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THE ISLAMIC MICROFINANCE PRACTISES STUDY IN INDONESIA

R Bambang Budhijana

Jurnal Ekonomi ##issue.vol## 16, ##issue.no## 1 (2011): Ekonomi No. 1 Vol. 16 2011
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Abstract

The study presents simulation analysis that comes from several related issues in the Sharia microfinance services and economic development model namely: ethics, exchange contract, profit sharing, investment ownership and economic development.   The Sharia microfinance information are obtained from the rural Islamic microfinance Chairmen’s’ Statement, Operating Review, or the Special Events Highlights in the annual reports, daily news, magazines. Data used came from various paper compilations, questioner to finance experts, Indonesian business newspapers and magazines. The questioner (not in the form of paper) is processed directly through computer input device and cover information regarding to the issues.  Data is used in the research covers 2000-2010. Data and information is analyzed by Analytical Network Process (ANP) software. Findings of this study show that coefficient of ethics, exchange contract, profit sharing, investment ownership and poverty alleviation are respectively 0.18603; 0.11671;   0.07691;   0.16667 and 0.16667.  From the model and its circular causation analysis can be concluded that coefficient of ethics, exchange contract, profit sharing, investment ownership and poverty alleviation are interconnectedness and have complementarities effects.  The effects have reduced the scarce of fund and improved the productivity of small and medium scales entrepreneur.   The conclusion is also indicated the roles of poverty eradication and the existences of investment ownership accumulation in the Indonesia Sharia microfinance.

ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI NERACA BERJALAN DI EMPAT NEGARA ASEAN (INDONESIA, MALAYSIA, THAILAND, PHILIPIN) PERIODE 1980-2007

Euis Eti Sumiyati

Jurnal Ekonomi ##issue.vol## 16, ##issue.no## 1 (2011): Ekonomi No. 1 Vol. 16 2011
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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors which influence the current account constitutes one of the components in the balance of payment that reflect the external balance of the economical system in a country, including the ASEAN-4 (Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippine). The economical models used in this study are Co integration model which is the general long term model and the Error Correction Mechanism dynamic model as the short term adjustment model to obtain long term balance. The results of this study are; Indonesia’s current account, both in long term and short term significantly influenced by the growth of foreign debt, the rate of inflation, and the real effective exchange rate. Whereas, the domestic economical income influences current account only in short term. Malaysia’s current account whether in long term or short term significantly influenced by the growth of foreign debt, the growth of  domestic economy, and the real effective exchange rate. Meanwhile, Philippine’s current account whether in long term or short term significantly influenced by the growth of foreign debt, the rate of inflation, and the real effective exchange rate. Foreign economical growth variable influences the current account in long term only. The last, Thailand’s current account, both long term and short term significantly influenced by the growth of foreign debt and the rate of inflation. Whereas, the domestic economical growth and foreign economical growth variables influence the current account in long term only. Although individually, there are insignificant factors influence the current account, but based on statistical testing  (F- test), the whole current account’s determinants are able to explain the variety of current account altogether both in long term and short term obviously

ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI TINGKAT KEMISKINAN BEBERAPA KOTA PROPINSI JAWA BARAT

Asfia Murni

Jurnal Ekonomi ##issue.vol## 16, ##issue.no## 1 (2011): Ekonomi No. 1 Vol. 16 2011
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Abstract

Poverty is one of the problems in the economy are complex and multidimensional. Therefore necessary to find solutions to overcome or at least reduce the level of poverty. This study aims to analyze the effect of economic growth, minimum wage, education, and the unemployment rate to the level of poverty in West Java from 2004 until 2008. The method used in this study is panel data with fixed effects approach (fixed effect model), and using secondary data types. The use of dummy regions in this research is to look at variations in the level of poverty in 9 cities in West Java. Results showed that (1) variables of economic growth, minimum wage, education, and unemployment rates significantly influence the level of poverty (2) The condition of poverty is higher than the city of Bandung, the city of Sukabumi, Tasikmalaya and Banjar. While the city has a poverty rate equal to the city of Bandung is the city of Bogor, Cirebon, Bekasi, Depok and Cimahi.

PARAMETER DETERMINAN PADA PERUSAHAAN YANG MELAKSANAKAN PELAPORAN TANGGUNG JAWAB SOSIAL

F.X. Kurniawan Tjakrawala, Citrawati Pangesti

Jurnal Ekonomi ##issue.vol## 16, ##issue.no## 1 (2011): Ekonomi No. 1 Vol. 16 2011
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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze whether a number of firm and industry characteristics, such as profitability, firms size, industry sensitivity, leverage, ownership structure, are potential parameter determinants of corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosure practices by companies listed at Indonesia Stock Exchange. By means of these, an attempt is made to specify the conditions under which corporations may or may not act in socially responsible ways. In order to provide greater insights into, whether corporate social responsibility disclosure (CSRD) is affected by such variables, empirical investigation was conducted. A total of 400 number of observation within 80 companies selected by purposive sampling method between the years 2003 and 2007. Hipotheses were tested by performed OLS method. Our findings evidence that profitability, firms size, industry sensitivity, leverage, ownership structure, significantly influenced CSRD simultantly. However, only industry sensitivity that significantly influenced CSRD, when they tested partially

HUBUNGAN DIANTARA PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DAN PENURUNAN KEMISKINAN

Latif Adam

Jurnal Ekonomi ##issue.vol## 16, ##issue.no## 1 (2011): Ekonomi No. 1 Vol. 16 2011
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Abstract

This paper examines relationship between economic growth and reduction in the incidence of poverty, using both empirical and regression analysis over the last three decades. Overall, this paper indicates that correlation between the economic growth and the elimination in the incidence of poverty is not solely determined by the level (quantity), but also by the pattern of (quality) the economic growth. This paper also shows that the economic growth on the basis of tradable sector is more significant than those on the basis of non-tradable sector in reducing poverty. Within tradable sector, agriculture and manufacturing needs to get serious attention to be developed optimally as they have a better statistical ability than the mining sector (and other economic sectors) in reducing poverty. It is therefore recommended that the development of agriculture and manufacturing sectors should be integrated through the development of agricultural-based industries. To support the development of agricultural-based industries, the government should take several important actions: including reducing a high cost of doing business that arises because of lack of infrastructure, cumbersome bureaucracy, poor law enforcement, and corruption; encouraging local governments to identify several important agricultural products that could be manufactured competitively; and providing tax incentives and encouraging banking industry to provide more loans to industries that can process local agricultural products.

PENGARUH EKOLABELING TERHADAP HARGA DAN PERMINTAAN EKSPOR KAYU LAPIS INDONESIA KE AMERIKA SERIKAT (STUDI KASUS DI PT SRIWI 1995.01- 2002.12)

Sugiartiningsih Sugiartiningsih

Jurnal Ekonomi ##issue.vol## 16, ##issue.no## 1 (2011): Ekonomi No. 1 Vol. 16 2011
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Abstract

Ecolabeling of plywood products can be defined as environmental cost internalization of production costs of plywood industry labeled. In Indonesia - America bilateral trade for plywood products labeled, in this case by PT. Sriwi during the period 1995.01-2002.12 have been analyzed using the model of dynamic analysis based on the calculus variation technique:  p(t) = k1 ert + k2 e-rt + g;  Z(t) = p(t) + m p’(t) + n. The results of research showed (1) the influence of ecolabeling on PT Sriwi price of plywood exports to the United States will likely increase until a certain point and then p(t) is decreasing in the long term. (2) Influence on ecolabeling of PT Sriwi will be shown by the demand trend to PT Sriwi’s plywood export by the United States (Z(t)), which tends to decrease.

PENGARUH BELANJA RUTIN, BELANJA PEMBANGUNAN DAN TINGKAT BUNGA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DAN PENGANGGURAN MELALUI INVESTASI SWASTA DAN EKSPOR DI SULAWESI UTARA PERIODE TAHUN 1983-2007

Vekie A Rumate

Jurnal Ekonomi ##issue.vol## 16, ##issue.no## 1 (2011): Ekonomi No. 1 Vol. 16 2011
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Abstract

This study aims to test the influence of the routine government expenditure, development government expenditure, and rate of interest towards unemployment, which is mediated by private investment, export, and economic growth.The based on analysis result concluded that: (i) the rate of interest, influence directly, no significantly and positively to the private investment, conversely routine government expenditure, development government expenditure influences positively, significantly to private investment, (ii) the rate of interest, influence directly, no significantly to the export, conversely development government expenditure and private investment influence directly to export, (iii) the rate of interest, influence directly, significantly and negatively to the economic growth, conversely routine government expenditure, development government expenditure, private investment, and export  influences positively, significantly to the economkic growth, and (iv) the routine government expenditure, development government expenditure, private investment, export, and economic growth influence directly, significantly and negatively to the unemployment, conversely the rate of interest, influence directly, significantly and positively to the unemployment. This study results a finding that: the routine government expenditure, development government expenditure, rate of interest, in this case, will minimize the the unemployment through private investment, export, and economic growth. The result indicated that the routine government expenditure, development government expenditure, influence directly, significantly and positively to private investment, export, and economic growth, conversely influences negatively to unemployment. Finally, when private investment, export, and economic growth superiors with the routine government expenditure, development government expenditure, rate of interest were likely to be related to minimize the unemployment.

HUBUNGAN PASAR MODAL INDONESIA DENGAN BEBERAPA PASAR MODAL DUNIA

Suparman Zen Kemu

Jurnal Ekonomi ##issue.vol## 16, ##issue.no## 1 (2011): Ekonomi No. 1 Vol. 16 2011
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Abstract

Indonesian capital market as a part of world capital market is influenced much by the movement in other capital markets. Some prominent capital markets especially in East Asia, except Japan’s Nikkei show that their movement influence the movement of Indonesia Capital Market significantly, namely capital market of Korea, China and Hongkong. Yet, another interesting finding that Indonesian Capital market index is determined by his own index aswell namely one month lags of his index. These findings recommend Indonesia capital market authority to pay attention closely to these markets, and one month lag of his own index, since the bad impact to these markets will bring bad impact as well to Indonesian Capital Market. Onother finding also that the growth of Indonesia Capital Market is the highest in East Asia, even in the world. From 2000 to 2010, Indonesia capital market grew 550% or 5.5 times. The countries that can follow the growth of Indonesia capital market were just Korea and China that grew 198% or 1.98 times and 173% or 1.73 times respectively. Again government have to pay attention closely to Indonesia capital market by providing such policy that can maintain the growth even increase the growth that already reached in 2010.

PERAN INTELIGENSI SOSIAL TERHADAP PENURUNAN KEMISKINAN: STUDI KASUS PADA KEWIRAUSAHAAN SOSIAL MANDIRI LPD MAS DAN BMT AT-TAQWA

Alex Tribuana Sutanto

Jurnal Ekonomi ##issue.vol## 16, ##issue.no## 2 (2011): Ekonomi No. 2 Vol. 16 2011
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Abstract

The research aims to demonstrate the application of social networks and integration of resorces into social networks that occur in MFIs (micro finance institutions) in Indonesia, standalone, which allows MFIs to reduce poverty each target market, and more Moreover, this research also aims to prove that intelligence is not only a role in the organization or in individuals, but also occurs in the interaction between the MFI and its target market. This research is a qualitative study using case studies of two cases, the Baitul Maal wa Tamwil (BMT) At-Taqwa in DKI Jakarta and Village Credit Institutions (LPD) Mas in Bali. This study used three theoretical perspectives supports, namely the perspective of social networks, institusional, and social intelligence. This research proved that the social networks of MFIs have emeged since the initial formation of MFI-MFI and that really tkae advantage of social networks to improve the welfare of its customers and improve the financial performane of the MFI itself, but the study also found that the MFI does not incorporate its resources into social network MFI itself, but the MFIs obtaining resorces from building relations between the MFI and its social network. The next result is the interaction between the two MFI (BMT At-Taqwa and LPD Mas) and the target market can improve social intelligence both MFIs target market, and further more, the increase in social intelligence MFI target markets contribute to improving the welfare of the target market itself. There are two suggestions for further research. The first suggestion is to conduct further studies to reveal how far the achievement of the social value of MFI and reveal the difference between the increase in social value obtained MFI target markets with increased social value of people who are not MFIs target market. The second suggestion is to conduct further studies involving more cases, in which each case represents a more diverse base of activity.

SKEMA FINANCIAL DEEPENING DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP TABUNGAN DAN INVESTASI DI INDONESIA: KERANGKA RIVALITAS PARADIGMA MCKINNON-SHAW DAN KEYNESIAN

Panky Tri Febiyansah, Ernany Dwi Astuty

Jurnal Ekonomi ##issue.vol## 16, ##issue.no## 2 (2011): Ekonomi No. 2 Vol. 16 2011
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Abstract

This paper in context vestigates  the validity of financial deepening paradigms in the  Indonesian context in affecting economic growth. Tthe effects of financial deepening on save and investment has also been substantialy examined. In the paper uses two.financial deepeing paradigms of McKinnon-Shaw and Keynesian. The paper argues that the McKinnon- Shaw approach produces a model which is successful in explaining the characteristics of financial deepening in Indonesia. Results show that there are several factors other than interest rate influencing financial deepening in Indonesia. The finding  confirms anomaly in interest rate and credit to private sector variables. Here, the interest rate distortion occurs due to  institutional weaknesses of financial sector, specialy the banking system.