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CARAKA
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Jurnal Caraka menampung karya-karya ilmiah yang berkaitan dengan bidang ilmu kebahasaan, kesastraan, dan pengajarannya (pemelajarannya). Jurnal ini terbit pertama kali pada Desember 2014 sebagai jurnal cetak di bawah Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa. Sebagai wadah karya ilmiah, jurnal terbit dua (kali) dalam setahun pada bulan Juni dan Desember.
Articles
116
Articles
KONFLIK SOSIAL DALAM NOVEL ENTROK KARYA OKKY MADASARI : PENDEKATAN SOSIOLOGI SASTRA

Wulandari, Bondan Wahyu, Maridja, YB

CARAKA Vol 5, No 1 (2018): CARAKA
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Abstract

The aims of this research are as follows. 1) Describe the plot, character and characterization, and setting in the novel Entrok. 2) Describe the causes of the conflict in the novel Entrok. 3) Describe the form of conflict in novel Entrok written by Okky Madasari. The type of this research is qualitative. The data of this research are series of events in the form of sentences and paragraphs found in the novel Entrok by Okky Madasari. The source of data is novel Entrok by Okky Madasari. Research instrument used in this research is the researcher itself who already known and learnt the theories of plot, character and characterization, and setting. The technique for collecting the data is conducted by reading and making notes of the data found in th novel Entrok by Okky Madasari. The technique for analysis data was done by using descriptive qualitative technique. The findings of this research are as follows. 1). The plot of the novel Entrok is advance plot. Character and characterization, there are Marni and Rahayu as the main characters, Marni is unswerving of what she believes and hard to accept new things, ill tempred, and hard working while Rahayu is unswerving of what she believes and does not like to lose. The additional characters are Teja who has defeatist attitude, Simbok who always patient and hard working, Mr. Suyat who act as mediator and fair enough with his family, Mrs. Parti and Mrs. Yem whose ill tempered. Moreover, there are Mrs. Dimah who likes to help others, Tonah who is a coward, Mr. Waji whose sly and likes to bad-mounthing other people, and Sumadi whose sly and does not has responsibility. There are also Amri, a well mannered person who has high sense of justice, Koh Cahyadi who devotedly for his parents, Wagimun who does not has faith in himself, Endang Sulastri whose ill tempered and does not has responsibility, and Kyai Hasbi who has high sense of justice. There are three settings in novel Entrok, that are setting of place, setting of time, and the social setting. Seting of time are in Singget village and Magelang. Setting of time are around the year of 1950 through 1999, in the morning, afternoon, and night. The social setting are shown in an era where the life of the citizen still traditional and still believe in mystical, an era when there were conflict in the society, and an era when the country starts to develop. 2). The causes of the conflict in the novel Entrok are the difference of convictions, the difference of culture, and the difference of importance. 3). The form of conflict in the novel Entrok are conflict caused by the difference of individual and conflict caused by the difference in culture.

STRUKTUR MITOS CUPU KYAI PANJALA DI PADUKUHAN MENDAK: TINJAUAN ETNOLINGUISTIK

Putro, Die Bhakti Wardoyo

CARAKA Vol 5, No 1 (2018): CARAKA
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Abstract

This study aims to describe (1) the structure of the myth of the kyai Panjala cupu, (2) the meaning of the ritual of the cupu kyai panjala, and (3) the mindset, the view of life, and the worldview of the Mendak community. This research is a type of qualitative research with an ethnolinguistic approach. This research data is in the form of words in the myth kyai cupu panjala. Data analysis uses an etnosains model and is presented through formal and informal methods. The results of this study are (1) the structure of the myth of the Kyai Panjala Cupu which is divided into four episodes; (2) the meaning of denotation and the meaning of leksi in the kyai cupu panjala ritual; and (3) the mindset of the people of Menduk seen in the form of their daily behavior, namely hard work, caution, guarding, and being in harmony with nature. The public view that humans were created as individual beings and social beings. The world view by the Mendak community that this world does not exist with its inheritance, but there are those who hold and who control as the supreme ruler, namely God.

VERBA PERBUATAN DALAM BAHASA INDONESIA

Rianasari, Nana Novita, Mukhlish, Mukhlish

CARAKA Vol 5, No 1 (2018): CARAKA
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Abstract

The aims of this research are (1) to desceibe the form of action verb in Indonesian language, (2) determine the affixes maker of action verb in Indonesian language, (3)  describe the semantic valence level of action verb in Indonesian language, and (4) describe the semantic role marker valence level of action verb in Indonesian language. This research is descriptive qualitative research. The data of this research covers sentences which have action verb on its. The data collection was taken from (1) newspaper of Suara Merdeka (Maret 2018), (2) Kumpulan Cerpen Agama Apa yang Pantas Bagi Pohon Pohon (2016), (3) novel Dilan (2015), and (4) the book of Sejarah Indonesia Kelas XI (2017). The method used in this reasearch was observe attentively with taking note technique. The data analysis method used in this research was distribute evenly method with direct divide-element technique, reserve side technique, expansion technique, form-changed technique, and read markup technique. This research describe in informal method. The result of this research as follows  (1) the form of the action verb is infinitive verb and the decsend of affixes, (2) the affixes of action verb in Indonesian language are prefixes : meng-, ber-, and ter-. Confix ber-an and the combination of affixes ber- / –an; meng- / –kan; and meng- / -i, (3) the semantic valence level of action verb in Indonesian language are (a) Agentive-Verb-Object- (Location), (b) Agentive-Verb-Object-Benefactive, (c) Agentive-Verb-Benefactive–Object, (d) Experience-Verb-Object, (e) Experience-Verb-Object-(Time), (f) Experience-Verb-Object-(Location), (g) Agentive-Verb-Location, (h) Agentive-Verb-Location-(Time), (i) Instrument-Verb-Location, and (j) Instrument-Verb-Object. The semantic role marker valence level of action verb in Indonesian language  are (a) preposition : oleh as the role of Agentive, (b) preposition : untuk and kepada as the role of Benefactive; (c) preposition : di, ke, and dari as  the role of Location; (d) preposition pada and nomina which indicates time as the role of Time; (e) preposition: dengan as the role of Insrument; and (f) preposition : dari as the role of Source.

KONFLIK BATIN TOKOH UTAMA PADA NOVEL LELAKI HARIMAU KARYA EKA KURNIAWAN: PENDEKATAN PSIKOLOGI SASTRA

Noviyanti, Putri Bekti, Dermawan, Rusdian Noor

CARAKA Vol 5, No 1 (2018): CARAKA
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This study aims to find out 1) what is the inner conflict in the Lelaki Harimau novel by Eka Kurniawan? 5) What causes the inner conflict of the character in the Lelaki Harimau novel by Eka Kurniawan ? The theory used is the psychology of literature. The method used is descriptive qualitative. The results of the study show that inner conflicts occur because of two factors, internal and external.

ANALISIS PRAKTIK SOSIOKULTURAL DALAM PEMBERITAAN KASUS KORUPSI PADA MEDIA METRO TV DAN NET MELALUI PERSPEKTIF ANALISIS WACANA KRITIS NORMAN FAIRCLOUGH

Sholikhati, Nur Indah

CARAKA Vol 5, No 1 (2018): CARAKA
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The objectives of this study are to analyze how mass television represents the news about corruption news as well as why mass television creates the corruption news itself. the mass television were Metro TV and NET as the objects of this study. The approach was descriptive qualitative by using critical discourse analysis by Norman Fairclough. There are three steps of critical discourse analysis by Norman Fairclough, including description, interpretation, and explanation. Based on this study, there are three aspects of creating news at Metro TV and NET. The first aspect is situational aspect, news discourse is influenced by politic situation in the beginning 2017 by holding Governor selection in DKI Jakarta and the owners of mass television use their authority to support their choices of Governor. Moreover, there is agreement about Peraturan Presiden (Perpres) No. 87 in 2016 about Satuan Tugas Sapu Bersih Pungutan Liar by Joko Widodo at October 2016. The second aspect is institutional aspect, there is the rival among the owner of mass television, KPK, and institution of corruption. The third aspect is social aspect, including economic, politic, and social context that become enthustiasm by citizens to support the institution of corruption itself.

PENGGUNAAN KALIMAT TUNGGAL DALAM KUMPULAN DONGENG BERBAHASA INDONESIA

Wijaya, Yupita Friskiana, Nusarini, Nusarini

CARAKA Vol 5, No 1 (2018): CARAKA
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The purpose of this research are (1) to describe the simple sentences type based on the class of words which occupy the predicate, (2) to describe simple sentence pattern, (3 )to describe expansion of the elements in the simple sentencesfound in the fairytales collection of Indonesian language. Type of this research is a descriptive qualitative research. Data collection techniques in the research by using the simak method then advanced techniques are namely simak bebas libat cakap technique dan noted technique. Data analysis techniques in this research are used agih method with bagi unsur langsung technique, lesap technique, ganti technique, balik technique, and read markah technique. The results of data analysis are informal and formal methods. The results of this study is suggest that (1) a simple sentences type based on the class words that occupy predicate in the fairytales collection namely verbal predicate sentence, nominal predicate sentence, adjectival, prepositional phrase predicate sentences, (2) the general pattern of simple sentences in the collection fairytales of Indonesian language namely S + P + (O) + (Mop) + (Ket) and its realization is S + P, S + P + (Mop), S + P + (O), S + P + (K), S + P + (Mop) + (Ket), S + P + (O) + (Ket), S + P + (O) + (Mop), (Ket) + S + P, (Ket) + S + P + (O) , (Ket) + S + P + (Ket), (Ket) + S + P + (Mop), (Ket) + S + P + (O) + (Ket), (3) expansion of the elements of simple sentences in the fairytales collection is divided into 3 namely the addition of the elements of the description, the addition of the noun vocative, and the addition of apposition.

PENERAPAN GAME DALAM BAHAN AJAR BAHASA INDONESIA SMP

Mardliyah, Asih Andriyati

CARAKA Vol 5, No 1 (2018): CARAKA
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This study aims to produce Indonesian language teaching materials that attract the learning interest of Junior High School through the application of games, and obtain the meaningfulness of game-based teaching materials for improving student learning achievement in learning Indonesian. This study uses research and development methods. The method stage includes: (1) the preliminary study phase, including literature study, observation and interviews; (2) the stage of developing teaching material models by applying games; and (3) evaluation stage to test the effectiveness of teaching materials. The results of the study concluded that; there were differences in achievement between the control group (using old teaching materials) and the experimental group (using game-based Indonesian language teaching materials). By using technical analysis of independent sample t-test, the significance of 0,000 or less is obtained from the 0.05 significance level. In other words, game-based Indonesian language teaching materials are better than old teaching materials.

PEMEROLEHAN BAHASA ANAK-ANAK USIA 3 DAN 5 TAHUN DALAM DIALEK BANYUMAS DI DESA KEJAWANG, KECAMATAN SRUWENG, KABUPATEN KEBUMEN

Septiyani, Monica, Hartati, Umi

CARAKA Vol 5, No 1 (2018): CARAKA
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This study aims to (1) describe the acquisition of the language of children 3 and 5 years in Banyumas dialect, (2) to describe the differences of boys and girls in the acquisition of language-children 3 and 5 years in Banyumas dialect, and (3) describes the form of language acquisition of children 3 and 5 years old in Banyumas dialect located in Kejawang Village, Sruweng Sub-district, Kebumen District. The type of research is descriptive qualitative. Research data in the form of words, phrases, and sentences. The data source is a child of 3 and 5 years. Number of children studied there are 12 children. Every age there are 6 children, 3 women and 3 men. The method of research is the method of referring. This technique is a technically skilled libat technique. Data analysis using the method of matching. The method of presenting the results of data analysis is presented informally. The results of the study were (1) acquisition of the language of children 3 and 5 years old in Banyumas dialect, (2) differences of boys and girls 3 and 5 years in Banyumas dialect language, and (3) children  aged 3 and 5 years in Banyumas dialect located in Kejawang Village, Sruweng Sub-district, Kebumen District.

EFEKTIVITAS MEDIA AUDIOVISUAL PADA PEMBELAJARAN MENGIDENTIFIKASI STRUKTUR DAN UNSUR-UNSUR DRAMA SISWA KELAS XI MAN 1 SLEMAN T.A 2017/2018

Kinasih, Hapsari Retno, Rochmiyati, Siti

CARAKA Vol 5, No 1 (2018): CARAKA
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The purpose of this descriptive study is twofold, namely, to describe the extent to which the tendency to identify the structure and elements of drama on the student of Class XI MAN 1 Sleman which analytical study using audiovisual media and media print. Comparatively to find out significant differences between the use of audiovisual media and print media towards the ability to identify the structure and elements of drama. This research population totaled 196 students. Sample research with simple random sampling technique. Research results improve student descriptive distribution on identifying the structure and elements of drama with audiovisual media average 29,74 category is very high and the average print media with 27,12 category is also very high. Comparatively =4,253  1,672 so, Ha is accepted and Ho is rejected.

ALIH KODE DAN CAMPUR KODE BAHASA JAWA DALAM PENGAJIAN SELAPANAN DUSUN GEDANGAN DESA NGARGOSOKA

Lestari, Novi Wiji, Macaryus, Sudartomo

CARAKA Vol 5, No 1 (2018): CARAKA
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Abstract

The purpose of this study is as follows. Describe the plot, character and characterization and background in the drama Without auxiliary, Describe the form of conflict in drama without Assistant, Describe the causes of conflict in drama without Assistant, Describe how to resolve the conflict in drama script Without Maid. This type of research is a qualitative research. This research data is an event unit in the form of sentences and paragraphs contained in the script drama Without Assistant by A.Adjib Hamzah. The source of data in this research is the drama of Unpaid by A. Adjib Hamzah. The instrument of this research is the researchers themselves are equipped with a set of theories about the plot, character and characterization and background. Data collection technique is done by reading and recording the data obtained in the drama without the helpers of A. Adjib Hamzah. Technique of data analysis of research done by qualitative descriptive technique. The results of the study are as follows .The plot in the drama Without Helper is a forward path because the sequence of events from beginning to end is arranged in sequence using the initial, middle and end stages. Figures and characterizations, namely Sapari as the main character, Sapari has a grumpy character. The main additional characters are, Lisawati and Yuliati. Lisawati has an obedient character and Yuliati has a grumpy character. The main character is not the main that is, Ana who has bad character and can not keep secret, vegetable who has a character like advising, Jeng Harti has gossip characters. The background contained in Unpaid drama script, which is located in Taman Kampus where Sapari first remembered his past with Lisawati, Sapari Guest Room, Home Sapari House and Sapari Guest Room. The form of conflict in the drama script is the jealousy and dissent, Yuliati Cemburu with Lisawati coming to his house, Yuliati thinks that her husband Sapari affair with Lisawati, the difference of opinion between Sapari and Yuliati make the atmosphere heating up because each party feel most true. The cause of conflict in the drama Without Helper is freedom with freedom, freedom experienced by Yuliati because Yuliati is free to work and does not take care of homework that should be done by woman, while Sapari experiencing unfailing because Sapari have to take care of home, and take care of child, existence cooperation with the competition seen from the figure Sapari and Lisawati Sapari highly appreciate the opinion of Lisawati, but Sapari fear with the arrival of Lisawati will make the household destroyed. How to resolve the conflict based on the sequence of actions to be taken when solving the problem of approaching the Lisawati character who regrets leaving Sapari without informing him first, avoiding the Lisawati character who is about to approach Sapari but sapari trying to get away because their status is different, and closer-avoiding the character Yuliati accuses Sapari of dating on campus.