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JPPUMA: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area
Published by Universitas Medan Area
Articles
92
Articles
Konseptualisasi Hak-Hak Politik dalam Sejarah Periodesasi Demokrasi

Samidi, Raden ( universitas negeri yogyakarta ) , Suharno, Suharno ( Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta )

JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area Vol 6, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

The lower economic community is a strategic target for political actors to launch political actions and promises that signal interest. To anticipate this, efforts needed to increase an awareness of community politics which is not only limited to political actions and activities, but also includes knowledge about politics that can be started by understanding the nature of political rights correctly and comprehensively. Therefore, the purpose of writing this article is to describe the conceptualization of citizens political rights traced based on the history of the use of the concept of democracy from various periods of time. The method used to compile this article is library research and data analyzed by inductive analysis models. The results obtained from the writing of this article are the conceptualization of the use of political rights based on the history of the use of democracy which began from the time of Ancient Greece (6th to 3rd century BC) until the 20th century.

Analisis Kelembagaan Pemerintahan Nagari di Kabupaten Solok Provinsi Sumatera Barat

Aromatica, Desna, Nurasa, Heru ( FISIP Universitas Padjajaran ) , Widianingsih, Ida ( FISIP Universitas Padjajaran ) , Muhtar, Entang Adhy ( FISIP Universitas Padjajaran )

JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area Vol 6, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

Changing of the village government being the Nagari government in West Sumatra has occurred since 2001.  Its aim is in order to implement a government according to the society characteristic West Sumatra that is the custom society.  The first regency implementing the Nagari government is Solok. During the implementations of Nagari government in Solok Regency has not been right enough. The problems arise such as a poor coordination between Badan Musyawarah Nagari and the Nagari government, the poor public services, the role of society leaders is limited.  An Institution is a value and norm to be a reference for the member to act reaching the aim. That research is the analysis of the Nagari government institution, and the research method is using qualitative. The result showing that the Nagari government institution is not built through a value, lifestyle, and norm in the custom society. So, we could say that the Nagari government is the same as the village government, based on the regulation No 5/1975 about the village government. Hence, we require the design of the Nagari government institution to build the Nagari government according to the lifestyle and custom society characteristic.

Hashtag #2019GantiPresiden: Sentimen Anti-petahana dan Orientasi Politik Pemilih Pemula menghadapi Pilpres 2019 di Pematangsiantar

Damanik, Erond Litno ( Universitas Negeri Medan )

JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area Vol 6, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

The aim of the research is to understand the emergence of hashtag#2019ChangePresident and the political orientation of the new voters face the 2019 Presidential Election. Hashtag#2019 ChangePresident through social media, t-shirts, stickers, as well as declaration of the hashtag#2019ChangePresident in various regions in Indonesia. Hashtag#2019ChangePresident is a coercion of opinion, Anti-incumbent sentiments and deconstruction of President Incumbents success stories in the 2019 Presidential Election. This movement targets Beginner Voters and productive age who live in urban areas. The main problem in this research is the hashtag#2019ChangePresident has an impact on the political orientation of the new voters facing the 2019 Presidential Election? The theory used is the strategic speaker from Lee and Pinker. Data collection was conducted through in-depth interview techniques and Likert Scale questionnaire distribution to 100 research informants. The results showed that the hashtag#2019ChangePresident impacted 17 percent of research informants. The contribution of this study confirms that the hashtag#2019ChangePresident has an impact as a means of driving opinions to strengthen the Anti-incumbent sentiment and deconstruction of the incumbent presidents success stories.

Komparasi Teori Marketing Politik 4p Menurut Niffenegger dan 3p Menurut Adman Nursal

Sutrisno, Sutrisno, Yuningsih, Neneng Yani ( Departemen Ilmu Politik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia ) , Agustino, Leo ( Departemen Ilmu Politik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia )

JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area Vol 6, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

This study describe, as well as analyze Comparative Political Marketing Theory 4p According Niffenegger and 3p According to Adman Nursal. The first is the marketing of politics that uses the theory of market approach strategy (Nursal 2004) called 3P terms are Pull Marketing, Push marketing, and Pass marketing. Then the second is marketing politics using marketing mix or marketing mix (Niffenneger 1989), known as 4P, product, promotion, price and place. This article will discuss the differences and similarities of both theories. Political marketing has been used as a winning strategy. Many of these strategies have their own to be well received by the public. Marketing concepts adapted in politics used to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of ideological transfers and work programs, from contestants to the public in a campaign. In this study researchers used literature study method. The literature study used library data collection methods, reading and recording, as well as managing research materials. The results of the study show that both theories can complement each other in the field. Niffennegers theory for understanding political marketing maps. While Adman Nurserys theory is more about candidate promotion techniques at the grassroots.

Model Politik Pembangunan Organisasi Kemasyarakatan Islam Muhammadiyah dan Al Washliyah di Kota Medan

Kusmanto, Heri ( Universitas Sumatera Utara ) , Warjio, Warjio ( Departemen Ilmu Politik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Sumatera Utara )

JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area Vol 6, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

This study discusses the political model of development of Islamic community organizations namely Muhammadiyah and Al-Washliyah in Medan City. Specifically, this study describes the politics of development of Islamic community organizations (Muhammadiyah and Al-Washliyah) in maintaining and developing their existence in development activities in Medan City. The context of the research carried out mainly concerns the orientation of the two Islamic community organizations which are known to have different schools of thought from each other, Muhammadiyah represents modern thought while Al-Washliyah represents traditional circles in the context of their development activities in Medan City. This study examines the form or model and strategy of development, as well as the direction or orientation that forms the basis of Muhammadiyah and Al-Washliyahs political development policies in Medan City, which of course will have differences because of the different schools of thought. In addition, of course, the development of directions or orientations that shape the political model of development will also have a system or a different way from what has been developed by the government which tends to develop with a secular approach that is felt to have a community side on one side poverty, inequality and moral degradation.

Mendorong Transparansi dan Akuntabilitas Dana Kampanye pada Penyelenggaraan Pilkada Serentak Tahun 2018

Putra, Hermansyah

JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area Vol 6, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

So important is the role of the campaign to be able to attract and convince voters, where the more massive and intensified campaigns are carried out, the greater the campaign funds needed. With large funding, election participants have a greater opportunity to convince voters. When the campaign requires large funds, what will be a problem is the legitimacy of the sources of funds collected, for which there is a need for rules that can overcome the problem. For this reason, the General Election Commission (KPU) has made legal regulations to ensure that campaign funds used by election participants come from legitimate sources. Campaign funding arrangements start with the creation of special accounts for campaign funds, arrangement of funding sources and restrictions on the number of donations. Campaign funds must be submitted to the Election Commission as a form of accountability through campaign finance reports. This campaign fund report was then audited by the Public Accountant Office (KAP) which was formally appointed by the KPU to ensure that the reports submitted fulfilled the compliance aspects or not. The administrative sanctions are given for each violation related to the use and reporting of campaign funds. With a series of rules above, it is expected to be able to encourage transparency and accountability of election fund campaign campaign reports.

Evaluasi Program Keluarga Berencana pada Era Desentralisasi di Kuningan Jawa Barat

Suparman, Nanang, Sakti, Fadjar Tri ( Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Politik Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia ) , Engkus, Engkus ( Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Politik Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia )

JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area Vol 6, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

The Family Planning Program (KB) run by the Kuningan district government is an important part of the implementation of good governance so it is feasible to be evaluated to find out the achievement of the program to establish a prosperous small family through caring and community participation in the maturity aspects of marriage, birth control, and fostering family resilience, which has a positive effect on the Human Development Index (HDI). This study analyzes four aspects of evaluation according to the CIPP evaluation model (Context Input Process Poduct), which includes aspects i) context evaluation; ii) evaluation of inputs; iii) process evaluation; and iv) product evaluation. This study uses a descriptive-qualitative method with primary data in the form of interviews and secondary data in the form of relevant documents. The results showed the active role of the community / volunteer groups in family planning services, the availability of human resources, funding, time of implementation, but in the absence of indicators of success, the absence of SOPs on process evaluation and product evaluation could not be a clear input. in the cycle of the overall family planning program.

Perumusan Strategi Pengelolaan Pasar Tradisional di Kabupaten Sumedang

Sudrajat, Arip Rahman ( Program Studi Pascasarjana Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia. ) , Sumaryana, Asep ( Program Studi Pascasarjana Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia. ) , Buchari, Raden Ahmad ( Program Studi Pascasarjana Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia. ) , Tahjan, Tahjan ( Program Studi Pascasarjana Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia. )

JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area Vol 6, No 1 (2018): JPPUMA JUNI
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Penelitian ini mengenai perumusan strategi dalam mengelola Pasar Tradisional di Kabupaten Sumedang. Permasalahan Pasar Tradisional di Kabupaten Sumedang adalah dalam perumusan strategi masih belum sepenuhnya mengikuti perkembangan kondisi dan situasi faktual, masih rendahnya pengetahuan para pengusaha/pedagang mengenai produk dan strategi pemasaran dan revitalisasi pasar tradisional hingga saat ini ternyata belum mampu memberikan daya saing terhadap pasar modern. Dalam membahas perumusan strategi pengelolaan Pasar Tradisional di Kabupaten Sumedang mencoba menggunakan tahapan dalam manajemen strategis yang mengacu pada salah satu elemen dari empat elemen dasar dari manajemen strategis menurut Hunger dan Wheelen (2003: 4), bahwa manajemen strategi mencakup pengamatan lingkungan, perumusan strategi, implementasi strategi, serta evaluasi dan pengendalian. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, karena metode ini dapat memahami dinamika dan makna perumusan strategi pengelolaan Pasar di Kabupaten Sumedang. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa perumusan strategi pengelolaan Pasar Tradisional di Kabupaten Sumedang pada saat ini belum sesuai dengan elemen pada manajemen strategis secara utuh, dimana dalam merumuskan dan menetapkan strategi, para pimpinan belum memiliki analisis yang tepat tentang kekuatan dan kelemahan yang dimiliki oleh Pemerintah Kabupaten Sumedang pada khususnya Dinas Koperasi, UKM, Perdagangan dan Perindustrian Kabupaten Sumedang itu sendiri, serta belum memberdayakan keunggulan yang dimiliki Pemerintah Kabupaten Sumedang yang dikaitkan dengan tantangan lingkungan, dan belum sepenuhnya dirancang untuk memastikan bahwa tujuan utama pengelolaan Pasar Tradisional di Kabupaten Sumedang dapat dicapai melalui pelaksanaan yang tepat oleh Dinas Koperasi, UKM, Perdagangan, dan Perindustrian Kabupaten Sumedang.Kata kunci: perumusan startegi, pengelolaan pasar tradisional.

Upaya Memikat Generasi Muda Bekerja Pada Sektor Pertanian di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

Nugroho, Agus Dwi ( Department of Agricultural Socio Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada ) , Waluyati, Lestari Rahayu ( Department of Agricultural Socio Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada ) , jamhari, jamhari ( Department of Agricultural Socio Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada )

JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area Vol 6, No 1 (2018): JPPUMA JUNI
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Abstract

The purposes of this study was to identify the condition of agricultural labor; know the causes, impacts and strategies to reduce the shift of the youth labor from agricultural to non-agricultural sector. This research was conducted in Bantul, Gunungkidul, Kulon Progo and Sleman regency in 2015. The results showed that the number of households and agricultural enterprises in DIY decrease. The participation of youth in agricultural sector had been decline and the age of agricultural labor DIY was dominated by the farmers over 60 years. Factors which push the shift of the youth from agricultural to non-agricultural was the bigger income on non-agricultural sector, negative image of agriculture, increase of education, narrow land ownership and ease of rural accessibility. While the factors of pull the youth was financial, parental inheritance and government incentives. The impacts of this condition was decrease of the effectiveness and efficiency of agriculture; the scarcity of agricultural labor and increase of the wage. To overcome this, it is necessary to increase the role of youth in the farmers institutions; introduction of agriculture through early childhood education; improve the quality of agricultural actors; develope integrated agriculture; strengthen cooperative farming; agricultural insurance and marketing guarantees.

Implementasi Kebijakan Pemilihan Kepala Pemerintahan Negeri di Kecamatan Salahutu Kabupaten Maluku Tengah

Maruapey, Muhammad Husein ( Pascasardjana FISIP, UNPAD ) , Rusli, Budiman ( Pascasarjana FISIP, UNPAD, Indonesia ) , Karlina, Nina ( Pascasarjana FISIP, UNPAD, Indonesia ) , Rahmatunnissa, Mudiyati ( Pascasarjana FISIP, UNPAD, Indonesia )

JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area Vol 6, No 1 (2018): JPPUMA JUNI
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Abstract

Penelitian Tentang  Implementasi Kebijakan Pemilihan Kepala Pemerintahan Negeri di Kabupaten Maluku Tengah (Studi Di Kecamatan Salahutu) Belum efektif pelaksanaannya walaupun Kebijakan Peraturan Daerah Nomor 3 Tahun 2006 telah berlangsung lama. Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten Maluku Tengah telah melakukan berbagai terobosan, namun terkendala dengan berbagai permasalahan. Permasalahn konflik internal diantara Matarumah Parentah serta intrik dan kepentingan dari Elit Politik Lokal. Metode Penelitian yang digunakan adalah Metode Kualitatif. Hal ini dikarenakan objek yang diteliti memerlukan pengamatan langsung dari peneliti sebagai instrumen utama sekaligus menghindari terjadinya spekulasi dan rekayasa data atas masalah penelitian. Berdasarkan   penelitian, menunjukan ketidakefektifan pemilihan Kepala Pemerintahan Negeri disebabkan Personil atau Sumberdaya Saniri Negeri belum mumpuni, tidak konsisten dengan aturan, kebijakan yang setengah hati dan tidak tegas, kondisi eksternal masyarakat yang terpolarisasi dengan kebijakan Orde Baru. Implementasi Kebijakan Pemilihan Kepala Pemerintahan Negeri di Kecamatan Salahutu belum efektif dilaksanakan karena , variabel (1) Idealized Policy,(2) Implementation Organization,(3)Target Group, dan (4) Environmental Factors tidak dilakukan secara baik oleh Saniri Negeri dan badan pelaksana lainnya.