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Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan
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Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan, with registered number ISSN 2088-3706 (Print), ISSN 2502-9320 (Online) is a Peer-reviewed journal published twice a year in April and October by Department of Governmental Science, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Muhammadiyah University of Makassar in collaboration with Muhammadiyah’s College Association of Governmental Science (AIPPTM) and Asia Pacific Society for Public Affairs. It aims to publish research articles in the field of Politics and Governmental Science and its related issues.
Articles 122 Documents
The determinants of Party System Change in Sub-Saharan Africa Pelizzo, Riccardo
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 8, No 2 (2018): (October 2018)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1366.467 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v8i2.1161

Abstract

This article examines what socio-economic factors are conducive to changes in the patterns of inter-party competition in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The literature has in recent years paid considerable attention to measuring party system change, to identifying the consequences of party system instability for the proper functioning of democratic regimes, and to understanding what factors are responsible for the instability of party systems. In contrast to previous studies that view political change in general and party system change more specifically as the result of social transformation, development, modernization and change in the cleavage structure, this paper shows instead that poverty is the primary driver of party system change in the SSA region. In countries with high levels of poverty, political elites do enjoy little to no performance-based legitimacy. The lack of performance-based legitimacy is the reason why voters in such countries are willing to alter their voting habits and parties are unable to preserve their electoral fortunes over time—which is precisely why party systems do change. The literature showed that stable party systems are good for democracy. This paper shows that to enhance the stability of party system in SSA, poverty has to be reduced and possibly eradicated.
Institutional Strategies of Identity Constructions and Exclusions: Exploring the State of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar CK, Ashwati; CS, Rajeesh
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 8, No 2 (2018): (October 2018)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1279.008 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v8i2.1231

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This article elucidates how the widening cultural and ethnic differences are likely to exclude some identities featured by dissensions in terms of their cultural and ethnic origins in the context of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar. The core intention is to explore the process of exclusion of Rohingyas from a specific national identity. The findings show that Rohingyas access to the national identity can be undermined by the perspectives of the majority, who claims for straightforward sense of national identity. In addition, this work notes down the historical evolution of Rohingya Muslim identity from pre-colonial time to post Independent era with number of skirmishes and scuffles. It is found that through various processes of exclusion, Rohingyas in Myanmar are being compartmentalized and restricted to live in an enclave like situations. Even the squeezed socio-political, cultural and economic lives inside these enclaves are supervised. It makes them socially deserted, culturally discriminated, economically marginalized and politically under-represented. The study employs historical and analytical method to dig out the connection between historical evolution of Rohingyas and their present day status.
Prevention and Eradication of Terrorism Funding Criminal Act in Indonesia Surwandono, Surwandono; Retnoningsih, Tri Astuti Susanthi; Alkatiri, Masyithoh Annisa
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 8, No 2 (2018): (October 2018)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1603.633 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v8i2.1013

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Prevention and eradication of terrorism funding criminal acts have been published by Indonesian Government as a ratified act of International Convention for the suppression of the financing of terrorism under the Act No. 9 The Year 2013. This act was enacted for strategies and serious attempts to fight against transnational crime of terrorism. Through content analysis method on The Act, this research was meant to understand the direction of security regulation of Indonesia by using three paradigms i.e. realism, liberalism, and constructivism. It was figured out that realism was used by Indonesian Government of which the government acts as the key and dominant actor in this Act. This realistic paradigm implies on many government policies which are perceived overwhelming and tend to repress on civil right of freedom.
Factors Affecting Employees’ Religiosity at the Public Workplace in Kepulauan Riau, Indonesia Yudiatmaja, Wayu Eko; Edison, Edison; Samnuzulsari, Tri
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 8, No 2 (2018): (October 2018)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1749.621 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v8i2.1442

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Currently, religiosity has become an emerging topic in the literature of public administration. Most research examines the dimensions of religiosity and their relationships with various organizational dimensions. Much less attention, however, has been paid to analyze the factors affecting employees’ religiosity, particularly in the context of public organization. Therefore, this study investigates the critical factors affecting employees’ religiosity. This study is conducted on 262 public servants in the Government of Kepulauan Riau Province. An extensive literature and questionnaire were used to identify the factors affecting employees’ religiosity. This study applied statistical methods with ranking and factor analyses to verify and analyze the factors. Ranking analysis results the most important factors, namely family religious activity. Factor analysis constructs 5 components, including personal belief system, implementing  religious belief, family religiousness, religious practices, and belief on the death. Theoretical, methodological, and practical implications are provided in the light of these findings.
The Rise of Political Warfare: Russian New Way of War against the West and the Western Counteractions Suzen, Hasan
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 8, No 2 (2018): (October 2018)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2312.774 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v8i2.1314

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Since the outbreak of the Ukraine crisis, the world has observed a comprehensive Russian political warfare, which has had destabilising consequences and as well as wide-ranging implications for international security, in particular for Europe. On the other hand, in the aftermath of the Cold War, the West mostly focus on public diplomacy and strategic communication rather than political warfare. This change creates a gap in all features of political warfare and makes the West weak to political warfare waged by particularly one-man ruled states. In this respect, firstly, I will define political warfare in the continuum of peace and war. Then, I will develop a new conceptual framework which provides an interdisciplinary approach to understand the specifics of political warfare against the West and its counteractions. To explore how and why the West has failed in countering and undermining political warfare employed by especially one-man ruled states, I will explain the origin and evolution of Russian political warfare and particularly highlight the Ukraine Crisis as a turning point of Russian political warfare which has been evolving since the 1900s. Finally, I will propose ways and means to explain how to counter political warfare using hybrid tactics in the future.
Resolving the Illicit Trade of Small Arms and Light Weapon through ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Transnational Crime (AMMTC) Hiswi, Putti Ananda
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 8, No 2 (2018): (October 2018)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1454.332 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v8i2.1311

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This paper analyses the cooperation of states in Southeast Asia within the framework established by ASEAN, that is ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Transnational Crime (AMMTC) to resolving the illicit trade of Small Arms and Light Weapon in the region. Most of existing works on the topic being studied put emphasize on the importance of the existence of norms, the role of institutions and security cooperation in resolving the illicit weapons trade. However, the existing studies have not explained why the existing form of cooperation has not been effective. By the approaching of international regime theory, this article explains the interest based of regime that explain the background of regime formation which could influence state behavior to cooperate and successfully implement the rules of the international regime itself. The research applying qualitative research methods with data sourced from primary and secondary data from ASEAN official documents, books, journals, online news. This article shows that the effectivity of AMMTC to deal with the illicit Small Arms Trade is strongly influenced by the implementation commitment of the state members.
PERAN PEMERINTAH DESA DALAM PENGELOLAAN PROGRAM USAHA PENGELOLAAN PUPUK ORGANIK (UPPO) DI DESA KOLAI KECAMATAN MALUA KABUPATEN ENREKANG Martmono, Ariyawan Alfayed; Mappamiring, Mappamiring; Malik, Ihyani
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 3, No 2 (2013): (October 2013)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Pemerintahan, FISIP Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (838.651 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v3i2.65

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 This study aimed to determine the role of the sub-district government in managing the UPPO program. The results of this study were expected as the input for the Kolai sub-district government in performing their duties and functions as the spearhead of Indonesian government. Academically, the results of this study were expected to provide more values which can then be compared with other scientific research, particularly the study under the problem of the role of sub-district government. This was a descriptive quantitative research, basically, this was a survey study and samples in this study were 35 people by purposive sampling technique . Data were collected by using techniques such as observation, questionnaires and developed interviews for the respondent . The data were analyzed by descriptive quantitatively, in which all the data collected by the authors, and then presented in the form of frequency tabulation completed by the responds of respondents obtained from informants , interviews , and questionnaires . The results showed an active role of sub-district government in managing UPPO program that can influence the community participation in UPPO management. By the support and assist of the sub-district government, UPPO management program can run well. Moreover, the support and assist of the sub-district government towards UPPO program management were 1. Facilitate the UPPO program 2. Facilitate meetings between the representatives agricultural services and society as of manager UPPO program 3 . Carrying out training .  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peranan pemerintah desa dalam pengelolaan program UPPO. Hasil dari penelitian ini diharapkan menjadi masukan bagi pemerintah desa kolai dalam menjalankan tugas dan fungsinya sebagai ujung tombak pemerintahan Indonesia. Dari segi akademik, hasil dari penelitian ini diharapkan memberi nilai tambah yang selanjutnya dapat dikomparasikan dengan penelitian-penelitian ilmiah lainnya, khususnya yang mengkaji masalah peranan pemerintah desa. Penelitian ini adalah Deskriptif kuantitatif, dasar penelitian yang digunakan adalah survey dan sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 35 orang menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan teknik berupa observasi, kuesioner serta dikembangkan dengan wawancara kepada responden. Data tersebut dianalisis secara Deskriptip kuantitatif yaitu menganalisis semua data yang berhasil dikumpulkan penulis, dan selanjutnya disajikan dalam bentuk tabulasi frekuensi dilengkapi dengan tanggapan responden yang diperoleh dari hasil Informan, wawancara, dan kuesioner. Dari hasil penelitian menunjukkan peran aktif aparat pemerintah desa dalam pengelolaaan program UPPO dapat berpengaruh terhadap partisipasi masyarakat dalam pengelolaan UPPO. Dengan adanya dukungan dan bantuan dari pemerintah desa maka pengelolaan program UPPO dapat berjalan lancar. Adapun bentuk dukungan dan bantuan pemerintah desa dalam pengelolaan program UPPO adalah (1). Memfasilitasi pengadaan program UPPO (2). Memfasilitasi pertemuan utusan dinas pertanian dengan msyarakat pengelola program UPPO (3). Melakukan pembinaan.
Kualitas Pelayanan Publik Pemerintah Daerah (Kasus Pelayanan IMB pada KPTSA Kabupaten Bone) Yunus, Rabina
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 1, No 2 (2011): (October 2011)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Pemerintahan, FISIP Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (489.397 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v1i2.28

Abstract

Measuring the quality of public services in the Building Permit in the one-stop services office of Bone Regency, using indicators of the ability of the apparatus, system services and influential factor in the service of Building permit. The data was collected through interviews, observation and documentation, as a way to know the description of the organizational structure, education and training, ability to work completion on schedule, the convenience in obtaining services, clarity of information, security and protection services to consumers in the Office of One-Stop Services (KPTSA) of Bone Regency. The factors that affect the public service of Building Permit (IMB), among others; timeliness, ease of filing, the accuracy of service, the cost of service. Factor is a barometer of the consumer or the use of the service, so whether or not the services provided by the government back to the things mentioned above. In the public service should further develop the quality of human resources and democratization, leadership model must shift from power to the approach of expertise (from macho to maestro) and democratic in spirit, close to the subordinates and apply humanistic model of bureaucracy is putting a human in its proportions.Mengukur kualitas pelayanan publik dalam Izin Bangunan di kantor pelayanan satu atap Kabupaten Bone, dengan menggunakan indikator kemampuan aparatur, sistem layanan dan faktor yang berpengaruh dalam pelayanan Membangun izin. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi, sebagai cara untuk mengetahui gambaran struktur organisasi, pendidikan dan pelatihan, kemampuan untuk bekerja selesai sesuai jadwal, kenyamanan dalam memperoleh pelayanan, kejelasan layanan informasi, keamanan dan perlindungan kepada konsumen di Kantor Pelayanan Satu Atap (KPTSA) Kabupaten Bone. Faktor- faktor yang mempengaruhi pelayanan publik Izin Mendirikan Bangunan (IMB), antara lain; ketepatan waktu, kemudahan pengajuan, akurasi pelayanan, biaya pelayanan. Faktor adalah barometer konsumen atau penggunaan layanan, sehingga apakah layanan yang diberikan oleh pemerintah kembali ke hal-hal tersebut di atas. Dalam layanan publik lebih lanjut harus mengembangkan kualitas sumber daya manusia dan demokratisasi, model kepemimpinan harus bergeser dari kekuasaan ke pendekatan keahlian (dari macho untuk maestro) dan berjiwa demokratis, dekat dengan bawahan dan menerapkan model birokrasi humanistik adalah meletakkan manusia dalam proporsinya.
Penerapan ICT dalam Pelayanan Publik di Kabupaten Bantul Supardal, Supardal
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 6, No 2 (2016): (October 2016)
Publisher : Department of Government Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1796.255 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v6i2.272

Abstract

The transformation of the bureaucracy into a necessity. One way transformation of the bureaucracy in the public service is the application of information and communications technology (ICT) in the public service. Information Communication Technology innitiative and application in local govern-ment should transform local government bureaucracy in public service. In Bantul, however, ICT in-nitiative and application has not successfully transformed local government bureaucracy in public service. This study will assessed on the impact of ICT innitiative and application on the bureaucracy transformation in public service. The mix research method is choosen in order to answer and analy-sis the phenomena in depht. The research found that the influence of the ICT’s innitiative on the bureaucracy transformation in the Bantul District is only 18 %. The low effect of the implementa-tion of the system of ICT in those cities is affected by strong patronage culture, the hierarchical organizational structure and centralized regulation on local government structure, low capacity e-leadership of middle range leader, and no delegation from top leader to middle management.Transformasi birokrasi menjadi keharusan. Salah satu cara transformasi birokrasi dalam pelayanan publik adalah penerapan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi (ICT) dalam pelayanan publik. Praksarsa dan implementasi Teknologi Informasi Komunikasi di pemerintah daerah harus mengu-bah birokrasi pemerintah daerah dalam pelayanan publik. Di Bantul, bagaimanapun, Praksarsa dan Implementasi ICT belum berhasil mengubah birokrasi pemerintah daerah dalam pelayanan publik. Penelitian ini akan dinilai pada dampak Prakarsa dan Implementasi ICT pada transformasi birokrasi dalam pelayanan publik. Metode penelitian campuran yang terpilih untuk menjawab dan analisis fenomena. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa pengaruh Prakarsa ICT pada transformasi birokrasi di Kabupaten Bantul hanya 18%. Pengaruh rendah dari pelaksanaan sistem ICT di kota-kota dipengaruhi oleh budaya yang Patronase yang kuat, struktur organisasi hirarkis dan regulasi terpusat pada struktur pemerintah daerah, kapasitas rendah e-kepemimpinan middle leader, dan tidak ada delegasi dari top leader ke middle management.
TRANSPARANSI PEMERINTAH DALAM PELAYANAN SERTIFIKAT TANAH DI KOTA MAKASSAR Fadli, Fadli; Madani, Muhlis; Idris, Muhammad
Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 4, No 2 (2014): (October 2014)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Pemerintahan, FISIP Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (648.7 KB) | DOI: 10.26618/ojip.v4i2.88

Abstract

This study aims to identify the process of land services in serving the people in charge of land titles in Makassar, the proliferation of land without a certificate becomes a problem for society. This type of research is qualitative deskriftip which give an idea or an exact explanation objectively related to the actual state of the object that diteliti.Jenis data used consist of primary data, interviews and direct observation in the field and secondary data sourced from books, documents / notes / reports and legislation relating to issues diteliti.Dari research result shows the implementation of the People for Land Certification Service (Larasita) in Makassar been transparent or open but less effective. This is caused because the indicator execution and settlement services in terms of time, where the completion of the certifiPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi proses pelayanan pertanahan dalam melayani masyarakat mengurusi sertifikat tanah di Makassar, menjamurnya tanah-tanah tanpa sertifikat menjadi permasalahan bagi masyarakat. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah kualitatif deskriftip yaitu memberikan gambaran atau penjelasan yang tepat secara objektif terkait keadaan yang sebenarnya dari objek yang diteliti.Jenis data yang digunakan terdiri dari data primer yaitu wawancara dan observasi langsung dilapangan dan data sekunder yang bersumber dari buku-buku, dokumen/catatan/laporan dan peraturan perundang-undangan yang berkaitan dengan masalah yang diteliti.Dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan menunjukan pelaksanaan Layanan Rakyat untuk Sertifikasi Tanah (Larasita) di Kota Makassar sudah Transparan atau terbuka namun kurang efektif. Hal ini diakibatkan karena indikator pelaksanaan dan penyelesaian pelayanan dari segi waktu, dimana penyelesaian sertifikasi dan pelaksanaan Larasita tidak sesuai dengan ketentuan yang telah dibuat sebelumnya.cation and implementation Larasita not in accordance with the provisions that have been made previously.

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