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Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan
Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan is a double blind-peer-reviewed journal managed by Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar (PGSD), Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (FKIP) Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana (UKSW) Salatiga cooperates with the Himpunan Dosen Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar Indonesia presenting diverse themes, yet still within major themes in education. Particularly about the study of theoretical education and results of classroom action research, experimental research and development research in the development of education including sustainable professionalism. Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan is published three times a year in January, May and September.
Articles
234
Articles
Pengembangan Media Audio Visual dan Alat Peraga dalam Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep dan Pemecahan Masalah

Nomleni, Fransina Thresiana, Manu, Theodora Sarlotha Nirmala

Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Vol 8 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

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Abstract

The purpose of the research is to produce teaching material of props from scrap materials for system human feasible and practical to be used as a medium of learning in enhancing students understanding of the concept. The type of research was research and development. ADDIE model used in this reseach contained: 1) Analysis 2) Design 3) Development 4) Implementation and 5) Evaluation. Questionnaire and tests were used as the instruments in data collection. The data analysis in questionnaire forms were statistically using percentage and t test. Pre-test and Post test designed into two groups. Based on the evaluation from the content experts, the value of the material was 82%, 92.85% for instructional media, while instructional design was 87.5%. For the small group the media, it reached up to 84.25%, the field pre-experimment group was 87.89%, while the use of user guide was 87.5%, 85% of instructional media experts, instructional design experts 79.17 %%, the small group bievaluation 84.25%, compared to the experiment group in big number was 86.44%. the result for evaluation of the props materials used were catagorized as excellent. It means t-test for the use of teaching material was equal to 3,586 with sig. of α = 0.005, t = 2.704. The value of t arithmetic less than t table (3.586> 2.704). It was said that the props of scrap materials improved students understanding of the concept. The indicator for the concepts include memorizing, understanding, and applied to show that there was increasing in the value of the pre-test and post-test the student.

Pendekatan Matematika Realistik dengan Bantuan Puzzle Pecahan untuk Siswa Sekolah Dasar

Firdaus, Achmad

Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Vol 8 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

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Abstract

There are still many students who have difficulties in learning fractions, because instructional is often delivered with abstract which is dominated by formal methods. Therefore, a new approach is needed, accompanied by adequate learning media to overcome the problems mentioned above. A realistic mathematical approach with the help of fractional puzzles was designed to help students to explain the abstract situations of a problem into a realistic form then developed to direct students to mathematically search solutions. The place of this study was in SD al Muslim Tambun with the research subjects of the fourth grade students of Ibnu Rusyd 2015/2016 Academic Year as many as 28 students. This is a Class Action Research with 2 trial cycles. The data was analyzed by comparing conventional techniques without learning media with realistic mathematical approaches with the help of fractional puzzles. The results shows that in the first cycle experiment there was an increase in the average value of learning outcomes of 15.64% with an average grade of 75.4. Then in the second cycle experiment there was an increase in the average value of student learning outcomes by 23.31% with an average grade value of 80.4. It can be concluded that the realistic mathematical approach with the help of fractional puzzles can increase the value of student learning outcomes in fraction addition material with the same denominator in elementary school.

Sinergi Project Based Learning dan Pembelajaran Bermakna untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Matematika

Setyowati, Nuning, Mawardi, Mawardi

Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Vol 8 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

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Abstract

Mathematics was a lesson that must be published in all levels of education. So, the competence of mathematics should be understood by students. However, there were some problems on student’s mathematics learning outcomes at the first semester in 4th grade of SDN Gendongan 02. There were 39 students, but only 46% (18 students) got score above minimum completeness criteria (KKM). While 54% (21 students) got score under the KKM. The aims of this reseacrh was to increased the mathematics learning outcomes through the synergy of project based learning and meaningful learning. The type of this research was action research by using stringer model. This research held in two cycles with three stages. The stages consist of look, think, and act. The data collection used some instruments such as test, observation sheets, and field notes. The technique of data analysis used comparative descriptive technique. The subjects of the research were students in 4th grade of SDN Gendongan 02. The result of completeness mathematics learning outcome in the first cycle was 72,5% and in the second cycle was 80%. Student’s mathematics learning outcomes in the second cycle were better than the mathematics learning outcomes in the first cycle. Based on the result, the synergy of project based learning and meaningful learning can increase mathematics learning outcomes. Therefore, the synergy of project based learning and meaningful learning were suggested to be applied at mathematics.

The Difference of Students’ Mathematical Communication Ability Taught by Cooperative Learning Model Think Talk Write Type and Numbered Head Together Type

Siahaan, Meiva Marthaulina Lestari, Napitupulu, E. Elvis

Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Vol 8 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to know there was any difference in student’s mathematical communication ability in cooperative learning Think TalkWrite (TTW) type and Numbered Head Together (NHT) type. The population was all students at SMP Negeri 1 Lubuk Pakam. The sample was two classes which each consist of 36 students, VII A as experimental class I which taught by TTW and VII B as experimental class II which taught by NHT. The sample was taken by cluster random sampling. Collecting data technique of this research was mathematical comunication ability essay test that was given in the end of learning either in experimental class I or experimental class II. From the data analysis of each of experimental class were obtained that the average of posttest score in TTW classroom was higher than in NHT classroom. It was also obtained that score of mathematical communication indicators in TTW classroom was higher than in NHT classroom. From the data analysis of posttest score by using t-test with significance level α = 0.05, it was obtained that tcount = 4.687 and ttable = 1.667. It means that tcount > ttable then H0 was rejected and Ha was accepted. So, it can be concluded that there was difference of student’s mathematical communication ability who taught by cooperative learning model type TTW with NHT at SMP Negeri 1 Lubuk Pakam.

Peningkatan Kecakapan Berkomunikasi Dan Hasil Belajar PKn Siswa Kelas 6 dengan Talking Stick Berbantuan Salindia

Kristanti, Hana Septina

Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Vol 8 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

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Abstract

This study aims to improve communication skills and learning outcomes of Civics in Grade 6 students of SDN Dukuh 03 Salatiga with the application of the Talking Stick assisted h slideshow. This type of research is classroom action research. The location (setting) in this study is grade 6 SDN Dukuh 03 Salatiga. The subjects of the study were 28 students in 6th grade. The object of this research is communication skills and Civics learning outcomes. This research was carried out in 2 cycles. This study was declared successful if the average achievement of indicators of communication skills and classical completeness of student learning outcomes in the good category (60% -75%), very good (76% -99%), or special (100%). The results of the study show that the implementation of the slideshow-assisted Talking Stick in the Civics learning process can improve communication skills and Civics learning outcomes. The communication skills have increased by 23.8% from pre-cycle to cycle 1 meeting 1. Cycle 1 meeting 2 increased 8.34% from cycle 1 meeting 1. Students communication skills increased from cycle 1 meeting 2 to cycle 2 meeting 1 by 6.75%. Increased again by 7.93% from cycle 2 meeting 1 to cycle 2 meeting 2. Increased student communication skills proved to be able to improve student learning outcomes in Civics learning. In the pre cycle, only 13 students (46.43%) were completed, the remaining 15 students (53.57%) were not completed. In cycle 1, there were 16 students (57.14%) completed, while 12 students (42.86%) were not completed. After the cycle 2 action was carried out, as many as 22 students (78.57%) were completed and 6 students (21.43%) were not completed.

Penerapan Metode Peer Tutoring untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep Materi Perkalian Bersusun Pada Siswa Kelas III SD

Tetiwar, Jhon, Appulembang, Oce Datu

Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Vol 8 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

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Abstract

In learning Mathematics, conceptual understanding is a primary competency that the students must acquire, because through understanding the concept the students would understand what is being learned and are able to apply them thus they can pursue toward the next materials. However, in the reality of a learning process, the students have not yet understood the concept correctly. Therefore, the researcher tried to implement the peer tutoring method. Thus this research is aimed to know that the implementation of peer tutoring method can improve the conceptual understanding on multiple multiplication of the grade III B students in SDN Inpres Harapan. The research method used in this research was Classroom Action Research methodology (CAR) of Kemmis and Taggart spiral model. This research was conducted upon the students of grade III B in SDN Inpres Harapan on August 2017 until October 2017 within three cycles. Instruments used in this research were teacher mentor observation sheet, teacher mentor and peer teacher interview sheet, students’ questionnaire, as well as students’ comprehension test sheet. Based on the research result, it can be concluded that the implementation of peer tutoring method can improve the conceptual understanding on multiple multiplication of the grade III B students in SDN Inpres Harapan.

Penerapan Model Discovery Learning Berbantuan Media Audio Visual untuk Meningkatkan Literasi Sains Siswa Kelas 5 SD

Niswatuzzahro, Vivi, Fakhriyah, Fina, Rahayu, Ratri

Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Vol 8 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

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Abstract

Based on the results of pre-cycle test and observation of the fifth-grade students at Unggulan Muslimat NU Kudus Elementary School, it`s found that the average students` science literacy is low.This study attempts to discover the improvement of Unggulan Muslimat NU Kudus Elementary School fifth grade students` science literacy when apply discovery learning assisted by audio visual media. This study is a Classroom Action Research (CAR) that conducted in Unggulan Muslimat NU Kudus Elementary School, in even semester in the academic year of 2017/2018. The subjects of this research are the researcher as the teacher model and the fifth grade students that consists of 29 students. This study held for two cycles, there are two meeting in every cycle and consist of four phases: plan, action, observe, dan reflection. The independent variable of this study is discovery learning assisted by audio visual media, and the dependent variable is science literacy. Data collections of this study are science literacy test for knowledge aspect (cognitive), and observation for science literacy of attitude aspect (affective), competention aspect (psychomotor). This study is qualitative and quantitative descriptive analysis. The result of this study shows that, there is enhancement of science literacy of the fifth grade students of Unggulan Muslimat NU Kudus Elementary School in the force material, between first cycle 71,9% and improved in the second cycle 81,5% with high category. This results shows that the application of discovery learning model assisted with audio visual can improve science literacy of the fifth grade students of Unggulan Muslimat NU Kudus Elementary School.

Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Kurikulum 2013 di Kelas IV Tema 9 Subtema 1

Anugraheni, Indri, Kristin, Firosalia

Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Vol 8 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to develop 2013 Curriculum-based learning media. This type of research is development research. The data analysis technique used in this study is to perform instrument validation in accordance with the criteria of the learning instrument validation indicator and then describe the results of data analysis. The product produced from this development research is 2013 Curriculum-Based Learning Media. The results of the analysis shows that the learning media developed in the sub-theme "My food is healthy and nutritious" learning 1, learning 2, learning 3, learning 4, learning 5, and learning 6 are in "Very Good" category.

Kelaziman Kesalahan Berbahasa dalam Menulis Laporan Penelitian

Hardjono, Nyoto

Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Vol 8 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

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Abstract

Language is the main media to deliver an idea. The mistakes in the language used will produce the wrong idea. To avoid the wrong idea, it is not allowed to make a mistake in using the language. The fact found in PGSD – FKIP UKSW bachelor degree students’ experiment report shows there are lots of repeating mistakes. The common mistakes found in grammatical aspect, such as: 1) The mistakes in differentiating between preposition and prefix; 2) the mistakes in forming words, and 3) the mistakes in constructing sentences. Common mistakes happen in spelling, especially in writing the title and notes, and the last is in the diction aspect. The common mistakes in diction usually happen with the use of inefficient words, improper word meaning, and the use of function words.

Nilai Pendidikan Karakter Sajak “Bulan Ruwah” Karya Subagio Sastrowardoyo dalam Pembelajaran Sastra

Supriyono, Sugeng, Wardani, Nugraheni Eko, Saddhono, Kundharu

Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Vol 8 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

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Abstract

Poetry as a literature work which is a manifestation of human culture that is full of life value, so it is very relevant for character building. The aim of this research is to describe character value and how to implemented on literature study at school of poetry “Bulan Ruwah” from Subagio Sastrowardoyo. This qualitative research applies the description method and using content analyisis. The data of this research is Subagio Sastrowardoyo’s poetry “Bulan Ruwah”. The data analysis techique was referenced technique and recorded technique, using stylistic approach. It is found that there are three values of characters in the poetry “Bulan Ruwah”.