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English and Literature Journal
ISSN : 23550821     EISSN : 25805215     DOI : -
ELITE: English and Literature Journal (Print ISSN: 2355-0821, Online ISSN: 2580-5215) is a peer-reviewed journal devoted specifically to the studies of English linguistics and literature and other literatures with a special emphasis on local culture, wisdom, philosophy and identity. Published twice a year in June and December, the first edition of ELITE was published in 2013. The journal contents are managed by the English and Literature Department, Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar, Indonesia. The primary objective of the journal is to provide a productive forum for lecturers, researchers, authors, graduate students, and practitioners to present results of their recent studies in the areas of English linguistics and literature and other literary traditions. The journal is also intended to help disseminate recent developments in theories, concepts, and ideas in the areas concerned to the academic community of language and literature studies in Indonesia in particular and worldwide in general.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 1, No 2 (2014)" : 8 Documents clear
Popular Culture Phenomena in Suzanne Collins’s Novel ″The Hunger Games″ Junaid, Syahruni; Ikhsan, Muhammad
Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24552/.v1i02.3365

Abstract

Abstract             The aim of this study is to analyze and to describe the popular culture phenomena in the novel.    The writer used sociology of literature approach to express and explain popular culture phenomena in the novel, then finding the relation between the context of the novel and the social condition in current society. The instrument which is used by the writer was note taking. Along this instrument, the writer read the novel, then taking note cards to write the popular culture expression on the novel, after that the expression is written down the writer classified the phenomena of popular culture from the novel. In this study, the writer found four popular culture phenomena in the novel. They are reality show, science fiction aspects, human competition, and heroine. Reality show has indicators, such as on screen appearance, the power of people’s support, planned dramas, and great prize availability. Next, two aspects of science fiction are world destruction and extraordinary creatures. Human competition has characteristics, e.g. survival, strategy, alliance, and losing. Then, the indicators of heroine are heroism, courage, displaying strength, and claiming the right to authority.  This study implicates to realize people how popular culture has contaminated life and implicitly formed the perspective in looking at the surroundings. Expectantly, this thesis can stimulate the students of English Literature to learn more about the influence of popular culture to the contemporary literary works. 
THE INTELLIGENCE CONTENTS IN ANIMATED MOVIE ‘DORA THE EXPLORER’ NAHDHIYAH, NAHDHIYAH
Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24552/.v1i02.3360

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan tipe-tipe muatan kecerdasan dalam film animasi ‘Dora the Explorer’ dan menjelaskan cara muatan kecerdasan tersebut disampaikan. Penelitian ini memberi informasi bahwa (1) film animasi ini bisa menjadi tontonan yang layak untuk anak, (2) seorang anak bisa cemerlanglebih dari satu tipe kecerdasan, (3) dan bahwa adalah penting untuk mengeksplor dan mengembangkan potensi kecerdasan anak melalui berbagai aktifitas yangbertujuan untuk mengoptimalkan kecerdasan anak. Penelitian ini menggunakan tekhnik analisis isi dengan lembar koding sebagai instrumen.Tiga seri filim ‘Dora the Explorer’ adalah subyek penelitian.Data analisis dimulai dari mempersiapkan data, menentukan unit analisis, membuat lembar koding, memberi kode, membuat kesimpulan dan melaporkan temuan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada 9 tipe muatan kecerdasan pada setiap seri film  ‘Dora the Explorer’. Tipe kecerdasan tesebut adalah kecerdasan natural, musik, matematis, interpersonal, intrapersonal, kinestetik, bahasa, visual, dan eksistensi. Muatan kecerdasan pada tiga seri tersebut disampaikan dalam lakon yang berbeda.Lakon-lakon tersebut merupakan kegiatan-kegiatan yang merangsang perkembangan bakat potensi kecerdasan.
Representation of Gender Ideology in Indonesian Novels: The study of the Reformation Era Novel Yulianesta, Yulianesta
Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24552/.v1i02.3366

Abstract

AbstractThis article is based on a phenomenon that gender ideology practiced by a society may be reflected on the production of literary work. Thus, even though a novel known as an imaginative work,its content and its gender ideology cannot be detached from social reality. This writing aims to describe (1) role and gender identity (2) women struggle and her relationshipwith other characters, (3) types of gender ideology, (4) Gender inequality, and (5) the relationship gender issues and Indonesia novel produced during reformation era. Gramsci’s theory on hegemony and gender perspective helps describing those five problems presented in this article. The object formal of this research is gender ideology presented in six novels written by Indonesian authors during reformation era. Meanwhile, the material object of the research consists of six novels produced in Indonesia during the reformation era and written by Indonesian. The research found that the six novels represent patriarchal ideology, familiasme ideology, ibuism ideology, and general gender ideology. The four gender ideologies createdomestication of the position and the role of women. The existence and the organization of the gender ideology are supported by masculine hegemony in Indonesian culture. Therefore according to Gramsci, new hegemony should be constructed opposed to those capitalist one. The creation of new hegemony must be constructed on the basis of alteration of consciousness, thnking patterns, perception of world conception, as well as their moral norm. This can be done through education. Besides that, the six authors can be termed as intellectual organics who offers new ideology to deconstruct old hegemonic ideology.
LEARNING STRATEGIES USED BY STUDENTS IN ACQUIRING FLUENCY IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE Mirsah, Kartini; Muin, Abd.
Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24552/.v1i02.3361

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ABSTRACTThis research aims to find out kinds of learning strategies dominantly used by the students of English and Literature Department of UIN Alauddin Makassar under cumlaude (3.76-4.00) GPA. This research is important to know, especially for the students in foreign language major, because learning strategies has function as the way to improve language achievement and students ability in applying foreign language. The researcher uses a descriptive method in analyzing the data. The researcher states the result of data analysis by describing them through percentage and explanation. The researcher uses questionnaire as the instrument to collect the data. Referring to the finding and discussion of this research, the result shows that from three kinds of learning strategies: 1. Metacognitive learning strategies, 2. Cognitive learning strategies, 3. Socioaffective learning strategies proposed by O’Malley et al, the highest learning strategies used by the students of English and Literature Department of Adab and Humanities Faculty of UIN Alauddin Makassar who have cumlaude (3.76-4.00) GPA is socioaffective learning strategies, the second is cognitive learning strategies, and the last is metacognitive learning strategies. So, the writer concludes that learning strategies that dominantly used by students of English and Literature Department of Adab and Humanities Faculty of UIN Alauddin Makassar who have cumlaude (3.76-4.00) GPA is socioaffective learning strategies.
ENTREPRENEURIAL SPIRIT IN F. SCOTT FITZGERALD’S THE GREAT GATSBY Nasrum, Nasrum
Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24552/.v1i02.3362

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis paper analyzes American dream in the twenties with happiness as its last goal. American dream motivated people to come to America for prosperous and better life. It became promise land that could change everything better including from rags to riches. F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby is one of the novels that involved entrepreneurship which is one of the American Dream path ways in gaining success and happiness. It also contents F. Scott Fitzgerald’s critical view on the impressive prosperity and the growth of business owners in America in the era of industrialization in the twenties and the seriously occurred of corruption, crime, cheating, stealing and violence as their ways in running their businesses that decline the moral and spiritual of the dreamers. This paper depicts the phenomenon in America in the twenties that had more business owners who run their businesses with various purposes including gaining love, wealth, success and fame.  INTISARITulisan ini menganalisis Impian Amerika di tahun sembilan belas dua puluhan dengan kebahagiaan sebagai tujuan terakhir. Falsafah Impian Amerika mendorong orang datang ke Amerika untuk hidup makmur dan lebih baik. Amerika adalah tanah  menjanjikan yang bisa mengubah segalanya menjadi lebih baik termasuk dari miskin papah menjadi kaya raya. F. Scott Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby adalah salah satu novel yang melibatkan kewirausahaan yang merupakan salah satu jalan untuk mewujudkan American Dream (Impian Amerika) dalam memperoleh kesuksesan dan kebahagiaan. Tulisan ini juga berisi tentang pandangan kritis F. Scott Fitzgerald pada kemakmuran yang  luar biasa dan bertambahnya pemilik bisnis di Amerika di masa industrialisasi pada tahun dua puluhan dan  terjadinya  korupsi, kejahatan, kecurangan, pencurian dan kekerasan yang cukup serius sebagai cara mereka dalam menjalankan bisnis yang mengakibatkan turunnya kualitas moral dan spiritual para penduduk setempat. Tulisan ini menggambarkan fenomena masyarakat di Amerika di tahun sembilan belas duapuluhan dimana jumlah pemilik  bisnis bertambah dan memiliki tujuan berbeda-beda pula termasuk menjadikannya sebagai alat untuk merebut kembali cinta yang hilang, menjadi kaya raya, sukses dan tenar.  
AMERICAN AND INDONESIAN VALUES OF WOMAN IDENTITY AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON WOMANS PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS AS REFLECTED IN ELIZABETH GILBERTS EAT PRAY LOVE (2006) AND NH. DINI PADA SEBUAH KAPAL (1973) A COMPARATIVE STUDY Ardian, Edi
Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24552/.v1i02.3358

Abstract

AbstractThe differences in cultural backgrounds influence the content of literary works, despite the same theme addressed. The purpose of the research is to compare and contrast an American novel Eat Pray Love (EPL) and Indonesian Pada Sebuah Kapal (PSK) for differences and similarities in the sense of how different cultures influence the heroine in each novel in her pursuit of happiness.  For that purpose, a thematic, descriptive, and comparative analysis is conducted to answer two research problems: 1) what constraint each heroine has to face in her attempts to achieve happiness; and 2) how the novel reflects the different ways in which American and Indonesian values concerning women influence the heroine of each novel. The analysis finds out that the heroine in each novel faces the same marital problem. Both are unhappy in their marriages, but they deal with their problem in different ways. In EPL, the heroine attempts individual redefinition of the self by undergoing material and spiritual search and fulfillment, and finally managed to achieve her true happiness. American individualism allows this. In PSK, the heroine undergoes an internal conflict, attempts for her happiness by committing extramarital relationship but fails to redefine herself and returns to her abusive husband and unhappy marriage. Traditional Javanese norms she strongly believes in do not allow her to strive for her happiness in an ‘unlawful’ way. Different cultures and different eras have their own articulation in literary work. American individualism gives greater priority to individuals, whereas Indonesian communality puts individual after social’s interests.IntisariLatar belakang budaya yang berbeda mempengaruhi dalam perkembangan karya sastra walaupun temanya sama. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk membandingkan novel Amerika Eat Pray Love (EPL) dan novel Indonesia Pada Sebuah Kapal (PSK) untuk mencari persamaan dan perbedaan di antara keduanya dengan melihat bagaimana perbedaan budaya tersebut mempengaruhi kedua tokoh wanita di dalam masing-masing novel dalam upaya mereka mencapai kebahagiaan sejati. Analisis tematik dan deskriptif dalam kerangka studi perbandingan sastra digunakan untuk menjawab pertanyaan sebagai berikut: 1) hambatan apa yang dihadapi oleh kedua tokoh wanita tersebut untuk mencapai kebahagiaan; 2) bagaimana kedua novel tersebut menggambarkan perbedaan antara nilai-nilai budaya dan masyarakat Amerika dan Indonesia dalam kaitannya dengan perempuan mempengaruhi perilaku tokoh utama wanita di masing-masing novel tersebut dalam upaya mereka mencari kebahagiaan sejati.  Penelitian menemukan bahwa tokoh wanita pada masing-masing novel menghadapi masalah yang sama dalam perkawinan mereka masing-masing. Kedua tokoh wanita ini tidak bahagia dalam perkawinannya. Pada EPL, tokoh wanita ini berusaha mendefinisikan kembali dirinya melalui sebuah proses pencarian jati diri secara material dan spiritual dan hingga akhirnya kebahagiaan sejati. Individualisme dalam masyarakat Amerika memungkinkan hal ini. Pada PSK, tokoh wanita ini menghadapi konflik bathin, berusaha mencapai kebahagiaan dengan melakukan hubungan di luar nikah tetapi gagal mendefinisikan kembali jati dirinya dan kembali kepada suaminya dan penikahannya tidak bahagia. Norma tradisional budaya Jawa yang dipegangnya dengan teguh tidak membenarkannya mencapai kebahagiaan dengan cara yang ’tidak benar’. Individualism Amerika memberikan prioritas terbesar untuk setiap individu, komunalitas masyarakat dan budaya Indonesia menempatkan kepentingan individual setelah kepentingan sosial.
THE ANALYSIS OF EMOTIVE FUNCTION IN KELLEY ARMSTRONG’S “THE RECKONING” Bahar, St. Salmah; Asnur, Sardian Maharani
Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24552/.v1i02.3364

Abstract

ABSTRACT              This thesis studied about the analysis of emotive function in Kelley Armstrong’s novel “The Reckoning”. The thesis aims to find out and to explain the emotive function performed by the main character in the novel. The writer used descriptive qualitative method to describe and explain  the emotive function in the novel. The instrument which is used by the writer was note-taking. Along this instrument, the writer read the novel, then taking seven colors of cards to write the emotive function on the novel, after that the expression is written down and classified the emotive function from the novel. In spite of,  the writer analyzed the data by using Roman Jakobson’s theory. Through this analysis, the writer found seven kinds of emotive function; those were displeasure that have 5 expressions or 4,351%, displeasure that have 3 expressions or 2,366 %, like that have 2 expressions or 1,386%, dislike that have 7 expressions or 6,346%, worry that have 8 expressions or 7,344%, desire that have 3 expressions or 2,366%, and gratitude that have 3 expressions or 2,366%. The emotive function mostly used in the conversations on the novel was the expressions of worry. Furthermore, one expression thatis  used by the main character may have more than one function of emotive based on the context.
SOCIOLOGY AND ITS CONTRIBUTION TO THE RISE OF THE NOVEL Dahlan, Dahlan
Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24552/.v1i02.3359

Abstract

AbstractThis paper elaborates  people and and their school who greatly contribute to the development  of literary works, particularly novel. Their contributions inspire authors, critics at the development of ideas of literature, some of them such as: Framkfurt school, Avant Garde, and Genetic structuralism and some schools of critique like Neo Marxian ideology Critique and  Bordieu. This paper also shows how sociology ideas are successfully applied to the literary works.

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