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ARSITEKTURA
Arsitektura, merupakan jurnal ilmiah arsitektur dan lingkungan binaan yang diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik UNS Surakarta berisi tulisan tentang hasil penelitian, gagasan konsepsual, resensi buku, obituari tokoh, dan dunia pendidikan, yang kesemuanya berada dalam lingkup bidang disiplin arsitektur.
Articles
266
Articles
DESIGN STRATEGY OF BATAK SOCIO-CULTURAL PARK AS A TOURIST DESTINATION WITH LOCAL WISDOM APRROACH IN LAKE TOBA REGION

Pasaribu, Bernad Arifin, Suastika, Made, Yuliani, Sri

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Indonesia is a country that has various ethnics and cultures. One of the tribes found in Indonesia is Batak tribe located in North Sumatra, Batak tribe can be divided into six sub-tribe of Batak Karo, Toba, Simalungun, Mandailinng, Angkola, Pakpak. In todays modern era, cultural degradation has caused the values of the nation being eroded so that these cultures need to be preserved to avoid them from extinction. This study describes the idea of accommodating activities that are preserving the culture of the Batak tribe as a Batak socio-cultural park. Not only accommodate, Batak socio-cultural park is also functioned as a tourist destination which will support the main function of preserving culture and introducing Batak culture to the wider community. The design method that will be applied is by applying the Batak’s local wisdom to the architecture of the Batak socio-cultural Park building to give a traditional impression and be able to be an attraction for tourists to come to visit. The results of the research are strategies to design a Batak socio-cultural park as a tourist destination by accommodating elements of local wisdom.

A STUDY ON SPACE PATTERN AND TRADITIONAL HOUSE OF PENGLIPURAN VILLAGE

Sudarwani, Margareta Maria

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Penglipuran Traditional Village is a traditional settlement in Bali which has an attractive space pattern seen from the order of the spatial pattern that is typical of the cultural activities of its people. The village is located at a distance of 45 km from Denpasar and 5 km from the capital city of Bangli Regency. The aim of the study was to find out the concept of traditional patterns of space and houses applied in Penglipuran Village, as a basis for researching traditional Balinese architecture. This research was conducted with qualitative descriptive method and case study approach. Penglipuran Village as a settlement has a space pattern which is divided into 3 (three) spatial arrangements based on the Tri Mandala concept consisting of: 1) Main Mandala (Pura); 2) Madya Mandala (Residence); 3) Nista Mandala (Tomb). The condition of the Penglipuran Traditional Village as a traditional mountain village shows one thing that stands out, namely the spread of settlement patterns tend to be linear because they are in mountainous areas. Penglipuran Bali Traditional House is an order of cultural result of the cultural mindset of the ancestors of the Penglipuran community in organizing an area well and upholding ancestral customs and striving to maintain the order well, neatly organized concept and sustainable nature and the surrounding environment. Keywords: Kajian Pola Ruang, Rumah Tradisional, Desa Penglipuran

EFFECT OF ACOUSTIC MATERIAL CEILING TO SPEECH PERFORMANCE OF CONVENTION HALL

Prawirasasra, Muhammad Saladin

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

During design process of auditorium, mostly, acoustics design was neglected by engineers therefore it may cause inappropriate acoustic condition. Evaluation of acoustic comfort was carried out through measurement of speech parameters such as Noise rating (NR), reverberation time and definition (D50). According to measurement result, performance of convention hall is not sufficient to perform speech activities since it has 0.4-13.7 s of reverberation time and 1.6-42.6% of D50. To improve acoustic performance, modification is applied on ceiling materials using combination of two different acoustic materials – absorber and diffusor, through simulation.. The result has shown that installment of full absorber at ceiling with high absorbtive coefficient could reduce early energy reflection which causes lower reverberation time and higher definition. Whenever ceiling are made of combination of two type of materials, the position of di on ceiling depend on diffusor orientation. Spread diffusor has better performance rather than centralized diffusor. However, the acoustic performance of convention hall remains the same.Keywords: speech, improve, modification, ceiling, simulation

VIRTUAL REALITY AS A REPRESENT OF SPATIAL PERCEPTION OF MAIN CHAPEL ROOM AT THE CHURCH OF LIGHT

Putro, Hendro Trieddiantoro

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

The research focused on the Virtual Reality in order to represent spatial perception. The research object was a Virtual Reality simulation of Main Chapel at The Church of Light. There was 9 spatial perception category to describe Main Chapel at The Church of Light that founded from literature study. The research used a virtual reality simulation and a semantic differential questionnaire. There are 40 students joined the research. They divided into 2 groups of architectural background groups and non-architectural background groups. They join the virtual reality simulation then tested with a semantic differential questionnaire. The research concluded with the effectiveness of Virtual Reality. The spatial perception of the main chapel at The Church of Light can be represented using Virtual Reality simulation. According to 7 spatial perception category that is represented, Virtual Reality can be categorized as an effective medium to representing spatial perception. Moreover, analyze results to6 pairs word that relate to 2 perception category that not in accordance with the  literature study, specifically to the darkness and detail of the object. This could happen because of a lack of quality in Virtual Reality  simulation product. The lack that produced from the low contrast effect and unmatched material reflection or miss match with the real condition.Keywords: Spatial Perception, Main Chapel Of The Church of Light Virtual Reality Simulation, Semantic Differential. 

THE STRATEGY OF APPLYING AIR ELEMENT FOR BRUMBUN SPRING TOURISM DEVELOPMENT DESIGN IN LAMONGAN

Yani, Ahmad, Setyaningsih, Wiwik, Marlina, Avi

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Brumbun hot springs which located in Lamongan regency has the potential of hot springs that emerge from the bowels of the earth so it will never be running out. The lack of attention from the government and communities make the condition of the tourist attractions of Brumbun hot springs becomes inaccessible and might causes damage for it’s existing and natural facilities. Besides, the lack of activities variant also makes less visitors. With the support of the regency government through spatial and regional plans, it is designed a development of natural attractions in order to improve the existence of a tourist attraction and the optimization of Brumbun’s natural potential. The method used is descriptive qualitative method with case study through stages of idea exploration, data collection through observation, interview, and ecological architecture literature, then through analysis phase with precedent study and supporting data consisting of physical condition of tourist object and government regulations related to tourism object development. The result of the analysis is in the form of four applied elements of wind as an ecological architectural aspect of the building, ie roof pond with open pond system, nako rooster, vertical garden with structural media, and cross ventilation.Keywords : Architecture, Air, Hot Springs, Ecology

THE APPLICATION OF HEALING GARDEN ON THE MOTHER AND CHILD HOSPITAL DESIGN STRATEGY

Aini, Desi Nur, Marlina, Avi, Pitana, Titis Srimuda

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Some researches show that healing environment has big impact for patient’s health and well-being. Healing environment is a design concept that has environment as its dominant issue. Nature and its element, such as natural lighting, air circulation, and silence could make patient become calmer and reduce patient’s stress and depression. These natural elements could be realized by applying healing garden. The method of this research is triangulation of source method by showing qualitative and descriptive data. The result of this research is the principle application of healing garden in design. The applications of healing garden could stimulate human’s sense, such as sense of sight by applying various colours, materials, and natural lighting, sense of hearing by applying artificial pond and noise control, sense of touch by applying vegetation which sensitive of touch, sense of taste by applying vegetation that could be eaten, and sense of smell by applying flowers. The garden should be easy to find and recognize by applying sign and symbol. The garden will be provided with accessibility for patient by applying ramp and the width of the road, healing garden in front of the hospital and certain area, and also provided place for animals.Keywords: Hospital, mother and child, healing, environment, garden

STUDY OF THEORY, METHOD, APPLICATION OF GOTHIC CHURCH ARCHITECTURE

Kristiadi, Adimas

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

The architecture of Gothic church is the outcome from creation process of knowledge by human in 12th – 15th Century which originating from France, which one the evolution from Romanesque church architecture (10th – 13th Century). The word of “evolution” is being a keyword and be a reason of Gothic church, to change characters from Romanesque church architecture are monastic buildings (not large), heavy in appearance, simple in construction to be a larger and finer, much details and symbols, construction and ornament is advancing and improving, there is an effort to enter natural lighting. There is competition in 12th – 15th Century about bigger and magnificent building of church in Europe. The method is literature studies with analytical descriptions. The results are: 1) The basic theory of evolution is dignity, Gothic church architecture is built with the intention of giving honor of the highest to God. The concepts are verticalism, transparent, religious symbolism. The methods is following the concepts that are heighten (heightening structure), mitigate (lightening structure), brighten (natural lighting), symbolize (enrich symbols). The application is realized with: floor plan as cross, pointed arch, ribbed vault, flying buttress, pinnacles, flamboyant decoration, large windows filled with rich stained glass.Keywords: Gothic Architecture, Romanesque Architecture, Church, Theory, Concept, Method, Application

VEGETATION TYPOLOGY ON LAND USE IN SUPPORTING SURAKARTA CITY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Rini, Erma Fitria, Putri, Rufia Andisetyana, Nugraheni, Dara Sinta

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Green open spaces have natural elements and structures that carry out their ecological and aesthetical roles. The population density of Surakarta City is 11675 people/km2, which has an impact on the environment, such as the declining in urban air quality. Urban air quality can be overcome by providing sufficient vegetation. The availability of green open space in Surakarta City until 2014 only reached 12.4%, which means it has not been able to meet the minimum requirement of green open space, including vegetation in it. The method used in this study is descriptive analysis with primary data and satellite imagery. Vegetation studied is not only on public green open spaces, but also on the private green open spaces. The results show that the highest dominance of land use in Surakarta City is the trade and services. Unfortunately, this is inversely proportional to the existing average availability of vegetation cover in the domination, which only reaches 7%. This can be a recommendation for the government in prioritizing the development of green open spaces on those trade and services land use so it can support the sustainable development of Surakarta City. Keywords: land use, vegetation

THE APPLICATION OF ARCHITECTURE BAHAVIORAL STUDIES FOR DESIGN STRATEGY IN FEMALE STUDENT’S DORMITORY IN SLEMAN

Fauzi, Iqbal Maulana, Samsudi, Samsudi, Wahyuwibowo, Agung Kumoro

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Nowadays, education is such a global priority and because of it, it is necessary for citizen to continue their education from Senior High School to Higher Education stage. Special Region of Yogyakarta is one of the most favorite destination to continue higher education. According to some researches in 2015, 70% of new university students came from outside Yogyakarta. Since there are so many students from outside Yogyakarta, the demand of student housing grows higher, especially for female students. A housing for students who came from outside Yogyakarta is necessary. This housing can be used as temporary place to live when they continue their study, while it also can support the student’s self-development in academic or non-academic activity. There are so many options of housing for female students, but a dormitory is the best option. A dormitory is the best option of housing for female students that can be provided with self-development facilities in academic or non-academic activity. This dormitory will be designed in a good way, so the female students as the user could get comfortable, motivated, and optimal in developing themselves. This dormitory also has to provide a serenity and comfort while the students doing their activity. In order to get those criteria, a study about behavioral architecture should be applied as a design approach. The studies of behavioral architecture that will be applied in design strategy are spatial analysis, site analysis, mass composition analysis, structure system and material analysis, and utility system. The analysis process that apply architecture behavioral study can give a result of dormitory design which give comfort when the user living and doing self-development activity.Keywords: student housing, dormitory, architecture behavioural studies

THE USE OF SPACE ON LIVING HOUSE AS A HAND DRAWN BATIK BUSINESS IN TOURIST VILLAGE OF BATIK TULIS LASEM

Wijaya, Arief Satya, Murtini, Titien Woro, Rukayah, R Siti

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Batik workers in Babagan Village work in the room used in together with household activities. Working on batik does not require special space and can use any space. The utilization of space is analyzed by theory of the basic form of space, the nature of space, type of space and productive house. The method used in this research is qualitative method. There are 9 batik workers who become observation units to obtain information needed in the research. There is some space that is used for batik these are kitchen, yard, terrace, dining room, and living room, so batik can be done in public space, semi public and service room but not done in private space because pollution, lighting and natural air still less. Determination of space utilization based on its location close to kitchen, toilet, and tool or materials storage room, no pollution, no exposed to rain splashes, there is space that can use while taking care of children, has enough room. There is no batik space at batik workers house, which is a place to make batik. Space has sufficient the extent of space required for the process of batik (nyanting). While the type of business space is a combination of mixed types and separate types.Keywords : Space, Batik Workers, Hand Drawn Batik