Journal of Government and Civil Society
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The Journal of Government and Civil Society (JGCS) (p-ISSN 2579-4396, e-ISSN 2579-440X) is an academic journal published by Government Science Study Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang, Indonesia in collaboration with Asosiasi Ilmu Pemerintahan Perguruan Tinggi Muhammadiyah (AIPPTM). Journal of Government and Civil Society (JGCS) published twice in a year. The focus and scope of Journal of Government and Civil Society (JGCS) are about local and regional government, governance, public services, politics, democracy and elections, civil society, and public policy.
Articles
23
Articles
Government Collaboration in Empowerment? A Collaborative Framework for the Government in Empowering Coastal Communities

Fadli, Yusuf, Nurlukman, Adie Dwiyanto

Journal of Government and Civil Society Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Journal of Government and Civil Society
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang

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Abstract

The pendulum of the development at the global level moves to the extent of collaborative work between government, society and third parties. Today, in Indonesia a collaboration model is also implemented with the aim of presenting long-standing welfare in coastal areas. The poverty that surrounds coastal communities is an anomaly in the midst of the abundance of wealth stored in the sea of Indonesia. The Regional Government of Tangerang Regency encourages to collaborate with external parties to resolve the troubles. This article tries to use the modified Triple-Helix model as an analytical framework, which is useful for knowing the role of actors involved in creating development innovation. This study uses qualitative methods to see and find out how political, social, and academic actors interact and integrate into overcoming public problems that arise from the perspective of collaborative governance. The findings of the study found, first, collaborative work is useful to improve governance, second, to provide opportunities for actors to find effective solutions, and thirdly, to increase trust between government and citizens. This article argues that the success of collaborative work depends on the synergy between actors and the extent to which each program can demonstrate its sustainability. 

Collaborative Governance in the Management of Village Owned Enterprises Ponggok Sub District Polanharjo District Klaten Central Java 2016

Sofi, Kohen, Mutiarin, Dyah

Journal of Government and Civil Society Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Journal of Government and Civil Society
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang

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Abstract

The Law No. 6 of 2014 article 1 mention about the village-owned enterprises as the business entity which the capital is owned by the village in order to be managed for community welfare. The government of village should be able to see the potential of the village to be managed along with the community and private sector to maintain its sustainability. The successful of Ponggok village to establish and run the village-owned enterprises Tirta Mandiri brings the Ponggok village as one of the richest village in Indonesia with the 9.6 billion rupiah income per year. This research aims to see how the ability of the collaborative governance to push accountability and transparency factors in managing the village-owned enterprises in 2016. This research used the method of collaborative governance through the data collection and interview towards the related actors. According to the data, the collaborative governance in the management of Ponggok village-owned enterprises involved three actors such as the government of the village, community and private sector. Collaborative governance be able to push the accountability and transparency in the management of village-owned enterprises by those collaborative actors. The result of collaborative governance can be felt by the villagers in form of welfare.

Coordination of Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) Tangerang City in Flood Mitigation

Inneka, Tito, Aditya, Toddy

Journal of Government and Civil Society Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Journal of Government and Civil Society
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang

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Abstract

Flooding is a threatening problem both in the city and in the countryside. One of the flood-prone cities is Tangerang City. The cause of flooding is overflowing from the Kali and blockage of existing drainage. Various efforts have been made to prevent flood disasters, the Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daearah (BPBD) of Tangerang City which is an agency that has the task to assist the disaster, in coordination with the Tangerang City government in order to overcome the problems of frequent floods. The purpose of this study is to analyze how the coordination of Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD) in flood prevention in Tangerang City. The research method used is qualitative research. The results of the study show that the coordination of the Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) is well underway and in accordance with the managerial hierarchy, rules and procedures, and plans and goal setting.

The News of Governor Candidacy on 2017 Banten Gubernatorial Election in Radar Banten (Study of Media Content Analysis)

Priatna, Achmad Nashrudin

Journal of Government and Civil Society Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Journal of Government and Civil Society
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang

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Abstract

This study aims to find out how Radar Banten reports on the practice of political economy and how the neutrality and professionalism of Radar Banten in the Banten Gubernatorial Election 2017. As long as the 2017 Banten Gubernatorial Election contestation takes place, Radar Banten, as with other local media, play a role in disseminating various news related to the contestation. This research is qualitative research with the method of framing analysis. The data analysis method used in this study is the analysis of media political economy, content analysis, framing analysis and discourse analysis. The results of this study showed that the news presented by Radar Banten tended to favor one of the candidates. This also shows that Radar Banten is not neutral and unprofessional in presenting the news related to the Banten Gubernatorial Election 2017.

Analysis of Local Electoral Governance under Electoral Integrity Perspective in Yogyakarta City 2017

Sarofah, Riska, Purwaningsih, Titin, Nurhakim, Nurhakim

Journal of Government and Civil Society Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Journal of Government and Civil Society
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang

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Abstract

The characteristic of a democratic country is implementation of election. In Indonesia it has include in national and local levels. Local elections held simultaneously in 2015, 2017 and 2018. One of the city conducting the election is Yogyakarta City. In the specifically this research explain about electoral governance in electoral integrity perspective. All stages of election which consists of pre-election, election period and post-election. This research use qualitative research method through interview and documentation. The results of this study indicated that electoral governance in Yogyakarta City has integrity in accordance with the principles of electoral integrity applied in the stages of election implementation include pre-election, election process and post-election. In this research are not use all of the indicators to analyse the stages of election. This is because adjusted with the findings of research with information obtained through several sources. The first, at the planning and program, the indicators analyse include the implementation of democratic principles, transparency and accountability. The second, socialization and voter information, indicators analyse include the implementation of democratic principles, transparency and professionalism. The third, campaigns, indicators analyse include transparency, accountability, code of ethics and supervision. The fourth, voting and vote counting, the indicators analyse include democratic principle, professionalism, institutional safeguards and supervision. The fifth, the resolution of election disputes, indicators analyse are ethical codes and accountability.

Pemikiran Politik Islam Klasik (Studi Awal Atas Perspektif Kalangan Sunni)

Fadli, Yusuf

Journal of Government and Civil Society Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Journal of Government and Civil Society
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang

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Abstract

One of the characteristics of Islamic political thought in classical era is not questioning the position of religion and state, whether integrated or separated. The debate that occurred in the classical era revolves around the mandatory establishment of a state, how to choose the head of state, and the conditions that must be owned by the head of state. Furthermore, the development of political thought also tends to be a response to the existing sociopolitical conditions. The emergence of Sunni itself is a form of anxiety over the perspective constructed by groups which tend to discredit the Prophets companions position which is considered by some opposing circles to have committed treason. For the Sunnis, the leadership after the Prophet Muhammad death was open not limited to the possession of ahl bayt. Whatever the background, if deemed feasible and competent then he can be proposed to be a leader. Thus, the appointment of the caliph as a legitimate ruler depends on the specific qualities of the future leader.Keywords: Political Islam, sunni, religion and state, caliph

Applying Kingdons Multiple Streams Framework in the Establishment of Law No.13 of 2012 Concerning the Privilege of Yogyakarta Special Region

Widyatama, Bastian

Journal of Government and Civil Society Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Journal of Government and Civil Society
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang

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Abstract

Kingdon’s Multiple Streams, a framework to analyze agenda-setting process is widely considered as a ‘universal’ theoretical framework because of its flexibility to be applied. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the validity of this ‘universal’ term. By using the case of the establishment of Law No.13 of 2012 concerning the Privilege of Yogyakarta Special Region, this research aims to apply and examine the Kingdon’s framework. The research has been done by using the qualitative method. Interviewing key persons and interpreting written documents are main techniques in data collection process. As the result, this framework remains applicable in the Yogyakarta case. There are 3 factors that brought Yogyakarta issues into the central government’s agenda encompass problem, policy, and politics. Politics is the most dominant factor indicated by Yogyakartans strong political movement and Sultanate of Yogyakarta’s political approach. In addition, Sultanate of Yogyakarta can also be discussed as a policy entrepreneur. As the conclusion, this research has a significant contribution to Kingdon’s multiple streams framework which is still able to explain social phenomena in policy making studies although there are some concerns that need to be explored further, particularly regarding the role of media and policy entrepreneur. Keywords: Agenda setting, policy, Law No.13 of 2012, Sultanate of Yogyakarta

Pemikiran Murtadha Muthahhari Tentang Negara dan Masyarakat serta Pandangannya terhadap Revolusi Islam Iran

Chumaedi, Ahmad

Journal of Government and Civil Society Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Journal of Government and Civil Society
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang

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Abstract

Tulisan ini ingin mengelaborasi pemikiran Murtadha Muthahhari tentang negara dan masyarakat beserta pandangannya terhadap Revolusi Iran 1979. Ideologi atau pemikiran Muthahhari pada dasarnya cenderung pada ideologi perjuangan dalam menentang peradaban Barat yang dalam pandangannya telah menghancurkan segi-segi moral manusia. Muthahhari mengemukakan bahwa salah satu prinsip ideologi Islam adalah persamaan derajat serta tidak adanya diskriminasi. Demokrasi yang dijalankan bertujuan menciptakan masyarakat yang adil dan berkeadilan, dengan pertimbangan rakyat akan menerima pemerintah sebagai bagian dari amanat yang diberikan oleh Allah. Artinya, prinsip keadilan yang diterapkan di berbagai sektor kehidupan didasarkan pada universalitas hukum ilahi. Sebab itu revolusi Iran pada prinsipnya merupakan sebuah upaya untuk mengubah tatanan moral masyarakat Iran melalui penegakan syariat Islam. Bagi Muthahhari keberhasilan Revolusi Iran merupakan buah dukungan dari spiritualitas dan moralitas masyarakat Iran secara keseluruhan. Gerakan yang membawa Iran ke pentas dunia ini telah menghasilkan ide-ide besar dan menimbulkan reaksi dari Barat yang cemas. Gerakan ini mampu mengajarkan orang lain (bangsa) agar berdiri sendiri serta mempunyai pikiran dan ajaran yang mandiri

Optimalisasi Pelayanan Publik melalui Peningkatan Kinerja Pegawai pada PDAM Tirta Kerta Raharja

Kosasih, Achmad

Journal of Government and Civil Society Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Journal of Government and Civil Society
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang

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Abstract

Training and motivation have an important role for organization or company in achieving its goals. If managed well, they can improve employee performance. This study aims to determine the correlation between: (1) training intensity with employe performance; (2) achievement motivation with the employe performance; and (3) training intensity and achievement motivation on the employe performance. The method used in this research is associative research method, with product moment correlation analysis and regression analysis. The result of this research showed: (1) there is a significant relationship between training intensity toward employee performance, with coefficient value 0.327; (2) there is a significant correlation between achievement motivation toward employee performance, with coefficient value 0,610; and (3) there is also significant relationship between training intensity and achievement motivation simultaneously toward employee performance, with coefficient value 0.625.

Strategi Pemerintah Daerah dalam Meningkatkan Kualitas Pelayanan Perpustakaan Daerah Kota Tangerang Selatan

Kumara, Dedek

Journal of Government and Civil Society Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Journal of Government and Civil Society
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang

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Abstract

This research would like to see further how regional libraries can improve their services to the public through the development of strategic plans. This study aims to: (1) know the internal and external environmental conditions of South Tangerang City Regional Library; (2) identify the strategy formulation based on SWOT analysis for short and long term strategic planning of South Tangerang City Regional Library; and (3) analyzing the strategy process of South Tangerang City Regional Library. Model and method of this research is descriptive qualitative. The data analysis method used is inductive, referring to Miles & Huberman model. Data collection techniques used were participative observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. The results of this study indicate that the development of the external environment is pursued by providing opportunities for the community to follow education and training about the library, increasing the number of users, and make the library as the information center for the community. While the development of the internal environment is pursued by improving library services, optimization of collection maintenance, and provide appropriate formation on existing human resources. The intensive strategy can be done through market penetration, market development, and product development, while alternative strategies can be done by adding librarians.