Journal of Global Research in Public Health
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Articles
31
Articles
The Effect Referral Barriers to Barriers Delay in Perinatal Mortality in Karawang

Armini, Luh Nik, Susanto, Herman, Hilmanto, Dany

Journal of Global Research in Public Health Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Stikes Surya mitra Husada Kediri

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Abstract

Perinatal mortality is the biggest contributor to the death of infant mortality. Most of the causes of perinatal mortality can be prevented that the factors of patients, health professionals, referral and availability of health care facilities. Obstacles in the references often found in the delay in recognizing the danger, decision-making by women because it is influenced cultural issues, difficulty gaining access to health services because of problems with the distance. Karawang regency is part of West Java Province perinatal death must be completed. The purpose of this study is the referral process constraints that caused the delay referral perinatal mortality in Karawang. The study design using the sequential explanatory mixed method. Quantitative data were taken through Perinatal Maternal Audit document was tested with Fisher Exact, whereas qualitative research conducted by Focus Group Discussion and interview. The study showed no association with late referral process bottleneck references (p> 0.05 The results of the qualitative research shows that the delay in the referral is more due to the limitations of the tools for referral and indirect costs (meals, round trip hospital costs) causing late picking decision

The Association of Hygiene Sanitation Storing and the Presence of Escherichia coli Bacteria at Sambel Tumpang

Pujianto, Tutut

Journal of Global Research in Public Health Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Stikes Surya mitra Husada Kediri

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Abstract

Pecel tumpang is one of the typical traditional culinary of Kabupaten Kediri which has been known worldwide. The leftover sambel tumpang (kind of sauce) which is served in one day, usually be stored and be sold for the next day. The improper storing of it will result in the contamination of microorganisms in sambel tumpang. The occurrence of contamination in storing stage is caused by the cook/ chef hygiene, the storing sanitation treatment, the sanitation of the equipments, and the storing sanitation environment. This study aimed to analyze the association of Hygiene Sanitation Storing and the Presence of Escherichia coli Bacteria. This study used observational design with cross-sectional approach. It was conducted on 15 nasi pecel tumpang vendors in kampong Inggris. The analysis of the association between storing sanitation and the presence of E.coli used the contingency coefficient test (α=5%). The results of the association analysis between storing sanitation and the presence of E. coli were as follows: there was no association between cook/chef hygiene with the presence of E. coli, there was no association between storing treatment and the presence of E. coli, there was no association between sanitation of the equipment and the presence of E. coli , there was a significant association between storing sanitation environment and the presence of E. coli. The condition of storing sanitation environment of sambel tumpang in Kampung Inggris was very supportive to the growth and development of the microorganism, both bacteria and mold. The environmental conditions included moist air, non waterproof floor, the source of contaminants such as waste, and the presence of insects / flies. In order to prevent the contamination of E. coli, the vendors must pay attention to the state of the environment. The storing environment of sambel tumpang should always be freed from trash and insects / flies, and never forget to secure and close the sambal tumpang

Development of a Model of Asthma Management in Children Based on Beliefs by Parents in The Concept of The Health Belief Model

Wiga, Sandi Alfa

Journal of Global Research in Public Health Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Stikes Surya mitra Husada Kediri

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Abstract

Introduction: Asthma in children causes loss of school days, and also causes growth in children. Parents have a responsibility to manage asthma, they need asthma management education for children who can increase their wisdom in managing it. The research objective was to develop a model of asthma management education in children based on beliefs in the concept of the Health Belief Model. Method: quasi-experimental research with 66 respondents, probability sampling method through simple random sampling. Using 3 HBM model development questionnaires belief, threat and behavior. Statistical analysis : using a paired t-test, Mann Whitney test, linear regression adjusted for each variable studied in developing HBM. Results and Analysis : education on trust (p <0.001), confidence in threats (p = 0.001), threats towards behavior (p <0.001), educational influence on behavior (p <0.001). Discussion and Conclusion: Parents' beliefs about their ability to discuss existing problems are very important to overcome recurrence. Increased confidence in skills, increased satisfaction and self-confidence, with an effective increase in good conditions by children with asthma.

Aroma Therapy Influence to the Morning Sickness on the First Trimester Pregnant Women in BPM Waru and Menanggal

Anggasari, Yasi

Journal of Global Research in Public Health Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Stikes Surya mitra Husada Kediri

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Abstract

Emesis gravidarum is a common or often symptom of first trimester pregnancy, the symptoms may be caused due to increased levels of the hormone estrogen and Human Chorionic Gonodotropin. Nausea usually occurs in the morning, but there are arising every time and night. These symptoms usually occur six weeks after the first day of the last menstrual period lasting approximately 10 weeks. The purpose of this study The purpose of this research is to know the influence of aroma therapy on decreased emesis gravidarum in first trimester pregnant women in BPM Waru dan Menanggal. Research design using Pre-Experimental with cross sectional approach. The population is all pregnant women in the first trimester who experience emesis gravidarum in BPM Waru dan Menunggal for 30 patients, a large sample of 28 respondents taken with simple random sampling technique. Variable independent is giving aroma therapy and dependent variable is emesis gravidarum in pregnant mother. The research instrument used questionnaire. Data were analyzed with Wilcoxon Signed Rank statistic test with significance level (α = 0,05). The results of the study of 28 respondents were almost 21 (85.7%) of respondents before giving aromatherapy with severe gravidarum emesis, and after administration of aroma therapy, most of them had mild degree gravidarum emesis. Wilcoxon Signed Rank test results ρ = 0.000 <α then H0 rejecte, meaning Aroma Therapy Affects Against Gravidarum Emesis In First Trimester Pregnant Women at BPM Waru dan Menanggal. The results showed that after done Aroma Therapy of 28 respondents, most (75%) respondents said comfortable, it means that the technique of aroma therapy has an effect on the emission of emesis gravidarum

Scope of Physiotherapy Practice in District Hospitals of the Semi-developed Barisal Division, Barisal, Bangladesh

Sarkar, John Tilock, Khan, Md Jobair, Khan, Atiqur Rahman

Journal of Global Research in Public Health Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Stikes Surya mitra Husada Kediri

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Abstract

In the developed nations physiotherapist are autonomously participating in the first line and already they are working in the second line treatment alongside with other professionals and the right for the mass population similar to the goal of the public health. The aim of the study was to sort out the real scenario of the development of physiotherapy services as a part of primary health care services including the knowledge and attitude of the general people. A multistage sampling method was selected for conducting the study in districts hospitals of the Barisal division. Result depicted that among the respondents mean age 36.86 ± 4.558 years and most 33.3% (n= 73) of them were younger age range 21-30 years and interestingly highest 41.55% (n= 91) were graduated with highly significant (x2= 1.196, P= 0.000). 65.3% (n= 143) of patients had knowledge about physiotherapy. Majority of case 41.1% (n= 90) orthopedic (x2= 86.175, P= 0.000) and medical condition stroke ware highest 30.1% (n= 66) statically significant (x2= 1.561, P= 0.000). Due to the awareness maximum, 39.70% (n= 87) came from self-reference and 88.4% (n= 176) received exercise therapy including other electrical modalities. Lowest 8.70% (n= 19) of patient expense > 300 BDT. Treatment right time 60.3% (n= 132). Treatment success rate 69.4% (n= 152). Difficulty to come physiotherapy center 43.8% (n= 96). Some limitation that causes insufficiency in treatment provide; 10.6% patient noted poor timing, 30.7% long witting time, 68.3% (n= 136) unpleasant, 78.9% (n= 157) absence of physiotherapist, 9.5% (n= 19) lack of cooperation. Although that 99.5% patient demand physiotherapy center as close as their range and 60.3% (n=132) satisfied with the treatment. Therefore it is strongly suggested to set up a modern physiotherapy department within the primary health care system with the qualified physiotherapist in community-level also District level hospital 

The Opportunity Implementation HIV Prevention Infection Program from Mother to Child in Bali

Giri, Ketut Espana, Nopiyani, Ni Made Sri, Merati, Tuti Parwati

Journal of Global Research in Public Health Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Stikes Surya mitra Husada Kediri

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Abstract

Women infected with HIV can transmit HIV from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth and lactation. Implementation of programs to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child (PPIA) in Bangli not been implemented optimally. The study was conducted to determine the chances of program implementation PPIA, faced viewed from the perspective of users and service providers. The study is a qualitative case study approach. Collecting data with in-depth interviews using interview guide to users and service providers. Informants were selected purposively as many as 18 people of 10 pregnant women, two counselors, two laboratory workers, 2 heads of health centers, 1 holder of program P2, and 1 Sekretais KPA Bangli regency. Data collection was conducted April-May 2016 in Puskesmas Losses Tembuku I and II health center in Bangli regency. Analysis of data using thematic analysis. Opportunities from service users say that husbands and health professionals strongly support pregnant women to take the test. Service providers revealed no support from the public, especially health workers and community leaders in collecting pregnant women.Opportunities users is the support of their husbands and health professionals, while opportunities are providers of community support and cooperation within the team

The Relationship Between Exclusive Breast Feeding With Fine Motoric Development In Infants 6-12 Months Of Age In The Village Kebonsari Rw 02 Temple Sidoarjo

Nisa, Fauziyatun

Journal of Global Research in Public Health Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Stikes Surya mitra Husada Kediri

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Abstract

Baby village temple Kebonsari sidoarjo many are not exclusively breastfed because most mothers so busy working impaired fine motoric development. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with fine motoric development in infants aged 6-12 months Kebonsari Candi Sidoarjo village. This study design was observational analytic. The study population was 35 pairs of mothers and infants village temple Kebonsari Sidoarjo and sample 32 pairs of respondents, taken by simple random sampling. The independent variables were exclusively breastfed and fine motoric development of babies as the dependent variable. Instrument data collection using questionnaires and observation sheets DDST then Spearman rank test with significance level α = 0.05. The results showed that a large part (71.9%) of mothers breastfeeding, and the bulk (62.5%) infants have normal fine motoric development. Spearman rank test results obtained value of ρ = 0.023 <α = 0.05, H0 denied, there is a relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with fine motoric development in infants aged 6-12 months Kebonsari Candi Sidoarjo village. The conclusions of this research are mothers who exclusively breastfed their babies and fine motoric development is normal. Nurses are highly recommended providing information about how and benefits of exclusive breastfeeding for the stimulation of the development of fine motoric skills

The Efforts to Increase Breast Milk Production Through Hypnobreastfeeding In Pakisaji Sub District Malang Regency

Utami, Siska Neeri, Rohmah, Miftakhur, Tuszahroh, Nasifah

Journal of Global Research in Public Health Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Stikes Surya mitra Husada Kediri

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Abstract

Breast milk is the first, main, and best food for babies, which is scientific. Breast milk  contains various nutrients needed in the process of growth and development of babies. Breast milk production can also be increased by hypnobreasfeeding relaxation. Hypnobreasfeeding helps mothers to relax their bodies, and a great way to encourage mindsets in their babies. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of hypnobreasfeeding on increasing ASI production at pakisaji sub-district Malang district. The population is 25 respondents and the sampling technique used is total sampling with One group pre-post test design. Analysis of the data with the T-test using SPSS for Windows obtained Sig = 0,000, so 0,000 <0,05, which means H1 was accepted. Before hypnobreasfeeding, the average volume of ASI that came out was 163.2 ml, after being treated evenly. the average breast milk volume increased to 462.3 ml and there was an increase in the volume of breast milk by 300 ml. So that there is the influence of hypnobreasfeeding on increasing ASI production at BPM Sri Wahyuning Amd Keb Pakisaji Malang Regency. Based on the results of the study the authors suggest that breastfeeding mothers be more concerned and mothers are not stressed so that mothers can breastfeed calmly

Personal Hygiene of Farmers in Besuk Village, Gurah District, Kediri Regency, 2018

Nugraheni, Reny, Wardani, Siska Kusuma

Journal of Global Research in Public Health Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Stikes Surya mitra Husada Kediri

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Abstract

Background: In carrying out their work, farmers in Besuk Subdistrict, Gurah District, do not wear footwear and work in the fields without using gloves. Personal hygiene is still lacking. This can be seen from the habits of farmers who after working do not wash their hands before eating. Such conditions can facilitate the emergence of helminthiasis in farmers. Objective: Personal hygiene of farmers in Besuk Subdistrict, Gurah District, Kediri Regency Method: The type of research used is analytical survey method using cross sectional approach data collection using questionnaires and in-depth interviews. Results: Based on interviews and direct observations made in the village of Besuk, that the Personal Hygiene of the Besuk Village Farmers is not good as many as 58 respondents (96.67%) Conclusions and suggestions: Personal hygiene of Besuk Village farmers is not good. So it is necessary to conduct counseling for farmers to maintain personal hygiene especially after work and before eating by washing their hands and feet.

Relationship Family Health Behavior with The Frequency of Occurrence of Children Upper respiratory tract infections In Puskesmas Banyu Urip Surabaya

Anggraini, Fritria Dwi, Munjidah, Annif

Journal of Global Research in Public Health Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Stikes Surya mitra Husada Kediri

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Abstract

Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URTI) is the most common deadly disease of children in Indonesia. The disease is still underestimated by some families and still consider as harmless disease, so that it may suffered by the children repeatedly. Most parents do not understand that this disease can cause more dangerous diseases if not immediately handled, especially when the immune system is in bad condition. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between family health behavior with the incidence of URI of toddlers. The type of this research was analytic observational with cross sectional approach. The population was 53 mothers with sick and healthy toddlers who visited the Puskesmas Banyu Urip Surabaya. The sample was 47 respondents which taken by simple random sampling. Independent vURTIable was family health behavior while dependent vURTIable was incident of URTI. Instruments were questionnaire and interview sheet. The data analyzed by Mann-Whitney test with significance level α = 0,05. The result showed that most of the respondents (61,7%) had positive behavior and most of them (59,6%) rarely suffered URTI, whereas almost half (40,4%) of respondents had children often suffered URI. Mann-Whitney test analysis results show that ρ = 0.008 <0.05 then H0 was rejected means there was relationship of family health behavior with the incidence of URTI at infants at Puskesmas Banyu Urip Surabaya