Transformational Study

Ambarita, Esron

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

The purpose of this article is to elaborate adverbial derivation in Toba Batak language from the view point of generative transformational study. The data were analysed by applying modified theory with reference to Halle‚??s model as the main theory.¬† Therefore, there are six components of sets of generative transformational rules as modified theory in this study, i.e. List of Morphemes, Word Formation Rules, Filter, Orthographic Rules, Phonological Rules, and Dictionary. The method of this study is descriptive qualitative. The data were collected by using observation and interview. The collected data are voice-recordings and writings. The research findings show that adverbial derivation in Toba Batak language are done by attaching (1) prefix [par-], (2) prefix [maN-], (3) prefix [mar-], (4) affix combination [-umal-], and (5) affix combination [-umar-] to stems. The results of the affixation processes generate complex words which have new grammatical and lexical meanings. Phoneme assimilation takes place in morphological processes particularly with prefix [ma-]. The inflectional processes of attaching those affixes bring about phonological idiosyncrasy; therefore, such words must be processed in filter to generate acceptable words in Toba Batak language.

Language Choice Used by Chinese Family in Langsa

Yusmawati, Yusmawati, Lestari, Cut Intan, Hidayah, Nurul

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

The research aims at identifying the language choice used by Chinese family in Langsa, the phenomenon that has long been seen in Chinese families: having tendency to choose Indonesian as the second language in their families even though they live in the Aceh region. This phenomenon is not only seen in the town but also in urban areas. The emergence of language selection is caused by the occurrence of language, social condition, and cultural tradition. The interesting thing to look at and study in connection with this phenomenon is that members in the family are from the Chinese ethnic group and speakers of native Chinese but the language used to communicate with the community in the chosen environment is Indonesian. The focus of this research is to analyze language selection Indonesia in a Chinese family in Langsa. The research is executed by means of descriptive qualitative method supported by the technique of interview to get deep information about the language choice.

Doctor-Patient Interaction: A Systemic Functional Analysis

Pane, Isli Iriani Indiah, Saragih, Amrin, Nurlela, Nurlela, Lubis, Masdiana

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

One of the basic mediums in the interaction between doctor and patient in the treatment room is language. This paper, hence deals with the conversation in doctor-patients interaction in Pirngadi General Hospital in Medan, Indonesia. Clauses in the conversations were adopted as the main research data. The analysis is based on the theory of Systemic Functional Linguistics pioneered by Halliday (2004). The research was conducted by applying top-down approach from the analysis of the consultation in terms of context of situation that is concerned with register variables covering field, tenor and mode. Then, the analysis further focuses on the experiential function in terms of transitivity system covering the analysis of the processes used the participant functions involved and the interpersonal function covering mood and modality. The study was conducted by using descriptive qualitative method with triangulation. It refers to the use of multiple methods or data sources in qualitative research to develop a comprehensive understanding of phenomena. Triangulation is viewed as a qualitative research strategy to test validity through the convergence of information from different sources. The results of the analysis have revealed that social relation exists in the language used by the doctor and the patient in their interaction in which the doctor has more power over the patient.

Stylistics in ‚??Asahan Dalam Angka 2015‚?Ě Translation Text

Marpaung, Ely Ezir, Lubis, Syahron, Saragih, Amrin, Setia, Eddy

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

This research deals with the role of stylistics in translation and is aimed at identifying the types of stylistics used in ‚??Asahan Dalam Angka 2015‚?Ě in the translation text, to analyze the application of how and why stylistics is applied. This study applies qualitative research method, proposed by Miles and Huberman. There are six types of stylistics applied in ASDA 2015translation text: Word Formation Variation (WFV), Lexical Choice Variation (LCV), Syntactical Order Variation (SOV), Semantic Meaning Variation (SMV), Pragmatic Contextual Variation (PCV), and Grammatical Change Variation (GCV). The application refers to the morphological process (Word Formation Variation).The words are lexically chosen to vary lexical meaning (LCV), the phrases are syntactically reconstructed SOV), the words are pragmatically and contextually varied and translated to be equivalent (PCV), and the words are grammatically changed and varied to construct appropriate meaning. The finding shows that there are two causes why stylistics is not well applied in ASDA 2015translation text. Firstly, MT (Machine Translation) used in translating the text is not equipped by sufficient linguistic devices. Secondly, ASDA 2015 translation text is not realized in stylistic variation.

English Vowels and Consonants Mispronunciation of the Seventh President of Republic of Indonesia in His Official English Speeches and Its Influencing Factors

Ambalegin, Ambalegin, Arianto, Tomi

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

This research aimed to find out the mispronunciation of English vowels and consonants of the seventh president of Republic of Indonesia, Mr. Joko Widodo in his official English speeches based on the standard of British English Received Pronunciation (RP) and the factors influencing his English vowels and consonants mispronunciation. This research is a descriptive qualitative research. In collecting data, the researchers used observation method with non-participatory technique (Sudaryanto, 2015). In analyzing the data, the researchers used articulatory identity method (Sudaryanto, 2015). It was found that the consonant sounds /őł/, /√į/, /v/, /z/, / ?/ were pronounced incorrectly, the vowel sounds/…?/, /…?/, /…?/, /i/, /e/, /…™/ were pronounced inconsistently, and the diphthong sounds /…™…?/, /e…™/, /…? ?/ and /a ?/ were pronounced incorrectly. The consonant sound /l/ in the middle of the word was not pronounced. The consonant sound /j/ in the middle of the word is omitted. The consonant sounds /g/, /t ?/, and /r/ were pronounced the same as the spelling. The consonant sounds /t/, /s/, /k/ at the end of the words were omitted. The letter y sounded /…™/ at the end of the word was pronounced as /e/. The diphthong sounds /…™…?/, /e…™/, /…? ?/ and /a ?/ were pronounced as /…™/, / ?/, /…?/, /…?/, /e/, and /ÕĽ/. The factors influencing the mispronunciation of English vowel and consonant sounds were mother tongue interference, sound system differences between Indonesian and English, the influence of spelling on pronunciation, educational background, and environmental background.

Counterhegemonic Discourse in Tengku Amir Hamzah‚??s Poem Mabuk

Prana Chitra, Bima, Nasution, Ikhwanuddin, Surbakti, Asmyta, Muchtar, Muhizar

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

The research aims to implement the theory of Counterhegemonic discourse with two points of discussion:¬† the Dutch Colonial‚??s Social Exclusivism and Reintroducing Indonesian Cultural Identity in Mabuk, a lyric poem written by Tengku Amir Hamzah during the Dutch colonialization of Indonesia (Dutch East Indies). The poem consists of both traditional Malay rhyming scheme and modern Indonesian language structure that embody Tengku Amir Hamzah‚??s emotional response, as well as his romantic expressions towards the state of a drunken person in metaphorical nuance with the points of inciting nationalism. The study was conducted by means of descriptive qualitative method utilizing critical discourse analysis (CDA) method with the support of deconstruction theory and phenomenological approach. The result shows that Mabuk is a Counterhegemonic poem revealing the standing of the Dutch during the colonialization era and the fading of cultural identity which is to be restored in order to get harmony in national existence.

The Poor in Thomas Gray‚??s Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard: Critical Discourse Analysis Approach

Hidayati, Hidayati, Zuindra, Zuindra, Mayasari, Mayasari, Geubrina, Misla, Arifuddin, Arifuddin

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

The research deals with the problems of poverty with the aim of revealing the situation of rural people experiencing various   shortages throughout their daily needs. This poem is also a personal picture of the poet seeing by firsthand the situation of the marginalized people. Through critical discourse analysis by means of Van Dijk model consisting of three dimensions, namely text, social cognition and social context, the picture of the poor in the poem can be seen clearly. The data used are lines of Stanza No. 13 as a representation of the whole poem. The method used is descriptive qualitative. The results of the research indicate that knowledge or education is not limited to one group, but for all; but in practice the poor do not always get the opportunity to obtain proper education. The voice of the poor is not heard; therefore, they are bound by circumstances and cannot do much. In connection with critical discourse analysis, at the level of text, the general theme is the death and fate of the people on the periphery of the society. In the data related, the theme is the absence of opportunities for the poor to get education; the storyline starts from the causes and consequences of poverty and in the microstructure level there are syntactic and lexicon elements. The level of social cognition describes the close relationship between the poet and the elegy and of social conditions pictures the historical background of the text production.

Teenagers Perception toward Language Use in Public Place Advertisement

Triyuni, Dielma, Fadhilla, Fadhilla, Putri, Liska Widya

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the teenagers‚?? perception towards language use in advertisement. Advertisement is the best way to communicate to the customers. Advertisement helps informs the customers about the brands available in the market and the variety of products useful to them. Advertisement is for everybody including kids, young and old. It is done using various media types, with different techniques and methods most suited. Advertisements are of great importance for any business activity as it attracts people to use the particular service. Most of the businessmen are using various different means of communication to reach people around the world and turn them into leads that can be further turned into potent customers. Visual content and design in advertising have a very great impact on the consumer, but it is language that helps people to identify a product and remember it. The research is done by means of descriptive qualitative method supported by questionnaire in data collection procedures. The results show that the perceptions of teenagers towards advertisements are the language used is simple and easy to remember and advertisements functions as reminder.¬†

Local Wisdom of Taboos in Karo Language

Barus, Jumat, Sibarani, Robert, Saragih, Amrin, Mulyadi, Mulyadi

LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

This research aims to explore local wisdom of taboos in Karo language. Taboo is more than prohibitions and avoidance in tradition; it normally arises from social restrictions on individual behaviour that can lead to inconvenience and danger. Taboo was created as a control for community to avoid personal and family conflict. The research was conducted in five sub-districts of Karo, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. It was carried out by using a qualitative approach with ethnographic methods.  The data of local wisdom were obtained from the interview method from nine key informants who mastered and used Karo language and culture well in their daily activities and the writer played a role as the native speaker so that he could directly feel how the culture was implemented in the daily lives of Karo society. It was found that the local wisdoms of taboos in Karo culture were attitude and eagerness to do the best for the community, since taboo rules provide a picture for them about how to express dignified words and behave glorious deeds and how to avoid mentioning disgusting words and behaving impolite manners. The rules become controls for social harmony to be maintained properly. Taboo rules were imposed not to make the society difficult to communicate with each other, but to provide a sense of security and peace for them so that they can live peacefully and harmoniously.