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Jurnal Konstitusi
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Core Subject : Education, Social,
Jurnal Konstitusi merupakan media triwulanan guna penyebarluasan (diseminasi) hasil penelitian atau kajian konseptual tentang konstitusi dan putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi. Jurnal Konstitusi terbit empat nomor dalam setahun (Maret, Juni, September, dan Desember). Jurnal Konstitusi memuat hasil penelitian atau kajian konseptual (hasil pemikiran) tentang konstitusi, putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi serta isu-isu hukum konstitusi dan ketatanegaraan yang belum pernah dipublikasikan di media lain. Jurnal Konstitusi ditujukan untuk kalangan pakar, akademisi, praktisi, penyelenggara negara, LSM, serta pemerhati hukum konstitusi dan ketatanegaraan.
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Articles 373 Documents
MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI DAN KONTRAK OUTSOURCING Sumadi, Ahmad Fadlil
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 9, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (29.916 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

The Amendment of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia has made the sovereignty still retained by the people, no more represented and fully held by the People’s Consultative Assembly like when the constitutional system of Indonesia was still embracing supremacy of parliament. In the constitutional perspective, the standing and relation between the state and people is becoming more obvious. Hence, in the case that constitutional  dispute happened, there should have been an adjudication forum for solving the  dispute.  Therefore,  Contitutional  Court  Of  the  Republic  of  Indonesia  is established and designed constitutionally to solve  the  constitutional  dispute through The  Amendment of  the  1945  Constitution of  the  Republic of Indonesia. Settlement of constitutional dispute through the review of constitutionality of norms in the regulation of outsourcing contract in The Labour Law at Contitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia, with specific issue “the Contract of Employment for a specified time” that is regulated in Article 65 paragraph (7) and Article 66 paragraph (2) b of Labour Law is  declaredconditionally  unconstitutional.
Konstruksi Pertentangan Norma Hukum dalam Skema Pengujian Undang-Undang Lailam, Tanto
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (986.866 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

The study elaborated on the construction of “conflict of legal norms” in constitutional review scheme. There are eleven problems as result of this study, which include: The ideology of the state “Pancasila” as a standard review of “conflict of legal norms” act against 1945 constitution; Constitutional court has a review of act passed before and after 1945 Constitution amendment with standard of 1945 constitution; 1945 constitution is “the living constitution” for the enforcing of law and justice; Constitutional court has authority to review of act against 1945 constitution by vertical and horizontal perspective; enforceability aspect of constitutional review is a part of material review, not formal review; the meaning of “conflict of legal norms” must be comprehend elaborated in the decisions to enforcing of law and justice; Constitutional Court does not used priority of the original intent interpretation and remained unfulfilled of other model interpretation if original intent interpretation caused ineffectiveness of constitution; non constitution be permitted for the formal review, but in material review is not implement; “nemo judex idoneus in propria causa” of procedural law principle can remained unfulfilled by “ius curia novit” principle to promote of the 1945 constitution; the formal review of “conflict of legal norms” can remained unfulfilled by utility principle to priority of legal substance; the retroactive decision caused legal  uncertainly.
Pengakuan Hak Konstitusional Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Industri Ekstraktif dalam Mewujudkan Kesejahteraan Rakyat Husna TR, Cut Asmaul
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1051.485 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

Resource management, extractive industries have a significant role to state revenues. Extractive industries sector in Indonesia is a very closed industry sectors primarily on revenues derived from state income Cooperation Contract (KKS). Resource management paradigm for the extractive industries exploited only to pursue exchange of reliance State Budget (Budget) by denying the maximum prosperity for  the people. Globalization can not be avoided has affected the existence of Law No. 22 of 2001 on Oil and Gas value-laden liberal-capitalistic. Consequently, there has been a paradigm shift in both the PSC and the people of the country to the tyranny of capital resulted in the country and people can not renegotiate the contract. Therefore, reform of the legal arrangements in the extractive industries absolutely must be done in order to realize the people’s welfare. Urgency juridical formation of the Draft Law on Amendments of Law No. 22 of 2001, based on the decision of the Constitutional Court Case No. 002/PUU-I/2003 and Decision No. 36/PUU-X/2012. Just and prosperous society, as a goal, requires the struggle to create the basics, which is referred  to as the national interests of the Indonesian people. All efforts and actions to ensure the implementation of state remains fixed on the terminus ad quem, just and prosperous  society.
Putusan Ultra Petita Mahkamah Konstitusi Rubaie, Ach.; Nurjaya, Nyoman; Ridwan, Moh.; Istislam, Istislam
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1009.019 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

Basic considerations of the Constitutional Court made ultra petita verdict  was:(a)  philosophical reasons in order to enforce substantive justice and constitutional justice as embodied in the Constitution NRI 1945, (b) theoretical grounds related to the authority of the judge to explore, discover and follow the legal values that live  in the community, if the law does not exist or insufficient legal anymore (outdated), and (c) juridical reasons relating to the provision of Article 24 paragraph (1) NRI 1945 Constitution and Article 45 paragraph (1) of Law no. 24 year 2003 on the Constitutional Court, that Court as organizers aim to enforce the judicial justice according to law and the evidence and the judge's conviction. The verdict the Constitutional Court which is ultra petita  basically acceptable, all associated  to  the subject of the request and based on considerations which can be accounted for philosophical (ie, contains the values of justice, morality, ethics, religion, principle, doctrine). The authority to make ultra petita verdict for the Constitutional Court can only be given if there is vagueness of legal norms (vague normen) through the method of interpretation of the law, or if a legal vacuum (rechts-vacuum) through the creation of legal methods (rechtschepping). But considering the legal interpretation and legal formation are highly subjective, hence in order to prevent abuse of power, the Constitutional Court issued a verdict ultra petita, should be limited by the principles of a democratic state of law,  the principles of fair trial and impartial, and general principles of good governance.
Corporate Social Responsibility: A Constitutional Perspective Ali Safa’at, Muchamad
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (935.17 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

Originally, the concept of CSR was come from business ethic values that impose corporation’s ethical responsibly to their social and natural environment. That development of ethical business was part of social consciousness on the degradation of environment as impact of corporation activities. This reality also raised the deep environmental ethic or deep ecology which challenge anthropocentrism economical development and urged ecocentrism development. In Indonesia, this phenomenon was marked by the enactment of Act 4/1982 on Environmental Management.The constitutional debate on CSR just began when the Indonesian Constitutional Court heard and decided the judicial review case of Act 40/2007 on Limited Liability Company which stipulate CSR mandatory law for corporation that have activity in natural resources areas. In its decision, Constitutional Court refused the petition. This means that the court affirmed that CSR mandatory law is not contrary to the Constitution. However, the legal argumentation of the court was not shifted from economical and environmental perspectives. The constitutional basis of the decision is Article 33 (4) concerning national economic principles and Article 33 (3) concerning state power on land, water, and natural resources. The Constitutional Court did not use the human rights concept as the source of CSR mandatory law.In constitutional law perspective, we can justify the CSR mandatory law from human rights guarantee on the constitution. CSR is one of the obligations to respect, to protect, to fulfill, and to promote human rights. Those obligations are not only bind over the government, but also corporation and all citizens. In that perspective, CSR should be mandatory law not only for the corporation which manage or correlate with natural resource, but for all corporations that operate in the middle of the society.
Hak Menguasai Negara Atas Mineral dan Batubara Pasca Berlakunya Undang-Undang Minerba Nalle, Victor Imanuel Williamson
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 9, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (672.453 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

Mineral and coal is one of Indonesia’s natural resource potential. Natural resources can bring prosperity for the people of Indonesia. Therefore we need a pro-mining policies of national economic interests. The experience of Indonesia during the New Order show the mining policy in favor of the interests of foreign capital through the mechanism of the work contract that puts the state as the inferior party. State’s right to control the mineral and coal mining policy does not appear in the New Order. Since the enactment of Law Number 4 of 2009, it seemed right to control the state through the licensing system. Besides the role of national capital in the mining sector also raised through divestment mechanism.
Tafsir Konstitusional Pelanggaran Pemilukada yang Bersifat Sistematis, Terstruktur dan Masif Ali, M. Mahrus; Rachman, Irfan Nur; Wijayanti, Winda; Putranto, Rio Tri Juli; Anindyajati, Titis; Asih, Putria Gusti
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 9, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (350.749 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

The Constitutional Court has created a legal breakthrough in handling the local head election dispute, in order to uphold the democracy and break     away from habitual practice of systematic, structured, and massive (STM) violations. The Court does not simply calculate the results of vote count but also have to seek the justice and prosecute results counting rate that were disputed. As the juridical normative research, the research uses a statutory, case, historical approach and  the  sociology  of  law.  The  research  shows that throughout 2008-2011 Court has granted the dispute for as many as thirty-two cases. Of that amount  of  cases,  those  with  the  STM  violations are as many as 21 (twenty one) cases. Whereas the nature of TSM were   divided into two kinds namely cumulative and alternative which both may cancel local head election results. There are three types of local head election violations, first, violation  in  the  process  that  does  not  affect  the  results of the election. Second, the breach in the process that affect the election  results, thirdly, violation of the terms of conditions to be a candidate which  are principal in nature and can be measured. The systematic, structured and massive violation of the local head general election is violations committed by the structural apparatus, both government officials and election organizers, collectively; not an individual action, well-planned (by design) and the impact of such offencesis extensive rather than sporadic.
Menanti Pelaksanaan Penahanan dan Pidana Penjara Yang Lebih Humanis Di Indonesia Simarmata, Berlian
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 7, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (756.278 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

LATAR  BELAKANG MASALAHPara pendiri negara Republik Indonesia telah mencantumkan tujuan nasional di dalam Alinea IV Pembukaan UUD 1945, yakni melindungi segenap bangsa Indonesia dan seluruh tumpah darah Indonesia, mencerdaskan kehidupan bangsa, memajukan kesejahteraan umum, dan ikut serta dalam perdamaian abadi. Tujuan nasional tersebut akan dicapai melalui negara hukum Indonesia. Salah satu sistem pemerintahan Indonesia dalam penjelasan UUD 1945 adalah bahwa negara Indonesia adalah negara yang berdasar atas hukum (rechtstaat) bukan berdasarkan kekuasaan (machtstaat). Dalam amandemen UUD 1945, penjelasan telah dihapus, namun sistem pemerintahan tersebut dimasukkan ke dalam Batang Tubuh, yakni Pasal 1 ayat (3) : Negara Indonesia adalah negara hukum. ...
Konstitusionalitas Hak Masyarakat Hukum Adat dalam Mengelola Hutan Adat: Fakta Empiris Legalisasi Perizinan Nugroho, Wahyu
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (989.976 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

Green constitution placed Indonesia as a country that has a constitutional juridical consequences constitution in 1945 to apply the principles of ecocracy, that is any wisdom or development in the field of economy always looking environment in all sectors, including forestry. The study object is the Constitution Court decision No. 35/PUU-X/2012 with indigenous people’s subject who has violated his constitutional rights. The purpose of this study are: first, to examine and analyze the consistency  of state authority over the doctrine of welfare state in the management of state forest with indigenous authorities in the indigenous forest management based on socio-legal study of the Constitutional Court’s  decision,  and  second,  guarantees and analyze the implementation of the principles ecocracy over strengthening the constitutional rights of indigenous people as a living law in the management of indigenous forest, as a logical consequence of Indonesia adherents of democracy based on the environment and green constitution. The author uses a methodology based on assessment of the Constitutional Court decision, by examining the socio- legal aspects of this  decision.  The  results of  this  study  revealed that  first,  there  is a relationship between the state is the state forest, and the state is customary forests. To the state forest, the state has full authority to organize and decide the inventory, allocation, utilization, management, and legal relations that occur in the forest region of the country. The indigenous forests, state authority is limited extent authorized content covered in indigenous forest. Indigenous forest management rights of indigenous communities, but if the development of indigenous communities in question no longer exists, then the rights of indigenous forest management falls to the Government. Second, implementation of national and regional development has always prioritized economic element or in the context of regional autonomy prefers the original income, regardless of environmental democracy based on sustainable development and environmentally.
Pertanggungjawaban Presiden dan Mahkamah Konstitusi Wiyanto, Andy
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 7, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (750.343 KB) | DOI: 10.31078/jk%x

Abstract

PendAhuluAnLord Acton dalam sebuah surat mengingatkan bahwa, power trends to corrupt and absolute power corrupt absolutely.375 Oleh sebab itu, seorang pemikir besar mengenai negara dan hukum dari Perancis bernama Charles de Secondat baron de Labrede et de Montesquieu memisahkan kekuasaan memerintah negara yang dilaksanakan oleh masing-masing badan yang berdiri sendiri. Dengan ajarannya itu Montesquieu berpendapat bahwa:“Apabila kekuasaan negara itu dipisahkan secara tegas menjadi tiga, yaitu: kekuasaan perundang-undangan, kekuasaan melaksanakan pemerintahan, dan kekuasaan kehakiman, dan masing-masing kekuasaan itu dipegang oleh badan yang berdiri sendiri,  ini akan menghilangkan kemungkinan timbulnya tindakan yang sewenang-wenang dari seorang penguasa, atau tegasnya tidak memberikan kemungkinan dilaksanakannya sistem pemerintahan absolutisme.” ...

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