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Prospektif Kepemimpinan Pelayanan dan Budaya Organisasi dalam Mewujudkan Birokrasi Pertanahan yang Berkinerja (Studi di Kantor Pertanahan Kabupaten Madiun)

Amrullah, M.Nur Kamila ( Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta ) , Riani, Asri Laksmi ( Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta )

Al Tijarah Vol 4, No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

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Abstract

tudi tentang birokrasi berkinerja merupakan studi yang urgen dan aktual, birokrasi berkinerja erat kaitannya dengan aspek kepemimpinan dan budaya organisasi, penelitian ini mengkhususkan pada isu kepemimpinan pelayanan dan budaya organisasi. Tujuan pada pelaksanaan penelitian ini adalah untuk menjelaskan ada atau tidaknya pengaruh substansial kepemimpinan pelayanan dan budaya organisasi pada kinerja di Kementerian Agraria dan Tata Ruang/Badan Pertanahan Nasional satuan kerja Kantor Pertanahan Kabupaten Madiun. Penelitian menggunakan teknik populasi dengan melibatkan semua aparatur sipil negara/PNS dan pegawai non-PNS sejumlah 85 orang. Penganalisaan data pada penelitian mengunakan deskriptif variabel dan analisis inferensi berbasis pada model persamaan struktural/ Structural Equation Model (SEM) dengan memanfaatkan aplikasi perangkat lunak Smart PLS (Partial Least Square), pengujian instrumen menggunakan uji convergent validity, discriminant validity, dari indikator pembentuk konstruk dan composite validity yang menunjukkan instrumen yang digunakan valid dan reliabel. Hasil penelitian memaparkan temuan bahwa indeks persepsi responden menghasilkan nilai yang tinggi pada semua variabel, sedangkan pengujian hipotesis menyatakan kepemimpinan pelayanan berpengaruh signifikan pada budaya organisasi, kemudian kepemimpinan pelayanan juga berpengaruh signifikan pada upaya mewujudkan birokrasi berkinerja, serta budaya organisasi berpengaruh signifikan pada kinerja, serta ditemukan hubungan langsung antar variabel. Saran penelitian, agar dilakukan peningkatan pada aspek kepemimpinan pelayanan dan budaya organisasi yang kuat untuk mendapatkan birokrasi yang semakin berkinerja.

Pengaruh Brand Image Kripik Bakso CintaTerhadap Volume Penjualan UD. Starlight Food

Aeni, Baiq Pariatul ( Department of Economic Education, University of Nahdlatul Wathan, JL. Kaktus 1-3, Mataram, Indonesia ) , Saputra, Didin Hadi ( Department of Public Adminsitration, University of Nahdlatul Wathan, JL. Kaktus 1-3, Mataram, Indonesia )

Al Tijarah Vol 4, No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh brand image kripik bakso cinta terhadap volume penjualan UD. Starlight Food. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian korelasional dengan menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif dengan dua variable yaitu variable bebas atau independen (brand image) dan variable terikat atau dependen (volume penjualan). Pengambilan koleksi dalam riset ini menggunakan metode wawancara dan kuesioner dengan mengambil 100 sampel dari seluruh populasi. Pengambilan contoh pada penelitian ini menggunakan purposive sampel yang merupakan cara menentukan contoh berbasis pertimbangan sendiri dengan cara sengaja memilih anggota populasi yang dianggap dapat memberikan informasi. Proses penelitian ini diolah menggunakan SPSS Version 16.0 for windows. Untuk analisis data yang telah didapatkan digunakan rumus Regresi linier sederhana serta uji Asumsi Klasik untuk mendaptakn hasil kuantitatif. Hasil analisis menunjukan keterkaitan variable X yang merupakan variable bebas atau independen (Brand image) dan variabel Y yang merupakan variabel terikat atau dependen (volume penjualan) yang ditujukan dengan nilai koefisien determinasi (R2) Pada penelitian ini yaitu 0,460 dan nilai probalitas atau signifikansi yang dihasilkan yaitu 0,000. Wujud dari riset dimaksudkan agar kedepannya UD. Starlight Food lebih menjaga dan mempertahankan citra dimiliki untuk meningkatkan volume penjualan.

Fatwa on the Islamic Law Transaction and Its Role in the Islamic Finance Ecosystem

Fakhrunnas, Faaza - ( Department of Economics Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta )

Al Tijarah Vol 4, No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

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Abstract

Fatwa holds a pivotal role in determining the guidance of Islamic society especially in Islamic finance ecosystem. Moreover, fatwa will render the direction for Islamic finance and then it will impact to the stakeholders of Islamic finance ecosystem such as regulator, Islamic finance institution, investor, and the market performance. This paper will discuss about the role of fatwa on the Islamic law transaction and its effect to Islamic finance performance. By adopting content analysis as the method of the study, this paper finds that firstly there has several fatwa having any dispute among the Islamic scholars and Islamic fatwa institution such as sukuk nature, bay al-inah, the nature of interest, bay al-dayn, and screening methodology adopted by several indices. Secondly, the different fatwa issued by Islamic scholars and Islamic fatwa institution influence the performance of Islamic finance product in the market which affect the stakeholders of Islamic finance industry.

Penerapan Manajemen Hotel Syariah Dengan Pendekatan Maqasid as-Syariah

Izza, Muhammad - ( IAIN Pekalongan )

Al Tijarah Vol 4, No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui Penerapan Manajemen pada Hotel Syariah dengan Pendekatan Maqasid al-Syariah. Lokasi penelitian ini di Hotel Syariah Kota Pekalongan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif deskriptif analitis dengan metode normatif-sosiologis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya penerapan manajemen berdasarkan prinsip-prinsip syariah muamalah dan penerapan manajemen berdasarkan fungsi manajemen syariah. Terdapat empat hal yang membedakan keunggulan manajemen pendekatan Maqasid al-Syariah dengan yang bukan yaitu sisi pelayanan (service), sisi fasilitas, sisi manfaat dan sisi tujuan.

Transaksi Pembiayaan Qardhul Hasan: Impact Keuangan Islam dalam Ekonomi Ril

Ashal, Farid Fathony ( Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Ar Raniry ) , Nanda, Teuku Syifa Fadrizha ( Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Ar Raniry )

Al Tijarah Vol 4, No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

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Abstract

Kajian ini mempelajari kesesuaian model Pembiayaan yang dipraktikkan oleh masyarakat Lambaet, Aceh Besar dengan skema akad Qardhul Hasan. Selain itu, kajian ini juga menguraikan dampak pembiayaan tersebut terhadap kondisi sosial ekonomi masyarakat sekitar. Penelitian di lakukan dengan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan eksploratif, dimana data diperoleh melalui wawancara mendalam terhadap pengelola dan masyarakat yang menjalani pembiayaan untuk menentukan apakah praktik pembiayaan sesuai dengan skema akad Qardhul Hasan. Pendekatan ini juga digunakan untuk mendapatkan data terkait dampak terhadap peningkatan nilai sosial kemasyarakatan. Disamping itu, penulis juga melakukan observasi terhadap dokumen-dokumen pencatatan pengelola pembiayaan serta kajian literatur terkait aqad Qardhul Hasan untuk memperkuat hasil analisis. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa model pembiayaan yang dijalankan sesuai dengan skema akad Qardhul Hasan. Skema pembiayaan yang dijalankan turut membuka serta meningkatkan lapangan kerja bagi masyarakat, meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat dalam jangka panjang, terbentuknya iklim tolong-menolong dalam kebaikan, dan terciptanya suatu komunitas masyarakat yang sadar akan bahaya riba serta menolak segala bentuk tawaran pinjaman ribawi. Artikel ini merekomendasikan untuk dilakukan regenerasi pengelolaan Qardhul Hasan, agar sistem pembiayaan ini dijalankan berjalan terus-menerus dan berkesinambungan.

Penggunaan BUKU dan Kepemilikan dalam Menganalisis Efisiensi Perbankan di Indonesia

Andhyka, Bintang ( Universitas Pancasila ) , Nisa, Chaerani ( Universitas Pancasila ) , Puwoko, Bambang ( Universitas Pancasila )

Al Tijarah Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

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Abstract

In December 2016, there are 116 commercial banks in Indonesia. Those banksare divided into few categories. Two of them are commercial banks based onbusiness activity (BUKU) and based on ownership. This research analyzes allcommercial banks that operates between 2012 and 2016 and divide them intotwo categories mention before. The aim of the research is to find out efficiencyscore using SFA method based on those two categories. The result showthat banks in BUKU 3 have the highest efficiency score, followed by BUKU 1,BUKU 4 and BUKU 2. Meanwhile, on ownership category, state owned enterprisebanks have the highest score. It then followed by foreign banks, private.banks, municipal banks and the last one mix ownership banks

Talent Management System pada Program Pengembangan Sumberdaya Manusia di SAKA Indonesia Pangkah Limited

Kusuma, Yuga Adi ( Universitas Airlangga )

Al Tijarah Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

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Abstract

The need for energy both oil and gas in the world and in Indonesia continuesto increase this condition is required the best energy management, ofcourse, supported by qualified human resources and good capacity, energymanagement will work well too. This study aims to determine the talentmanagement system program in the human resources developmentprogram in SAKA Indonesia Pangkah Limited. The results obtained, in theframework of talent management has not been fully running well, especiallyin the selection and recruitment process, still using the traditional way hasnot been using talent mapping. In the characteristics of talent managementSIPL has had development-oriented thinking, applied high work culture, talentmanagement system applied got support from management, and hasapplied good human resource information system. Suggestions can be givenis to provide the widest opportunity to the resources owned companies togrow, given the promotion or grade improvement to the talent of consistentperformance, and also provide rewards to the achievers and punishment to.the less consistent performance

Aplikasi Teori Personal Selling: Kasus pada Bank Regional

Primariyanti, Meria Sri ( Universitas Padjadjaran ) , Firmansyah, Egi Arvian ( Universitas Padjadjaran )

Al Tijarah Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

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Abstract

This research is a descriptive research aiming at knowing the implementationof bjb SurePrize program at bank bjb (bank Jabar Banten) Cianjur branchwhich is seen from the framework of personal selling theory. In addition, thisresearch is also aimed at determining the growth rate (trend) of savings anddemand deposits at bank bjb in the period of enactment of bjb SurePrize program.The research methods used are interview and literature study. The resultsshowed that the implementation of personal selling in the bjbSurePrizeprogram at bank bjb Cianjur branch is executed by executive personal selling,inside personal selling and outside personal selling. Personal sellingprocess conducted uses 6 (six) stages, namely: prospecting, pre-approach,presentation and demonstration, overcoming objections, closing and followup. In addition, there is also a contribution from the bjb SurePrize program.on the growth of savings and demand deposits in the year 2016 of 0.16%.

MEMBANGUN BUDAYA AKADEMIK PADA PERGURUAN TINGGI PESANTREN

Zarkasyi, Muhammad Ridlo ( Universitas Darussalam Gontor )

Al Tijarah Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to explore the model of of organizational cultureat Pesantren (Islamic boarding) university, the development of academicculture, and how to anticipate the obstacles, and who is responsible and willbe involved in the change and development of the academic culture. Pesantrenuniversity is an institution, which organizes higher education programsand is bound by the Laws regulation, to build an academic culture, which isslightly different from pesantren culture. Building an academic culture meanscreating a new culture within the pesantren envnironment, which focuses onresearch and development activities, which mainly undertakes documentingthe research. Building an academic culture, similar to building an organizationalculture, which can be conducted in the following 6 stages; 1) evaluatingthe organization’s situation and determining strategic objectives and direction;2) analyzing the existing culture and sketching the desired cultural;3) analyzing the gap between what is in and what is desired; 4) developing acultural development plan; 5) implementing the plan; 6) evaluating changesand new efforts to invlove in sustaining cultural change. Steps to build andmaintain an academic culture, carried out in the following combination ofprograms: changes in recruitment and selection procedures; forms socializationand training programs; conducting performance appraisal system; promotingsucessful people in expressing and symbolizing the desired culture;leadership that communicates cultural values in speech, action and materialarrangements; the use of academic symbols, in the form of language, actionand material objects. The actors of change are the Founders and Leaders,who are assisted by the underlying structure with limited proportions. It isnecessary that the appropriate Leadership role to the academic culture, notshifting from the basic values of Pesantren, and open attitude to the development of dynamic academic culture follow the demands of the development of Higher Education. 

CAPITAL STRUCTURE PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI ASIA TENGGARA: SEBUAH PENDEKATAN EMPIRIS

Indriani, Astiwi ( Universitas Diponegoro ) , Widyarti, Endang Tri ( Universitas Diponegoro ) , Fitria, Shoimatul ( Universitas Diponegoro )

Al Tijarah Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Darussalam Gontor

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Abstract

This research is performed in order to analyze capital structure of Islamicbanking by examining the effect of Return on Asset, Assets Structure,Current Ratio, and size to Debt Ratio in Southeast Asia during period 2012-2015. Sampling technique used is purposive sampling with criteria as follows(1) The Financial Statements are presented by Islamic Banking duringobservation period 2012-2015; (2) Having complete data which suitable forthe research; (3) Debt Ratio is positif; (4) Profitability is positif. The databased on financial report of each bank 2012-2015 and sample was acquired18 Islamic Banking. The statistic analysis that used in this research wasmultiple linear regression. The research result showed that the ROA havenegative and insignificance, Assets Structure and current ratio have negativesignificance, size have positif significance. Adjusted R square value as 0,601show that 60,1 percent variation of debt ratio can be explained by the variationof the four independent variables, while the remaining 39,9 percent isexplained by other factors.