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Masculinity : Male Traits in 1930s Portrayed in Public Enemies

Merdeka, Pita, Kumoro, Kusumo Asri

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 2, May 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This article discusses the masculinity of John Dillinger as the main male character inPublic Enemies Film (2009); directed by Michael Mann, and produced by Universal Pictures. This film is clearly described that men who appear strong, physically attractive, charming, and smart fall into the category of masculine.This study used descriptive qualitative method by using Janet Saltzman Chafetz’s concept of masculinity in seven areas or forms such as the physical image, the function in life, the sexual aggressiveness, the emotion, the intelligence, the personality, and other personality characteristics. In the first part of analysis, the research reveals the characteristics of John Dillinger utilizing Edward Jones’ Characterization theory, before assigning them to the seven areas or forms of Chafetz’s concept of masculinity.The result shows that the main male character,John Dillinger adjusts his characteristics based on the person he interacts with.John Dillinger as the main male character in Public Enemies film defines his position as a man in the society in the 1930s. He plays andtakes a dominant role as a leader for his gang members; his lover, Billie Frechette,by caring, protecting, and supporting them. On the other side, Dillinger is apathetic against the authority. He also takes pride in his reputation, and believes that he can achieve ambitions to be on top of the world.DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i2.7814

Is Religion Compatible with Modernity? An Overview on Modernity’s Measurements And its Relation to Religion

Kamil, Sukron

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 2, May 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This paper aims to elaborate the measurements of modernity and its relation to religion. In the Third World, modernity is often measured by unclear measurements, and in some cases, some of the attitudes of certain circles in the West now also appear to be at odds with modernity. Based on a literature survey, this paper finds that modernity is a condition, not as a specific marker of a certain period and region. Modernity points not only to the West, but also to non-West, because modernity can be measured by: capitalism as an economic rationality; mass production-based industries and the existance of industry mentality; urban population pressure and its medical control; secular and humanist nation state; democratic country; rational bureaucracy, the states rule of law, military-based technology; and empirical science and rationalism. Even so, for a secular state, it does not require the latest modernity that should alienate religion absolutely in a public sphere. Religion is possible to be in the public sphere, if it could be debated rationally and does not discriminate minorities as certainly religion is now more rational. Religion is also possible to contest with other issues in a public sphere in the free market in a democratic political system and can be a civil society force; in addition, some religions do not mind with secularization in the sense of sociological rationalization.DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i2.7260

The Utilization of Instagram as a Media Promotion : the Case Study of Library in Indonesia

Azwar, Muhammad, Sulthonah, Siti

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 2, May 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This paper aims to explore the Instagram utilization and its obstacles as a media promotion of Pustakalana’s library in Bandung, West Java. The research uses qualitative approach. The informants of this research are Pustakalana’s Instagram administrator and Pustakalana’s coordinator, while data collection techniques consist of observation, interview, literature study, and documentation. Triangulation method is used to test data validity and credibility. Technical data analysis involves of data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. The results of this study indicate that Pustakalana’s library has been utilized the Instagram to promote its library, such as various activities and services growing children’s creativity and imagination, events and workshops for parents, photographs of popular and recommended book collection, quotes to motivate children to read, and the atmospheres of the library and bookstore which are convenient and exciting, and another library services information. Instagram of Pustakalana’s library is not only used for promoting its activities, but also for sharing information and communication by its followers in media. Instagram features are almost entirely utilized by the library on promotions and interactions in other social media. The promoted content in Instagram account contains all information that relate to the library. Nevertheless, they are obstacles emerge in Pustakalana’s Library such as the incompatibility between the number of followers with the number of likers who are obtained on each uploaded post, and the lack of human resources. DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i2.7320

Ᾱthār Wa Tadā’iyyāt Al-Ghazw Al-‘Iraqi li Dawlat Al-Kuwait 1990 wa Daur Al-Munadhdhamāt Al-Dawliyyah fi Mu’ālajatiha

Almesaabi, Salama Ali Husein

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 2, May 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

The invasion of Kuwait in 1990 resulted in many disastrous effects and negative repercussions on the people and State. It reflected on the Iraqi regime and its people as those effects have been extended to all Arab States and the world at large, where those effects and repercussions have taken on many aspects of political, economic and social. The invasion not only had been effected Kuwait but also broadly in the gulf region. This study aims: firstly to study and analyse the political, economic and social implications as the consequences of the Iraqi invasion over Kuwait; secondly, to elucidate and analyse the effects of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on Arab relations; thirdly, to explore on the role of international organizations in addressing the effects of the invasion. The result shows that the invasion has brought to a disastrous schism in the unity of the Arab states and put them left behind in the international stage, and the opening of the area to the Western military presence in the Gulf. The economic loss suffered by the Arab Group reached approximately $1 trillion. The social and psychological effects on society and the individual in Kuwait required long years to be addressed. The international organizations have played a prominent role particularly on recording the file of the prisoners and missing persons, and the compensation is also given to them.DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i2.7607

Remembering God and Da’wa through English Islamic Song Lyrics of Indonesian Nasyid

Ulfa, Maria

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 2, May 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This paper examines English Islamic song lyrics from an Indonesian nasyid group named Snada. The group is known as the icon of Indonesian nasyid group. The English lyrics are their efforts to get wider audience not only from Indonesia but also from international audience. This research analyses two English song lyrics sung by Snada namely “My Pray” and “Where Are You Going” from Snada’s song albums to understand and explain more on their contents and meanings including the Islamic values, teachings, and messages as well as the functions and purposes of the Islamic lyrics related to Islamic da’wa. Both of the lyrics have similar theme in general namely remembering Allah. This qualitative-descriptive research tries to examine the lyrics by using poetry theory through some elements of poetry, da’wa concept, and by using both content analysis and comparative analysis. The analysis shows that there are some similarities and differences between the two for their literary poetical elements and also their Islamic values, teachings, messages, and functions or purposes. The Islamic da’wa is done through English song lyrics sung by Snada to get wider audience. The analysis also shows that the lyrics are about the invitation, reminder, suggestion, and persuasion to remember, love, pray to, and believe in Allah as the source for guidance in life. The da’wa messages are addressed for both Muslims and other people in general. Lastly, through English song lyrics, they have done their Islamic da’wa movement in song music to wider audience as well as for entertainment and Islamic education.DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i2.7851

Atsār Al-Azmah Al-Khalījiyyah ‘alā Al-Āmal Al-Insāniy Al-Qathariy

Elkahlout, Ghassan

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 2, May 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

The Gulf crisis, which broke out on June 5, 2017 between Qatar and the four countries (Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt and Bahrain), surprised the world. The four countries initiated punitive action against Qatar and justified it in seeking to stop Qatar from supporting terrorism. The sanctions included a diplomatic boycott, an economic blockade and an air embargo, amounting to the criminalization of sympathizers of the four countries nationals with Qatar. The Qatari humanitarian sector was one of the targeted sectors in the crisis. The four countries launched smearing campaigns against the Qatari humanitarian work in regional and international forums. The article describes how the Gulf crisis has affected the humanitarian landscape in Qatar. It elaborates on the impact on actors such as donors, humanitarian workers, partnerships and the level of international Qatari cooperationDOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i2.8031

Aspects Influencing the Quality of Management of the Community Learning Activity Centers in Banten Province

Amarullah, Ahmad

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 1, Nov 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This research is aimed at studying aspects influencing the quality of management quality of the Community Learning  Activity  Centers  (Pusat  Kegiatan  Belajar  Masyarakat  hencefort  called  PKBM)  in  Banten province. The approach used in this research is quantitative, with sampling research model. The aspect covers autonomy, supervision, community participation and leadership Quantitative research takes the distance between the researcher and the object of the study. Quantitative research uses formal, standard and measurable instruments. The  research sample is 155 PKBMs spread in the eight districts or cities in Banten Province. The results of this study indicate that; (1) autonomy has a direct and indirect positive effect on the quality of PKBM management; (2) supervision directly and indirectly influence the quality of PKBM management; (3) community participation has a direct and indirect positive impact on the quality of PKBM management; (4) leadership has a direct positive effect on the quality of PKBM management; (5) autonomy has a direct positive effect on PKBM leadership; (6) supervision has a direct positive effect on PKBM leadership; (7) community participation has a direct positive effect on PKBM leadership.DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i1.6585

Gender Relation in Willow Trees Don’t Weep Novel (2014) by Fadia Faqir: A Feminist Literary Criticism

Rosida, Ida, Soraya, Aini

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 1, Nov 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

This  study  is  aimed  at  finding  gender  relations  between  male  and  female  character  as  they  are depicted  in  Willow  Trees  Don’t  ’Weep  (2014)  novel  written  by  Fadia  Faqir.  This  study  employs descriptive qualitative method on feminist literary criticism as a theory to find and reveal gender issues. The text is analyzed by using feminist criticism “woman as reader” to give the evaluation and  interpretation  on  how  woman  writes  about  woman.  The  result  shows  that  there  are  three significant points in which gender relation in patriarchal culture is portrayed in the novel. They are male  domination,  discrimination  towards  women,  and  violence  against  women.  The  results  were evaluated  by  examining  female  character’s  condition  in  a  patriarchal  society  through  woman’s point of view based on her social life and experiences. Moreover, the country where women live is influenced the gender relation. Jordan in this case, has the strongest patriarchal system compared to Pakistan, Afghanistan, and London (the countries where Najwa lived while searching for her father).DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i1.6586

The Contribution of Islamic Scholars in Addressing Earthquake and Tsunami (The Study of Malay Minangkabau Manuscripts)

Firdaus, Firdaus ( History and Islamic Civilization Department, Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Imam Bonjol, State Islamic University Padang )

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 1, Nov 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

The  aim  of  this  paper  is  to  examine  the  contribution  of  Minangkabau  muslim  scholars  in  responding to  the  earthquake  and  tsunami  based  on  the  manuscript  of  earthquake  takwil.  The  manuscript  of  the earthquake  takwil  becomes  the  window  to  see  how  great  the  contribution  of  muslim  scholars  in addressing the natural phenomenon in Minangkabau particularly earthquake and tsunami. In term of natural disaster, this study has been interestingly discussed since the deadly earthquake and tsunami of 26  December  2004  hit Aceh  which  killed  more  than  280.000  people.  People  become  traumatized  and feared especially the people who live in the areas affected by the earthquake and tsunami. In addition, Indonesia  is  prone  to  earthquakes  and  tsunamis  because  it  lies  on  the  “Ring  of  Fire”—the  line  of frequent quakes and volcanic eruptions that circles virtually the entire Pacific rim. The paper looks at problems:  (1)  Why  are  people  traumatized  and  afraid  in  facing  earthquakes  and  tsunamis?  (2)  Why are the younger generations not asking muslim scholars about the causes and effects of the earthquake and tsunami? Applying philological, historical, social and educational approaches, this article argues that  the  manuscript  of  the  earthquake  takwil  as  the  evidence  that  people  need  muslim  scholars  in explaining natural disaster. muslim scholars teach the students in surau about the cause of the earthquake and  its  takwil.  Earthquakes  and  tsunamis  have  long  been  studied  by  Minangkabau  muslim  scholars. Therefore,  it  needs  attention  and  reinforcement  of  knowledge  for  Muslim  scholars  of  West  Sumatra now in accordance with the times in addressing natural phenomena such as earthquakes and tsunamis.DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i1.6587

The Islamic Entries in Three Major English Dictionaries

Abdurrosyid, Abdurrosyid

Insaniyat: Journal of Islam and Humanities Volume 2 Number 1, Nov 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

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Abstract

The study is to analyze Islamic entries in three major English dictionaries; Oxford Dictionary of English (ODE), Merriam-Webster’s Advanced Learners’Dictionary (MWALED), and Macquarie Australian National Dictionary (MAND). The three dictionaries are used the object of this study because they represent the major varieties of English besides the existence of a great number of new Englishness emerges around the globe. The selected entries are in accordance to Islamic sciences such as theology, Islamic  Jurisprudence,  Quranic  exegesis,  hadith  Science,  Islamic  mysticism  and  Islamic  History. Inappropriate and inaccurate or misleading definitions given by the dictionaries are identified and analyzed, then they will be examined according to definitions from each Islamic science so that accurate and appropriate definitions can be delivered as the alternatives and in turn more acceptable definitions and understandings of Islam will be given to not only the Muslim communities but also the greater readers.DOI: 10.15408/insaniyat.v2i1.6588