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English and Literature Journal
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87
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THE CHILD EXPLOITATION IN LEWIS CAROLL’S ALICE’S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND (VIEWED FROM MARXIST THEORY)

Kakanegi, Nureni, Alhadar, Fachmi, Nurfani, Nurfani

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This research discusses the exploitation of children in the novel Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll viewed from Marxist Theory. The research focused on the kinds of exploitation to the child labor and the after effects that happen in Industrial revolution. The method of this research is Descriptive Qualitative  to describe problems in the forms of narration and analysis. This research used Marxist Theory to help   understand the allusions, or satires in the primary data, then to match with the real condition in nineteenth century from the library research and internet search about the important events that related to Karl Marx’s theory about the social stratifications that  into the Bourgeois and Proletariat in the society then caused an exploitation towards child labor. The research finds that children in Domestic and Industrial sectors of Industrial Revolution are exploited by the dangerous working tasks, bad treatments, and worst conditions of work place. These aspects effects less education and health issues for the children.Keywords: Exploitation, Child Labor, Bourgeois, Proletariat, Industrial Revolution Abstrak          Penelitian ini membahas tentang eksploitasi anak di dalam novel Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland oleh Lewis Carroll yang dilihat dari Teori Marxis. Penelitian terfokus pada jenis-jenis eksploitasi terhadap pekerja anak dan efek yang terjadi pada Revolusi Industri. Penelitian ini menggunakan Metode Deskriptif Kualitatif untuk mendeskripsikan masalah-masalah dalam bentuk narasi dan analisis. Penelitian ini menggunakan teori Marxis untuk membantu memahami beberapa sindiran di dalam data primer, kemudian disesuaikan dengan situasi yang nyata di abad ke-19 berdasarkan pencarian pustaka dan internet tentang peristiwa-peristiwa penting yang berhubungan terhadap teori Karl Marx tentang stratifikasi sosial yang memisahkan antara kaum Borjuis dengan kaum Buruh pada masyarakat yang kemudian menyebabkan eksploitasi terhadap pekerja, terutama yang masih anak-anak. Dari penelitian ini didapatkan bahwa pekerja anak-anak di masa Revolusi Industri bekerja di dalam sektor Domestik dan sektor Industri telah terekploitasi dengan pengerjaan tugas yang berbahaya, perlakuan-perlakuan buruk, dan kondisi tempat kerja yang tidak baik. Aspek-aspek ini lalu memberikan efek atau akibat yang dibagi ke dalam jangka pendek, yakni kurangnya pendidikan, dan jangka panjang, yang terdapat masalah-masalah kesehatan terhadap pekerja anak.

LANGUAGE STYLE USED IN J.K. ROWLING’S HARRY POTTER AND THE CURSED CHILD

Jamal, Resa Ferara, Nasrum, Nasrum

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This research discusses about Language Style Used in J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter And The Cursed Child. The aim of this research is to find out the kind of language styles used by Albus and the social factors that influence his utterances in this novel. The researchers applied sociolinguistics approach and Martin Joos’ theory in providing the data. This research used note taking as the instrument. The findings show that Albus used 5 language styles such as: frozen style, formal style, consultative style, casual style and intimate style. The findings also reveal social factors influence the using of language style. 

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COGNITIVE STRATEGY INSTRUCTION IN WRITING (CSIW) TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ WRITING SKILL

Ramli, Indah Viqrianti, Ardiana, Ardiana

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

The skills of writing in English are believed to be essential for EFL students. However, the process of learning process is often considered very difficult by many students. One of the reasons is that the students are required to master a lot of conventions in writing, particularly on how they should develop ideas and organize them into a well-written paragraph. As a result, their scores in writing were low. The objective of this research is to investigate the effectiveness of Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Writing (CSIW) strategy to improve the students’ writing skill. A pre-experimental design was employed with one class of the tenth grade students at SMAN 6 Pinrang as sample. Cluster random sampling was applied to select the sample of one group pre-test and post-test design. The number of sample selected was 35 students. The data were obtained through writing test as were analyzed using statistical formula. The findings showed that the students’ mean score in the pre-test was 4.12 and it was improved to be 6.61 in the post-test. Therefore, the statistical computation described that Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Writing (CSIW) strategy was effective to improve the students’ writing skill in recount text. It was supported by the value of t-test that was bigger than the value of t-table (13.10> 2.032). Therefore, the alternative hypothesis (H1) was accepted while the null hypothesis (H0) was rejected.AbstrakKeterampilan menulis dalam Bahasa Inggris diyakini penting bagi siswa EFL. Namun, proses pembelajaran menulis seringkali dianggap sangat sulit oleh banyak siswa. Para siswa memiliki ilmu yang masih sangat minim tentang bagaimana mengembangkan ide-ide dan mengaturnya menjadi paragraf yang ditulis dengan baik. Akibatnya, nilai mereka dalam menulis rendah. Mereka membutuhkan sebuah strategi untuk meningkatkan kemampuan menulis mereka. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui efektivitas Instruksi Strategi Kognitif dalam Menulis (CSIW) untuk meningkatkan keterampilan menulis siswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain pra-eksperimental dengan mengambil sampel siswa kelas sepuluh di SMAN 6 Pinrang. Kluster random sampling diterapkan untuk memilih sampel tersebut dengan jumlah sampel sebesar 35 siswa. Data diperoleh melalui tes tertulis dan dianalisis menggunakan rumus statistik. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa nilai rata-rata siswa dalam pre-test adalah 4,12. Nilai tersebut meningkat menjadi 6,61 pada post-test. Oleh karena itu, hasil perhitungan statistik menggambarkan bahwa Instruksi Strategi Kognitif dalam Menulis (CSIW) efektif untuk meningkatkan keterampilan menulis siswa khususnya dalam menulis teks recount. Hal ini didukung oleh nilai t-test yang lebih besar dari nilai t-tabel (13.10> 2.032). Oleh karena itu, dapat disimpulkan bahwa hipotesis alternatif (H1) diterima, sementara hipotesis nol (H0) ditolak.Kata Kunci: Instruksi Strategi Kognitif dalam Menulis (CSIW), Keterampilan Menulis, Pembelajaran Menulis

TEACHING ENGLISH THROUGH POEM

Rahman, Faisal

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This is a conceptional article which the writer proposes a concept of teaching English trhough Poem. The integrated of literature in language teaching is very important. The most widely used language in the world is English, there are many people need to learn English for communication. There are several ways of teaching English, one of them is through literature that is a part of a language, the use of literature in English language teaching can be as authentic material. There are many literary works that can be used for teaching English, one of them is the poem.Hypothetically, the use of poem in English language teaching can help the teacher improve the students’ English language skills and knowledge about the culture of the nation of English. In a class, a teacher should be creative and give the opportunity for students to use English actively and understanding the poem content.

FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE TOEFL GRADUATION LEVEL IN INTENSIVE TOEFL TRAINING PROGRAM FOR ENGLISH STUDY PROGRAM STUDENTS AT STAIN BENGKALIS

Ayub, Salwa binti, Satria, Rini Fitria

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

 This study provides an overview of the factors that influence the level of TOEFL graduation of English Study Program students in the Intensive TOEFL Training Program.  The purpose of this study is to conduct an empirical investigation whether the factors variable affect the variable of TOEFL graduation level. The total populations in this study were 113 respondents. The data were collected through questionnaires. Data analysis was done by multiple regressions using SPSS version 22. The result showed that the factors simultaneously affect the level of TOEFL graduation. 

SOCIAL MEDIA AS STRATEGY TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ PARTICIPATION AND MOTIVATION IN ENGLISH SUBJECT

Endahati, Nafisah, Widagsa, Rudha

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

 The objective of this study is to test the learning model of blended learning by using social media as the learning tool to improve students’ participation and motivation in English subject. The study helps to solve problem of learning time restrictiveness by wielding students’ familiarity with internet technology used outside the classroom. The study implemented quasi-experiment to collect the data by using test and questionnaire. The respondents were students Elementary School Teacher Study Program of University of PGRI Yogyakarta. There were 70 students who were divided into two classes. A class was conducted as control group, while the other one was the experimental group. In the control group, English subject was taught by implementing conventional class model. The students in the experimental group were taught by blended learning which were the combination of classical and online models through social media. Social media used in this study were ones which supported learning process as sharing audio, video, as well as other online media. The writer chose Facebook as the media learning because all respondents used such kind of social media. The integration of social media as the effort to improve students’ participation and motivation remain successful. The general discussion is on the implementation of e-learning platform in learning process. According to survey, students were interested more in using social media compared with e-learning platform. The result of the study proved that English learning process by using blended learning method with social media helped students’ participation and motivation. The posttest result of the experiment class was better than the control class.   

CODE-SWITCHING AMONG STUDENTS OF DHAKA UNIVERSITY, BANGLADESH: A STUDY ON RESIDENTIAL STUDENTS

Islam, Md. Sadequle

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This paper focuses on an analysis of Bangla, English and Hindi code switching among the students of Dhaka University, Bangladesh. Based on the empirical data from questionnaire filled up by the students of two male and two female residential halls of Dhaka University, this paper aims to analyze the frequency and prototypes of code switching. It also presents a brief overview on exploring the factors that influence or encourage code switching and also the attitudes of the students towards the contemporary trend of code switching and its impact on their mother tongue Bangla. After collecting the data, they are transcribed, tabulated and analyzed by following quantitative method in terms of the research objectives. Overall findings indicate that in spite of having a negative attitude towards code switching, students prefer to switch Bangla-English and Bangla-Hindi codes with the friends in the informal discussions and while using social media.

SLANG LANGUAGES USED IN A MOVIE ENTITLED BABY DRIVER (A Sociolinguistics Approach)

Aulia, Risa, Djatmika, Djatmika

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This article discusses about slang languages used by the characters in Baby Driver movie. Data in the form of conversations which contain slang languages were collected from Baby Driver movie script. The collected data then were analyzed by applying Sociolinguistics approach to see the types, forms, and the functions of slang used in Baby Driver. The findings show that there are three types of slang used in Baby Driver movie including society, criminal, and police slang. Second, there are two forms of slang used by the characters, words, and phrases. Meanwhile, there are ten functions of slang. They are to address, to form intimate atmosphere, to express impression, to show intimacy, to reveal anger, annoyance, or disappointment, to threaten or to mock, to express a blaming or accusing, to show high spirit, to persuade someone in conversation, and to be secret or as an identification marker.

TRANSLATION TECHNIQUE OF ENGLISH ABSTRACT TRANSLATION IN JOURNAL EDUNOMIKA IN 2018

Fitria, Tira Nur

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

 The objectives of the study are to identify the types of translation techniques and to find out the most dominant type of the translation techniques used in the translation of journal abstracts Edunomika STIE AAS Surakarta in Vol 2, No 01 (2018). The study used a descriptive qualitative design. Descriptive qualitative is a method of research that makes the description of the situation or events or occurrences clearer. It provides the description of situation or events or occurrences, so this method is an intention to accumulate the basic data. The data were taken from sixteen translation of journal abstracts Edunomika STIE AAS Surakarta in Vol 2, No 01 (2018). The finding shows that there were five translation techniques used in journal abstracts, they are Transposition/Shift (126 data or 75,90%), Reduction/Omission (21 data or 12,65%), Amplification/Addition (8 or 4,82%), Established Equivalence (6 or 3,61%) and Borrowing (5 data or 3,01%). The most dominant type of translation technique is Transposition/Shift. This technique replaces the grammatical categories of the source language (SL) into the target language (TL). This technique is usually used because of a different grammar between SL and TL. Transposition is the process where parts of the speech change their sequence when they are translated.    

IMPROVING STUDENTS’ VOCABULARY LEARNING THROUGH EXTENSIVE READING (A STUDY OF STUDENTS IN MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF MAKASSAR)

ariana, ariana

Elite English and Literature Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

This research aims at finding out whether or not using of extensive reading was effective to develop the English vocabulary of the fifth semester students of Muhammadiyah University of Makassar. It was quasi experimental research design. This research took place at Muhammadiyah University of Makassar in academic year 20105/2016. The population of the research was 313 students. The sample of this research consisted of 52 students, 28 students as the control group and 24 students as the experimental group, which was chosen by using cluster random sampling technique. The instrument of collecting data was vocabulary test. The data were obtained through pretest and posttest for both groups and the result of the test was analyzed by using SPSS 17.0 version. The result of the data analysis showed that the application of extensive reading was effective to develop the English vocabulary of the fifth semester students of Muhammadiyah University of Makassar proved by the mean score of control group in pretest was 29.31 and the mean score of experimental group was 41.64. While the mean score of control group in posttest was 47.07 which was taught intensive reading and the mean score of experimental group was 59.86, which was taught extensive reading. It means that the improvement of vocabulary achievement in control group from pretest to posttest was 17.76 and in experimental group were 18.22. It means that Incidental vocabulary occurred both of Intensive Reading and Extensive Reading, but the improvement of incidental vocabulary learning in extensive reading was greater than that of  intensive reading (18.22>17.76).