cover
Filter by Year
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan
ISSN : -     EISSN : -
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan, with registered number ISSN 2088-3706 (Print), ISSN 2502-9320 (Online) is a Peer-reviewed journal published twice a year in April and October by Department of Governmental Science, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Muhammadiyah University of Makassar in collaboration with Muhammadiyah’s College Association of Governmental Science (AIPPTM) and Asia Pacific Society for Public Affairs. It aims to publish research articles in the field of Politics and Governmental Science and its related issues.
Articles
116
Articles
Disaster Management Concept of Muhammadiyah Disaster Management Centre in Ponorogo, Indonesia

Hilman, Yusuf Adam

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 8, No 1 (2018): (April 2018)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1288.435 KB)

Abstract

Muhammadiyah Disaster Management Centre as an organization under Muhammadiyah Union, has a unique disaster management model, although it has not been established yet, MDMC has proven its existence. This progress is very interesting because it is very closely related to the Islamic concept which makes this organization different from other organizations. This background is very interesting to study. Besides, the concept and pattern of MDMC organization has not been popularly identified yet. This study aims to know and describe management disaster concept proposed by Muhammadiyah Disaster Management Centre (MDMC). It is to verify organizational pattern and Muhammadiyah Disaster Management Centre (MDMC) profile. This study utilizes interpretative paradigm with qualitative model. Based on the study conducted, it can be summarized that Al-Maun spirit has influenced and characterized MDMC organization on implementing disaster management activities. The spirit is reflected by how the management of mutually supportive organizations to achieve common goals. It is in order to help each other or (mustadi'in). This is achieved by having  partnership with Muhammadiyah autonomous institutions, as well as other parties such as government and private parties. There is a humanist concept beyond Al-Maun spirit. It is sharing and caring for people. It is implemented by MDMC through disaster management activities, from identifying, reconstructing, rehabilitating, to normalizing the victims.  Seen from its existence, these activities lead MDMC to have a good vision in implementing disaster management.

The Women Representation Policy and its Effect to Women Political Participation in Jember, Indonesia

Angin, Ria, Yuswadi, Hary, Patriadi, Himawan Bayu, Gianawati, Nur Dyah

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 8, No 1 (2018): (April 2018)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1537.805 KB)

Abstract

The journey of the Indonesian government in implementing women representation policy has evolved. In the election of 2004,women representation policies have not mentioned the target of achievement for political parties. The policy only states that political parties are expected to implement gender equality in nominating candidates. Then in the year of  2009 election, the government had changed  the policy clause, and  states the percentage that must be achieved by political parties. However,  in 2004 and 2009 election only a few political parties,  implemented the policy. Yet, the  policy, which is implemented, in the 2014 election has changed. The clause of the policy became more distinct, for it contains sanctions which are applicable to any political parties that are not implementing the policy. The present study yielding that the more distinct the policy, the more likely it would be complied by all participating political parties. The effect of the complying political parties would be the increase of women participation in politics as candidates of legislatives.

The AU/NEPAD Peace and Security Governance in Africa

Terwase, Isaac Terungwa, Talib, Asmat Nizam Abdul, Siben, Nfor Eric, Puldu, Gloria Samdi, Adesina, Olubukola S.

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 7, No 2 (2017): (October 2017)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Peace and security sustainability in Africa has become a vital tool for the developmental agenda of the Africa Union. Hence, the continent’s conflicting issues and fighting against various groups that emerged from militancy, insurgency and terrorism in Africa is the reason why the peace and security department of the African Union was established for the purpose of solving such problems in order to sustain a peaceful African environment. The main objective of the paper is to draw the role of the African Union (AU) and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) in assisting the African countries in resolving the conflicts which could lead to a state of insecurity. The work made use of qualitative research design through the conduct of interviews as well as the use of other sources such as AU/NEPAD documents, internet sources and journals for the purpose of data collection. The findings revealed that, NEPAD works with the African countries at the country level through the provision of advisory and partnership role on peace and security governance. At the continental level, NEPAD report to the African Union on issues relating to peace and security sustainability which are handled by the AU’s department for Peace and Security. 

An Ethical investigation of State and the Management of Internally Displaced Persons in Nigeria

Abada, Ifeanyichukwu Micheal, Okafor, Nneka Ifeoma

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 7, No 2 (2017): (October 2017)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

The spontaneous displacement and wandering of men had always been propelled by the forces of nature and other anthropogenic activities. Man, as a rational being had remained strategical for their survival. The upsurge in the activities of Boko Haram in Nigeria, north east occasioned by their clientele interests had necessitated decisions by men to forcefully relocate their places of abode. However, the purpose of the study is to ethically investigate whether the ineffective curtailment of the activities of Boko Haram had implicated the increasing vulnerabilities of internally displaced persons. The study utilized qualitative method in generating its data, while the theoretical framework was adequately anchored on the Marxist theory of the post-colonial state.  The findings of the study had significantly revealed that the ineffective management of Boko Haram menace by the state had implicated the rising vulnerabilities of internally displaced persons. However, the study recommends among other things, the integration of relevant commission and prosecution of personality-cults engage in sabotaging the efforts of the state.

Analyzing Indonesia’s NCICD Project to Stop the Capital City Sinking

Widodo, Aris

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 7, No 2 (2017): (October 2017)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Jakarta is hit by a tidal flood every year and cause some loss for the city. Beside that flood caused by sea level rise, the city risk on sinking is higher because of land subsidence problem. Without any significant action, it is predicted that Jakarta will face USD 521 million loss risks on 2050 caused by flood. To overcome the sinking problem, Indonesian government plays an active role on the international action to combat climate change. In addition, Indonesian government also implements NCICD project, in which create giant sea wall and land reclamation on the Jakarta Bay.  However, the land reclamation raises an argument that it would create an environment disaster for the city. Because of that, it is suggested that Jakarta should only create a sea wall without land reclamation. Moreover, Jakarta government also should ensure that Spatial City Planning and New Rule on ground water extraction are well implemented so the land subsidence in the city is stopped.

The Social Workers Challenges on Community Welfare in Ungogo Community, Nigeria

Aliyu, Kehinde Adekunle, Mustaffa, Jamaluddin, Mohd Nasir, Norruzeyati Che

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 7, No 2 (2017): (October 2017)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

The role of social workers in a community cannot be overemphasised by any mean, for the life span of any community depends on the quality of the social workers. The aim of this work is to affirm the roles of social workers in helping the community welfare.  Qualitative research design was adopted for the work. Data collected with the Interview Schedule for Officials of the Federal Road Safety Corps and Interview Guide for selected group of people. This was administered to 30 respondents, which comprises both male and female in the Ungogo community. The purpose of the study was to examine the roles of social workers, in line with improved standards of living, sustained economic development and expansion of trade and economic relations in the community; enhanced levels of international competitiveness in the areas of community welfare, organization for increased productivity of people in the community. It common knowledge every individual strife to be the best when receive the necessary or adequate encouragement. To these extents, such a person bears some responsibilities even if passively so as a member. The implication of this work is to contribute to social change by informing social worker on their challenges and responsibilities ahead of them in the community.

Understanding the Impact of the Counter-Terror Agenda on Humanitarian Action

Bruno, Francesco

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 7, No 2 (2017): (October 2017)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

The paper reflects on the impact of the counter-terror agenda on humanitarian actions. It explores the socio-political and legal implications and constraints that Non-Governmental Organisations incur when managing humanitarian projects in critical environments such as Somalia where, an important famine stroke in 2011 as consequence of the counter-terror agenda, insecurity and politicization. In the case of Somalia, Al-Shabaab, a group well-known to the international authority as affiliated to Al-Qaeda was in charge of the area in which the famine stroke. The dilemma to consider in this paper is  paper is related to the binomial situation between the people in need and the counter-terrorism strategy against Al-Shabaab.The paper outlines three issues that the humanitarian actors incur, namely structural, operational and of internal nature. These three issues undermines the relationship between the Humanitarian actors and the donors as well as between humanitarian actors and their recipients. At the end, the relationship continues to be highly controversial. 

The Rise of Insurgency in Ghana: Developing Fertile Grounds?

Siaw, Emmanuel, Elikem, Eric

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 7, No 2 (2017): (October 2017)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Ghana can largely be described as a nation that has enjoyed relative peace and stability in a sub region bedevilled with violence and instability. However, this relative peace and stability has been overhyped leading to the neglect of certain conflict-prone variables that can prong the country into an insurgency; as has been experienced in many African countries. Analysing this from the perspective of the human needs theory, coupled with conducting a survey, the study finds that a sizeable number of Ghanaians are deficient in access to their basic needs. Consequently, it predisposes citizens to insurgent ideas and make them susceptible to insurgency. Thus the study recommends that the Ghanaian government must make provisions for achievement of basic needs, security presence and engagement of people in the governance system a priority to prevent the possibilities of the rise of insurgency in Ghana.

Pengaruh Komunikasi Horizontal Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai Pada Badan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Kampung di Kabupaten Jayawijaya

Rizqi, Siti Khikmatul, Raodah, Raodah

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 7, No 1 (2017): (April 2017)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

This article discusses the effect of Horizontal Communication on Employee Performance at the Office of Community Empowerment Agency (BPMK) Jayawijaya Regency. This study consists of two variables, namely as a horizontal free communication variable with research indicators: coordination, problem solving and information exchange. While the dependent variable of employee performance with research indicator: result, benefit and impact. In the sampling of the authors using saturated samples in which the entire population is used as a sample of 27 employees. And data analysis technique that writer use is statistical data analysis with type of associative research and data processed by using simple regression model. The results showed horizontal communication is very strong and direct 0.795 (significant) with employee performance at 95% confidence level. Horizontal communication contributes to employee performance of 32.0%. Artikel ini membahas tentang pengaruh Komunikasi Horizontal Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai pada Kantor Badan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Kampung (BPMK) Kabupaten Jayawijaya. Penelitian ini terdiri dari dua variable yaitu sebagai variabel bebas komunikasi horizontal dengan indikator penelitian: koordinasi, pemecahan masalah dan pertukaran informasi. Sementara variabel terikat kinerja  pegawai dengan indikator penelitian : hasil, manfaat dan dampak. Dalam penarikan sampel penulis menggunakan sampel jenuh dimana seluruh populasi dijadikan sampel yaitu berjumlah 27 pegawai. Dan teknik analisa data yang penulis gunakan adalah analisa data statistik dengan jenis penelitian asosiatif dan data diolah menggunakan model regresi sederhana. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan komunikasi horizontal  berhubungan sangat kuat dan searah sebesar 0,795 (signifikan) dengan kinerja pegawai pada taraf kepercayaan 95%. Komunikasi horizontal memberikan kontribusi terhadap kinerja pegawai sebesar 32,0%.

Pengaruh Norma HAM Terhadap Proses Kemerdekaan Timor Leste dari Indonesia

Kusuma, Ardli Johan

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 7, No 1 (2017): (April 2017)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

This paper discusses about the reasons of Indonesia which provides a referendum to East Timor which resulted in East Timor being independent from Indonesia. This paper is analytical descriptive, using qualitative methods, with the data collection techniques, using "librarian research" where data to support arguments are obtained by collecting such data from various sources such as books or literature, journals, newspapers, Magazines, as well as data sourced from the internet. The results of the discussion in this paper indicate the fact that the process of independence of Timor Leste from Indonesia because of the influence of human rights norms that at that time developed and became the international world agenda. So that, with using the human rights norms, Timor Leste and the international community succeeded in intervening in Indonesia to provide a referendum to Timor Lesete as the embodiment of human rights enforcement in Indonesia. Tulisan ini membahas tentang alasan Indonesia yang memberikan referendum kepada Timor Leste yang mengakibatkan Timor Leste merdeka dari Indonesia. Tulisan ini bersifat diskriptif analitis, dengan menggunakan metode kualitatif, dengan teknik pengumpulan data, menggunakan teknik librarian researchdimana data-data untuk mendukung argumen diperoleh dengan cara mengumpulkan data tersebut dari berbagai sumber seperti buku-buku atau literatur, jurnal, surat kabar, majalah, maupun data-data yang bersumber dari internet. Adapun hasil dari pembahasan dalam tulisan ini menunjukkan adanya fakta bahwa proses kemerdekaan Timor Leste dari Indonesia karena adanya pengaruh dari norma HAM yang saat itu berkembang dan menjadi agenda dunia internasinal. Sehingga dengan menggunakan norma HAM tersebut, Timor Leste bersama masyarakat internasional berhasil mengintervensi Indonesia untuk memberikan referendum kepada Timor Lesete sebagai perwujudan penegakan HAM di Indonesia.