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INDONESIA
Jurnal Penelitian Politik
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Core Subject : Education, Social,
Jurnal Pusat Penelitian Politik-Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (P2Politik-LIPI) merupakan media pertukaran pemikiran mengenai masalah-masalah strategis yang terkait dengan bidang-bidang politik nasional, lokal, dan internasional; khususnya mencakup berba-gai tema seperti demokratisasi, pemilihan umum, konflik, otonomi daerah, pertahanan dan keamanan, politik luar negeri dan diplomasi, dunia Islam serta isu-isu lain yang memiliki arti strategis bagi bangsa dan negara Indonesia.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 236 Documents
Transformasi Politik Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM) Nurhasim, Moch
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Kisruh Pemilu 2009
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Abstract

The political transformation of Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM) is a process to change GAM as a "military" power into a civil power. This fundamental process is a part of conflict resolution ofAceh that has been conducted for about 32 years. This political transformation highlights some forms of change of GAMs organizations, character, and behavior in the post-MoU Helsinki.
TRANSFORMASI RUANG DAN PARTISIPASI STAKEHOLDERS: MEMAHAMI KETERLIBATAN AKTOR NON-NEGARA DALAM MASYARAKAT ASEAN M. Umar, Ahmad Rizky
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Komunitas ASEAN dan Tantangan Ke Depan
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v13i1.225

Abstract

Riset ini mencoba untuk menjelaskan keterlibatan stakeholders tersebut dalam dua sektor regionalisasi ASEAN: Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM) dan Usaha Kecil & Menengah (UKM). Sejak bertransformasi menjadi bentuk Masyarakat ASEAN pada tahun 2003, mulai muncul interaksi yang lebih kompleks antara negara dan aktor-aktor non-negara. Artikel ini berargumen bahwa Masyarakat ASEAN telah membuka ruang yang lebih besar untuk mengakomodasi partisipasi pemangku kepentingan/stakeholders yang ada di dalamnya. Dengan menggunakan perspektif kritis, artikel ini mencoba untuk menunjukkan bahwa sebetulnya pola interaksi yang terbangun antara aktor-aktor non-negara dan negara dalam spektrum Masyarakat ASEAN berlangsung dinamis, dengan kontestasi antara aktor-aktor yang ada. Kendati demikian, dari dua sektor yang diangkat sebagai studi kasus, ada perbedaan pola kontestasi dan partisipasi di antara stakeholders yang ada. Di sektor HAM, organisasi masyarakat sipil punya kapasitas dan kemampuan jaringan yang cukup kuat untuk mengadvoasikan kepentingannya, sementara UKM masih belum terlalu kuat untuk melakukan ekspansi pasar, dan harus berhadapan dengan kekuatan bisnis yang lebih besar. Riset ini berkontribusi untuk memberikan penjelasan mengenai dinamika partisipasi aktor non-negara dan implikasinya bagi proses regionalisasi di Asia Tenggara ke depan. Kata Kunci: Regionalisme, Partisipasi, Stakeholders, Masyarakat ASEAN, Asia Tenggara, Organisasi Masyarakat Sipil, Usaha Kecil & Menengah
Peran Kerja Sama IMT-GT Dalam Pembangunan Konektivitas Maritim Asean Raharjo, Sandy Nur Ikfal; Irewati, Awani; Rahman, Agus R; Pudjiastuti, Tri Nuke; Luhulima, CPF; Nufus, Hayati
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 14, No 1 (2017): Transformasi Identitas Keindonesiaan
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v14i1.695

Abstract

Abstract Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) is recognized as one of the sub-regional cooperation to support ASEAN Community. However, geographical character differences and consequently creating different interests among three member states, is likely to hinder the implementation of the IMT-GT in establishing such connectivity. This study focuses on three issues, namely, the significance of IMT-GT for each member state, implementation of IMT-GT’s programs in 2012-2016, and the role of IMT-GT in building ASEAN connectivity, particularly in the maritime sector. Through correlative descriptive qualitative method, this study found that the IMT sub-region contributes nearly 50% for the Malaysian economy, supports the Indonesian vision of Global Maritime Fulcrum for Indonesia, as well as encourages the development of less-developed Southern Thailand region. In Addition, the implementation of  IMT-GT’s programs in 2012-2016 was still low, especially on the side of Indonesia due to too many programs were planned. Another finding was that IMT-GT has played  significant role in building the ASEAN connectivity through the development of five economic corridors, although it was still more on land connectivity rather than maritime connectivity.  Keywords: ASEAN, IMT-GT, connectivity, and maritime
MYANMAR DAN MATINYA PENEGAKAN DEMOKRASI Irewati, Awani
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
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Abstract

Abstract Democratization in Myanmar is the most prevalent issue for international society The world takes the issue because the country has beenfor decades under authoritarian regime since militaryjunta takeover the government via coup d etat Since 1990 general election which had been won by National League for Democracy NLD the Military Junta Tatmadaw still ruled the country as a sole authoritarian regime Transition to democracy which been pledged by thejunta has not shown any positive outcome The paper is sought to answer two questions base on the actualpolitical circumstance in Myanmar how is theprogress ofdemocratic and human rights enforcement that has been pushed by pro democratic people in Myanmar The second question will bring our attention to the power ofthe prolonged militaryjunta in Myanmar Even though Myanmar has been under economic sanction and isolatedfrom international society there is no evidence that the military junta will come to an end Based on literature study as the main source ofdata collecting approach this paper bringsforward two conclusions Those two conclusions emerge from the existing internal and external political condition ofMyanmar Internal political condition shown that ethnical diversity in Myanmar is main obstaclefor establishing oppositional coalition against the military junta Ethnic in Myanmar is separated in fictionalized movement against the ruling authoritarian regime since colonial era It is still complicated until recent time to build a coalition from pro democratic movement in Myanmar The second conclusion is coming from the international society in putting more pressure towards the ruling regime It is goodfor the UN and the international society notjust isolating and sanctioning Myanmar but also approaching Myanmar using the influence ofthe third country China is good to become a promoter political reformation in Myanmar since China is the only country that still maintains a close relation with Myanmar This approach is to give more emphasis for Myanmar government to comply with its own pledge toward democratic transition in its own country.
Indonesia dan Dinamika Politik Timur Tengah Sihbudi, Riza
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 8, No 2 (2011): Membaca Arah Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia
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Abstract

The current political tension in Arab states have intensified especially after similar crises that ousted BinAli in Tunisia and Hosni Mubarak in Egypt There are also differences in how nations have responded to each political crisis The Arab regimes are facing strong resistance from the majority of their own people with Libyafalling into civil war Many Libyan people arefed up and disgusted with the leadership of Colonel Qadhafi whohas ruled the countryfor 40 years with desert style authoritarianism People in Libya demanded a succession andpolitical reforms that wouldpave the wayforfreedom ofspeech and association which have eluded the nationforfour decades Then why did the West take a differentpolitical attitude towards thepro democracy movements in theArab countries In the case ofLibya both mass media andpolitical elites drew a line in supporting the resistance movement The Westernforces under NATO even launched military strikes against Libya to support the oppositioncamp as soon as they managed to convince the United Nations to enforce a nofly zone in Libyan airspace Theopportunistic attitude of the West in the case ofLibya is closely related to economic factors which is Libyan oilreserves After successfully controlling Iraq Libya now seems to be the next easyprey especially by hawkish groupsand neo conservative that generally control US oil companies In the case of the NATO s political attitudes towardthe Libyan crisis economic considerations oil are more advanced than political reality Politically Qadhafi is now clearly different from what he was Before 2003 Qadhafi was known as an anti Westfigure The US and itsallies seem reluctant to learnfrom history Theirfailures in Iraq and Afghanistan are not enoughfor them to learnThat s the uglyfact of Western hypocrisy
HUBUNGAN NEGARA-WARGA DAN DEMOKRASI LOKAL: STUDI KONFLIK TAMBANG DI BIMA Satriani, Septi
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 12, No 2 (2015): Politik dan Kebijakan Publik: Perspektif Teori dan Praktis
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Abstract

This paper examines the state-citizens relation in a democratic context based on Charles Tillys approach. Charles Tilly argues that the degree of democratic regime can be seen based on the states capacity to accommodate public engagement. Following Charles Tillys argument, a democratic regime provides equal political relation. On the contrary, state-citizen relation in an undemocratic regime is unequal. Based on Charles Thillys perspective on state-citizen relations, Lambus mining conflict, at district of Bima, West Nusa Tenggara Province is in the intersection category between low capacity democracy and low capacity undemocracy.Keywords: State, Citizen, Relation, Local Democracy.
Pemilu Legislatif 2004 di Aceh: Antara Intimidasi, Partisipasi dan Mobilisasi Politik Nurhasim, Moch
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 1, No 1 (2004): Pemilu Legislatif 2004
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Abstract

The 2004 legislative election in Aceh descrihing a very fundamental change of political constellation. The powetful o fth e Islamic basis party is an astonished phenomenon in the political constellation of Aceh based on the 2004 legislative election results. However, the victory of Golkar party which is in balanced with PPP (Partai Persatuan Pembangunan) must be underlined that this New Order party in Aceh is also powetful. Eventhough there are fundamental political changes, we stillfind an intimidation, terror, and political mobilisation in the 2004 legislative election. It happened because of this election was carried out in military emergency situation.
PENCAPAIAN REFORMASI INSTRUMENTAL POLRI 1999-2011 Siregar, Sarah Nuraini
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 10, No 2 (2013): Presiden yang Presidensiil
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Abstract

Sejak pemisahan Kepolisian Republik Indonesia (Polri) dari ABRI pada tahun 1999, Polri memiliki banyakinstrumen (kebijakan) yang menjadi dasar bagi Polri untuk melakukan fungsi dan kewenangannya. Namun,instrumen ini belum sepenuhnya diatur dengan kewenangan yang jelas kepada Polri, terutama dalam hal koordinasi,hubungannya dengan TNI pada saat melakukan pengelolaan keamanan di daerah konflik, mekanisme pengawasan,dan akuntabilitas dalam hal kinerja, fungsi, dan kewenangan Polri. Oleh karena itu, upaya Reformasi InstrumentalPolri yang masih memiliki kendala perlu dievaluasi kembali. Kehadiran UU No. 2 Tahun 2002 dan juga perangkatperaturan lainnya masih menimbulkan masalah baru, seperti pengawasan, mekanisme kontrol, hubungan denganaktor-aktor keamanan lainnya, terutama pada saat menjalankan pengelolaan keamanan, dan sebagainya.Kata kunci: Reformasi, Instrumental, Instrumen, Keamanan, Polisi, Peraturan.
KOALISI DALAM SISTEM DEMOKRASI PRESIDENSIAL INDONESIA : Faktor faktor Kerapuhan Koalisi Era Presiden Yudhoyono Haris, Syamsuddin
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 8, No 1 (2011): Menggugat Politik Parlemen
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Abstract

Although the concept ofcoalition is only prevalent in parliamentary democratic system but multiparty presidential system scheme which is applied in Indonesia necessitates the existence ofcoalition among its party Thepresence of Coalition is necessary to minimize the risk ofpolitical deadlock in relations between President andParliament on the one hand and due to built effectiveness in the government as the outcome ofgeneral electionBut in fact political coalition do not guarantee effectiveness in government administration even on the contraryit has become a prison for president because opposition comes from inside of The Parliament which also partof the coalition member in government In the era ofPresident Yudhoyono there are three importantfactors thatlead to fragility of the coalition the coalition design factor personalityfactor of the President and character ofthe party in theparliament In order to Built effectiveness in government which requires restructuring the coalitionform especially related to coalition base political nature of the agreement and contract among the members ofcoalition scope ofmaterial agreement and internal mechanism in the coalition in thefuture the effectiveness isalso going to be base on restructuring general election format to become national general election to elect President and Vice President and members ofparliament and local elections to choose head oflocal governmentprovince and district and members of local house of representatives)
GOOD GOVERNANCE DAN REFORMASI BIROKRASI DI INDONESIA Zuhro, R Siti
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 7, No 1 (2010): Good Governance dan Korupsi
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Abstract

With the downfall ofSoeharto s New Order regime the authoritarian nature of the bureaucratic system wasexposed The implementation ofnew political laws since 1999 gave rise to an invigorated roleforpoliticalpartiesand the implementation ofa government regulationfor a neutral bureaucracy resulted in its declining involvementin politics A strongparliament and the increasingpolitical awareness ofbureaucrats have become a reality todayThese changes have put paid to questions about the involvement ofpolitical parties and the influence of societalforces in theformation ofpolicy The bureaucracy can no longer exist as it was in the New Order and infact hasresponded to societal needs by adjusting to the new political climate Indonesian politics under the transition eratakes on a wider significancefor one ofthe main results has been the emergence ofbureaucraticpluralism a morepluralistic political system that is more open to the influence ofthese societalforces Improvement in governancebecame possible however with the rise of the reformation since 1998 At this time the debate on governance inIndonesia began with a consideration of good governance The post Soeharto era was seen by reformists as along awaited opportunity to improve government policy so that people would not only follow the government sdecisions but would also contribute to the decision making process Indonesian demanded more democraticgovernance that is more regular interaction between government and civil society andfreerparticipation by thelatter in government institutionsKeywords Governance policy democratization reformation good governance

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