BIOPROSPEK
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Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi invites the researchers and practitioners in the field biology, zoology, botany, microbiology, environmental sciences, biotechnology, and applied science that related to biology and its prospect either research paper or reviews.
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32
Articles
STUDI KETERTARIKAN KECOAK JERMAN (Blattella germanica L.) PADA KARBOHIDRAT dari AMPAS TAHU dan AMPAS KELAPA

Az, Syadza Zahratun Nufus, Hariani, Nova, Trimurti, Sus

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 13 Number 1 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Germany cockroaches (Blattella germanica L.) is one of the urban pest that has ability to breeding rapidly. The pest control methods, usually using fogging. However, this method increasing the resistance and environmental damage. So, the new inovation to pest control with bait method. Especially, gel bait is the most widely used method to controlling population of German cockroaches. In making gel bait using glucose aversion behavior that found on German cockroaches. These behavior causing the cockroaches aren’t interested in foods that contain glucose. The solution about behavior is to found another alternative food which is contain high carbohydrate and has abundant sources namely tofu and coconut dregs. This research aims to know the interest of German Cockroaches on tofu dregs and coconut dregs, to find out the total visits of German cockroaches on tofu dregs and coconut dregs, and to find out the relation of the total visits and total food consumption of German Cockroaches. This research using observation method on olfaktometer arena with observation time interval of 15 minutes, 30 minutes, 45 minutes, 60 minutes, and 120 minutes for five days. There are four treatments used in this research namely plain jelly, tofu dregs jelly, coconut dregs jelly, and combination jelly (made from tofu and coconut dregs). The results showed the German cockroaches are more interested in tofu dregs jelly than coconut dregs jelly. Total visits on tofu dregs jelly as much as 330 times and coconut dregs jelly as much as 114 times. The result of regression test showed a positive correlation and correlation between these two variable is significant.

PENGARUH FORMULA OBAT HERBAL UNTUK PENYEMBUHAN LUKA BAKAR

Kastika, Suci Mayastik, Rahayu, Resti

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 13 Number 1 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

This research was to determine the effect of herbal medicine’s formulation (Night Blooming Jasmine, Tumeric and Patchouli) with variation of night blooming jasmine’s concentration and oil for treating burnt injury. It had been carried out from October to November 2016. This research observed wound radius using Morton’s method to measure wound radius as well as the counting of leucocytes. The research showed that 4.00% concentration of night blooming jasmine enhanced the healing process as much as 82.89±5.49%. This concentration was proved in reducing leucocyte rate from 14,050/mm3 to 7,560/mm3 and fully regrew mice hairs well.

FITOREMEDIASI MENGGUNAKAN KAYU APU (Pistia stratiotes L.) DALAM KOLAM BEKAS TAMBANG BATUBARA TERHADAP PENYERAPAN LOGAM MANGAN (Mn) DAN KADMIUM (Cd)

Purnama, Miryan Sucianti, Kusumawati, Eko, Susanto, Dwi

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 13 Number 1 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

The aim of this research is to know the interaction that occurs on apu wood (Pistia stratiotes L.) in post-coal pool water and the ability of apu wood (Pistia stratiotes L.) on the absorption of manganese (Mn) and cadmium (Cd) from pond water post mining coal. This research use Factorial Randomized Completed Random (RAL) with 2 factors that is waste water concentration (100%, 75%, 50%, 25% and 0%) and variations in the weight of apu wood (Pistia stratiotes L.) (300 gr, 200 gr and 100 gr). The number of treatments was 20 treatment combinations. Each treatment was repeated 3 times. The data obtained were analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Product and Service Solutions) 16.0. The results show that apu wood is effective in lowering Mn and Cd metals against the pool of former coal mines. The effectiveness of Mn metal absorption by apu woods (Pistia stratiotes L.) indicated in all treatment combinations with a percentage of RE of 55.56-100% and the effectiveness of Cd metal absorption is shown in all treatment combinations with a percentage of RE of 81.81-100%.

POLA PERTUMBUHAN, FAKTOR KONDISI DAN HABITAT IKAN TEWARING Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes, 1842) DI SUNGAI HUTAN BERAMBAI SAMARINDA

Pratama, Rynaldo, Jusmaldi, Jusmaldi, Hariani, Nova

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 13 Number 1 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

The research about growing pattern, condition factor and habitat of Spotted Barb Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes, 1842) was done from August until December 2017. The aims of this research are to know growing pattern, condition factor, sex ratio and habitat of Spotted Barb (Barbodes binotatus) in Berambai Forest River. Fishing was done in every month, using purposive sampling method with some fishing gears. The result of the research shows that growing pattern of Spotted Barb (B. binotatus) was positive allometric, the average value of the condition factor was 1,064. The sex ratio of male and female were 1 : 1,06. The Berambai River in good condition for living of Spotted barb.

KEANEKARAGAMAN CAPUNG (ODONATA) DI TAMAN MINI INDONESIA INDAH DAN TAMAN MARGASATWA RAGUNAN, DKI JAKARTA, INDONESIA

Syarifah, Eva Bai, Fitriana, Narti, Wijayanti, Fahma

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 13 Number 1 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

The dragonfly conservation needs to be protected by maintaining the existence of their living place which in a large number is waters. This research was conducted using survey method at Taman Mini Indonesia Indah and Ragunan Zoo, South Jakarta. The sampling was done using purposive sampling by selecting 3 habitat around the waters in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII) and another 3 habitats around the water in Taman Margasatwa Ragunan (TMR). The line transec was made drawing a line a long 50 m in northern, 50 m in shouter, 50 m in western and 50 m in eastern of the waters or the lake which each wide was 1  meter to the left and 1 meter to the right. Based on the result of this research, the dragonfly diversity has two different families which are Libellulidae and Ghomphidae. Family of Libellulidae in this research area has five different species which are Orthetrum sabina, Pantala flavescens, Orthetrum testaceum, Neurothemis terminata, Brachythemis contaminate. Meanwhile, Family of Ghomphidae has one species which is Ictinogomphus decoratus. Indeks value of diversity in TMII shows that the dragonfly relatively high and TMR it’s relatively low. Indeks value of distribution in two location is about over 0,81 it means that the distribution of dragonfly species is relatively high

PENGARUH REBUSAN DAUN BINAHONG (Anredera cordifolia) TERHADAP KUALITAS SPERMATOZOA MENCIT (Mus musculus L.) DIABETES

Meliyana, Yeni, Sudiastuti, Sudiastuti, Nugroho, Rudy Agung

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 2 (2016): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 11 Number 2 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

This research aimed to evaluate the effect of decoction of the leaves binahong in improving of sperm quality of diabetic mice induced by alloxan. The quality of mice sperm including number of spermatozoa, motility and morphology of spermatozoa were determined after 30 days. Completed randomized design was use in this research, 30 mice were devided randomly into 5 groups (negative control, positive control, first treatment dose of 29 mg, 57 mg doses of treatment II and 114 mg doses of treatment III). The results of the quality of spermatozoa were presented as mean ± standar error (SE). Analysis of Variances (ANOVA) was used to determined statistical different among the group, followed by Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) with significant level 95%. The results found that there was an increase in blood sugar levels followed by a decline in the number of spermatozoa, motility of spermatozoa (P>0,05) and the increase in abnormal morphology of spermatozoa (P<0,05) in all groups except the negative control after induced. After being given a dose of binahong decoction variation of the results showed that the number and motility of spermatozoa was highest in the group PIII that were given doses of 114 mg a mean number of spermatozoa (21016,00 ± 130,171) and motility of spermatozoa (34,33 ± 0,88). Meanwhile, the lowest morphological abnormal spermatozoa are group PIII with a mean of (79,33 ± 0,88). The conclusion of this study is a decoction of the leaves binahong is able to improve the quality of spermatozoa diabetic mice along with a decoction of the leaves binahong doses in increments.

KAJIAN ETNOBOTANI OBAT TRADISIONAL DAN PEMANFAATANNYA OLEH MASYARAKAT SUKU KUTAI DI DESA JAMBUK, PENAWAI DAN MUARA KEDANG, KECAMATAN BONGAN, KABUPATEN KUTAI BARAT

Putri, Fiorhentina, Hendra, Medi, Susanto, Dwi

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 2 (2016): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 11 Number 2 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

This research aims to determine the types of medicinal plants used by the tribal communities of Kutai, herb medicine, the way to processing of medicinal plants and the environment unit of medicinal plants. The method used is descriptive methods, Participatory Ethnobotanical Appraisal technique, interviews and snow ball and also transect walk systematic sampling. Data analysis using Ms Excel 2013.Has been found as many as 113 kinds of medicinal plants, for which 109 species are from 53 families and 4 other species are not identified. Potion used as many 38 types of potions. Medicinal plants was processed with crushed/mashed 51 species; boiled 43 species; use directly 13 species; kneaded 12 species; marinated/brewed 5 species; made the statue 3 species, slice 2 species; dried, squeezed, shredded, torn and plaited each of them 1 species. The most environment unit of medicinal plants was found in the yard (73%), groves or simpung (11%), stall 5%, not obtained 4%, the curb 4% and in the riverside (3%).

MORTALITAS PREVALENSI DAN INTENSITAS TELUR CACING PARASIT PADA KUKU SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DI SDN 007 KELURAHAN BUGIS DAN SDN 007 KELURAHAN SUNGAI PINANG LUAR KECAMATAN SAMARINDA KOTA

Meilinda, Fanellya, Hariani, NOva, Sudiastuti2, Sudiastuti

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 13 Number 1 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Worm infections are one of the common diseases that spread around the world. Media transmission is divided into two groups, namely the group of worms STH (Soil Transmitted Helminths) and the group of worms Non-STH (Soil Transmitted Helminths). The parasite entry into the body is divided into three way hand to mouth, vector (Intermediate hospes), and hospes definitive. The aim of this research is to know the prevalence and intensity of parasitic worm eggs, the difference of the number and types of parasitic worm eggs on the students nails at Elementary School 007 in Bugis village and Elementary School in Sungai Pinang Luar village. This research method uses descriptive quantitative and sampling technique using purposive sampling method. The Data collection in the field conducted interviews and cutting student nail samples. For sample analysis techniques used two methods namely floating method and sedimentation method. The results showed that the type and number of the highest eggs were found on the students nails at Elementary School 007 in Bugis village and Elementary School 007 in Sungai Pinang Luar village, are the same type of egg Ascaris lumbricoides, while the fewest are Oxyuris vermicularis. Prevalence and intensity on students nail at Elementary School 007 in Bugis village is 100% and its intensity is 12,25 grains/ind., while on the student’s nail at Elementary School 007 in Sungai Pinang Luar village that dominates is 100% and its intensity is 20.8 grains/ind.

UJI DAYA HAMBAT CENDAWAN (Trichoderma spp.) TERHADAP CENDAWAN PATOGEN (Colletothricum capsici) PADA TANAMAN CABAI

Anwar, Merdi Sahara, Martina, Ina, Fahmi, Syafrizal

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 13 Number 1 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Uji daya hambat cendawan (Trichoderma spp.) terhadap cendawan patogen (Colleotothricum capsici) pada tanaman cabai telah dilaksanakan pada bulan November 2017 sampai Januari 2018 di Laboratorium Biologi Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian, Kalimantan Timur. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui daya penghambatan cendawan antagonis Trichoderma spp. yang berasal dari tanah yang berpotensi menghambat pertumbuhan cendawan patogen Colleotothricum capsicipada tanaman cabai (Capsicum annum).Tahap penelitian ini meliputi pengambilan sampel tanah, sterilisasi alat, pembuatan media PDA, isolasi tanah, isolasi daun cabai, pembuatan biakan murnidan uji daya hambat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dari uji daya hambat cendawan Trichoderma spp. terhadap cendawan Coelototrhicum capsici cendawan Trichoderma spp. bersifat lebih menghambat pertumbuhan cendawan Colleotothricum capsici. Hasil pengujian didapatkan hasil bahwa pada cawan petri pertama persentase penghambatan sebesar 80%, cawan petri kedua sebesar 80%, cawan petri ketiga sebesar 75%, cawan petri keempat sebesar 75%, cawan petri kelima sebesar 75% dan cawan petri keenam sebesar 71%. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa Trichoderma spp. merupakan jamur yang dapat menghambat atau menekan pertumbuhan jamur dari bagian daun pada tanaman cabai (Capsicum annum).

Uji Fitokimia dan Antibakteri Ekstrak Daun Laban Ara (Endospermum peltatum Merr.) pada Bakteri Staphylococcus epidermidis

Pujianti, Eva, Hendra, Medi, Dharma, Bodhi

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

This study aimed to know the types of secondary metabolite compounds contained in the ethanol extract of leaves laban ara (Endospermum peltatum Merr.) and the knowing the magnitude of the antibacterial activity of ethanol extract from the leaves of the laban ara (Endospermum peltatum Merr.) the growth of bacteria Staphylococcus epidermidis. The activity was shown by clear zone surrounding. The experimental design was using Complete Randomized Design (CRD), consisting six treatments, solution  concentration of 10%; 20%; 40%; 80% chloramphenicol as the (positive control) and etanol as (negative control), by using four replications. The result of this study indicate that ethanol extract of leaves laban ara (Endospermum peltatum Merr.) compounds positive flavonoid, alkaloids, triterpenoid and steroid well as tannins. From antibacterial test result has been done shows that ethanol extract of leaves laban ara have inhibitory at all levels the concentrations to be tested. At concentrations of 10% namely on average by 3,067 mm, concentrations of 20% average by 3,945 mm, concentrations of 40% average by 4,312 mm and concentrations of 80% average by 4,777 mm. These results indicated that ethanol extract of leaves laban ara showed antibacterial properties, although still below chloramphenicol.