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Al-ISTINBATH : Jurnal Hukum Islam
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Pembatasan Usia Perkawinan (Tinjauan Undang-undang dan Maqashid asy-Syari’ah)

Elkhairati, Elkhairati

Al-ISTINBATH : Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Curup

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Abstract

This article aims to review the Law and Maqashidasy-Syariah regarding the age limit of marriage. The literature of Islamic Law (fiqh) does not explicitly specify the minimum age limit for prospective marriages. Over the course of time, the law privides a minimum age of mariage. There is a clear conflict between the fiqh and the laws. According to the ushuliyin (Islamic law experts)view, in order to produce a law or a fatwa law, a mujtahid (legal exciter) should pay attention to maqashidsyariah (law-making purposes). Because the shariah is revealed to realize the benefit of mankind, including the marriage problem. The main problem of this research is to investigate the minimum age restriction of marriage according to the law and how to view the maqashidasy-shariah against the provisions of the law. This research used library method. Based on the analysis, it can be concluded that the limitation of the minimum age of marriage in the law is intended for the benefit of the family and the ability to achieve the purpose of marriage. Thus, it can be said that it is in accordance with the application of the maqashidasy-shariah, that is to preserve human benefit at the level of an-nasal hifdz (nurturing offspring).

Pelaksanaan Eksekusi Hadhonah Bagi Pasangan Yang Bercerai Di Pengadilan Agama Curup Tahun 2016

Arifin, Zainal

Al-ISTINBATH : Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Curup

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Abstract

This research aims to give a identification about Hadhanah’s problems which were often separated with claims or divorce requests. The phenomenon of child custudy disputes for small regional areas such as in city of Curup is not understood yet by the public. The lack of understanding about it sometimes makes what has been decided by the court is not implemented by the parties concerned. This research was field research with qualitative approach. In assessing the primasy data obtained from the interview, the researcher used interative libraries such as the Alquran and hadith. From the research, it is found that, first the number of hadhanah’s case at Curupreligious court class I B in 2016 is one case with the case number 262/Pdt.G/2016/PA.Crp. Second, the exsecution of hadhanah’s case at curupreligious courts in class I B in 2016 has never been done because the public understanding of the execution is still lack, the cost of execution is quite expensive and the strength of family principles in solving problems. Last, the consistency of the level of execution ofhadhanah’s caseinCurup religious courts in class I B in 2016 can not be seen and can not be found. It is because there has never been any parties who have filed an appeal or a request for a cassation against hadhanah’s verdict.

Resistensi Ulama Terhadap Konsep Takharuj Dalam Fikih Hanafiyah

Elfia, Elfia

Al-ISTINBATH : Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Curup

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Abstract

This research is based on the desire to know the cause of rejection (resistance) of ulama to the concept of takharuj which isdeveloped in fikih Hanafiyah. The Hanafiyah scholar follows the way of takharuj (the removal of one or more beneficiaries from the heirs of the beneficiary in return for the benefit of other beneficiaries either by using his own property or from the heritage property. However,there is a weak point in the completion of the law so that scholars outside Hanafiyah refuse and do not practice it. This research is a library research by collecting and reading jurisprudence literature that contains the opinion of the major ulama and Hanafiyah scholars as the primary material. The approach used in this study is a normative approach. There is a resistance (rejection) of scholars to the concept of takharuj submitted by Hanafiyah scholars because takharuj is considered as a legacy sale but the object of trading is not yet or is not clear. This is contrary to the general principle of muamalah maaliyah. Besides, giving inheritance to the heirs before the person died, even though the purpose was to benefit the heirs, violates and conflicts with the prophecy of qathi, and the principle of ijbari in inheritance.

Problematika Penerapan Sanksi Pidana dalam Perkawinan Terhadap Poligami Ilegal

Roszi, Jurna Petri

Al-ISTINBATH : Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Curup

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Abstract

This article aims to describe the problems of the application of criminal sanctions against polygamy committed illegally in the middle of society. Regardless of the controversy of agreeing and disagreeing, the issue of polygamy is a reality that occurs in society. The purpose of polygamy is the same as the purpose of marriage itself, that is worship. However, when the issue of marriage, that in is fact private law, violates the provisions, then the perpetrators may be subjected to criminal sanctions. Criminal sanctions imposed on illegal polygamists are very diverse. This is supported by the attitude of governments ambiguity in viewing illegal polygamy. The Governments doubt and uncertainty in viewing the illegal act of polygamy has implications for the inherent criminal sanctions against the act, strangely the criminal sanction inherent in the law depends on the degree to which the regulations are looked at. This research uses normative law research method whith normative juridical approach. The results of illegal polygamy research is not seen as overspel acts that can be threatened with criminal provisions Article 284 of the Criminal Code because the element of overspel is not the same as polygamy. Polygamy remains a legitimate marriage as the norms contained in the Law No.1 of 1974 onmarriage.Nevertheless the marriage of polygamy must still fulfill the terms and conditions as determined by the Law No.1 of 1974.

Penentuan Mut’ah Wanita Karir dalam Pandangan Hukum Positif Indonesia

Majana, Sanuri

Al-ISTINBATH : Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Curup

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to know how to give mut’ah if the divorced woman is a career women; Whether the establishment is the same with ordinary women who are not career women. This research is a library research in which the secondary data were obtained from interviews using literature literature such as the Quran and hadith. Research begins by way of describing the description of the problems of the data obtained, then drawn conclusions with inductive techniques.In this article, it can be concluded the determination of mut’ahtalak for career women, that is first, the determination of mut’ahtalak for career woman in positive law view in Indonesia is based on propriety contained in article 160 KHI and applies not only to career woman. Sufficiency is worthy or not the amount for the wife in terms of husbands economic ability. Second, the determination of mut’ah for career woman based on propriety and ability of husband as in article 160 KHI. According to the jurisprudence of the judge,the propriety is reasonable whether or not the number is seen from the aspect of the husbands economic capability as well as the aspect of his wife, and also there are the customs prevailing in the environment of the relevant parties in accordance with surah al-Baqarah verse 236.

BPJS Kesehatan Syari’ah (Mengagas Prinsip-Prinsip BPJS Kesehatan Perspektif Saddu Dzarîah)

Jafar, Wahyu Abdul

Al-ISTINBATH : Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Curup

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Abstract

Abstrak Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mendeskripsikan kondisi BPJS Kesehatan yang real terjadi di kota bengkulu, kemudian dari temuan data dilapangan akan dilakukan analisis secara mendalam apakah terdapat hal-hal yang melangar konsep syariah, sehinga apabila dijumpai bentuk-bentuk pelangaran syari’ah tersebut bisa segera dicarikan solusinya mengunakan pendekatan saddu dzariah. Dalam mengumpulkan data penelitian, peneliti mengunakan Teknik purposif sampling untuk memudahkan mengumpulkan data dari informan. Sedangkan teknik pengumpulan data yang digunkan adalah wawancara dan dokumentasi. Dari penelitian dilapangan peneliti berhasil membuat dua rumusan penting, yaitu pertama, Program BPJS Kesehatan di Kota Bengkulu ada yang sudah sesuai dengan syari’ah secara kaffah dan ada yang masih belum sesuai dengan syari’ah secara kaffah sehinga perlu diadakan penyesuaian-penyesuaian agar bisa sesuai dengan syari’ah secara kaffah. Program BPJS Kesehatan di Kota Bengkulu yang sudah sesuai dengan syari’ah secara kaffah adalah BPJS Kesehatan yang untuk PBI (Peserta Bantuan Iuran) karena ansih akad tabarru’. Sedangkan program BPJS Kesehatn di Kota Bengkulu yang masih belum sesuai dengan syari’ah secara kaffah adalah program BPJS Kesehatan Non PBI dan BPJS Kesehatan Mandiri. Ketidaksesuaian ini disebabkan masih adanya unsur gharar (ketidak jelasan), maysir (perjudian), Dholim (aniyaya), Ikroh (pemaksaan), Riba dan intifa’ harom (Riba dan pemanfaatan barang haram). Rumusan yang kedua, konsep BPJS Kesehatan agar sesuai dengan syari’ah secara kaffah adalah yang telah terbebas dari unsur gharar (ketidak jelasan), maysir (perjudian), Dholim (aniyaya), Ikroh (pemaksaan), Riba dan intifa’ harom (Riba dan pemanfaatan barang haram). Cara menghilangkan unsur ghoror adalah uang iuran bulanan yang berasal dari peserta BPJS Kesehatan yang tidak pernah digunakan harus dikembalikan ke peserta BPJS kesehatan atau paling tidak ditawarkan ke orang yang iuran dana tersebut mau di ambil dananya atau mau di hibahkan sehinga dana tersebut bisa dipergunakan berobat oleh orang lain. Untuk mewujudkan hal tersebut perlu adanya pemisahan iuran dari peserta BPJS Kesehatan menjadi uang hibah (tabarru) dan tabungan yang dikelola secara syariah (tijarah) yang besaran presentase keuntungan telah disepakati terlebih dahulu. Unsur maysir (spekulasi/untung-untungan yang tidak pasti) yang ada pada BPJS Kesehatan juga bisa dihilangkan apabila ada refund (pengembalian) dana peserta yang tidak digunakan oleh peserta tersebut. Unsur dholim dapat dihilangkan dengan cara melakukan pengawasan terhadap pelayanan kesehatan yang diberikan kepada peserta BPJS Kesehatan, jangan sampai ada hak yang tidak diperoleh oleh peserta BPJS Kesehatan dan jika ditemukan pelangaran maka perlu ada sanksi tegas sehinga dikemudian hari tidak ada lagi hak peserta BPJS Kesehatan yang dilanggar. Yang tidak kalah penting perlu adanya sosialisasi yang lebih intensif lagi kepada para peserta BPJS Kesehatan agar mereka mengerti hak dan kewajiban sebagai peserta sehinga ketika ada pelangaran mereka segera melaporkan. Selain itu, perlu juga dilakukan kroscek penyebab Peserta BPJS Kesehatan tidak membayar iuran tepat waktu sehinga apabila ada unsur keteledoran maka boleh diberikan sanksi denda akan tetapi jika penyebabnya bukan karena ketelodoran tapi memang karena ketidak mampuan maka tidak boleh diberikan sanksi denda. Unsur ikroh (memaksa) sebenarnya juga bisa dihilangkan dengan cara dengan merubah aturan yang ada pada akad BPJS Kesehatan yakni aturan harus ikut menjadi peserta BPJS Kesehatan menjadi takhyir (bebas memilih) untuk ikut atau tidak ikut program BPJS Kesehatan serta persoalan dana yang terkumpul dari hasil iuran harus dihibahkan menjadi tidak harus dihibahkan melainkan peserta diberikan kebebasan untuk memilih. Unsur riba intifa’ harom (pemanfaatan barang haram) sebenarnya bisa dihilangkan dengan cara dengan merubah aturan tentang penyimpanan dana hasil iuran dari peserta BPJS yakni dengan menyimpannya di bank-bank yang telah menerapkan nilai-nilai syari’ah atau dana yang berasal dari peserta BPJS Kesehatan diinvestasikan ke sektor riil yang halal dan dibenarkan oleh syari’ah, misalkan diinvestasikan ke sektor perkebunan, peternakan dan lain sebagainya.

Kebolehan Suami Memukul Istri Yang Nusyûz Dalam Al-Qur’an

Wihidayati, Sri

Al-ISTINBATH : Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Curup

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Abstract

One of the negative allegations against Islam, especially from the Western (orientalist) is that Islam is a religion that tends to justify violence. The allegations are reasonable. One of them is because in Islam there is a doctrine which, if not studied in fully and deeply, gives the impression of the existence of acts of violence. For example, there is an al-Quran letter of al-Nisa / 4: 34 that allows husbands to beat wives who do nusyz to them. To verify whether or not the allegations are alleged, Q.S al-Nisa/4:34 needs to be examined critically, profoundly and comprehen-sively. Having studied with the analytical approach of tahlîlî, it does not or does not mean justification of violence, but rather.

POLA TRANSAKSI PADA COMMODITY EXCHANGE : Perspektif Hukum Islam

Efrinaldi, Efrinaldi

Al-ISTINBATH : Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Curup

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Abstract

Transactions on commodity exchange as futures trading are seen from the contract cycles as a pure trade activity, reduce the risk of profit from buying and selling, as a result of price fluctuations on trading commodities. Price fluctuations can be predicted and transactions begin with analysis, while risk can be protected. The type of transaction on physical goods and the spot market, in the perspective of Islamic economic law, can be tolerated. Certain types of trade (al-tijarah) have been arranged in syara , because indeed the forms of transactions in such trades have been tolerated in the time of the Prophet. Spot markets, such as transactions of agricultural products, livestock, minerals, handicrafts, industry, and so forth. While transactions service that are non-physical, eg rent (al-ujrah) and wage-hire (al-ijarah). The aim of trade is essentially objects of economic value with the availability of goods in aqad assemblies (at the time of the transaction). In the Islamic review, this also applies to items that are not available or without presenting the goods at the time of the transaction, provides the ordered item is concrete of its nature. This is non-existent form of trade (such as al-salam), in Islamic law studies, depends on sellers effective control and ability to deliver. There is a protection against the value of goods transacted from probabilities that are inconsistent with the properties specified in the aqad assemblies, protection against the interests of consumer from loss (cut loss) and no disappointment in the future. In futures trading, it is known as the term of hedging

Ushul Al-Fiqh Dan Kontribusinya (Konsep Ta’wil dan Relevansinya Dengan Pembaharuan Hukum Islam)

Dedi, Syarial

Al-ISTINBATH : Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Curup

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Abstract

The ta’wil is a method of istinbath al-ahkam from texts (nash). In principle ushuliyyin agreed to say the use of ta’wil, if it’s meets the existing requirements, this ta’wilis called by the trem ta’wil maqbul, that is ta’wil wich not far from the meaning of zhahir, so that with simpleintructionscan be understood. But if the ta’wil is based only foundation to impulses and unfulfilled conditions,the trasnforming of meaning of lafazh wich away from, can’t be known by a dalil of simple proposition. So this ta’wil like this is rejeced or termed is ta’wil ghair al-maqbul. But in determining of dalil of ta’wil (argumantation support), the are differencesof opinion among ushuliyyin, thus are raising the trem ta’wil baid. overall, method of ta’wil is still considered relevant to the reform of Islamic law.

Golongan Putih (GolputT) Menurut Hukum Islam (analisis terhadap Al-Qur’an dan Hadits)

Nasution, Muhammad Arsad

Al-ISTINBATH : Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN) Curup

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Abstract

Islam is very important leadership inexistence. This is evident from the many verses of the Koran and the hadith that explains about leadership. Beside that politically Islamic law can not be applied to the surface of the earth when there is no power to compelen forcement. That power is the master that made Islamic law as the supreme law governing the country. The existence of Islamic law would not be important if he had only beenon the writings of scholars of Islamic law. Islamic law new significanceseen when he practiced and carried out by human beings. Thus Islamic law requires the authorities wh oimplement it. The appointment of rulers who are committed to the enforcement of Islamic law chosen by democratic ballot. Suffrage some one will be very significant in determining the leadership. Therefore abstentions are not justified under Islamic law.