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CODE-SWITCHING AMONG STUDENTS OF DHAKA UNIVERSITY, BANGLADESH: A STUDY ON RESIDENTIAL STUDENTS

Islam, Md. Sadequle

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This paper focuses on an analysis of Bangla, English and Hindi code switching among the students of Dhaka University, Bangladesh. Based on the empirical data from questionnaire filled up by the students of two male and two female residential halls of Dhaka University, this paper aims to analyze the frequency and prototypes of code switching. It also presents a brief overview on exploring the factors that influence or encourage code switching and also the attitudes of the students towards the contemporary trend of code switching and its impact on their mother tongue Bangla. After collecting the data, they are transcribed, tabulated and analyzed by following quantitative method in terms of the research objectives. Overall findings indicate that in spite of having a negative attitude towards code switching, students prefer to switch Bangla-English and Bangla-Hindi codes with the friends in the informal discussions and while using social media.

IMPROVING STUDENTS’ VOCABULARY LEARNING THROUGH EXTENSIVE READING (A STUDY OF STUDENTS IN MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF MAKASSAR)

ariana, ariana

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This research aims at finding out whether or not using of extensive reading was effective to develop the English vocabulary of the fifth semester students of Muhammadiyah University of Makassar. It was quasi experimental research design. This research took place at Muhammadiyah University of Makassar in academic year 20105/2016. The population of the research was 313 students. The sample of this research consisted of 52 students, 28 students as the control group and 24 students as the experimental group, which was chosen by using cluster random sampling technique. The instrument of collecting data was vocabulary test. The data were obtained through pretest and posttest for both groups and the result of the test was analyzed by using SPSS 17.0 version. The result of the data analysis showed that the application of extensive reading was effective to develop the English vocabulary of the fifth semester students of Muhammadiyah University of Makassar proved by the mean score of control group in pretest was 29.31 and the mean score of experimental group was 41.64. While the mean score of control group in posttest was 47.07 which was taught intensive reading and the mean score of experimental group was 59.86, which was taught extensive reading. It means that the improvement of vocabulary achievement in control group from pretest to posttest was 17.76 and in experimental group were 18.22. It means that Incidental vocabulary occurred both of Intensive Reading and Extensive Reading, but the improvement of incidental vocabulary learning in extensive reading was greater than that of  intensive reading (18.22>17.76).

TEACHERS’ ROLE TOWARDS STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN ENGLISH DEBATE COMPETITION

Djamereng, Jumharia

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

 The research is qualitative research that intends to describe the factors that influence the students’ achievement in debate competition English Got Talent. Therefore, it was formulated the problem statement as follows:   1) Which factors that influence the students’ achievement in debate competition?  2) How are the competences of English teachers of SMUN 1 and SMUN 3 in teaching and guiding English subject in both schools? To fulfill data collection, primary data were taken from 5 teachers from every schools so the total number were 10 teachers. While the secondary data also were 10 students who were taken from 5 students from every school. The technique in collecting data  were interview and observation. The result of  the research shows that factors that may cause the students of SMUN 3 and SMUN 1  get achievement in debate competition, such as;  the competencies  owned by teachers from both schools who some of them have S1 degree in English Education and some others are Magister in English Education. Besides, they actively develop their skills in teaching methods by joining seminars and workshops. Therefore they were more creative in presenting the materials by using various teaching strategies that may help and support the students in English learning process. They also give attention to the teaching material which not too emphasize on using English book provided by the school.  In opposites, they were selective in using the teaching material, some of them develop the material by their own selves which taken from commercial books and internet. Over all, other factor that may also contribute to their achievement are the existences of teacher that becomes supervisor who responsible to prepare the students to join the competition. They have been being consulted and guided since the X years and it is usually given for 3 months before the competition held. Therefore it makes them are very well prepared to join the competition.  

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON VOCABULARY MASTERY BETWEEN FEMALE AND MALE STUDENTS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL

Jumiaty, Andi Asri

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This study was conducted to examine the comparative achievement on English vocabulary mastery between female and male students.The population of this research was all of the second year students of Junior High School which consisted of 300 students and the total sample was 30 students which consisted of 15 female students and 15 male students. The data were collected by using multiple choice tests through analysis descriptive method. The result of the analysis showed that female students and male students have the same vocabulary achievement on vocabulary mastery.

SPEECH AND THOUGHT PRESENTATION IN JHUMPA LAHIRIS INTERPRETER OF MALADIES

Istianah, Arina

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This research focuses on analyzing speech and thought presentation in the story by means of stylistic approach proposed by Leech and Short (2007). There are two main objectives in this research: (1) to find out speech and thought presentation techniques used in the story and (2) to figure out how those techniques reveal the characterization of the story. Three types of speech presentation were found in the analysis: Free Direct Speech (FDS) in 56%, Direct Speech (DS) in 41%, and Indirect Speech (IS) in 3%. Indirect Thought (IT) is the only thought presentation found in the data, presented in 15 utterances. Those presentation techniques reveal that Lahiri lets the readers involved in the story. FDS shows that the absence of the narrator in the dialogues is influenced by clarity of the context. By employing IT in the whole thought presentation, Lahiri involves herself in the character’s consciousness. Keywords: speech, thought, presentation, stylistics

INFLECTIONAL WORDS AND THEIR PROCESSES IN ENGLISH CHILDREN STORIES

Suherman, Rudi, Indrayani, Lia Maulia, Krisnawati, Ekaning

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

A Story is an effective media in nurturing language development particularly for children. A children story should be appropriated with its readers. One of its appropriateness indicator can be investigated by seeing its morphological aspect like inflectional words in it. This study is aimed at investigating the inflectional words and their types in English children story which may indicate its level of difficulty and its function. The descriptive qualitative study is employed embracing the characteristics of document analysis. The data taken from three different children stories which then are analyzed utilizing the inflectional theory proposed by Booij (2008). It is found that the verb inflection and adjective inflection, respectively, become predominant inflection that can be found on every story. It may indicate that children stories emphasize on process of doing and process of describing thing The finding is also drawn a conclusion that the length of the story is in line with the number of inflectional words.Keywords: Inflectional words, Children story, Morphology.                                                             Abstrak Dongeng merupakan media yang efektif dalam meningkatkan perkembangan bahasa terkhusus pada anak- anak. Sebuah dongeng anak mestilah disesuaikan dengan para pembacanya. Salah satu indikator kebersesuaian ini bisa ditelaah dari aspek – aspek morfologisnya, semisal dari keberadaan kata – kata infleksi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menelaah kata – kata infleksi serta jenis - jenisnya di dalam dongeng bahasa inggris anak – anak yang kemudian bisa dijadikan sebagai indikator tingkat kesulitan sebuah cerita serta mengetahui fungsi kata- kata infleksi tersebut dalam dongeng.  Penelitian ini menerapkan metode kualitatif deskriptif dengan analisis dokumen sebagai pendekatannya. Data diambi dari beberapa dongen berbahasa Inggris yang kemudian dianalisis dengan menerapkan teori infleksi dari Booij (2008).Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa infleksi verba serta infleksi adjektiva,secara,berurutan, merupakan jenis infleksi yang paling banyak ditemukan. Hal ini menunjukan bahwa cerita anak lebih menitikberatkan pada penggambaran  serta prilaku dari sang tokoh yang ada dalam cerita.. Selain itu, panjang pendeknya cerita berbanding lurus dengaan jumlah kata- kata infleksinya.Kata Kunci: kata-kata Infleksional, Dongeng anak-anak, Morfologi. 

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE USED IN ONE DIRECTION’S ALBUM ENTITLED UP ALL NIGHT

Fitria, Tira Nur

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

AbstractThe aims of this study are to know the types of figurative languages and to know the most dominant figurative language used in lyrics One Direction’s album song entitled Up All Night. The research is qualitative descriptive to describe the analysis factually, accurately and systematically. The data in this research include the phrases or the sentences which found in lyric album song entitled “Up All Night” by One Direction. The data source of this study is album song entitled “Up All Night” by One Direction. Based on research finding, it can be found that there are some figurative languages in One Direction’s album “Up All Night”. There were 13 songs in this album, they are: 1) Everything About You, 2) Gotta Be You, 3) I Want, 4) I Wish, 5) More Than This, 6) One Thing, 7) Same Mistakes, 8) Save You Tonight, 9) Stole My Heart, 10) Taken, 11) Tell Me a Lie, 12) Up All Night and 13) What Makes You Beautiful. Based on the result of this research, it is found six types of figurative language in One Direction’s album entitled “Up All Night”, that are repetition, parallelism, personification, metaphor, simile and hyperbole. While, the most dominant type of figurative language used is repetition, there are 50 lyrics that contain repetition both anaphora and epiphora.Key Words: figurative language, song, album.

AN EVALUATION OF TOEFL MATRICULATION PROGRAM FOR STAIN STUDENTS

Noviyenty, Leffi

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This is an expose facto reserach which analysed and evaluated a program done in 2016 at Language Center in State College of islamic Studies (STAIN) Curup.  The purposes of this study iwas to evaluate the improvement of students score on TOEFL particularly those who followed TOEFL Matriculation Program at Language Center.  The improvement were investigated from three aspects of TOEFL, listening comprehension, structure and written expression and reading comprehension.  This research also searched the strategies used by lecturers in teaching TOEFL during the program, and the students motivation in following the program.  Document analysis in the form of students score for pre and post program, checklist, interview guidance and questionnaire were the instruments of this study.  The data was analyzed by mix method.  There were 2 English lecturers and 30 students who represented all study program in STAIN Curup.  The findings showed that there was a significant improvement of students TOEFL score after they followed the TOEFL matriculation program at Language Center.  The score of each aspect of TOEFL also increased significantly.  The lecturers also used suitable strategies in teaching TOEFL based on the need of students.  Furthermore, the students motivation in following the TOEFL matriculation Program was also high.  It is suggested that this program should be continued by involving more students and improving the quality of program in the future.

THE RELATION BETWEEN HUMAN, UNIVERSE AND GOD IN AHMAD FUADI’S NOVEL ANAK RANTAU

Nahdhiyah, Nahdhiyah

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

Abstract            The nature of literature is beautiful and meaningful or in the other word is beautiful and teaching something. Studying literature is not only elaborating the beautiful string of word, sentence as the structure building of literary work. As the nature of literature, then, studying literature must touch into the revelation meaning beyond the text, revealing values, moral messages in literary work so the function of literature which is not mere giving pleasure  and entertaining. This study reveals relation between human, universe, and God portrayed in novel “Anak Rantau” by Ahmad Fuadi. This study analyzes texts using hermeneutic method. The relation between human, universe, and God means is how human supposed to behave toward universe which suits to the purpose of the human creation as “khalifah”  in the earth. The portrait of relation between human, universe,and God seems in some story extracts. The effort to return the seaside condition and environment in large which polluted by poison and fish bones in “gotongroyong” to clean seaside for returning the seaside function as giving benefit to human. In addition, the relation between human, universe, and God seems when universe becomes a teacher for human which alwaays obeys to the God decision. Keywords: the nature of literature, khalifah, human, universe, God Abstrak            Hakikat sastra adalah indah dan bermakna atau dengan kata lain indah dan mengajarkan sesuatu. Mengkaji sastra tidak cukup hanya mengurai keindahan rangkaian kata, kalimat sebagai unsur pembangun sebuah karya sastra. Sesuai dengan hakikatnya, maka Mengkaji sastra haruslah sampai pada mengungkap makna di balik teks, mengungkap nilai-nilai, pesan-pesan moral yang terkandung dalam sebuah karya sastra sehingga fungsi sastra yang tidak hanya sekedar memberi kesenangan dan menghibur semata bisa terungkap. Kajian ini mengungkap hubungan antara manusia, alam, dan Tuhan yang tergambar pada novel Anak Rantau karya Ahmad Fuadi.  Kajian ini menganalisis teks dari penggalan konflik dengan metode hermenutika. Hubungan antara manusia, alam dan Tuhan yang dimaksudkan adalah bagaimana seharusnya manusia berperilaku terhadap alam sesuai dengan tujuan penciptaannya sebagai khalifah di bumi. Potret hubungan antara manusia, alam dan Tuhan nampak pada beberapa penggalan cerita. Adanya upaya mengembalikan kondisi pantai dan lingkungan secara luas yang tercemar oleh racun dan bangkai-bangkai ikan dengan cara bergotongroyong menbersihkan pantai untuk mengembalikan fungsi pantai yakni memberi manfaat kepada manusia. Selain itu hubungan manusia, alam, dan Tuhan juga nampak ketika alam dijadikan guru oleh manusia yang selalu patuh pada hukum-hukum  Tuhan. Kata kunci: Hakikat sastra, khalifah, manusia, Alam, Tuhan 

STIMULATING YOU TO SPEAK; A STRIP STORY AS A TECHNIQUE IN TEACHING SPEAKING

Rifa’at, Abdul Aziz

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

A strip story is one of the techniques that could stimulate the students to speak during the learning process especially in speaking class. The aim of this study was to find out the significance difference of students’ speaking achievement after they were taught by using strip story technique. The pre experimental study was the method of the study. The one group pretest-posttest design approach was used in this study. The study was conducted to sixth semester S1 Nursing students at STIK Siti Khadijah Palembang. The population of the study was all fourth semester S1 Nursing students at STIK Siti Khadijah Palembang in 2018. The total number of the population was 69 students. The sample of the study was 22 fourth semester S1 Nursing students at STIK Siti Khadijah Palembang in 2018. Systematic sampling was used to collect the sample. The test was administered twice as pre-test and post-test. The results of the tests were analyzed by using t-test through SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) program. The result of the study showed that there was a significant difference in speaking achievement before and after applying strip story technique based on paired sample t-test. Keywords: speaking, strip story Abstrak Strip story adalah sebuah teknik yang dapat merangsang pelajar untuk berbicara selama proses pembelajaran khususnya dalam kelas Speaking. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mencari perbedaan yang signifikan dalam pencapaian kemampuan berbiacra setelah mereka diajarkan menggunakan teknik strip story. Pre-eksperimental adalah metode dalam penelitian ini. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah one-group pre-test post-test. Penelitian ini dilakukan terhadap mahasiswa semester 6 program studi S1 Keperawatan diSTIK Siti Khadijah Palembang pada tahun 2018. Jumlah populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah 69 mahasiswa. Sampel dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 22 mahasiswa semester empat program studi S1 Keperawatan STIK Siti Khadijah Palembang tahun 2018. Teknik pengambilan sampel meggunakan teknik sistematik. Tes diberikan dua kali berupa pre-test dan post-test. hasil penelitian dianalisa menggunakan t-test dengan program SPSS. Hasil dari tes menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan dalam pencapaian kemampuan berbicara sebelum dan sesudah diterapkan strip story berdasarkan paired sample t-test.    Kata Kunci: percakapan, cerita acak