Articles
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Articles
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Tracing a Narrative of Muslim Self-Aftermath of 9/11 in Monica Aliâ??s Brick Lane: Islamophobia in the West

Aziz, Ahmed Saad

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 3 Number 1, Nov 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This study is aimed at finding a narrative of Muslim self-aftermath of 9/11 in the West when it was swept with hatred against Muslims leading to the rise of Islamophobia which is herself experienced by the novelist, Monica Ali. Penning from her own experience, the novel, Brick Lane (2003) can be considered as real experience of many people who were held responsible for crime committed. This study employs descriptive qualitative method in dealing with the rise of islamophobia in the West after the incident of 9/11. This is the textual analysis of the experiences of diasporic Muslim couple from Bangladesh living in London and being the witness of the rise of xenophobia in the form of islamophobia aftermath of 9/11. This evaluation and interpretation are importance in the contemporary scenario as there is a continuous rise of such incidents in Europe and America in different ways. The outcome of these incidents is that it is mostly the innocent Muslims who are being attacked for a crime committed by others.The result shows the bitter experience of simple Bangladeshi Muslims immigrant who struggled for identity crisis in a multicultural highly educated world. It also reflects the personal experiences of writer herself as she being a Bangladeshi is living in West. The result was evaluated by examining Bangladeshi immigrant characters and their various circumstances and situations in the novel. Moreover, the point is that people of South Asian countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan prefer to live and work in West for better standard of living, education and job prospects.

Tariqa and Philanthrophy : The Study of Tariqa Qadiriyah Naqsyabandiyyah Movement in Kuala Tungkal, Jambi

Fuhaidah, Ulya

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 3 Number 1, Nov 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

The emergence of tariqa movements in the Indonesian Archipelago occurred at the same time of the expanding network of ulama who studied at the holy land, Mecca. One of tariqas that has existed as the result of the spreading of such ulama network is the Tariqa Qadiriyah Naqsyabandiyah. This is one of the tariqas that is considered legitimated and followed by thousands of people in Indonesia, including people of Jambi. Yet the development of this tariqa in Jambi, in which its follower has gradually increased since the 1990s, is less exposed. Followers of tariqa have practiced not only religious and ritual gathering, zikr, but also engaged in philanthropic events which risen hundreds of millions of funds. Such philanthropic events had significantly contributed to the tariqa movement from which it is able to stand free from state’s intervention as well as capable to privately fund its educational institution and boarding school. This article intends to seek the historical aspect of the TariqaQadiriyah Naqsyabandiyah and how it contributes in shaping educational institution and economic sphere of people in Jambi. This study therefore uses historical method in perceiving the role of Tariqa in its society.The data for this study were gathered by conducting observation, interview, and document studies.The study concludes that the tariqa movement in Jambi, particularly in Kuala Tungkal, managed to self-fund its boarding school and educational institution which are affiliated with it. The fund is mainly risen from several occasions of commemoration of the tariqa founder, Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilany.

The Transition of The Central Port of Colonial Era : From Old Bataviato Tanjung Priok Port

Baihaqi, Ahmad Fauzan, Darojat, Zakiya

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 3 Number 1, Nov 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This paper discusses the ports and government policy particularly in the transition of the central port of colonial period of the old port of Batavia to the port of Tanjung Priok Year 1887-1930. The aim of this research is to understand the colonial response to the development of international shipping world, which impact on the colonial economy. Here, the position of the Dutch East Indies must dare to take the policy to change the trading center is no longer in the Port near the old city but must move to the east of Batavia namely Tanjung Priok.The method used in this research is qualitative. While the data collection is done through literature research and documentation. This data analysis technique based on heuristic techniques, verification, interpretation, and historiography. Based on the research conducted, it is found that the removal of port from the old town of Batavia to Tanjung Priok which allegedly the Dutch East Indies economic actors will not grow because of the rarity of people living around the harbor. The facts in the field of Tanjung Priok developed into the largest international port in the territory of the Indies Netherlands.The results show that the development of the harbor east of Batavia is at the center of the old city portographic port of Batavia which has high sedimentation of large ships unable to dock to the port. The Tanjung Priok central port is growing on the basis of a colonial annual report of the vast number of outposts with 20 other countries that have their homecoming in the Port.

The Interpretation of Historical Facts: The Study of Historical Writing in the Perspective of Exposition Paragraph

Misbah, M. Maruf

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 3 Number 1, Nov 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This article discusses the existence of a trend of historical facts interpretation in producing exposition paragraph in historical writing.The objective of this study is to identify historical writing variation in the form of exposition paragraph through interpretation of historical facts.This study uses a historiographic and library research method in the field of linguistics and history. The results show that historical paragraphs can be written in variesforms; it could be in form of narration, historical paragraphs, and in form of exposition that related to the writing form of history. The paragraph of history can be written by keeping the existence of the analytical element in them according to the reasoning ability of its writers. The explanation about history in the form of writing by interpreting historical facts has resulted in an exposition paragraph. This is related to the method of historical writing that should be used as a guide in the writing of history. With an exposition form, historical paragraphs can explain events of history according to the topic of the text. The impact from the existence of that thing is the occurrence of the writing of historical paragraphs not just in one type of paragraph. There is a paragraph of history in the form of a narrative. There are also historical paragraphs in the form of exposition. Thus, bothhave contributed to the development of the writing of history.

Myth and Reality of University Museum as an Information Resource Center in State Islamic Universities

Purnomo, Pungki

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 3 Number 1, Nov 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This study discusses the phenomenon of university museum which is rarely studied particularly in State Islamic Universities. The objective of this study is to reveal the opportunities and challenges of State Islamic Universities in establishing the university museum as an information resource centers for academicians. This research was conducted at four different State Islamic Universities (UIN) in Indonesia such as Jakarta, Surabaya, Jogjakarta and Malang. The method used in this study was qualitative with a phenomenological approach. The informants in this study were lecturers and librarians. The opportunities for establishment of a university museum in UIN are : firstly, some departments offer courses that require a laboratory with object-based learning. Secondly : is UIN lecturersare relatively expertise. Likewise, the trust of UIN partners is very strong and entrenched both at home and abroad. The last one is that each UIN even has the potential opportunity to be able to develop a university museum that is distinct from the other universities in its Islamic themes. The challenges include that the position of university museum has not been regulated in the UIN statute. Moreover, the political will of university leaders, lecturers and students on the importance of a university museum still has not become common wish as a center of information resources.

New Looks On Abaya as National Identity of United Arab Emirates

Marifatullah, Alfida, Marifatullah, Alfida

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 3 Number 1, Nov 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This research discusses the new looks on the abaya which is being part of national identity in the United Arab Emirates and even more widely, abaya was accepted as an Arab culture by fashion lovers all over the world. The government boost preservation of abaya that already becomes a lifestyle of Arabs women by assigning this robe as the national dress. This research uses the qualitative method by using fashion theory from Douglas who said that anxiety is a source of fashion changes. This study shows that fashion changes due to anxiety and wants to bring change or replace it with a new one. In the United Arab Emirates, the changes of fashion occur  because the citizens want to set the abaya to be timeless culture. New looks on abaya bring out the question; How government and individuals protecting abaya from fashion changes in United Arab Emirate? The result of this study is line with the concept of Douglas about fashion; that fashion are created not only to validate or display dominant and accepted categories of identity, but also to out cultural anxiety.The changes that had already done by UAE people not only bring to the "new" UAE, but it was for preservasing culture and history of UAE.

Masculinity : Male Traits in 1930s Portrayed in Public Enemies

Merdeka, Pita, Kumoro, Kusumo Asri

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 2, May 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This article discusses the masculinity of John Dillinger as the main male character inPublic Enemies Film (2009); directed by Michael Mann, and produced by Universal Pictures. This film is clearly described that men who appear strong, physically attractive, charming, and smart fall into the category of masculine.This study used descriptive qualitative method by using Janet Saltzman Chafetzâ??s concept of masculinity in seven areas or forms such as the physical image, the function in life, the sexual aggressiveness, the emotion, the intelligence, the personality, and other personality characteristics. In the first part of analysis, the research reveals the characteristics of John Dillinger utilizing Edward Jonesâ?? Characterization theory, before assigning them to the seven areas or forms of Chafetzâ??s concept of masculinity.The result shows that the main male character,John Dillinger adjusts his characteristics based on the person he interacts with.John Dillinger as the main male character in Public Enemies film defines his position as a man in the society in the 1930s. He plays andtakes a dominant role as a leader for his gang members; his lover, Billie Frechette,by caring, protecting, and supporting them. On the other side, Dillinger is apathetic against the authority. He also takes pride in his reputation, and believes that he can achieve ambitions to be on top of the world.DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i2.7814

Is Religion Compatible with Modernity? An Overview on Modernityâ??s Measurements And its Relation to Religion

Kamil, Sukron

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 2, May 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This paper aims to elaborate the measurements of modernity and its relation to religion. In the Third World, modernity is often measured by unclear measurements, and in some cases, some of the attitudes of certain circles in the West now also appear to be at odds with modernity. Based on a literature survey, this paper finds that modernity is a condition, not as a specific marker of a certain period and region. Modernity points not only to the West, but also to non-West, because modernity can be measured by: capitalism as an economic rationality; mass production-based industries and the existance of industry mentality; urban population pressure and its medical control; secular and humanist nation state; democratic country; rational bureaucracy, the states rule of law, military-based technology; and empirical science and rationalism. Even so, for a secular state, it does not require the latest modernity that should alienate religion absolutely in a public sphere. Religion is possible to be in the public sphere, if it could be debated rationally and does not discriminate minorities as certainly religion is now more rational. Religion is also possible to contest with other issues in a public sphere in the free market in a democratic political system and can be a civil society force; in addition, some religions do not mind with secularization in the sense of sociological rationalization.DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i2.7260

The Utilization of Instagram as a Media Promotion : the Case Study of Library in Indonesia

Azwar, Muhammad, Sulthonah, Siti

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 2, May 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This paper aims to explore the Instagram utilization and its obstacles as a media promotion of Pustakalanaâ??s library in Bandung, West Java. The research uses qualitative approach. The informants of this research are Pustakalanaâ??s Instagram administrator and Pustakalanaâ??s coordinator, while data collection techniques consist of observation, interview, literature study, and documentation. Triangulation method is used to test data validity and credibility. Technical data analysis involves of data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. The results of this study indicate that Pustakalanaâ??s library has been utilized the Instagram to promote its library, such as various activities and services growing childrenâ??s creativity and imagination, events and workshops for parents, photographs of popular and recommended book collection, quotes to motivate children to read, and the atmospheres of the library and bookstore which are convenient and exciting, and another library services information. Instagram of Pustakalanaâ??s library is not only used for promoting its activities, but also for sharing information and communication by its followers in media. Instagram features are almost entirely utilized by the library on promotions and interactions in other social media. The promoted content in Instagram account contains all information that relate to the library. Nevertheless, they are obstacles emerge in Pustakalanaâ??s Library such as the incompatibility between the number of followers with the number of likers who are obtained on each uploaded post, and the lack of human resources. DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i2.7320

á¾¹thār Wa Tadāâ??iyyāt Al-Ghazw Al-â??Iraqi li Dawlat Al-Kuwait 1990 wa Daur Al-Munadhdhamāt Al-Dawliyyah fi Muâ??ālajatiha

Almesaabi, Salama Ali Husein

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 2, May 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

The invasion of Kuwait in 1990 resulted in many disastrous effects and negative repercussions on the people and State. It reflected on the Iraqi regime and its people as those effects have been extended to all Arab States and the world at large, where those effects and repercussions have taken on many aspects of political, economic and social. The invasion not only had been effected Kuwait but also broadly in the gulf region. This study aims: firstly to study and analyse the political, economic and social implications as the consequences of the Iraqi invasion over Kuwait; secondly, to elucidate and analyse the effects of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on Arab relations; thirdly, to explore on the role of international organizations in addressing the effects of the invasion. The result shows that the invasion has brought to a disastrous schism in the unity of the Arab states and put them left behind in the international stage, and the opening of the area to the Western military presence in the Gulf. The economic loss suffered by the Arab Group reached approximately $1 trillion. The social and psychological effects on society and the individual in Kuwait required long years to be addressed. The international organizations have played a prominent role particularly on recording the file of the prisoners and missing persons, and the compensation is also given to them.DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i2.7607