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Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun (JIP), the International Journal of Social Sciences, is a leading peer-reviewed and open-access journal, which publishes scholarly work, and specializes in the Social Sciences. The main objectives are to promote interdisciplinary thinking, and to provide scholars a platform to exchange knowledge from a variety of perspectives and locations, which had a significant impact and a real contribution to the community at large, practical and academic world. JIP published by SCAD Independent. Published 3 times per year (January, May, and September) with p-ISSN: 2338-8617 and e-ISSN: 2443-2067. JIP to offer open access to its content is licensed under a CC-BY-SA or an equivalent license as the optimal license for the publication, distribution, use, and reuse of scholarly works.
Articles
159
Articles
Cultural Activities, Legal and Public Policy of Bali On Desa Pakraman and the Response of Prajuru the Traditional Village Management Kuta

Wesna Astara, I Wayan

Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun Vol 6 No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
Publisher : SCAD Independent

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Abstract

In the New era, Bali was hegemonized by the politics of the States law against traditional villages. There is a response from Bali Provincial Government to create a policy to protect traditional villages in Bali. The power of Bali in the traditional village is maintaining Balinese culture based on Hinduism and the philosophy of Tri Hita Karana. Relevant critical theories in this articles discussion are public policy theory which is micro, hegemonic theory, power relation theory and deconstruction theory. Qualitative method with case study design in traditional village of Kuta is used as the research of cultural studies. The result of the research explains that public policy in Bali in defending traditional village is that Bali Provincial Government responds to state law politics by establishing Bali Provincial Regulation. However, when the Provincial Regulation of Bali No. 3 of 2001 on traditional village, the traditional village of Kuta responded to Article 3 paragraph (6) was not accepted by the prajuru and also received a response from the traditional village council, so the pros and cons of the traditional village in Bali emerged.

The Implementation of Village Fund Policy in Improving Economy of Village Society

Ramly, Ar Royyan, Wahyuddin, Wahyuddin, Mursyida, Julli, Mawardati, Mawardati

Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun Vol 6 No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
Publisher : SCAD Independent

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Abstract

This study analyzed the implementation of the village budget allocation policy and the village fund allocation which became second source in village finance revenue. The analysis made is to see how this village fund policy is able to increase the economic potency of the village so that there is equal distribution of income in village society. The method used is qualitative with descriptive analysis approach. The results of this study indicated that the policy of village funds and the allocation of village funds in the case of Kuala Sub-district of Nagan Raya District still cannot increase the potential of the village through utilization village fund, while the potential of the village is very large. This is because the policy of village fund allocation is still directed to infrastructure development or physical potential, besides; there are still obstacles of human resources in managing the village funds. The village which is classified as independent is Simpang Peut village which manage their business through village business entity.

The Development of Management Model Program of Smart Productivity Teacher Partnership with Business World and Industrial World (DUDI)

Siswanto, Romi, Sugiono, Sugiono, Prasojo, Lantif Diat

Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun Vol 6 No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
Publisher : SCAD Independent

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Abstract

This study aims to: (1) formulate program management model and management model of vocational productive teacher partnership with DUDI; (2) evaluate model performance; (3) examine the effectiveness of collegial decentralization partner management models and formal centralization. This research uses R and D method with the procedure (1) data and information gathering; (2) product design; (3) design validation; (3) trials; (5) implementation and; (6) dissemination. The trial of the partnership management model is 60 vocational teachers participating in the partnership program of 4 expert competencies. The trial subject was determined by cluster random sampling technique. The data on the implementation of partnership program is obtained from the facilitators assessment which is then analyzed using One way Anova and Scheffe. The management model of Vocational School productive teacher partnership program with DUDI is formulated using 5 management functions namely planning, organizing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating (POIME). The result of variance analysis obtained F 102,51 and sig 0,00 <0,05. Anova scheffe advanced test shows no difference in the results of two groups of teachers who apply formalized model of centralization.

Democratic Citizenship of Teacher Movement in Indonesia Post-Soeharto: Between Democratic Citizenship and Civic Engagement

Hidayat, Rakhmat

Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun Vol 6 No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
Publisher : SCAD Independent

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Abstract

After May 1998, Indonesia began the transition from centralization to the era of autonomy. During 32 years, Soeharto’s New Order regime (1966-1998) demonstrated authoritarian regime in many sectors, like politics, economics, social, especially in education. The political freedom of the Reform era has opened up an opportunity for the revival of social movements in Indonesia. Reform has enabled more open political structure, including a friendlier political atmosphere for the teacher movement. The purpose of this research is to explain how teacher movement in Indonesia made transformation from authoritarian which close movement to liberal with open movement. In New Order regime with authoritarian performance, Persatuan Guru Republik Indonesia (Teacher Union in Indonesia) is as the single actor. The paper discussed three main aspects: (1) the explanation of the emerging of teacher movements in the process of democratic citizenship (2) the dynamics of teacher movement in developing teacher capacity in era of decentralization of Indonesia (3) the relations of teacher movement between the civil societies in era of decentralization. The teacher movement influences Indonesia’s democratization process. Teacher movement has contributed substantially in increasing participation and democracy in Indonesia, building the legal and institutional infrastructure for democracy, and providing voice and educational advocacy in supporting the reform.

Educational Revitalization of the Children with Special Needs at an Inclusive School

Adhi, Made Kerta, Seniwati, Ni Putu

Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun Vol 6 No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
Publisher : SCAD Independent

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Abstract

The main purpose of this research is to find out the forms and meaning of revitalization of children with special needs at an inclusive school, particularly at Saraswati Elementary School, Tabanan, and Bali. This research is a qualitative research with an approach of a Cultural Study. The results show that the forms of revitalization are increasing resources, such as the workshop of teachers and students parents; providing apprentice for school staff, especially the manager of school library; increasing the involvement of children with special needs with the other common peers in self-development; equipping facilities such as special guidance room and library facilities. The meaning of revitalization is to improve the quality of human resources, togetherness in differences, and the development of potential children with special needs. In conclusion, there are enhancement of knowledge, skills, and behavior of teachers and educational staff respectively with the average of 88 and 90 percent, parents become more empathetic to the children, and social cohesion between children with special needs and normal children is established, so children with special needs are able to grow well.

The Attitude of the Language of Ex-Combatans and the Victims of Armed Conflict of Aceh Post-MoU Helsinki

Sanusi, Sanusi, Azwardi, Azwardi, Yusuf, Rusli, Iqbal, Muhammad

Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun Vol 6 No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
Publisher : SCAD Independent

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Abstract

This study aims to describe the attitude of ex-combatants and conflict victim of Aceh post-MoU Helsinki to the use of language, both Indonesian as a national language and Acehnese as one of the dominant regional languages in Aceh. This project is done within the purpose of Indonesian guidance, protection and defense as the language of unity and language of Aceh as one of the mother tongues in the archipelago. The targets of the annual achievements of this research are as follows: (1) scientific publications, both accredited national scientific journals and international scientific journals, (2) papers in scientific meetings, and (3) ISBN textbooks. The result of the research showed that the attitude of the ex-combatants in the post-MoU Helsinki was positively conflicting, both to the Indonesian language as the national and the Acehnese language as one of the regional languages in Aceh.

Project-Based Learning Evaluation from Students’ and Supervisors’ Perspectives: A Qualitative Research at Polytechnic Malaysia

Mustapha, Ramlee, M. Nasir, M. Ichsan, Sadrina, Sadrina

Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun Vol 6 No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
Publisher : SCAD Independent

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Abstract

The purpose of this case study was to evaluate the Project-Based Learning that was  implemented at the Mechanical Engineering Department in a polytechnic in Malaysia. One kind of constructivism, Project-Based Learning was introduced into the Malaysian polytechnics curriculum regarding to result creative and innovative human resources. This study involved a random sample of 118 students and 43 supervisors in the Mechanical Engineering Department. The study found that both the students and supervisors agreed that Project-Based Learning approach is appropriate for the final project course J5012. In addition, both groups of respondents believed that the supervisors possesed adequate technical knowledge and implemented supervisory duties effectively. Nevertheless, students perceived the module content was hard to understand. The students barely agreed that the machines and equipments at the polytechnic were appropriate for the project. Positively, Polytechnic Kota Bharu should introduce a formal course of Project-Based Learning to the polytechnic system in Malaysia.

The Actor Domination in the Collaborative Governance in the Lampung Province Central Government Displacement Policy: An Ambivalent

Mukhlis, Maulana, Nazsir, Nasrullah, Rahmatunnisa, Mudiyati, Yani Yuningsih, Neneng

Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun Vol 6 No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
Publisher : SCAD Independent

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Abstract

The objective of this article is to explain the ambivalent existence related to actor domination in the collaborative governance. As a precondition for the collaborative governance process, domination is a factor which must be prevented to maintain equality and mutual trust between actors. Therefore, the core question of this article is that is it true that the actor domination has negative effects to the collaboration sustainability? This article was written by using qualitative method. Data were collected with deep interviews, document studies, and literary studies and data were analyzed by using descriptive technique. The case of Lampung province central government displacement in 2004-2016 was made to be a research basis to answer the core question. The research finding showed that actor domination was dilemmatic. The collaboration process was in fact very dependent on the main actor who “control” the collaboration process, both in the planning stage (through Planning Coordination Team) and in implementation stage (through forum of Region Management Agency). This finding was very important because in spite of violating equality between actors, the actor domination in this policy case was beneficial. The inequality which was assumed to produce mutual untruths was not proven. In conclusion, actor domination is an ambivalent; something that must be prevented, but it then becomes a key factor. In what situation this actor domination gives a meaning? This article tries to answer it.

Learning Local Wisdom for Character Education: an Insight from Choblong Sundanese Village in Indonesia

Miranti, Ira, Nurjanah, Nurjanah, Dwiastuty, Nina

Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun Vol 6 No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
Publisher : SCAD Independent

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to describe the various local wisdom and describe the diverse character education, which contain in local wisdom in the Sundanese society of Choblong, Cisarua village located in Bogor, West Java, Indonesia. Observation method is the best way to collect information and understand local culture in a society. The local wisdom of these Choblong villagers is believed to have a useful contribution to the values of character education that must always be taught and preserved for the benefit of subsequent regeneration. The local wisdom of the Choblong village can be penetrated to school curriculum for preparing their next generations and the cultural preservation. Although there are many adjustments required when immersion between local culture and school curriculum, but it is possible if the applications of carefully selected local culture are given in their local environmental settings.

Cultural Traditions of Khanduri Blang in Reubee Village Aceh, Indonesia

Arifin, Muhammad, Manan, Abdul

Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun Vol 6 No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
Publisher : SCAD Independent

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Abstract

Before Islam was introduced into Aceh, many people there still believed in animism or dynamism or Hinduism or Bhudhism. Some parts of those beliefs still affect the local Acehnese cultures even after most of the people have become Muslim. This study describes the ritual of Khanduri Blang, as an acculturation of the people from Reubee village and surrounding villages in Pidie District between their previous cultures with their new Islamic culture: The study also looks at the reasons why the people from Reubee still perform these rituals in recent times. A religious anthropological approach was used to get plenary data about the subject. The data was collected using observations, interviews, and study of related literature. The results showed that the people living in that area performed the rituals as they believed that they would prevent dangers and harm from ghosts and spirits that live around their rice fields. Even though the people have been acculturated to Islam they still perform these ceremonies since they have been handed down as part of their culture and they still do not have sufficient comprehension of the tenets of Islam. Furthermore, the involvement of their local religious figures in the ceremonies convinces the people that these rituals do not contradict their Islamic beliefs. Then too, the use of local traditions as a medium for introducing Islam brought the understanding that such rituals were part of the traditions of Islam.