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Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics (CaLLs)
Published by Universitas Mulawarman
CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics) published by Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Mulawarman and published in June and December. CaLLs welcome articles and research reports utilizing an interdisciplinary approach to the study of culture. The object materials of the study may include aspects of language/linguistics, literature, arts (music and traditional arts).
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KOLOFON

Jurnal, Admin

CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics) Vol 4, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

CALABAI DAN BISSU SUKU BUGIS: REPRESENTASI GENDER DALAM NOVEL CALABAI KARYA PEPI AL-BAYQUNIE

Rokhmansyah, Alfian, Hanum, Irma Surayya, Dahlan, Dahri

CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics) Vol 4, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

This research focuses on disclosing things related to the existence of calabai as a variation of gender in Bugis culture which is illustrated in the Calabai novel by Pepi Al-Bayqunie. This research is a library research with a qualitative approach so that it is focused on the text of the Calabai novel by Pepi Al-Bayqunie. Data analysis is done through the data classification phase, data analysis, and conclusion of the analysis results. The results of this study indicate the existence of gender variations depicted in the Calabai novel by Pepi Al-Bayqunie. In the Calabai novel by Pepi Al-Bayqunie, the gender variation in the Bugis tribe described is calabai. In Bugis culture in Sulawesi the existence of calabai is a form of gender variation in addition to men or women. Calabai who was described by the author in the novel was a Calabai who had privileges and finally he became a bissu. The main character is described as a calabai who later becomes bissu. In relation to the existence of calabai and bissu as illustrated in the novel, it turns out that there is a rejection from the group that considers these two gender variations to be incompatible with human nature. The existence of calabai is a problem because it is contrary to the social construction that already exists in the community. However, unlike Calabai, the existence of bissu is considered more respectable because it plays an important role in Bugis culture.

POLITIK IDENTITAS DALAM PERSPEKTIF POSKOLONIAL STUDI KASUS HIP HOP DANGDUT GRUP NDX A.K.A

Sidjabat, Yedija Remalya, Yulianto, Vissia Ita, Koapaha, Royke Bobby

CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics) Vol 4, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

Hip hop dangdut is music identity of NDX A.K.A group. Hip hop dangdut that became popular in society also bring the pros and cons for some groups. Political identity in this research investigates background in choosing music dangdut and hip hop that integrated in NDX‚??s songs. Political identity used to see the factor that played a role in ¬†formation of hip hop dangdut, but not fully realized by NDX group. Political identity in ¬†formation of hip hop dangdut then analyzed in textual and contextual to answer the contestation of hip hop dangdut in postcolonial perspective. The concept postcolonial in this research is criticized dominance or the form of leadership culture (hegemony) conducted by capitalists. Hip hop dangdut formed because of the hegemony of media in popularizing hip hop that occurs massively. Contestation on hip hop dangdut identity is analyzed using the concept of mimicry and hybridity to see ‚??in-between‚?? space or third space that can be described the position of hip hop dangdut. Negotiations between hip hop and dangdut is a form of hybridity that takes place in ambivalence, which is mimicking and mocking, and not entirely subordinated to the cultural discrimination that occurs to the strategy of globalization. The performance and NDX music that performed on stage shows the cultural identity negotiations between hip hop and dangdut that formed in the third space.

MAKNA SIMBOL NILAI KEBANGSAAN DALAM PERAYAAN ERAU

Janah, Ulum, Rosdiana, Rosdiana, Indriastuty, Nina

CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics) Vol 4, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

In local wisdom that has a fair value, the local community has an identity for the nationality of the country. These national values are the basis for national resilience because in these symbols there are patterns in supporting things and as a form of filtering for globalization and support for national resilience. This research aims to find out the national values through symbolic symbols in Erau traditional celebrations in Tenggarong as supporters of national resilience. Descriptive qualitative analysis with Peirces semiotic approach to interpreting symbols in Erau celebrations that have national values. Its superiority is able to interpret symbols in the Erau context in various other fields. Erau as one of the cultural forms created by the people of Kutai Kartanegara has a symbol of nationality in every ritual in it. Overall, the indigenous people, in this case, the Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate in carrying out Erau is inseparable from the mythology they use based on the Salasilah of the Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate and also the Panji Selaten and Braja Niti books. Mythology is a cultural root that has been passed down from generation to generation as the identity of the Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate and also the patterns of life of its people. In addition, some of the rituals in Erau were designed by the Kutai Sultanate, as well as those that had rules, as a sultanate, they also had separate rules.

PERSUASIVE POWER AS REFLECTED BY RHETORICAL STYLES IN POLITICAL SPEECHES: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF BARRACK OBAMA AND JOHN MCCAIN

Rahayu, Famala Eka Sanhadi, Susilo, Susilo, Sunardi, Sunardi

CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics) Vol 4, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

This study investigated about persuasive power and rhetorical style in Barrack Obama‚??s and John McCain‚??s speeches to answer two problems: how Barrack Obama‚??s and John McCain‚??s political speeches conveyed persuasive power as reflected in their rhetorical styles and what the differences of Barrack Obama‚??s political speeches from John McCain‚??s speeches are in terms of: persuasive power of the message conveyed and the rhetorical style from eighteen speeches during Presidential Election Campaign of United States in 2008. The researcher used rhetorical criticism as the technique in analyzing the data. The data of the present study were sentences which were considered to have persuasive power that were created by using rhetorical style. Having analyzed the data, the researcher revealed the following findings: (1) The researcher found that both Obama and John McCain used rhetorical style to convey the meaning in their speeches. Yet, they produced the rhetorical style differently in case of the time they brought into the speeches; Obama brought the future but McCain brought the past; (2) Obama had more persuasive power in his speech comparing with John McCain since he produced more frequent and more various rhetorical style.

PROSES PENCIPTAAN KOMPOSISI MUSIK KYAI BADRANAYA DALAM KARYA MUSIK KIDUNG SEMAR

Setyoko, Aris, Supanggah, Rahayu

CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics) Vol 4, No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

Kyai Badranaya is another name for figures in the purwa puppet show which is a symbolic figure for Javanese people. The special symbolic means to have variations, concepts of life, and beliefs in Javanese society. In the Javanese purwa puppet show, Semar figures are representations of good and wise qualities in human beings. Real Semar figures are also gods who transformed into commoners and became servants, protectors, and also knights of Pandawa namely Yudhistira, Bima, Arjuna, Nakula, and Sadewa in the Javanese version of the Mahabharata epics. The musical composition of Kyai Badranaya is part of the four musical compositions of Kidung Semar by the author, who presents musical performances with ideas from the values and semar phenomenon of Semar figures in the purwa puppet show in Java. The method is carried out through stages, namely the alignment process, and sound training. With this method, the music composition of Kyai Badranaya is compiled and presented in the form of a musical repertoire, which proposes reflection and thoughts about how one becomes a leader who applies the life concept of Semar, namely tepa selira, lembah manah, and andhap asor. The purpose of various organizations is the application used as a learning medium for the general public in the form of new music works. The result of the creation of this musical composition work is to contribute scientific thinking on how to create new music works by utilizing work from traditional sources of Javanese musical music in particular, as well as archipelago music.

INVESTIGATING THE TYPES OF CODE SWITCHING IN LANGUAGE TEACHING INSTRUCTION IN EFL CLASS OF SMA I NEGERI SAMARINDA

Rusmawaty, Desy

CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics) Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Juni 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

Not only as a language interference, code switching was able to be used as one of language teaching strategy. This study investigated the types of code switching used by a teacher in language teaching instruction in EFL class of SMA I Negeri Samarinda. As a case study, an English teacher and third grade students of SMA I Negeri Samarinda were the subjects of this study. The data in the form of utterances between a teacher and her students were collected by taping and recording the natural interaction using video cameras and a voice recording. After transcribed and analyzed the data, this study revealed that a teacher practiced five types of code switching in her language teaching practices, they are (1) inter-sentential code switching, which involves a word within a sentence, a verb phrase, a question tag, and an adverb phrase; (2) inter-sentential code switching; (3) emblematic code switching; (4) intra-lexical code switching; and (5) changing pronunciation features. This study found also as new kind of intra sentential which involves an adverb phrase.

THE IMPORTANCE OF WORKING MEMORY IN ACQUIRING SECOND LANGUAGE (L2)

Hermagustiana, Istanti

CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics) Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Juni 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

This paper highlights the importance of short term memory and its roles in linking the information acquired from sensory memory into long term memory. Short term-memory, also known as working memory, has significant contribution to transfer information as it is the location where many forms of complex thinking such as problem solving, contemplation, and language comprehension occur. In addition, the instrumental role of working memory in the acquisition of second language will be discussed.

INTEGRASI ILMU LINGUISTIK DALAM WACANA POLITIK UNDANG-UNDANG OTONOMI KHUSUS PAPUA: PERSPEKTIF STUDI MORFOLOGI

Warami, Hugo

CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics) Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Juni 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

This study is part of an effort to understand the true value of basic philosophy that is revealed behind the law is really very meaningful in finding the words and concepts to describe the meaning of a text of the law. The provision of a special autonomy space for Papua is seen as a new sign that becomes a beacon within nationalists from the threat of Papuan nationalist groups (separatists and federalists) who are constantly creating new signs in the social semiotics space in Papua. Language as the home of life, capable of echoing and symbolized as a form of resurrection that is ready to threaten the unitary state system. The purpose of this study is to uncover political discourse in the text of law number 21 on Special Autonomy of Papua laden with linguistic nuances (morphology) which is not only what is understood, but the understanding itself is essentially linguistic as well. The method used in this research refers to qualitative method with descriptive research type which serves to present a detailed picture about a particular situation, social background, relationship, class or certain characteristic in Papua Special Autonomy Law. The main data in this study is the writing data (main) which is derived from the text of the Special Autonomy Law of Papua. The qualitative data derived from the text of the law in the form of words, phrases, clauses and sentences that provide an overview of the integration of morphological studies can then be described and explored in their meaning according to their use in the text.

CONCERNING CULTURAL AND POLITICAL MOVEMENT; THE ROLE OF INTELLECTUAL AND CIVIL SOCIETY IN GRISHAM‚??S THE STREET LAWYER

Nasrullah, Nasrullah

CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics) Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Juni 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

This paper is about the role of intellectuals and America‚??s civil society movement in the struggle of poor people and the homeless in Washington, USA, to claim their rights in Grisham‚??s The Street Lawyer. Both of these are called cultural and political movement. The author analyzes the discrepancy in USA in Reagan‚??s era. The interesting aspect of the novel is the role of legal clinic for homeless and the intellectual from NGO and social organization constructed in the novel. This paper uses genetic structuralism in analysis. Aspect of intrinsic and extrinsic of the work is the object of material of the analysis. Otherwise, the theories about intellectual and civil society movement by Antonio Gramsci are the extrinsic tools to describe how the social condition in that era is. The results of the analysis indicates the discrepancy in America, especially in Washington DC. The street lawyer and the intellectuals of some social organizations have the significant roles as the part of America‚??s social movement in creating equality and social welfare for all. Those case are founded in the analysis of the novel.