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ETERNAL(english, teaching, learning, and Research Journal)
ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning & Research Journal) is journal published by English Education Department of Educatioan and Teacher Training Faculty of Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar. It focus on english teaching, english learning, and english research.
Articles
74
Articles
IMPLEMENTING PHILOSOPHY-BASED LANGUAGE TEACHING APPROACH TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ SPEAKING SKILL

Rustam, Utary, Anwar, Anwar, Amzah, Amzah

Eternal Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

In university, in this case STAIN Parepare, the fourth semester students have been taught many kinds of speaking which varied based on different purposes. One of them is transactional speaking and Group Discussion is one of the kinds which frequently practised in college activity. In the initial study, it was found that students of the fourth semester in STAIN Parepare had low proficiency level in speaking and they had no motivation to participate in group discussion in speaking subjects. To overcome these problems, the writer implemented Philosophy-Based Language Teaching (PBLT) approach. This approach was selected to enhance students’ thinking ability in group discussion in order that they build an idea then convey it to improve their speaking skill. This research was quantitative which employed pre-experimental research with one group pretest-posttest design. The data was collected by speaking test and observation then processed by statistical calculation by t-test nonindependent sample. Furthermore, the findings of this result revealed that PBLT approach is able to improve students speaking skill. Besides, this approach improved students’ speaking skill through the existence of philosophical questions which allowed the discussion surrounded by active participation of group members. In addition, the findings indicated students’ improvement in speaking skill both intellectual and social aspect. Finally, this research provided some suggestions to overcome some problems found during this research.

THE CAUSAL FACTORS OF BUGIS-BONE ACCENT INTERFERENCE ON THE PRONUNCIATION IN ENGLISH CONVERSATION

Fadhillah, Nur, Juhannis, Hamdan, Nurpahmi, Sitti

Eternal Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

The research was purposed to identify the causal factors of the English Students’ Accent interference on the pronunciation in English conversation. To meet the objective, the researcher adopted case study design by Cresswell. The data were gathered through qualitative method based on Miles and Huberman’s technique of data analysis. The research was undertaken in STAIN Watampone, Kabupaten Bone, from March 2017 to May 2017. The finding of the research showed that the the different phoneme areas of Bugis-Speaker with English Speakers and Bugis-Bone is strong/heavy accent are the causal factors that become the interference when the students speak English in English conversation. Referring on the description above, it informed that the students must be aware of their first language interference to their English pronunciation in English conversation.

DEVELOPING OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE PRINTED MATERIAL BASED ON 2013 CURRICULUM: ON GIVING EXPRESSION ABOUT CONGRATULATING AND COMPLIMENTING OTHERS

Saputri, Ija Try, ,, Kamsinah

Eternal Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

The researcher proposed to develop English printed material of Giving Expression about Congratulating and Complimenting others based on 2013 curriculum of the English tenth grade students in SMA Negeri 16 Makassar. According to the interview with one of the English teachers in SMAN 16 Makassar that there are some problems according to the material and layout of the book. In addition, teacher on implementing 2013 curriculum was unprepared and the students faced difficulties in learning English since they didn’t have many references except the students’ book that provided by the government. The research design used in this study was Research and Development (R&D). The development model used was ASSURE model. The instruments used in this study were questionnaire and rubrics for the teacher, students, and experts. In this research, teacher and expert were involved in order to validate the product. There are four aspects that they validated of the product. They are systematic organization of materials, systematic English teaching, systematic content of English, and the language.  To sum-up, the result of this printed material analysis by the expert was well-qualified as on reference used in teaching English material. So, the product was expected to be able to help both the students and teachers in learning and teaching English especially Giving Expression about Congratulating and complimenting others material.

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ROLE PLAY METHOD TOWARD STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION IN ENGLISH CONVERSATION

Samsibar, Samsibar, Naro, Wahyuddin

Eternal Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This study aims to find the effectiveness of role play method toward the students’ motivation in English conversation for the first grade students at MTs As’adiyah No. 49 Bola Aserae – Belawa academic year 2016/2017. The method used in this study was quantitative research through pre-experimental method by using one shot case study pre-test and post-test design. Before the treatment, the reseracher did the pre-test in one class. Moreover, the researcher taught English conversation by role play technique in the experimental class. The last, the researcher conducted the post-test to know whether a role play technique was effective for teaching English conversation in experimental class. As the quantitative method, the researcher analized the data by using the t-test (4.37) which was higher than t-table value (2.093). The result showed that there was significant difference on the students’ speaking achievement taught by using role play. The students’ mean score of the pre-test of the experiment class was 52.4. Then, in the post-test, the mean score of experiment class was 65. Therefore, hypothesis H0 was rejected and H1 was accepted. It could be said that role play method was effective in teaching English conversation toward the students’ motivation for the first grade of junior high school students.

THE INFLUENCE OF SUBTITLE FILM ON STUDENTS’ LISTENING MOTIVATION

Azizah, Nur Zahrah, Yaumi, Muhammad

Eternal Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This paper is aimed to describe the influence of making subtitle film  on students’  listening motivation. The population of this research is the second semester students of English Education Department in academic year 2016/2017. The method used in this paper was a quantitative method with experimental research design.  In addition, the research data were collected by using questionnaire. The data were analyzed through  Likert scale and descriptive statistics. The result research shows that the mean  score  of  students’  pre-questionnaire  is 60.9  from the total score  1462  and the post  questionnaire  is  65.8 from the total score 1580. The result of analysis indicates that in teaching listening by making subtitle film can increase their listening motivation. It proved by t-test which is higher than t-table.. It also means that there are a significant influence of the use subtitle film  in increasing students’ motivation in listening.

DEVELOPING ASKING AND GIVING INFORMATION MATERIALS DEALING WITH 2013 CURRICULUM OF EIGHT GRADE OF SMP STUDENTS

Ilmiah, Nur, Nur, Nur Aliyah

Eternal Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This research aimed to develop an English material focusing on asking and giving information material based on 2013 curriculum of the Eight Grade Student at SMPN 2 Sungguminasa, Gowa. Based on the preliminary study on Mei 2016, the writer found that both the teacher and the students did not have appropriate and understandable materials. In addition, teacher on implementing the 2013 curriculum was unpreparedness and the students faced difficulties in learning English since they didn’t have many sources except the students’ book that provided by the government. This study utilized Research and development (R&D), ADDIE Model (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation). This research started with the analysis the result of questionnaire which had been distributed to the students, then design English material based on syllabus and students need of the materials, it continued with the development of the materials, the product is going to be implemented in the real learning and teaching and the last is evaluation, one expert is involved to check the quality of the product. In this research, teacher and expert were involved in order to validate the product. There are two aspects that they validated of the product: Organization of the Materials and Content of English material. Overall, this research presented the product which content of lesson relevant with students need and curriculum. In addition, the product was expected to be able to help both the teachers and students in learning English especially about asking and giving information material.

DESIGNING A LESSON PLAN FOR INDONESIAN ADULT STUDENTS BY USING TBLT (TASK BASED LANGUAGE TEACHING)

Arifin, Muhammad Ahkam

Eternal Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This paper starts with the introduction concerning the development of the pedagogical implementation of second language acquisition (SLA) from communicative language teaching (CLT) to task based language teaching (TBLT). Within the same section, the definition of a task is also provided. It then continues to the design of the lesson plan by implementing the six-step model for TBLT as suggested by Nunan (24); the rationale for each of the step is presented. Lastly, it culminates with the evaluation over the principles applied in the design of the lesson plan.

THE ENGLISH VOCABULARY SIZE AND LEVEL OF ENGLISH DEPARTMENT STUDENTS AT KUTAI KARTANEGARA UNIVERSITY

Sudarman, Sudarman, Chinokul, Sumalee

Eternal Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

The study employed descriptive-quantitative research design which aimed to investigate the mean vocabulary size and mastery level of English department students. The subjects of the study were the first-year students majoring in English education department at Kutai Kartanegara University. Thirty-three students employed in this study were given the Vocabulary Levels Test (VLT) to measure their English vocabulary size as well as their mastery level. The findings of this study revealed that the students only knew about 1,273 word families. The result was still below the threshold as suggested by the vocabulary scholars and was not improved after years of learning. The finding also showed that the participants had a very low mastery level. They did not even master the 2,000 or 3,000 high frequency word level, nor the academic vocabulary level. The results indicate that the participants had a low vocabulary proficiency and suggest the future research to focus on investigating the vocabulary learning and instruction strategies that are effective to develop the students’ high frequency words and academic words.

STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION IN APPLYING COOPERATIVE LEARNING IN EFL CLASSROOM

Hidayati, Liza Andhani, Kharisma, Irma, Satriani, Intan

Eternal Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This study focuses on college students’ perceptions of cooperative learning in EFL classrooms. The purpose of the study is to know students’ opinion about applying cooperative learning in the classroom especially in EFL classroom. Case study was chosen as an approach in this study. Participants of this study were the final year students of Indonesian education study program. The numbers of participants were 33 students. The data were collected using questionnaire consisted of 20 (twenty) questions that relate with cooperative learning. The result of this research showed that the final year students of Indonesian education study program of IKIP Siliwangi Bandung had positive responses toward the implementation of Cooperative Learning. Besides that, it was found that students familiar with group activities in EFL classroom. To sum up, Cooperative Learning is a good approach for the students to learn English easily. Keywords: cooperative learning, EFL classroom, perception.

AN ANALYSIS OF CODE-SWITCHING IN ENGLISH MEETING CLUB (Benteng Panynyua Club in Fort Rotterdam Makassar)

CJ, Juvrianto

Eternal Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

Code-Switching is a phenomenon that may occurs in Bilingual or Multilingual communities. Indonesian students who learn English as Foreign Language tend to find a way to master English by forming or joining an English Meeting Club. Code -Switching occurs when they try to speak English in their conversation. The aim of this study is to describe the type of Code-switching used by the members of English meeting club and reason why they did that switching. This research used qualitative method. The subject of the research was participants of English Meeting Club and the data of Code-switching are taken from recording which was converted into transcription.  The result shows that the members of English meeting club did three types of Code-switching. Those are tag-switching, intra-sentential switching and inter-sentential switching. They mostly used intra-sentential switching in their conversation and did the switching to make their utterances acceptable to the hearer.