BIOPROSPEK
Published by Universitas Mulawarman
ISSN : 18297226     EISSN : 26155435
Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi invites the researchers and practitioners in the field biology, zoology, botany, microbiology, environmental sciences, biotechnology, and applied science that related to biology and its prospect either research paper or reviews.
Articles
32
Articles
Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Propolis Lebah Trigona Incisa terhadap Bakteri Klebsiella pneumonia dan Staphylococcus aureus

Saleng, Annizah, Syafrizal, Syafrizal, Sari, Yanti Puspita

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Propolis is one of natural products produced honey bees and has frequently used as a drug or supplements, antiinflammation, therapy disease, accelerated healing cuts and others. In addition, propolis has many benefits one having the nature as an antibacterial. This study aims to establish the nature of bees antibacterial propolis Trigona incisa against bacteria Klebsiella pneumonia and Staphylococcus aureus. The ektraksi done in a maceration and the antibacterial with the diffusion discs kirby-bauer. The antibacterial activity it uses random design complete (RAL) consisting of 12 treatment and test 3 for every type of bacteria. Variation concentration the treatment is DMSO (control negative), 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, 100% and kloramfenikol (control positive). Antibacterial test extract propolis bees Trigona incisa against bacteria Klebsiella pneumonia and Staphylococcus aureus, showed potential as antibacterial. The best to extract propolis construction beehive Trigona incisa in pursuing the growth of bacteria Klebsiella pneumonia is 70 % with broad zone obstruent formed the 11,18 mm (category strong) while bacteria Staphylococcus aureus does not hinder (weak) category. On wrapping bee products Trigona incisa, a weakling now under inhibit bacterial growth Klebsiella pneumonia and Staphylococcus aureus.

Etnobotani Tumbuhan Obat Tradisional oleh Masyarakat Suku Berau di Kampung Bebanir Bangun dan Gurimbang Kecamatan Sambaliung Kabupaten Berau

Handayani, Fitri, Hendra, Medi, Susanto, Dwi

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

The use of plants has an impact and invaluable knowledge and a wealth of culture that needs to be excavated and preserved so that traditional knowledge about plants remain attached and not lost inedible by age. This research was conducted in the District of Berau tribal communities Sambaliung (Bebanir Bangun and Gurimbang village). Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, field exploration, literature studies, sample preservation, processing and manufacturing of herbarium specimens. Based on the results of research conducted in Bebanir Bangun dan Gurimbang, District Sambaliung, Berau district in obtaining 78 kinds of medicinal plants derived from 38 families and be used as an alternative medicine community. Habitat herbs include yard (56%), riparian (9%), forest (5%) and others (30%) of medicinal plants. Based on the processing method generally tribal communities Berau Bebanir Bangun dan Gurimbang village cultivate medicinal plants to be used in a way crushed and then taped (47%), boiled and drunk (26%), burned or heated (8%), kneaded and massaged (6%), cleaned and then affixed to 5%), grated and filtered (4%), chewed (3%) and flattened (1%).

Pengaruh Air Rebusan Biji Alpukat (Persea americana L.) Terhadap Kadar Gula Darah Mencit (Mus musculus Mill.) Diabetesi Yang Diberi Diet Beras Warna

Wahyuni, Dwi, Sudiastuti, Sudiastuti, Sudrajat, Sudrajat

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

This study was undertaken to investigate the  effect of  the seed avocado cooking water on lowering  blood sugar levels in aloxan-diabetic mouse  which has  diet  of  black or red rice. The seed avocado cooking water was administered orally and the blood glucose level was measured weekly for  3 week. The  research used a design random complete with 24  male then divided into 6 groups to be treated.The hypoglycaemic activity was evaluated by comparing with the initial blood glucoce level. In aloxan-diabetic mouse, the seed avocado cooking water and diet  black or red rice showed their influence to decrease blood sugar levels between 42.72% s.d. 51.06%.The variation of combine the composition diet  showed  no difference in the effect of a decrease in blood sugar levels

Analisis Kandungan Timbal (Pb) pada Udang Putih (Penaeus merguiensis) di Perairan Muara Badak

Magfirah, Andi, Hariani, Nova, Sudrajat, Sudrajat

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Study on Analysis of Lead (Pb) Heavy Metal in White Shrimp (P. merguiensis) on the Muara Badak Estuary was conducted in May until July 2016. This aims to determine how much the concentration of lead (Pb) heavy metals in water, sediment and white shrimp (P. merguiensis) in the Muara Badak estuary. The method is using purposive sampling at 3 stations namely, near the pier and the residents, the transportation lines near of fishermen and the transit of oil tankers. During the research the temperatures ranging between 29.705 ° C 30.025 ° C shows the range was quite good for the aquatic biota growth, pH ranged from 7.135 to 7.425 which included in the category of normal pH, salinity ranged from 3.64 to 22.415 ‰ which showed freshwater, TDS ranged 13300-2320 mg/L which included in the range of high and exceed the quality standards set, and DO range from 7.16 to 7.61 which included in the category of normal. Levels of lead (Pb) heavy metals were measured using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS). The mean levels of lead (Pb) heavy metals in the water from Station 1 to Station 3 are 0.515, 0.273 and 0.216 mg/L which exceeds the quality standards specified by KMNLH no. 51 2004 was 0.008 mg/L, the average concentration of lead (Pb) heavy metals in sediment was 0.844, 0.758 and 0.835 mg/kg which is still safe because it is below the quality standard is 36 mg/kg and the average concentration of lead (Pb) heavy metals on white shrimp (P. merguiensis) is 0.534, 1.079 and 0.921 mg / kg which exceeded the quality standards set by BPOM RI in 2009 at 0.5 mg / kg.

Jenis Tumbuhan Sumber Nektar Lebah Apis dorsata Fabr. Dari Desa Bumi Harapan Dan Desa Bukit Raya Kecamatan Sepaku Kalimantan Timur

Wibowo, Eko Putra, Syafrizal, Syafrizal, Susanto, Dwi

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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This research aims to find out what kind of plants that become the source of nectar for Apis dorsata Fabr. in two different villages, namely Bumi Harapan village and Bukit Raya village, in Sepaku Region, East Borneo, and also to identify the pollen morphology of the nectar found in those plants that contained in honey. Based on the identification results of the nectar found from both villages there are significantly different number in variety of plants between these two samples. In Bumi Harapan, 27 families and 64 species of plants were found as the source of nectar, with 7 dominant families

Studi Jenis Serbuk Sari yang Terdapat pada Saluran Pernapasan Atas Penderita Ispa di RSUD Dr. Kanujoso Djatiwibowo Balikpapan

Sabila, Nabila Dienna, Syafrizal, Syafrizal, Susanto, Dwi

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

This research was conducted in May 2016 in RSUD dr. Kanujoso Djatiwibowo Balikpapan by using acetolysis method. This aims to determine the pollen morphology and determine the plant species that becomes the pollen source which triggers the ARI also determine the periodic calendar of otolaringology patients in RSUD dr. Kanujoso Djatiwibowo Balikpapan all the time. The pollen analysis results on a sample of ARI mucus patients in RSUD dr. Kanujoso Djatiwibowo Balikpapan, was found there are 4 plant species and 3 families. The plants which expected dominating as the pollen source that triggers ARI are from Cyperaceae family which is Scirpus lacustris, Gramineae family which are Oryza sativa and Saccharum spontaneum also Liliaceae family which is Lilium regale. Based on the pollen morphology (shape, size, ornament and aperture), pollens with monad unit dominate the sample. The pollen shape are various from prolate, oblate spheroidal, subprolate and oblate. Ornament type is psilate. Aperture consists of triporate, pantoporate and inaperture. Therefore, it can be stated that the species of pollen source that triggers ARI has pollen morphology which are simpler and small. Based on ARI patient data in RSUD dr. Kanujoso Djatiwibowo Balikpapan from 2013 to 2015 is known periodically appear at the end of the year to early next year and the ARI interference occurs at the beginning of the dry season (April - May).

Efek Pemanis Buatan Sakarin Dan Sari Buah Naga Merah (Hylocereus costaricensiss) Terhadap Histopatologi Hati Dan Ginjal Mencit (Mus musculus L.)

Sari, Ela Santi Mulya, Sudiastuti, Sudiastuti, Sudrajat, Sudrajat

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the effects of saccharin and dragon fruit juice on histopatologic of  liver and kidney and determine the effective dose of dragon fruit juice to improve the cells of liver and kidney mice (Mus musculus L.) after fed saccharin. The study design used was completely randomized design (CRD). In this study, the independent variables consist of two control and three treated treatment with 5 replications. The histological data of liver and kidneys of mice (Mus musculus L.) presented descriptively,and evaluation of differences in the structure of the liver and kidney mikroanatomi saccharin and dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) be compared to normal structure. The results showed that administration of saccharin at a dose of 15mg/kg BB/day to given effect on the histopathology of kidney and liver of mice. Treatment of the red dragon fruit juice at a dose of 200mg/Kg BB/day may improve liver and kidney mikroanatomi structures damaged by the provision of saccharin. From this research, showed that the  red dragon fruit juice swetened with saccharin can inhibition effects of  on structure microanatomy the liver and kidney

Kadar Besi (Fe) pada Tanaman Bayam Cabut (Amaranthus tricolor L.) yang Ditanam pada Beberapa Media Tanah Bekas Galian Tambang Batubara di Samarinda

Annisa, Annisa, Susanto, Dwi, Sudrajat, Sudrajat

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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This research aims to find out if there is a correlation between the availability of Fe on the soil of an excavated coal mine with Fe levels in spinach. This research out by experiment Completely Randomized Design consists of 5 treatment is P0 (soil media in Kebun Raya Unmul Samarinda), P1(soil media in Sambutan ), P2 (soil media in Batu Besaung ), P3 (soil media in Loa Bakung) and  P4 (soil main excavated + soil media in Kebun Raya Unmul Samarinda with  comparison 1:1) with repotition 4 unit polybag and each units consists of 10 seeds of spinach. The Plants maintained for 5 weeks and parameters measured is growth of plant height, leaf number, leaf colour, Fe content in the spinach and Fe content in this soil media. The results showed that the mine excavated soil with the average levels of Fe contains for 39,9598 µg/mL; 30,9458 µg/mL; 31,2599 µg/mL dan 28,502 µg/mL, consecutive to the origin of former soil mine samples is soil main excavated in Sambutan, Batu besaung, Loa bakung and soil mixture of all mines with the ground control (Kebun Raya Unmul). Soil main excavated is not good be used as a growing medium with the addition of fertilizer NPK. The availability of Fe elements in the soil followed by increased Fe levels in the spinach by the equation of guess regression y = 0,004x + 0,139 and value r = 0,902 on the significant levels 0,005.

KARAKTERISASI DAN IDENTIFIKASI BAKTERI DARI TAMBA DAGING BABI (Sus sp.) HASIL FERMENTASI SPONTAN

Yana, Nova Yanti Dami, Dharma, Bodhi, Nugroho, Rudy Agung

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 2 (2016): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 11 Number 2 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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This The aims of the study was to determine the bacteria which grown in fermented of the tamba pork (Sus sp.), the Dayak Bulusu traditional food. Descriptive analysis methods was used in the research. Isolation of bacteria were performed at 10-1 to 10- 10 dilution using NaCl solution.  The cells mixture were poured and incubated at 37oC for 24 hours. Characterization of bacteria was done in basis of morphology of colony, Gram- staining, and a partial biochemical tests. Three strains of bacteria were isolated i.e. Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus and Klebsiella, respectively.

MORTALITAS LARVA NYAMUK Aedes aegypti (Cullicidae: Diptera) INSTAR III YANG DIKOLEKSI DARI KELURAHAN LOA BAKUNG, DADI MULYA DAN SEMPAJA TIMUR KOTA SAMARINDA TERHADAP ABATE

Febritasari, Tya, Hariani, Nova, Trimurti, Sus

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 2 (2016): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 11 Number 2 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Dengue fever dengue (DBD) is an infectious disease caused by dengue virus, which is spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Samarinda City health report that the last 3 years of disease in some wards DBD Samarinda endemic status and has an incidence rate 155,1/100,000 population. The village has a number of cases most of which political districts Loa Bakung, Dadi Mulya and East Sempaja. One of the controls is done by sharing Samarinda Health Office to the public, however abate insecticide control using abate hasn’t been able to reduce the number of cases of illness DBD. This research aims to know the mortality of larvae of the mosquito Ae. aegypti (Diptera: Cullicidae) of abate relic Loa Bakung, Dadi Mulya and East Sempaja,Samarinda. Methods used namely ovitrap method and analysis software with POLO-PC. From the 3  region value of LC50 obtained abate with the dose 0.01% recommended by the Health Office RI is no longer effective because the results showed that abate 0.01% cant kill animals testing by 50% in a span of 24 hours.