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Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Tadulako
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Tadulako merupakan jurnal ilmiah untuk menerbitkan hasil riset terbaru dalam bidang kesehatan masyarakat yaitu: Adminisitrasi dan Kebijakan Kesehatan, Epidemiologi, Promosi Kesehatan, Kesehatan Lingkungan, Kesehatan dan Keselamatan Kerja, Kesehatan Reproduksi, Biostatistik dan Kependudukan Gizi masyarakat
Articles
48
Articles
THE STUDY OF WHO’S THEORY TO NUMBER OF POSYANDU TARAP VISITS TO INCREASE D/S OF INFANT–TODDLERS COVERAGE

Ifroh, Riza Hayati, Susanti, Rahmi, Winanda, Wenny

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Juni (2018)
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Maternal participation is one of the supporting factors and indispensable in monitoring the growth of infants and babies. This is reflected in the comparison of the number of children weighed with all children in the region or called the concept of D/S and involvement of parents visiting posyandu. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors that influence the visits of mothers who have infants or toddlers to Posyandu Tarap in order to increase the number D / S through the WHO theory approach. This research is an analytic observation research with cross sectional approach. Materials and Methods: The sample that entered as the respondent in this research is the mother who recorded in data posyandu Year 2017-2018. Results: The number of visit to Posyandu Tarap on average 2 times during last 4 months. The average of respondents knowledge is 14.95 and the average of respondents attitude is 43.45. As many as 90% of respondents have family support to Posyandu Tarap. In addition, 90% of respondents were motivated  to visit Posyandu Tarap to get information about infant and toddlers health, 95% of respondents considered  that distance of building  with Posyandu Tarap is very close. Conclusion: There is 1 causal factor from 7 research variables that influence mother visit to posyandu to weigh her baby that is mother motivation in doing visit to Posyandu Tarap.

THE QUALITY OF BAKTERIOLOGIS STUDY AND USE OF WATER OR DUG WELLS WITH AN OCCURRENCE WATER BORNE DISEASES IN THE VILLAGE WEST PASAYANGAN

Agustina, Norsita, Hayati, Ridha, Irianty, Hilda

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Juni (2018)
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective : Clean water which could cause bakteriologis water quality ineligible .This study attempts to know the quality of water bakteriologis a well (the bacteria MPN coliformm and e.coli ) consumed villagers west Pasayangan Kabupaten Banjar in the water borne disease and relations the behavior of the people in the water borne disease. Materials and method: This research methods used the cross sectional. The study analyzed by the quality of bakteriologis (MPN coliform and E. Coli ) as many as 30 a well. Data obtained through observation, interview using a questionnaire and results laboratory.Results bakteriologis water quality a well suggests that the whole water a well ineligible clean water developed by the minister of health no. 416 / menkes / per / ix / 1990. Result: The results showed that source of drinking water and management of drinking water had links scene water borne disease. Conclusion: The quality of bakteriologis well water dig they did not qualified drinking water and there was a correlation between the clean and healthy living (PHBS) in a household with a water borne diseases .Was recommended to the community to need to do and healthy patterns of living water management well with the way of chlorine in and cook water with the right way before use

COMPLIANCE ANALYSIS OF MEDICAL RECORD FILLING AT KALISAT HOSPITAL JEMBER

Tandy, Dinnya Yesica, Witcahyo, Eri, Utami, Sri

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Juni (2018)
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective : Hospital quality services is not only from medical services but also the support services, one of them is the completeness of medical records. The medical record filling issues are incompleteness and non-spesific diagnostic writing from the doctor. In 2016, the completeness of medical records in Kalisat Hospital reaches 61,43%. Less motivation and performance may be the cause of doctors and nurses compliance in medical records filling. This study aims to analyze determinants that relate to the compliance of medical records filling in Kalisat Hospital. Material and Method: This study uses descriptive research with a sample size of 47 people. The data is also presented in Scatter diagram to find the correlation of two variables. Result: The result showed that the majority of respondents had good knowledge of medical records, more respondents worked for 5 – 10 years, and majority worked in early adult age 25 - ≥ 40 years old. The majority of respondents had a good attitude and motivation. The majority of respondents had a good response about the filling medical records leadership, a good rewards, but a less response about work design in Kalisat Hospital. The scatter diagram showed that there were a positive correlation between knowledge, attitude, motivation, leadership, and rewards variables for the compliance of medical record files. Conclusion: Based on the study, it can be concluded that there is a positive correlation between knowledge, attitude, motivation, leadership, and reward with compliance of medical records file in Kalisat Hospital Jember

HbsAg SCREENING IN TEENAGERS IN SURABAYA BY USING RAPID TEST

Alamudi, M Yusuf, Hadi, M.Irfan, Kumalasari, Mei Lina Fitri

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Juni (2018)
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective : Hepatitis B immunization in Indonesia generally observes early age group (infant) and still rarely observed in adolescence. Teenagers become very important because they will soon be married and have children. The purpose of this study was to determine hepatitis based on HBsAg by using Rapid test Material and Method: Analytical observational with cross sectional approach is done at Center for Health Studies Pondok Pesantren Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya. The sample size was 54 adolescents using accidental sampling technique, with age between 19-20 years old. HbsAg examination using manual rapid test monotest. Result: The result of the research shows that the most respondents are female, 94.44% and male 5.56%. A manual rapid test monotest will show strips one for negative results and two for HbsAg positive results. Rapid test HBsAg Monotest showed negative results against 54 people. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study can be concluded that not found positive adolescent hepatitis based on HBsAg examination

RELIGIOSITY EFFECT ON FERTILITY STUDY GROUP ON ISLAM

Radhiah, Sitti, Stang, Stang, Arsi, Andi Arsunan

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Juni (2018)
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective : Modernizationis consideredby someto fail inmaintaining moral valuesand humanity, causing increased tendency for people tobelieve inreligious values are considered able to provide solutions tovarious problems of life, so they are constantly adjusting options and decisions included in determinings ome matters related to fertility.The aim of the research was to investigate the determinants of woman fertility of reproductive couples in Islamic study group in South Palu Distric of Palu City. Material and Method : The reasearch was an observational study with cross sectional study design. The samples were the total population of the women of reproductive couples in Islamic study group of Soth Palu District consisting of 149 people. The method of obtaining the data was interview and the data were analyzed using path analysis. Results: The research indicate that the variable affecting the age of the first marriage is employment (p=0.004); the variables affecting contraception are knowledge (p=0.002) and religiosity (p=0.000); the variable affecting unmet need is religiosity (p=0.019); the variables affecting fertility are knowledge (p=0.014), employment (p=0.006), age of the first marriage (p=0.021), contraception (p=0.008), and unmet need (p=0.002), while income and breastfeeding duration do not significantly affect fertility. Conclusion : The effect on the fertility of the group is the study of Islamic knowledge, employment, age at first marriage, contraception and unmet need

RISK FACTORS OF PNEUMONIA IN INFANTS AT PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER OF KAMONJI

Frini, Merlinda, Rahman, Nurdin, Herman, Herman

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Juni (2018)
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Pneumonia is one cause of leanding cause of death in children wordwide, as it is one of the most serious respiratory infections that mostly affect children and high case makes pneumonia the second leading cause of death after diarrhea on children. The number of cases of pneumonia at Kamonji Public Health Center Palu City in 2015 amounted to 495 cases and in 2016 increased to 536 cases. The objective of this research is to find out the risk factors of Pneumonia at the working area of Kamonji Public Health Center Palu. Material and Method: The research type was analytic observational with case control design. Sampling used were accidental sampling and purposive sampling with ratio 1: 2 where case sample counted 80 people and control sample counted 160 people. The data collected through questionnaires by conducting interviews to respondents and performing direct measurements. Result: The results of the research with OR analysis show that nutritional status (OR = 3.857; 95% CI 2.182-6.818), exclusive breasfeeding (OR = 3.039; 95% CI 1.652-5.592) and vitamin A intake (OR = 2,105; 95% CI 1.209 -3,665), is a risk factor of pneumonia occurrence. Gender (OR = 1,357; 95% CI 0,787-2,339) there is no significant relationship. Conclusion: Nutritional status, exclusive breastfeeding and intake of vitamin A are risk factors of pneumonia in infants in the Kamonji Public Health Center Palu City

TREND AND PREVALENCE OF STUNTING IN CHILDREN UNDER TWO YEARS FROM 2007-2016 IN CENTRAL SULAWESI

Nasrul, Nasrul, Maudu, Rusli, Hafid, Fahmi

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Trend and prevalence of stunting are required to see the success of community health nutrition outcomes over time. The purpose of this research is to know the trend and stunting prevalence in baduta year 2007, 2011 and year 2016 in Central Sulawesi. Material and Method : This research used a retrospective cohort design. This research is conducted on June 7, 2017 until October 3, 2017 in Palu City and Donggala Regency Central Sulawesi. The population in this study was the data sets of PSG in 2007, 2011 and 2016 as much as 16,105. Samples were 6391 sets of data baduta. Results: Prevalence of stunting in 2007, 2011 and 2016 was 32.3%, 31.5% and 26.0%, respectively. In the last 9 years there was a 6.2% decline or an average of 0.6% per year.  Conclusion: The prevalence of Baduta in 2007, 2011 and 2016 consecutively was 32.3%, 31.5% and 26.0%. Prior programs that have been undertaken by the health department are continued by improving cross-sectoral cooperation in sensitive programs the first 1000 days of life. The highest stunting problem in the 12-23 month age group means stunting prevention focuses on strengthening the complementary feeding program

STUDY DETERMINATION OF AREA DESIGN OF DOMESTIC WASTE WATER IN THE REGIONAL SQUARE AREA OF KOTO TANGAH PADANG CITY

Riyanto, Sugeng, Razak, Abdul, Dewata, Indang

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Management of domestic wastewater to improve access of domestic wastewater services that are environmentally friendly, so as to achieve improved quality of life of society and a better and healthier environment. This study aims to assess the risky areas of residential areas to improve access and management of domestic waste water in districts Koto Tangah Padang City. Material and Method: This research use cross sectional design. Population and sample of 520 families. Analysis of data used univariate and bivariate. Results: The results of this study indicate that 8.74% of the non-accessed latrines are categorized as having single defecation, 20% have no septic tanks, access to the lowest stool treatment system in Kelurahan Koto Pulai, Batipuh Panjang and Padang Sarai at 37, 5%. 76.95% safe access to latrines and no secure access in Kelurahan Balai Gadang.Penentuan wastewater area of domestic wastewater sanitation of domestic wastewater components in Kecamatan Koto Tangah Kota Padangyang included in the level of very high risk (risk 4) consists of Kelurahan Balai Gadang. Correlation test (p = 0.001) indicate a significant relationship between education and community income with the support of Jamban and SPALD ownership in districts Koto Tangah Padang City. Conclusion: It is necessary to increase the welfare of the program that touches directly to the rising public which has implications for the improvement of domestic sewage treatment system facilities

INTAKE OF NUTRIENTS, STUNTING AND ANEMIA IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN TRADISIONAL GOLD MINING POBOYA, PALU

Bohari, Bohari, Rahman, Nurdin, Indriany, Indriany

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective: School-aged children are a group of children who are vulnerable to unbalanced nutritional intake so that the risk of high rates of growth failure in children. To analyze the correlation of protein, essential amino acids, folic acid and iron intake with z-score height according to age and hemoglobin level. Material and Method: A quantitative research using cross-sectional research design. The population is all elementary school students class I - V at SDN Poboya is 220 students. The sample size obtained by Slovin formula calculation is 69 students. Data of protein, amino acids, folic acid and iron intake were measured using SQ-FFQ questionnaire. Stunting is measured using a height measuring instrument and WHO Anthro application, hemoglobin levels using the GCHb EasyTouch tool. Analysis data of univariate and bivariate. Results: Average protein intake (66.3 ± 1.6 g), amino acid (isoleu-cine = 3.1 ± 0.7; leucine = 5.3 ± 1.3; lysine = 4.4 ± 1.2; methio-nine = 1.5 ± 0.4), iron (7.7 ± 2.1), and folic acid (150.6 ± 45.4). The incidence of stunting is 15.9% and anemia is 33.3%. Intake of proteins, amino acids, iron, and folic acid had no significant correlation with the value of Z-Score Height According to Age (p> 0.05) whereas with hemoglobin levels have a significant correlation (p < 0,05). Conclusion: Intake of nutrients that are still less than the AKG in children are amino acids, folic acid and iron. The intake of nutrients that correlated positively with hemoglobin levels were proteins, amino acids, folic acid, and iron

DIETARY CARBOHYDRATE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY WITH PREDIABETES WITHIN ADULT WOMEN

Khoiriyah, Dian, Murbawani, Etisa Adi, Panunggal, Binar

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Prediabetes is a high-risk condition for developing diebetes mellitus. Adult women have a higher risk of experiencing prediebetes compared with men. Excessive of simple carbohydrate intake, low of fiber intake and physical activity risk to increasing blood glucose levels. This study aimed to analyze the correlation between total carbohydrate intake, simple carbohydrate intake, fiber intake and physical activity with prediabetes in adult women. Materials and Methods: This study used a case control with 36 women aged 45-55 years old in each group chosen by simple random sampling. Food intake was assessed using by Semi FFQ. Waist circumference was measured using by a tape measure, and physical activity was obtained using by Long IPAQ. Data were analyzed using by Chi Square, Fisher Exact and multiple logistic regression test. Results: There is a difference in mean of waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, simple carbohydrate intake, fiber intake and physical activity in both groups. The variable at risk for prediabetes were simple carbohydrate intake (OR=3,94;95%CI 1,23-12,56), fiber intake (OR=2,63;95%CI 0,91-7,63) and fat intake (OR=2,14;95%CI 0,78-5,84). Intake of simple carbohydrate and fiber are the most dominant variable that affecting the incidence of prediabetes with a proportion of 14,5%. There were no correlation between total carbohydrate intake, fiber intake and physical activity with prediabetes in adult women. Conclusion: Excessive simple carbohydrate intake and low fiber intake were risk in the occurrence of prediabetes