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Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application
Published by Universitas Brawijaya
Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application journal (APMBA) is a scholarly journal, publishing internationally leading research across all areas of management. APMBA continuously seeking articles that challenge the affect of globalization through business world through critically informed empirical and theoretical investigations, and present the latest thinking and innovative research on major management topics, while still being accessible and interesting to non-specialists.
Articles
82
Articles
Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior for Predicting the Intention of International Entrepreneurship: Global Mindset and Cultural Intelligence As Moderation Variables

Saputra, The Fennie, Sihombing, Sabrina

Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Brawijaya University

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Abstract

International entrepreneurship is one of the wheels that contributes to the developmenet of emerging economy. In regards to the development of Indonesia. contributions were given in the form of providing employment, increasing state input, and strengthening foreign exchange reserves. Indonesia is one of the countries in ASEAN, which also supports international entrepreneurship by opening ASEAN international trade routes through the Asean Free Trade Area (AFTA). With the opening of international trade channels, business competition can be increased. Based on the results of a survey conducted by GEM on ASEAN in terms of international entrepreneurial intentions at the initial stage of business, Indonesia was estimated at 0.3%. Therefore this study will discuss more deeply about the factors that influence ones international entrepreneurial intentions which consist of attitudes, social norms, global mindset and cultural intelligence. This study used 200 respondents from one ot the wellknown university focusing on entrepreneural creation enrolled in entrepreneurship courses. Data analyzed using Moderated Multiple Regression (MMR) resulted a positive relationship between international behavioral control and entrepreneurial intentions where highly needed in creating successfull entrepreneur.

Enhanced Employee Engagement by Intensify Personality Traits and Mc.Clelland Motivation of Employee at Adventist Hospitals in Indonesia

Ferinia, Rolyana, Hutagalung, Stimson, Prasetio, Adhi

Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Brawijaya University

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Abstract

Disengaged employee is a serious problem and it seems to be a worldwide organizational phenomenon, organizations are facing engagement crisis that may led to lower organizational performance. In the health sector researchs in Indonesia shows that there a positive sign in the increase of nurses productivity. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship of personality trait, motivation and employee engagement of nurses at Advent Hospital in Indonesia. Using the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), the relationships between the Personality, motivation and employee engagement were examined. The results indicated that there was a significant and positive correlation between need for achievement and employee engagement and significant and positive correlation between need for achievement and extraversion. The novelty of this paper advance the understanding about why introvert nurses more engage with their work and why need for power is more needed for an introvert personality person. This paper highlighted the importancof  the recruitment process and for intensify employee engagement in health sector.

The Importance of Knowledge Management Orientation Behavior and Innovation on Business Performance: a Lesson From Indonesia Creative Economy Sector

Hussein, Ananda Sabil

Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Brawijaya University

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Abstract

Creative economy sector is considered as the emerging sector contributing significant percentage into emerging economy. For Indonesia, where the creative economy sector clasified as a pioneer sector by the government, business organization especially small medium enterprises are expected to have a good business performance. Knowledge management is one of determinants of business performance. However, some gaps are identified in literatures regarding the effect of knowledge management on business performance. This study uses one hundred self-administered questionnaires were distributed into the owner of SMEs in Indonesia creative economy sector. Partial Least Squares (PLS) was used to analyze the data. The statistical analysis showed that knowledge management orientation does not significantly affect business performance. However, this study found the significant effect of knowledge management orientation on innovation. Innovation was also found to be the significant predictor of business performance. Hence, it is determined that knowledge management orientation has an indirect effect on business performance through innovation. Upon the completion of this study, both theoretical and practical contributions were provided.

Understanding Customer Purchase Intention of PC Product on Indonesia

Husein Lubis, Manda Rahmat, Nuryakin, Nuryakin, Susanto, Susanto

Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Brawijaya University

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Abstract

In this digital revolution all industries are competing to innovate to attract consumers attention. One of the most competitive competition is in the electronics industry. This study aims to determine the effect of brand awareness, brand image and perceived quality towards purchase intention of  IT products. The object in this research is  one of the leading lapotop brang in Indonesia in one of the growing provinces in Indonesia. This study uses sampling by purposive sampling technique. The number of samples in this study were 142 respondents. Data obtained through questionnaires distributed directly to the field and through the Google Form. Data analysis techniques using SEM showed that brand awareness has no significant effect on perceived quality, brand image has a significant effect on perceived quality, brand awareness has a significant effect on purchase intention, brand image has a significant effect on purchase intention and perceived quality have a significant effect on purchase intention. In generally, ASUS brand laptops have managed to attract consumers attention through their brand image and awareness.

Free Trade Intervention: Political-Economic Intervention on Global Business Environment

Satryo, Cecillia

Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Brawijaya University

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Abstract

Historically, the arguments for free trade intervention have raised to a simultaneous debate. The essay examines to what extent the political reasons have been used to counter free trade as compared to economic reasons. Some view political reasons as the sole driver to intervene, but typically political-economic are positively correlated. In fact, a country??s intervention to an excessive degree is negative from business point of view. It is recommended that country??s intervention should not exceed certain limit because free trade itself have positive impact on global business environment. 

Customer Satısfactıon (Publıc Satısfactıon) on Servıces in Admınıstratıve Vıllage Offıce

Salim, Muhartini, Bachri, Syamsul, Febliansa, Muhammad Rahman

Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Brawijaya University

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Abstract

It is widely acknowledged that employees in public sector are responsible towards the community or its customers, in order to fulfill the public satisfaction. During reformation era in Indonesia, public sector services also one of the domain that the government need to pay attention on. Therefore this study aimed at determine some factors such as tangible, reliability, responsiveness, empathy, and assurance that individually influence on customer satisfaction. Respondents were 200 visitors of one of the largest public health provider in one of the growing region in south of Indonesia, Bengkulu municipality. The statistics analysis used in this research was Structural Equation Model operated through AMOS 21 program. The results showed that tangible, reliability, responsiveness, empathy, and assurance individually influence customer satisfaction. 

Talent Management and Financial Performance: Does Organization Learning Mediate That Relationship?

Tarigan, Josua, Ferdian, Gabriele Nia, Hatane, Saarce Elsye, Dharmayanti, Diah

Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Brawijaya University

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Abstract

This research has a purpose to identify the impact of the talent management through organization learning towards the financial performance of the listed consumer goods sector in Indonesia. Indonesia costumer goods sector has faced significant growth during the recent year, the companies are enforced to establish competitive strategy to maintain their position in the market. Talent management should be paid attention more since it helps the company to attract, acquire, and retain the best employees that may help maintaining their position in the market as well as enhancing the performance. Based on the hypothesis test, it is true that talent management influences organization learning and financial performance. The companies such as PT HM Sampoerna Tbk and PT Unilever Tbk who obtain high score in the talent management variable most likely to be followed by high score in the organization learning as well. The results also reveal that some companies still need to improve the attraction activities and system to capture learning which are the first indicator of talent management and forth indicator of organization learning. In addition, it was found that organization learning as a mediator can strengthen the relationship between talent management and financial performance.

The Role of Human Resource in Laweyan Batik Industry, Surakarta

Kurniadi, Edi, Sarwono, Sarwono, Riani, Asri Laksmi

Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Brawijaya University

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Abstract

Indonesia is a country with a socio-economic structure of society that is represented by the existence of the villages. At present, there are many villages in Indonesia that have developed due to the economic efforts made by the village communities. One of these villages is Laweyan village, in Central Java Province. Laweyan village is a well-known batik production in the development of Surakarta municipality. Up to this day, Kampung Batik Laweyan (Laweyan Batik Village) has become a brand image of batik in Surakarta and surrounding areas, even Laweyans batik products have penetrated the international world. Here, batik business owner and their employees work together to conserve batik products as a result of the declaration of Kampung Laweyan as batik tourism village. The aim of this study is to develop quality and creativity in batik products, as well as product marketing. To achieve it the improvement of human resource quality (business owner and employee) is needed. Training on various managerial skills and other skills will enable them to compete in the business world as well as to provide better services to customers. Using descriptive analysis, the data is collected using several methods: field observation, interview, FGD, and content analysis (document review). The data is analyzed using several techniques, interactive analysis techniques and internal-external analysis techniques. The results of this study show that the craftsman/business owner in Laweyan batik industrial center always try to maintain the survival of their companies, with the knowledge provided to them and managerial and attitude training, they are better prepared to adapt to the recent development and the environment in the sense that they have developed the integration and synergy of human resources based to the structure and function in batik production and marketing aspect.

The Impact of Harmonious Culture and Entrepreneurship Training on Loan Repayment Performance at Microfinance in Indonesia

Astawa, I Putu

Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Brawijaya University

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Abstract

Studies on topic such as loan repayment at microfinance institutions are increasingly interesting due to the slumped current global economic condition and the many occurrences of bad debts. Various ways found by the researchers to increase loan repayment. Those ways are, for example, monitoring, mentoring, training, and economic approach. The research is different to previous research in terms of approach used, which is by linking harmonious culture to the loan repayment rate. The research aims to analyze the relationship between entrepreneurship training and harmonious culture in the effort to increase loan repayment of companies (debtors). 358 qualified debtors are used in the research. Data on the loan repayment rate in 2012 is used as a base for evaluation and reevaluated in 2017 in the same sample. In addition, an assessment on the perception of debtors toward the entrepreneurship training and the implementation of harmonious culture by microfinance institutions is conducted through questionnaire distribution. Data collected is analyzed using regression analysis. The result of regression analysis indicates that entrepreneurship training in form of the ability to develop business, entrepreneurship skill, and marketing skill has no relationship with loan repayment rate. Assistance program in form of cost in increasing faith to God through ceremonies at the companies give new spirit to achieve optimism in business progress since debtors believe that there are other forces in addition to human efforts that could change the business achievement. Cultural activities in maintaining harmonious relationship with others and natural environment gives positive impact on the increase in loan repayment. Harmonious culture implemented by the debtors linked to business activities in form of loan repayment is something new. The research result gives suggestion on human capital theory that harmonious culture is an attribute in determining one??s performance.

Organizational Justice and Affective Organizational Commitment: Mediated by Organizational Trust and Perceived Organizational Support

Hayunintyas, Ruri Fitria, Do, Ben Roy, Sudiro, Achmad, Irawanto, Dodi Wirawan

Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Brawijaya University

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Abstract

Organizational justice refers to employee perceptions of fairness of treatment by the organization, and their behavioral reactions to this justice. Based on social exchange theory, one consequence of organizational justice is organizational trust, the willingness to invest ones resources in a relationship resulting from positive expectations as a consequence of previous interaction. Another consequence of organizational justice is perceived organizational support (POS), the extent to which employees feel their contribution is valued by the organization, and the organization cares about their well-being and gives fair treatment. All three variables may contribute to affective organizational commitment. To test the mediation of organizational trust and POS, 188 valid questionnaires were analyzed in a large company of poultry industry in Indonesia. All research hypotheses were supported, where it is practically important that organization in this context to address the practice of organizational justice with the support of organization in term of trust and managerial support in creating organizational commitment.