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RETORIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya
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Articles 90 Documents
GENDER DALAM SYAIR KELONG MAKASSAR Daeng, Kembong
RETORIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya Vol 8, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26858/retorika.v8i1.511

Abstract

Abstract: Gender in the Poetry Kelong Makassar. This study aimed to describe the expression and the meaning of gender in the poem that describesin kelong Makassar. The research data is de-rived fromoral and written  data. The oral data obtained from  informants and written data obtained from a collection of kelong Makassar. The data obtained in this study were analyzed using the techniques of gender analysis. The results of this study  indicated  that the poem of Makassar Ke-long contained  symbolism of men and women. The flower ejaya, kebok flower, bine, bulaeng, jamarrok, intang, and high hair style. A phrase that symbolizes the man are the jangang-jangang, bombang, sombalak, and Tope. The Expression in Makassar Kelong poem illustrated that men and women have their own  respective roles, and both of them  are complementary. Abstrak: Gender dalam Syair Kelong Makassar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan ungkapan dan makna yang menggambarkan gender dalam syair kelong Makassar. Data penelitian ini bersumber dari data lisan dan data tertulis. Data lisan diperoleh dari informan dan data tertulis diperoleh dari kumpulan kelong Makassar. Data yang diperoleh dalam penelitian ini dianalisis dengan menggunakan teknik analisis gender. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dalam syair kelong Makassar terdapat ungkapan yang menyimbolkan perempuan, yakni bunga ejaya, bunga kebok, benih, bulaeng, jamarrok, intang, dan kondek tinggi. Ungkapan yang menyimbolkan laki-laki, yakni jangang-jangang, bombang, sombalak, dan tope. Ungkapan dalam syair kelong Makassar menggambarkan bahwa laki-laki dan wanita memiliki peran masing-masing yang saling melengkapi. Kata kunci: kelong, gender, budaya Makassar
ANALISIS IMPLIKATUR PADA KOLOM MANG USIL DALAM SURAT KABAR HARIAN KOMPAS DAN IMPLIKASINYA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA DI SMA Ramadan, Syahru; Maria M., Helena Emma; Usman, Usman
RETORIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya Vol 9, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (784.428 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/retorika.v9i1.3796

Abstract

Abstract.  Analysis of Implicature in Column Mang Usil in Kompas Daily Newspapers and Their Implications in Learning Indonesian in High School.  The purpose of this research was to (1) describe the form of implicatures in Column Mang Usil at Kompas Newspaper, (2) describe the function of implicature in Column Mang Usil at Kompas Newspaper. This research is a qualitative descriptive study analyzing Mang Usil corner column in  Kompas Daily Newspapers. Instruments used in this research is researcher and matrix form and function implicatures. Data in this research is written utterances contained in Mang Usil column in the Kompas Daily Newspaper June 2015, while the data source of this research is the Kompas Daily Newspaper. Data collection technique used in this research is the technique of reading, and record. The result showed that (1) the form of implicatures obtained in Column Mang Usil at Kompas Daily Newspapers consists of three types: declarative sentences consisting of declarative active and passive, imperative sentences consisting of imperative ordinary and prohibitions, and interrogative, (2) Function implicatures obtained in Column Mang Usil at Kompas Daily Newspapers consists of seven types, which function in the form of statements, functions in the form of satire, functions in the form of criticism, functions in the form of appreciation, functions such as support, functions in the form of a ban, and functions such as command, (3) the results of this study can be implicated in learning Indonesian Language in senior high school that is in the learning activities anecdotes text as one alternative learning resources in producing the text anecdotes on high school students grade X.
PENGARUH MODELLING THE WAY TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN MENULIS TEKS CERITA FABEL SISWA SMP Lestari P., Octavia
RETORIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya Vol 10, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (376.032 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/retorika.v10i2.4854

Abstract

The Effect of Modeling the Way on Ability to Write Text of Fables of Junior High School Students. This study aims to determine the effect of modeling model learning the way to the ability to write text stories fable junior high school students. The research used quantitative approach with experiment method. The population of this study is the students of class VIII SMP Muhammadiyah 3 Medan, amounting to 50 people. Data collection is done through learning result test. The results showed the ability to write fable story text by using modeling modeling the way in experiment class good categorized and there is influence model of learning modeling the way to the ability of writing fable story text by grade VIII student of SMP.
ANALISIS KONTRASTIF BAHASA BUGIS DAN BAHASA INDONESIA DALAM BIDANG MORFOLOGI Fatimah, Andi
RETORIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya Vol 9, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (747.363 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/retorika.v9i1.3787

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Abstract: Analysis of Language Konstrastif Bugis and Indonesian in the Field of Morphology. This research is descriptive literature by using a comparative approach. The purpose of research is to describe the distinctive language and Indonesian Bugis in the field of morphology. The results of this study indicate that: (1) Differences in the pattern of morpheme Bugis language and Indonesian contained in: (a) a free morpheme, namely the free morpheme Bugis ends with vowels except e (pepet), while consonants not ending the free morpheme Bugis language except consonant / ng / and / q / (glottal). As for the free morpheme in Indonesian ends with all the vocal and consonant sounds except consonants / q / & / x /, / b / morpheme, ie the use of a prefix and suffix. (2) Differences in the pattern klitikasi Bugis and Indonesian languages are in use proklitik breath and hands. (3) The difference in the pattern of reduplication in language and Indonesian Bugis contained in reduplicated form the majority and reduplication berimbuhan. (4) The difference in the pattern of compounding and Indonesian Bugis language contained in the form of compound words in Bugis who first element consists of a basic word and the second element in the form of words berimbuhan (prefix ma-), while the Bugis language compound words the first and second elements in the form of basic words.
STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN TERPADU MENYIMAK DAN BERBICARA DI PERGURUAN TINGGI Iqbal, Iqbal
RETORIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya Vol 8, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.773 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/retorika.v8i2.3623

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This study aimed to describe the planning, the implementation, and evaluation of the implementation of integrated learning strategies to improve student learning of listening and speaking. The research design is a classroom action research. Data was obtained from one teacher, and 40 sophomore students of Indonesia Language Education Department of Muhammadiyah STKIP in Bone. The research results showed that; (1) the planning of integrated learning strategies can improve the students learning of listening and speaking. (2 ) the implementation of integrated learning strategy can improve students  learning of listening and speaking. Implementation steps were included; listening in pairs and cooperative learning, (3) evaluation of the integrated learning strategy can improve students learning of listening and speaking. It should be in line with the context of the content, real and factual.
ANALISIS HUBUNGAN SISTEM TRANSIVITAS DAN KONTEKS SITUASI DALAM PIDATO POLITIK HATTA RAJASA: TINJAUAN SISTEMIK FUNGSIONAL Nurfaedah, Nurfaedah
RETORIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya Vol 10, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (472.284 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/retorika.v10i1.4611

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Abstract. The Analysis Relation of Trasivity System and Situation Context in Hatta Rajasa’s Political Speech: Systemic Functional Linguistics Overview. The research aims to describe relation of the type of transitivity process and situation context in Hatta Rajasa’s Political Speech.This research is a descriptive research, used a qualitative approach and was supported by quantitative data. The object of research is in the form of political speech text delivered by Hatta Rajasa. The data sources used are the spoken data in the form of audiovisual. The population is in the form of political speech text delivered by Hatta Rajasa. The research’s samples are the process type, the participants, and the circumstances found in the data. The method used is the method of seeing, then proceed with the noted technique. The research finding indicated that (1) the type of process which was found in the analysis of Hatta Rajasa’s political speech consists of six process that are the material process, the mental process, the relational process, the behavioral process, the verbal process, and the existential process. The dominated process is the material process that was represented the life that was oriented on the action, the activity, and the real action (2). the circumstances found were the location, manner, cause, accompanying, and ranges. There was a dominating percentage in appearance and there were only appear occasionally. The most frequent circumstance is the location circumstance that indicated a desire of the speaker to do something through the specified time and place planning. (3) based on the analysis of situational context connected with the analysis of transitivity system can be known the purpose of the delivery of Hatta Rajasa’s political speeches through the process, the participant, and the circumstances. It can be seen that Hatta Rajasa’s desire is the intention of delivering the ideas on the realization of the ideals of the Indonesian people through the developing of a democratic and economic system
KORELASI PENGUASAAN TEORI PUISI DENGAN KETERAMPILAN MENULIS PUISI MAHASISWA PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BAHASA DAN SASTRA INDONESIA FAKULTAS BAHASA DAN SASTRA UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MAKASSAR ANGKATAN 2015 Asri, Aswati
RETORIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya Vol 10, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (484.444 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/retorika.v10i1.4606

Abstract

Abstract. The Correlation Between Theory Of Poetry and Writing A Poem of The Students’ in Indonesia Language Education and Literature Study Program Academic Year 2015. An Article. Indonesia Language And Literature Department, State University Of Makassar. The purpose of this research was to determine the level of correlation between theory of poetry mastery and students’ writing poem skill in Indonesia language education and literature study program academic year 2015. The type of this research is correlation. The data analysis used inferential statistic method, which applied coeficient correlation of product moment. The population was 105 students of Indonesia language education and literature study program language and literature faculty of state university of Makassar in academic year 2015 with 22 samples (25% of students population). The technique of data collection was used objective test and assignment. Theory of poetry test was used to determine the level theory of poetry mastery (x variable) and poetry writing assignment to determine the level of poetry writing skill  (y variable) of Indonesia language education and literature study program language and literature faculty of state university of Makassar in academic year 2015.  The test result from poetry writing assignment (y) showed that students had average scores 6,4. The data analysis showed that r count was bigger or same as r table (rt = 0,571) (rt = 0,325) in significance level of 95%. The research result showed that theory of poetry test had a significance correlation between theory of poetry mastery and students’ writing poem skill in Indonesia language education and literature study program academic year 2015. 
PENGARUH BAHASA DAERAH (CIACIA) TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN BAHASA INDONESIA ANAK USIA 2 SAMPAI 6 TAHUN DI DESA HOLIMOMBO JAYA Nurlaila, Maryam
RETORIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya Vol 9, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (887.791 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/retorika.v9i2.3801

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Abstract: Effect of Regional Languages (Ciacia) Indonesian Against Childhood Development 2 to 6 Years in Holimombo Jaya. This study aims to describe the influence of the local language (Ciacia) on the development of Indonesian children aged 2 to 6 years in Holimombo Desa Jaya. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative method. Source of the data obtained from children aged 2 to 6 years in Holimombo Desa Jaya. To that end, have several informants, the one child who was 2 years old, one child is 3 years old, one child aged 5 years and one child aged 6 years. This research data is data in the form of orally-speech utterances of children. The technique used in this study is a recording technique and technical notes. Data processing begins with editing, classification, verification, and analysis. The research results show that the language in general, children in the village Holimombo Jaya is influenced by the local languages. The influence of the entry of the local language caused environmental factors and family environment where children were playing.
PERJUANGAN PEREMPUAN MERAIH KEMANDIRIAN DALAM RUANG SOSIAL STUDI ATAS NOVEL MIDAH SIMANIS BERGIGI EMAS KARYA PRAMODYA ANANTA TOER Yahya, M. Imam Sofyan
RETORIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya Vol 9, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (608.484 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/retorika.v9i1.3792

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Abstract. The struggle of women gain independence in the social space studies on novel Midah simanis gold teeth Pramodya work Ananta Toer. This article analyzes the novel Midah Simanis Gold Teeth by Pramoedya Ananta Toer using elements of narrative theory and the concept of Pierre Bourdieu on social room, arena, capital, habitus and distinction, discusses the process of Midah leaders struggle to achieve independence in the social space. The results showed that although Midah received discriminatory treatment in the social space, both private and public, he was able to perform a variety of operations and strategies by optimizing and developing its capitals to achieve success and independence of life.
BAHASA PROKEM DAN PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA Juanda, Juanda
RETORIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya Vol 8, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26858/retorika.v8i1.510

Abstract

Abstract: Slang language and the learning of  Indonesian. This study aimed to describe slang language and its influence on the Indonesian language. The data was collected through interviews, records, stimulating-writing,, and introspection. The source of the data was the conversation of the teenagers especially those who lived in Rawamangun eastern part of Jakarta. The results showed that the slang language produced by teenagers, were in the form of vocabularies of : acronyms, abbreviations, replacements of phonemes at the beginning of the second or third syllable, English terms, terms of reference, and flipping spoken word. The structure of the slang language were in the form of words that have formed in a simple, short, methatesis, and English term, words that have been formed in complex formation, and also words that have been formed in unclear way. While the  pattern of meaning of slang language is based on : figure of speech, irony, euphemisms, and methapores. Abstrak: Bahasa Prokem dan Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan men-deskripsikan bahasa prokem dan pengaruhnya terhadap bahasa Indonesia. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara, rekam, pancing, catat, dan instrospeksi. Hasil penelitian menun-jukkan percakapan remaja yang berdomisili di Kota Jakarta, khususnya remaja yang ada di Jakarta Timur, Rawamangun kosakata bahasa prokem berupa: akronim, singkatan, penggantian fonem pada awal suku kata kedua/ketiga, bahasa Inggris, istilah acuan, dan membalik kata. Struktur ba-hasa prokem  berupa kata yang menga-lami bentukan secara sederhana, singkatan, metatesis, isti-lah bahasa Inggris, kata yang mengalami bentukan kom-pleks, dan kata yang tidak jelas proses pembentukannya. Pola makna bahasa prokem berdasarkan majas: ironi, eufe-misme, dan metafora. Kata kunci: bahasa prokem, struktur, dan makna