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ETERNAL(english, teaching, learning, and Research Journal)
ISSN : 24774766     EISSN : 25805347     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning & Research Journal) is journal published by English Education Department of Educatioan and Teacher Training Faculty of Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar. It focus on english teaching, english learning, and english research.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 101 Documents
TEACHER TALK IN CLASSROOM INTERACTION Nurpahmi, Sitti
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (308.768 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V31.2017.A4

Abstract

This paper explains about the types of teachers’ talk in classroom interaction. This research was case study. In this research, the writer applied Descriptive Research Design which applied observation method. It aimed to gain the data that were observed during Teaching and learning process. The data were presented by analyzing the teacher talk and the speech act used by the informant. The source of data was the lecturer of ICP FMIPA UNM Makassar. The instrument of this study was observation where the writer used video cam to record and shoot the speech of the lecturer and also transcribing it. This research instrument was applied to acquire the data about teacher talk and speech act used by the lecturer at ICP FMIPA UNM Makassar. The result of the research shows that there are some types of teachers’ talk performed by the lecturer during classroom interaction, they are greeting student, reviewing the previous material, introducing the new material, giving direction and instruction, encouraging and motivating, giving advice and closing the class. 
BUILDING UP THE STUDETS’ ENGLISH VOCABULARY TROUGH FANNY STORIES AT SMP NEGERI 2 DUAMPANUA KAB. PINRANG M., Hernawati
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (231.398 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V12.2015.A4

Abstract

This research aims to improve the students’ English vocabulary through funny stories. The problem statement of the research was “Can Funny Stories Technique Build up the Students’ English Vocabulary at SMP Negeri 2 Duampanua?” The objective of the research was to find out whether or not the Funny Stories Technique is able to Build up the Students’ English Vocabulary. The researcher applied pre – experimental method with three steps, namely pre – test, treatment and post – test.The population was the students of SMP Negeri 2 Duampanua (academic year 2014 – 2015). There were four classes of the second year students and each class consists of 35 students so the member of population were 140 students. And the sampel technique sampling. It meant that, not all classes of the second year students of SMP Negeri 2 Duampanua Pinrang were taken as sampel, they are 30 students. The instrument of the research used was vocabulary test consist of pretest and posttest design. The descriptive analysis described students’ vocabulary achievement with mean score before treatment 30.83 and after treatment 63.16. This research result supported by the inferential statistics by using t – test. It is used to find out the significant difference between the results of the pre – test and post – test on vocabulary building using Funny Stories Technique. Thus, the value of the t – test is greater than t – table (14.96> 2.045). It means there is significant difference between the pretest and posttest of the students in vocabulary achievement after presenting the materials by using funny stories.
THE USE OF RAP MUSIC TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ VOCABULARY MASTERY AT THE FIRST GRADE STUDENTS OF SMPN 2 PAPALANG MAMUJU REGENCY Savitri, Dyan Elviyana; Rahman, Indah Fadhillah
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (639.185 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V22.2016.A11

Abstract

The objective of this study was to to find out the extent of Rap Music improves the students’ vocabulary mastery. This study was focused on improving the students’ vocabulary in irregular verbs mastery. The research design applied in this study was a Quasi Experimental Design exactly Non-Equivalent Control Group Design covering 6 meetings for each classes (Experimental class andControlled Class). The instruments used was test. Further, the data analysis techniques involved in this study was quantitative analysis. The findings of this study showed that first grade students’ of SMPN 2 Papalang vocabulary mastery (irregular verbs) improved by the Rap Music by the increase of mean score of Experimental class that was 8.68 in the pre test and 48.89 in the post -test. It was also proved by the result of the statistical analysis indicated that the t -test values of the Rap Music in the post-test was 6.74 higher than t-table 2.021 (6.74 > 2.021). Based on the fact, H1 was accepted and H0 was rejected, the  researcher concluded that Rap Music was effective to improve students’ vocabulary mastery at the first grade students of SMPN 2 Papalang, Mamuju Regency.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SKIMMING – SCANNING STRATEGY IN IMPROVING STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION AT THE SECOND GRADE OF SMK DARUSSALAM MAKASSAR Asmawati, Andi
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (268.096 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V11.2015.A9

Abstract

The objective of this research is to find out the effectiveness of Skimming-Scanning Strategy in improving students reading comprehension. It covered students’ literal, inferential, critical comprehension in three types of text. They were narrative, descriptive, and news item texts. The research applied quasi experimental design. The subject of the research was the second grade students of SMK Darussalam Makassar. The data collected were the students’ reading achievement through test (pretest and posttest). This research was divided into two groups, experimental and control group, the groups consisted of 28 and 27 students, respectively. The result of the data analysis showed that t-test was higher than t-table (6.373>2.000) or P-value (Sig.) was smaller than alpha (0.000 < 0.05). It meant that mean score of the experimental group was higher than the control group.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING CROSSING FORMULAS OF TENSES TABLE IN LEARNING ENGLISH 16 TENSES AT XII GRADE STUDENTS OF MA MADANI ALAUDDIN PAOPAO IN ACADEMIC YEAR OF 2015/2016 Hafid, Abd. Gafur
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (599.905 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V21.2016,A7

Abstract

The main objectives of this research were (1) To know whether the Crossing Formulas of Tenses Table is effective in Learning English 16 Tenses or not, (2) To find out how effective the Crossing Formulas of Tenses Table is in learning English 16 tenses. This research was conducted at MA Madani Alauddin Paopao in academic year of 2015/2016. The research design was Quasi Experimental Design with Pre-test and Post-test Design. The instrument used to collect the data was pre-test and post-test. The population of this research was XII Grade Students of MA Madani Alauddin Paopao which consists of class XII A and XII B.  Class XII A had 26 students and class XII B had 24 students, therefore, the population of the research was 50 students. The technique used in sample taking was Cluster Random Sampling. Therefore, the sample of this research was 20 students in class XII A as experimental class, and 20 students in class XII B as controlled class. The result of pre-test showed that XII grade students’ ability about tenses was bad before the treatments were given. After giving treatment, the students’ mean score of post-test were increased significantly. To find out whether there was significance different between experimental class and controlled class, the researcher applied t- test. The result of t- test showed that the t-test value was higher than the t- table value at the level of significance was 0.05 with degree of freedom (df) (N1 + N2)-2 = (20 + 20)-2 = 38. It indicated that H1 was accepted and H0 was rejected. Based on the result of this research, it can be concluded that The Crossing Formulas of Tenses Table is effective in Learning English 16 Tenses at XII grade students of MA Madani Alauddin Paopao and there is significant difference between the students’ ability about English 16 tenses before and after using The Crossing Formula of Tenses Table.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING WORD WALL IN TEACHING SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE AT THE FIRST YEAR STUDENTS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL 1 PARIGI Syam, Rahmat
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (341.402 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V12.2015.A10

Abstract

This research is about the effectiveness of using word wall in teaching simple present tense at the first year students of Junior High School 1 Parigi. The study tried to answer this problem: “Is the word wall effective to be used in teaching simple present tense?”. The objective of the research was to find out the effectiveness of word wall in teaching simple present tense at the first year students of Junior High School 1 Parigi. This research used quasi-experimental design. The population of this research was the first grade students of Junior High School 1 Parigi in academic year 2014/2015. The total number of the population was 48 students. The sample of the research was selected by using total sampling technique. They were divided into two classes, one of the two classes was experimental class and the other became the controlled class. The data were collected through test. After the treatment, the students’ achievement from the pre-test to the post test has improved highly. It can be seen that, the improvement of their score from the pre-test till the post test. The mean score of the pre-test for the controlled class is 42.50, but it has increased to 68.95 at the post test. The mean score of the pre-test for the experimental class is 48.33, but it has increased to 80.20 at the post test. It means that, the experimental class better than the controlled class. World wall has some advantages for the learning process, such as the colorful design of the word wall which could activate the student’s thinking process and students will not be bored and passive in class because they will interact with the word wall. Based on the data above, the researcher concludes that word wall is effective to be used in teaching simple present tense. English teachers should explore more methods that could be used to teach simple present tense.
DESIGNING MULTIPLE CHOICE TEST OF VOCABULARY FOR THE FIRST SEMESTER STUDENTS AT ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF ALAUDDIN STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY OF MAKASSAR Mahirah, Raidah; Ahmad, Djuwairiah; ,, Sukirman
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (511.676 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V22.2016.A9

Abstract

This study aims to develop and design Vocabulary Test in the first semester students at English Education Department of Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar. The research design was Research and Development (R&D). It totally applied ADDIE Model. The steps of the model are Analysis, Design, Develop, Implementation and Evaluation. The type of data of this research was quantitative data. The research instrument was a rubric dealing the quality of the test produced. The findings showed that the content of material, language, and layout of the product were totally clear and understandable. The product was valid to be implemented in testing the students’ vocabulary mastery. It can be seen fromthe difficulty level, discrimination power, validity, and reliability of the product obtained from the score of the students’ answers.
THE EFFECTS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF 2013 CURRICULUM TO STUDENTS’ ENGLISH LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT AT SMAN 1 ALLA’ ENREKANG Ulya, Nur Humairatul
Eternal Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (365.164 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V11.2015.A2

Abstract

The objective of this research was to find out whether or not the implementation of 2013 curriculum give effects to the development of students’ English achievement at the second grade of SMAN 1 Alla’ Enrekang. This research was a descriptive design using observation, questionnaires, and documentation conducted at the second year of SMAN 1 Alla’ Enrekang class MIA 1 and IIS 2 in academic year of 2014/2015. The total sample of this research consisted of 61 students. The data were collected through observation in the class when the learning process conducted to know how the implementation of the 2013 curriculum and questionnaire as supporting data from observation while documentation to know the students’ learning achievement that was analyzed by descriptive and statistic. The data analysis and interpretation indicated (1) The implementation of the 2013 curriculum in SMAN 1 Alla’ Enrekang was good. (2) Learning achievement using the 2013 curriculum and KTSP was good. (3) There is no difference between students’ English learning achievement using different curriculum. It could be concluded that the learning achievement was not only influenced by the curriculum, but also many other factors for example the teachers or the facilities. In other words, the 2013 curriculum did not give effect to students’ English learning achievement
ANALYZING VOCABULARY LEVEL OF THE STUDENTS’ ESSAY WRITING AND ACADEMIC TEXTBOOK UTILIZING LEXTUTOR Nur, Nur Aliyah
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (330.032 KB) | DOI: 10.24252//Eternal.V11.2015.A6

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to describe the result of the vocabulary level analysis of the students‟ essay writing and academic textbook utilizing lextutor, to investigate the effects of introducing VP web tool (lextutor) on students‟ vocabulary level in writing academic essays at the English Education Department of UIN Alauddin Makassar academic year 2011/2012, to correlate the vocabulary level of their essay writing and their academic textbook, and to investigate their opinion on lextutor as a VP web tool analyzer towards their essay writing. The data were collected through the VP web tool and interview using four different academic essays of 100 students involved. The data analysis and interpretation indicated: (1) the vocabulary levels of the students‟ essay writings were smaller than the standard percentage of VP web tool exclude their K1; (2) the changes of vocabulary profile of the students‟ academic essays were not significantly affected by the introducing of VP web tool as the trendlines did not show the normal pattern of time-series graphic line design; (3) findings on vocabulary profile of the students‟ academic reading text showed similar patterns of graphic trendline to those in the academic essays; (4) the use of K2 and AWL in the students‟ academic essays were proved to be significantly different before and after the intervention but not significant in K1 and OL vocabulary profile; (5) there is not any significant correlation between the vocabulary profile of academic reading texts and vocabulary profile of students‟ essay writing in academic word list; and (6) the VP web tool is good and gives a lot of benefit to students to assess their vocabulary level when dealing with academic essay writing, and they have awareness of using more and appropriate academic vocabulary in writing academic tasks. The findings led to the recommendation of an extensive use of VP web tool to analyze vocabulary level used by students in their academic essays.
THE ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS’ BARRIERS IN TRANSLATING THE DAILY INDONESIAN-ENGLISH EXPRESSION AT MA AS’ADIYAH PUTRI SENGKANG Khaeruddin, Agustiani; Yaumi, Muhammad
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (291.157 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V22.2016.A6

Abstract

This research was aimed to identify the second grade students of MA As’adiyah Sengkang’s barriers in translating Indonesian–English questions of daily expression, factors affecting the barriers, and strategies to solve them. The data were analyzed by using the qualitative descriptive method. The instruments used were Forum Group Discussion (FGD), interview, and observation. The research informants were the second grade students of Ilmu Agama Islam (IAI) department at MA As’adiyah Putri Sengkang. The result of the research showed that some barriers that the students encountered were barriers in word ordering, grammar, the use of pronoun, the use of idiom, and lack of vocabulary. The barriers occurred because of some factors affecting, such as limited learning media, lack of English book references, limited English learning (only at school), lack of interest in both the English material and the teacher’s teaching method, and the differences of students’ ability in understanding English learning. Some strategies that the students did in solving the barriers were using a dictionary, using google translate, learning grammar from a book, asking the teacher or asking the other friends, learning English from the movies and songs, accessing Internet to learn in the Internet stall, and taking a course.

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