Articles
508
Articles
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Intensive Lactation Counseling for The Success of Giving Exclusive Breastfeeding until 2 Months Old

Nurdiana, Nurdiana, Budhi, Kamilah, Sakundarno, Mateus, Mexitalia, Maria, Widjanarko, Bagoes

Health Notions Vol 2, No 12 (2018): December
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology

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Abstract

Background: In Semarang in 2016, giving exclusive breastfeeding by mother to her baby was 67.16% and in work area of Candi Lama Public Health Center only reached 43.52%. So far, it had not been known the influence of intensive lactation counseling against the success of giving exclusive breastfeeding. Purpose: to know the influence of intensive lactation counseling against the success of giving exclusive breastfeeding until 2 months old. Methods: This research utilized quasi experimental design. Population in this research was mothers who had gestational age in 37-42 weeks. Total of the subjects was 32 mothers who were divided by 2 groups, experiment group (n = 16) and control group (n = 16). Experiment group was given intensive lactation counseling in 6 times for 3 months. Meanwhile, control group was not given any lactation counseling, but was given leaflet of exclusive breastfeeding. Results: Proportion of mothers who were successful in giving exclusive breastfeeding until 2 months old in experiment group was higher (93.75%) rather than in control group (31.25%). The difference in this proportion was quite significant (p= 0.001). The comparison result of proportion for mothers who were successful in giving exclusive breastfeeding until 2 months old between the group that was given intensive lactation counseling (experiment group) and control group showed RR = 3.0 (95% CI: 1.435-6.273). Conclusion: Giving intensive lactation counseling increased the proportion for the mothers who were successful in giving exclusive breastfeeding until 2 months old. Keywords: Intensive lactation counseling, Exclusive breastfeeding

The Quality of Family Planing Related to Long-Term Contraception Selection

Maulidya, Dian Putri, Hernawati, Sri, Maírufi, Isa

Health Notions Vol 2, No 12 (2018): December
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology

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Abstract

The use of long-term contraceptive methods (MKJP) such as IUD, MOP / MOW and implants is less desirable for people in Jember Regency. Based on Women's Empowerment and Family Planning Agency of Jember in 2016, the highest MOW family planning service data was obtained by Patrang Public Health Center 51 acceptors and the lowest was Gumukmas 10. The various reasons for family planning acceptors did not choose MKJP because the community lacked information about MKJP, lack of synergy between medical personnel installing contraception, unwillingness to install implants into the body, and the quality of service for midwives was not optimal yet. The purpose of this research was to analyze the relation between the quality of family planning services, namely tangible, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, and empathy with the selection of long-term contraception in family planning acceptors in Patrang Health Center area and Gumukmas Health Center. Types of observational analytic research. The research design was cross sectional. The population was all family planning acceptors at Patrang Health Center 185, Gumukmas Health Center 193. The research sample was 378 respondents. The sampling technique used cluster random sampling. Data collection techniques used questionnaires, interviews, and observations. Data analysis used chi square test. Based on the results of the research there was a relations between the quality of family planning services, namely tangible, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, and empathy with the selection of long-term contraception in family planning acceptors in the work area of Patrang and Gumukmas Health Centers. Keywords: Service quality, Long-term family planning, Family planning acceptors

Risk Analysis of Mount Ijen Eruption Disaster Based on Geographic Information Systems

Anwar, Khairul, Ma'rufi, Isa, Yani, Ristya Widi Endah

Health Notions Vol 2, No 12 (2018): December
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology

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Abstract

Mount Ijen is a strato active volcano located in Banyuwangi and Bondowoso Regencies. Mount Ijen has a risk that can cause various problems, both related to social, economic and public health issues. The aim of this study is to analyze the risk of the disaster of the Mount Ijen eruption and develop a map of disaster-prone risks. This type of research was quantitative descriptive research. The results showed that the four sub-districts of Mount Ijen threat level included in the category of KRB II (medium), the capacity level was included in the medium category and the level of vulnerability was different for each sub-category of high vulnerability categories were Wongsorejo and Licin Districts. The conclusion of the risks of the Mount Ijen eruption based on the GIS map of Licin Subdistrict and Wongsorejo Subdistrict are categorized as high risk, Kalipuro Subdistrict is included as the medium risk category and Ijen Subdistrict as the low risk category.† † Keywords: Risk Analysis, GIS, Mount Ijen, Disaster

Profiles of Early Childhood Education Program and Children Attending Them

Pangemanan, Lisa, Irmawati, Mira, Irwanto, Irwanto, Suryawan, Ahmad

Health Notions Vol 2, No 2 (2018): February
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology

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Abstract

Early childhood education (ECE) in Indonesia is growing with many variations in programs among the ECE. Childrenís profile in those places were varied in terms of growth and development.This research aims to study the profiles in ECE in terms of programís variation, growth and development of children attend it.?This research uses a cross-sectional study was done in 3 ECE centers in Surabaya, which are varied in total effective hours, the use of language, and teacher-student ratio. The growth outcome was assessed by anthropometric measurement. The developmental outcome was assessed using Denver II. Statistical analysis was done by Kruskal-Wallis test.?A total of 52 children from three ECE centers were enrolled. Program variations among 3 ECE were as follow: total effective hours per day (3, 2.5 and 3.5), the use of language (1, 1, and 2); and teacher-student ratio (1:7, 1:19, 1:15) respectively. Anthropometric measurements of those ECE were as follow: body weight in kg (16.9 (SD 5.10); 17 (SD 2.46); 17.9 (SD 4.62) (p ? 0.05)); body height in cm (100.7 (SD 5.72); 105 (SD 5.89); 104.7 (SD 6.31) (p ? 0.05)); head circumference in cm (49.5 (SD 1.75); 50.5 (SD 1.74); 50.6 (SD 1.59) (p ? 0.05)) respectively. Suspected developmental delays were 11, 9, 11 children (p ? 0.05) respectively. Development problem found was mainly in language and personal social. There are programís variation among ECE but the growth and development profiles of children attend it were similar. Keywords: Variation, ECE program, Growth, Development

Experimental Use of Self Test Endoscopy for Cervical Cancer Screening

Munafiah, Durrotun, Fatoni, Muhammad Hilman, Mayangsari, Dewi, Widyawati, Melyana Nurul, Sardjono, Tri Arief

Health Notions Vol 2, No 10 (2018): October
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology

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Abstract

Cervical cancer is the fourth deadly cancer that attack women worldwide. Regardless of age, cancer attack all age range, from children to elderly. Cancer prevalence in Indonesia reaches 1.4 per 1000 population. For cervical canser case, Semarang was one of city in the Province of Central Java which have highest cervical cancer case in 2011. Cases of cervical cancer in Semarang increased from 2,782 in 2010 to 5,155 in 2011. By comparison around the world, Indonesia ranked seventh in the world and the first in Asia. The handling of cancer in Indonesia faces various obstacles that cause nearly 70% of patients found in an advanced stage. Implementation of technology could minimize that condition. In cervical cancer cases, the use of cervical screening program could decrease incidences of cervical cancer. By using cervical screening program, early detection of cervical cancer could be done. Self-test endoscopy is one of the method to detect cervical cancer early. This paper elaborate how self-test endoscopy is used to screen cervical cancer. By using self-test endoscopy, one of seven subject in this experiment detected as cervical cancer subject. Keywords: Cervical cancer screening; Self-test endoscopy

Health Services in Health Centers Located Regions, Limitations, and Islands

Rahanra, Nikson Kristian, Supriyanto, S., Suryanto, Hikmawan

Health Notions Vol 2, No 5 (2018): May
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology

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Abstract

The coverage and even distribution of health services, throughout the territory of the Republic of Indonesia particularly in Remote Areas, Border and Islands (DTPK) need to be improved. With the formulation of action plans and development plans by the Government, one of which is the strategy of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, 2015 is to increase the access of the Remote, Border and Islands (DTPK) communities to quality health services. This research was a descriptive observational research at Tanimbar Kei Public Health Center of Southeast Maluku District of Maluku Province. The study was conducted from March to June 2016. Data were collected through interviews with 93 community respondents and local community health centers at randomly selected. As well as the results of the author's observations during his work at the Health Office of Southeast Maluku District, also conducted a review of documents/policies, (literature). The amount of manpower is only 2 people that is 1 nurse educated School of Health Nurse (SPK) and Midwife. Facilities are also very lacking of medical equipment amounting to 10 and non medical amounting to 6 is 2 tables and 4 chairs. Remote Areas, Borders and Islands (DTPK) have extreme topography; The role of infrastructure is one of the important physical components for DTPK. There is a significant correlation between the condition of infrastructure and the socio-economic activities of the community, as well as the welfare of the people at the border; and the availability of health services and supporting facilities in remote areas, borders and islands (DTPK) is still low. Keywords: Health services, Public health center, Remote areas, Borders, Islands

Tatobi Panggang as a Postpartum Traditional Care of Timor Tribe in Bello Village

Kencanawati, Dewa Ayu Putu Mariana, Mirong, Ignasensia Dua, Bakoil, Mareta B.

Health Notions Vol 2, No 5 (2018): May
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology

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Abstract

Fifty percent of maternal deaths occur within the first 24 hours of delivery. Furthermore, 30 percent of the population still practices traditional treatments for a mother in their postpartum period. Timor tribe in Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) has culturally distinctive practices for a mother in their postpartum period, called as tatobi and panggang. These two practices put the health at serious risk. For this reason the present research aims to further investigate such cultural practices of the Timor concerning the postpartum care (tatobi and panggang) in Bello village, Maulafa distric. This present research was qualitative employing phenomenological research design. The sample was determined by employing purposive sampling method. The results show that the mother, during their postpartum period, chose to do tatobi and panggang because such practices are believed to be able to help the mother for the post-pregnancy recovery. However, in the actual practices they often caused excessive bleeding leading to a higher risk of suffering from infections and postpartum anemia. Some conclusions can be drawn; such cultural practices, tatobi and panggang, are seriously risky for the postnatal mother, but they are beneficial, on the other hand, to improve blood circulation and promote exclusive breast milk. Keywords: Culture, Postpartum, Timor tribe

The Effect of Consuming Ambon Banana (Musa paradisiaca Var. Sapientum) on Sleep Latency of Elderly Hypertension

Ristania, Selvi Ria, Martianawati, Martianawati, Supriyanto, Stefanus, Irawan, Rudi

Health Notions Vol 1, No 2 (2017): April-June
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology

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Abstract

Elderly hypertension often reported that their latency elongated was less compared to healthy elderly. The increase of latency impact on health, it causes susceptibility to illness, stress, confusion, disorientation, mood disorders, less fresh, decrease ability to make decisions. The aim of this research was to explain the effect of consuming Ambon banana on sleep latency of elderly hypertension in Mulyorejo, Surabaya. Time series one group pre-test post test design was used in this research. Affordable population in this research was elderly hypertension in RW 2 and RW 3 Mulyorejo Surabaya. Total sample was 15 respondents and taken by total sampling technique. The independent variable was consuming Ambon banana, and dependent variable was sleep latency of elderly hypertension. Every day the latency and blood pressure on elderly was monitored. Data was collected using questionnaire, and then analyzed using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. The result showed that consuming Ambon banana affect sleep latency (p=0.009). Keywords: Ambon banana, Sleep latency, Elderly hypertension

Management of Pseudomembranous Candidiasis on the Tongue of a Smoker Patient

Hernawati, Sri

Health Notions Vol 2 No 12 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (Address: Cemara street 25, Ds/Kec Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia 63453)

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Abstract

Introduction: Candidiasis is an oral opportunistic infection caused by Candida albicans (C. albicans). This fungus may cause a pathogenic condition, and is the most common fungal infection in the human oral cavity. Candida albicans causes infection more frequently compared to other types of fungus, e.g. C. tropicalis, C. krusei, C. parapsilosis, C. guilliermondi. Predisposing factors e.g. the use of dentures, xerostomia, and smoking habits are known to cause the occurrence of oral candidiasis. Objective: To determine the management of Acute Pseudomembranous Candidiasis. Case: A 52-year-old male patient visited the Oral Medicine Clinic of Dental Hospital, Dentistry Faculty, Jember University complaining about his tongue suffering from thickening, white, and feeling uncomfortable when eating. The patient claimed hurt, and tasted bitter sensation while eating. Conclusion: The patient was completely diagnosed to suffer from pseudomembranous candidiasis on his tongue. Management: The therapy provided for the patient was Nystatin oral suspension functioning as a topical antifungal medicine, Becomzet (Vitamin B complex, A, C, E, and Zinc), tongue cleaner number 1 as a tongue cleanser appliance. Keywords: Pseudomembranous candidiasis, Tongue

Oral Hygiene Behavior and Periodontal Disease Status of Fishpond Community

Loviana, Narita Ajeng, Yani, Ristya Widi Endah

Health Notions Vol 2 No 9 (2018): September 2018
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (Address: Cemara street 25, Ds/Kec Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia 63453)

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Abstract

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