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Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics (CaLLs)
Published by Universitas Mulawarman
CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics) published by Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Mulawarman and published in June and December. CaLLs welcome articles and research reports utilizing an interdisciplinary approach to the study of culture. The object materials of the study may include aspects of language/linguistics, literature, arts (music and traditional arts).
Articles
39
Articles
INVESTIGATING THE TYPES OF CODE SWITCHING IN LANGUAGE TEACHING INSTRUCTION IN EFL CLASS OF SMA I NEGERI SAMARINDA

Rusmawaty, Desy

Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics (CaLLs) Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Edisi Juni 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

Not only as a language interference, code switching was able to be used as one of language teaching strategy. This study investigated the types of code switching used by a teacher in language teaching instruction in EFL class of SMA I Negeri Samarinda. As a case study, an English teacher and third grade students of SMA I Negeri Samarinda were the subjects of this study. The data in the form of utterances between a teacher and her students were collected by taping and recording the natural interaction using video cameras and a voice recording. After transcribed and analyzed the data, this study revealed that a teacher practiced five types of code switching in her language teaching practices, they are (1) inter-sentential code switching, which involves a word within a sentence, a verb phrase, a question tag, and an adverb phrase; (2) inter-sentential code switching; (3) emblematic code switching; (4) intra-lexical code switching; and (5) changing pronunciation features. This study found also as new kind of intra sentential which involves an adverb phrase.

THE IMPORTANCE OF WORKING MEMORY IN ACQUIRING SECOND LANGUAGE (L2)

Hermagustiana, Istanti

Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics (CaLLs) Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Edisi Juni 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

This paper highlights the importance of short term memory and its roles in linking the information acquired from sensory memory into long term memory. Short term-memory, also known as working memory, has significant contribution to transfer information as it is the location where many forms of complex thinking such as problem solving, contemplation, and language comprehension occur. In addition, the instrumental role of working memory in the acquisition of second language will be discussed.

INTEGRASI ILMU LINGUISTIK DALAM WACANA POLITIK UNDANG-UNDANG OTONOMI KHUSUS PAPUA: PERSPEKTIF STUDI MORFOLOGI

Warami, Hugo

Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics (CaLLs) Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Edisi Juni 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

This study is part of an effort to understand the true value of basic philosophy that is revealed behind the law is really very meaningful in finding the words and concepts to describe the meaning of a text of the law. The provision of a special autonomy space for Papua is seen as a new sign that becomes a beacon within nationalists from the threat of Papuan nationalist groups (separatists and federalists) who are constantly creating new signs in the social semiotics space in Papua. Language as the home of life, capable of echoing and symbolized as a form of resurrection that is ready to threaten the unitary state system. The purpose of this study is to uncover political discourse in the text of law number 21 on Special Autonomy of Papua laden with linguistic nuances (morphology) which is not only what is understood, but the understanding itself is essentially linguistic as well. The method used in this research refers to qualitative method with descriptive research type which serves to present a detailed picture about a particular situation, social background, relationship, class or certain characteristic in Papua Special Autonomy Law. The main data in this study is the writing data (main) which is derived from the text of the Special Autonomy Law of Papua. The qualitative data derived from the text of the law in the form of words, phrases, clauses and sentences that provide an overview of the integration of morphological studies can then be described and explored in their meaning according to their use in the text.

CONCERNING CULTURAL AND POLITICAL MOVEMENT; THE ROLE OF INTELLECTUAL AND CIVIL SOCIETY IN GRISHAM’S THE STREET LAWYER

Nasrullah, Nasrullah

Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics (CaLLs) Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Edisi Juni 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

This paper is about the role of intellectuals and America’s civil society movement in the struggle of poor people and the homeless in Washington, USA, to claim their rights in Grisham’s The Street Lawyer. Both of these are called cultural and political movement. The author analyzes the discrepancy in USA in Reagan’s era. The interesting aspect of the novel is the role of legal clinic for homeless and the intellectual from NGO and social organization constructed in the novel. This paper uses genetic structuralism in analysis. Aspect of intrinsic and extrinsic of the work is the object of material of the analysis. Otherwise, the theories about intellectual and civil society movement by Antonio Gramsci are the extrinsic tools to describe how the social condition in that era is. The results of the analysis indicates the discrepancy in America, especially in Washington DC. The street lawyer and the intellectuals of some social organizations have the significant roles as the part of America’s social movement in creating equality and social welfare for all. Those case are founded in the analysis of the novel.

MAKNA MITOS CERITA BURUNG ENGGANG DI KALIMANTAN TIMUR

Hanum, Irma Surayya, Dahlan, Dahri

Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics (CaLLs) Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Edisi Juni 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

This research will analyze the folklore of East Borneo in the form of myth about the hornbill descended down by Dayak Kenyah people associated with its relevance to the development of nation character. The theory used is the theory of layers of social reality. The theory will reveal five layers of meaning contained in a system or symbol contained in culture and tradition. Starting from the meaning of layers of empirical meaning, to the meaning of the layer of world view at the level of ideas that store local wisdom. These findings will be formulated in the form of recommendations to specific parties, for example for the preparation of curriculum, especially local content subjects at the school level, and or for East Kalimantan Literature courses at the university level.

PENGARUH PELEMBAGAAN DESA BUDAYA PAMPANG

Arifin, M. Bahri, Vivian, Yofi Irvan, Nasrullah, Nasrullah

Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics (CaLLs) Vol 3, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

Pampang is a cultural tourism village in Samarinda, East Kalimantan. Most of Pampang’s people do the art activities. Every Sunday at 02.00 pm in Lamin, there is a dance performance of Dayak Kenyah. Three Sapeq players become a partner in this dance. The existence of this activity becomes the first step of Cultural Tourism Village of Pampang. A strong institutionalization that is able to reconstruct a village becomes a brand as cultural village. In this research,  the writer analyzed process and dynamic of the institutionalization in Cultural Tourism Village of Pampang using theories of Cultural Phase’s van Peursen, commodification, cultural industry’s Frakfurt School and mediatization.Keywords: process, transformation, institutionalization, Cultural Tourism Village of Pampang

A PORTRAYAL OF NIGERIAN AFTER CIVIL WAR IN CHINUA ACHEBE’S CIVIL PEACE (1971)

Astuti, Anjar Dwi

Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics (CaLLs) Vol 3, No 2 (2017): Edisi Desember 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

 ABSTRACT African literature has strong relation with colonialism, not only because they had ever been colonized but also because of civil war. Civil Peace (1971), a short story written by Chinua Achebe, tells about how Nigerian survive and have to struggle to live after Nigerian Civil War. It is about the effects of the war on the people, and the “civil peace” that followed. The Nigerian Civil War, also known as the Nigerian-Biafran War, 6 July 1967–15 January 1970, was a political conflict caused by the attempted annexation of the southeastern provinces of Nigeria as the self-proclaimed Republic of Biafra. The conflict was the result of economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions among the various peoples of Nigeria. Knowing the relation between the story and the Nigerian Civil War, it is assured that there is a history depicted in Civil Peace. In this article, the writer portrays the history and the phenomenon of colonization in Nigeria by using new historical and postcolonial criticism approaches. Keywords: history, colonization, civil war  ABSTRAK Karya sastra Afrika memiliki hubungan yang kuat dengan kolonialisme. Hal tersebut bukan hanya karena Afrika pernah dijajah oleh bangsa lain tetapi juga karena terjadinya perang saudara. Civil Peace (1971), sebuah cerp6en yang ditulis oleh Chinua Achebe, menceritakan tentang bagaimana orang-orang Nigeria korban perang saudara yang selamat dan kemudian berusaha berjuang untuk bertahan dan melanjutkan hidup seusai perang. Cerpen ini juga menceritakan efek dari perang saudara untuk mereka dan “civil peace” (perdamaian untuk orang biasa (sipil) yang mengikutinya. Perang Saudara di Nigeria dikenal dengan Perang Biafran yang terjadi pada 6 Juli 1967 sampai dengan 15 Januari 1970. Konflik politik yang terjadi disebabkan oleh perluasan kekuasaan Provinsi Nigeria Tenggara yang secara sepihak memproklamirkan diri sebagai bagian dari Republik Biafra. Konflik tersebut merupakan akibat dari tekanan pada faktor ekonomi, kesukuan, budaya dan agama diantara suku-suku yang ada di Nigeria. Dengan mengetahui hubungan antara cerita dalam cerpen Civil Peace dan Perang Saudara di Nigeria, dipastikan bahwa ada sejarah yang dipaparkan dalam cerpen ini. Artikel ini menganalisa bagaiman penulis menggambarkan sejarah and fenomena penjajahan di Nigeria dengan menggunkan new historical dan poskolonial kritik. Kata kunci: sejarah, penjajahan, perang saudara

ENCOURAGING CRITICAL LITERACY DEVELOPMENT THROUGH EXTENSIVE READING ACTIVITY IN AN EFL (ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE) CONTEXT

Asanti, Chris, Syamdianita, Syamdianita

Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics (CaLLs) Vol 3, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

This study is an attempt to address the issue of how extensive reading (ER) as a supplementary reading approach is able to encourage students’ critical literacy. Further, how ER influences students’ perception of critical literacy related to students’ viewpoint of the texts is examined thoroughly. ER in this study was employed as a supplementary reading activity where students were engaged to read in a large number of materials on a wide range of topics and they had freedom to select the reading material based on its relevance to their interests, knowledge, and experience (Day & Bamford, 2002). Relating the characteristics of ER, it seemed to us that students’ understanding of the text through ER activity should be scrutinized as one important aspect in English language teaching (ELT). In order to get more comprehensive picture, questionnaires were distributed to 38 students in the class. Yet, only 3 (three) students were willing to return the questionnaire and to be interviewed based on their answers in the questionnaire. The findings revealed that ER is evidenced to motivate students to approach texts critically, challenge taken knowledge, relate the texts to world’s issues, improve their awareness of how to see and understand human beings, and question the intention of the texts from distinct viewpoints.Keywords: extensive reading, critical literacy development, EFL

THE USE OF CODE-SWITCHING AMONG THE LATE ADOLESCENTS IN SOCIAL MEDIA FACEBOOK

Lubis, Indah Sari, Surya, Satyawati, Muka, Adinda Usin

Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics (CaLLs) Vol 3, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

This study discussed the use of code-switching among the late adolescents in social media Facebook. The purpose of the research was to know the types of code-switching used among the late adolescents in social media Facebook by applying Poplack theory. The other purpose was to reveal the reasons for using such types of code-switching in social media Facebook by applying Hoffman theory. The descriptive qualitative research design was used in this study. The data of the research were analyzed using Miles and Huberman method. The results of the research were: (1) there were three types of code-switching used by the late adolescents in social media Facebook, (2) some reasons in using code-switching were being emphatic to others, the use of interjection to gain attention, the use of repetition for clarification, intention of clarifying the speech content for interlocutor, expressing identity group, softening the request or command, lexical needs, and using  satire. Satire was mostly found in this research.Keywords: code-switching, late adolescent, social media

MUSIK PA’RAWANA DAN SAYYANG PATTUDDU DALAM PROSESI UPACARA KHATAM ALQURAN SUKU MANDAR DI PROVINSI SULAWESI BARAT (SEBUAH PENDEKATAN ETNOMUSIKOLOGIS)

Gunawan, Asril

Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics (CaLLs) Vol 3, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas

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Abstract

Pa’rawana and sayyang pattuddu music are ones of the traditional arts owned by Mandar tribe. These are very popular and always presented every year, especially at khatam Qur’an ceremony. The performance of pa’rawana and sayyang pattuddu music is always based on the socio-cultural suitability of the Mandar people who cannot be separated from their religious system. It is marked by a procession of the Qur’an recital by children. They will be paraded around the village accompanied by pa’rawana and sayyang pattuddu music. The whole process of khatam of Qur’an is very complex. In addition to the ceremonial procession, performing arts are also involved, especially pa’rawana and sayyang pattuddu music. The presentation of pa’rawana and sayyang pattuddu music is a combination of several forms of art in every performance. The incorporated arts among which consist of music pa’rawana, pa’denggo, sayyang pattuddu and pa’kalindagdag. In addition, the completeness