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Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Tadulako
ISSN : 20883536     EISSN : 25283375
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Tadulako merupakan jurnal ilmiah untuk menerbitkan hasil riset terbaru dalam bidang kesehatan masyarakat yaitu: Adminisitrasi dan Kebijakan Kesehatan, Epidemiologi, Promosi Kesehatan, Kesehatan Lingkungan, Kesehatan dan Keselamatan Kerja, Kesehatan Reproduksi, Biostatistik dan Kependudukan Gizi masyarakat
Articles
54
Articles
FACTORS AFFECTING OF MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDER’S (MSDS) COMPLAINTS ON THE DRIVERS OF GAJAH MADA PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION MEDAN

Ferusgel, Agnes, Rahmawati, Nurul

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Musculoskeletal disorders complaints are complaints in the joints, ligaments and tendons which are caused because the muscles receive static loads repeatedly and continuously for a long time. This study to determine the influencing factors nd musculoskeletal disorder's (MSDs) complaints on the drivers of Gajah Mada public transportation Medan. Material and Method: The research design was analytical survey research method using cross sectional approach. The samples in this study were 30 people who were the total population of public transport drivers. The data analysis using regression linear test. Result: The majority of the drivers are in the majority aged 52-59 years old at 30.0%. The 1-6 year work period is 30.0%. Work attitude in the medium category is 90%. Conclusion: There is an influence of age, years of service and work attitude towards musculoskeletal disorder’s complaints on Gajah Mada public transport drivers Medan. It is also hoped that the driver will use the rest time to relax the muscles that aim to stretch the muscles so as not to cause muscle tension when working.

DESCRIPTION OF THE SANITATION KARANG ASEM STASION IN BANYUWANGI 2017

Sari, Apik Mila, Puspikawati, Septa Indra, Islamiyah, Khofifatul, Ardiasnyas, Rizky Bagas, Putri, Fika Ardiana

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Purpose: Stations are one of the public places that have sanitation facilities and enable environmental pollution and diseases including diarrhea, dysentery, typhus, malaria and filiarisis. The aim of finding out the sanitation conditions at Station Karang Asem in Banyuwagi. Material and Methods: this study is an observational study conducted through a sheet of instrument that has been made based on applicable laws and interview sheets. The assessment instrument consists of 3 main variables that are used as the foundation in the assessment including the main building variables, sanitation facilities and supporting facilities at the station. of the 3 variables there are sub-variables and also sub-variables used as ratings. Assessment is done by looking at the total final score of the sum of 3 variable scores. Results: The total score of the main building variable 140 means fulfilling 100% sub-variable requirements, 77 sanitation facilities means fulfilling 50% of the assessment requirements of sub-variables and supporting facilities 97.5 means meeting the 21.5% assessment requirements of sub-variables. The total score of Karang Asem station sanitation is so that station x sanitation is 314.5. Which means in the Good category. Conclusion: Karang Asem Station in Banyuwangi has a Good category in station sanitation assessments, although there still needs to be an increase especially in its sanitation facilities.Keywords: station, sanitation, public place.

MOTIVATION, JOB SATISFACTION AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT OF PROGRAM MANAGERS WITH HEALTH CARE COVERAGE AT PUBLIC HEALTH CARE IN BONDOWOSO

Putri, Melati Laksni, Witcahyo, Eri

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Based on Bondowoso’s Performance Assessment of Public Health Care in 2014 through 2016, there is one aspect of the Performance Assessment of Public Health Care that always belongs to the low performance, it is the aspect of health care coverage. The level of health care coverage significantly affect life expectancy. Life expectancy is one indicator in determining backward region. Based on Presidential Decree No. 131 in 2015 Bondowoso established as a backward region in East Java at the first place. This study aimed to analyze the correlation between motivation, job satisfaction and organizational commitment of program managers with health care coverage at Public Health Care in Bondowoso 2017. Material and Method: This study used analytic research with cross–sectional approach. Population of this research were 101 program managers with total sample were 81 respondent. Result: An association between motivation (p value = 0.000 <0.05), job satisfaction (p value = 0.000 <0.05) and organizational commitment (p value = 0.007 <0.05) with health care coverage. Conclusion: There is a correlation between Motivation, Job satisfaction and Organizational Commitment with Health Care Coverage

THE RELATIONSHIP OF KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE ABOUT FEVER AND ITS TREATMENT IN CHILDREN AT SHANTY CLINIC MEDAN

Butar-butar, Maria Haryanti, Sholikhah, Stevany, Napitupulu, Linda Hernike

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Fever is a condition of an increase in body temperature. Fever is a condition of body temperature above 37.5 ° C. Fever is part of the immune process that is fighting infections caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites. The aim is to determine the relationship between knowledge and attitudes of mothers about fever with treatment of fever in children at the shanty clinic.Material and Method: The study design used analytical survey research using cross sectional. Technique in this study was accidental sampling, as many as 47 respondents, and analysis data with Chi-Square statistical test. Result: Knowledge distribution with a good majority of 20 people (42.6%), Distribution of attitudes with a positive majority of 18 people (38.2%). The majority of the handling categories were 32 people (68.1%). Poor 12 respondents (37.5%) with the category of handling The results of the study showed a significant relationship between maternal knowledge of fever and treatment of fever in children with p-value = 0.000, attitude categories with handling fever in children related to p-value = 0.001. Conclusion: There is a relationship between knowledge and attitudes about fever with treatment of fever in children at the Shanty Medan Clinic. To increase maternal knowledge about fever by treating fever in children so that the mother is not too worried if her child has a fever. By monitoring the child's body temperature, compressing the child on the forehead, armpits and folds of the thighs and giving the child plenty to drink.

COMPLIANCE OF MULTI DRUG THERAPY (GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS) IN LEPROSY AT PUSKESMAS KAMONJI PALU CITY

Rahman, Abd, Musdalipa, Musdalipa, Napirah, Muh Ryman

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Recently, disease leprosy is still a health problem in Indonesia with a very high prevalence, i.e. 17.025 cases. The objective of this research was to find out the relationship between knowledge, attitude, family support, and health workers performance toward medication adherence. Material and Method: This research was analytic survey with cross sectional approach, then sampling technique is done by total sampling, i.e. 46 lepers. Data analyzed analytically included univariate and bivariate analysis, at the level of 95%. Result: Chi square test describe that there was a relationship between knowledge (p = 0.002), attitude (p = 0.000), family support (p = 0.001), and the role of health workers (p = 0.004), with the medication adherence. Regular treatment is very important for the lepers to get the cure.. Conclusion: Knowledge, attitude, family support, and the role of health workers have a significant relationship with the medication adherence.

THE EFFECT OF MASASE COUNTERPRESSURE ON LABOR PAIN KALA ONE ACTIVE PHASE IN MOTHER BIRDS IN BPM SETIA

Hadriani, Hadriani, Purwaningsih, Eka

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Labor pain can cause stress which can cause excessive hormone release such as ketocolamine and steroids. Pain can be reduced by pharmacological techniques and non-pharmacological techniques. Pharmacological techniques using analgesic drugs, while non-pharmacological techniques are pain control by using counterpressure techniques that reduce pain sensations by inhibiting pain from the source. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of counterpressure massage on labor pain kala one active phase in maternity at BPM Setia. Material and Method : This research is Quasi Experimental with one group pretest and posttest design with a population of all mothers giving birth during the active phase at Setia BPM and a sample of 15 respondents. Data analysis using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. Results: The scale of pain before counterpressure massage was performed in the first phase of active maternity, 9 respondents (60.0%) experienced severe pain, moderate pain as many as 3 respondents (20%) and very severe pain 3 respondents (20%). The scale of pain after counterpressure massage, mild pain 2 respondents (13.3%), moderate pain 9 respondents (60.0%) and experiencing severe pain 4 respondents (26.7%). The bivariate analysis showed p-value = 0,000. Conclusion: The conclusion of this study was that there were significant differences in pain before and after counterpressure massage in the first maternal phase of active at Setia BPM. Suggestions for midwives to be able to apply counterpressure massage techniques to reduce labor pain when I am the active phase of maternity.

THE STUDY OF WHO’S THEORY TO NUMBER OF POSYANDU TARAP VISITS TO INCREASE D/S OF INFANT–TODDLERS COVERAGE

Ifroh, Riza Hayati, Susanti, Rahmi, Winanda, Wenny

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Juni (2018)
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Maternal participation is one of the supporting factors and indispensable in monitoring the growth of infants and babies. This is reflected in the comparison of the number of children weighed with all children in the region or called the concept of D/S and involvement of parents visiting posyandu. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors that influence the visits of mothers who have infants or toddlers to Posyandu Tarap in order to increase the number D / S through the WHO theory approach. This research is an analytic observation research with cross sectional approach. Materials and Methods: The sample that entered as the respondent in this research is the mother who recorded in data posyandu Year 2017-2018. Results: The number of visit to Posyandu Tarap on average 2 times during last 4 months. The average of respondents knowledge is 14.95 and the average of respondents attitude is 43.45. As many as 90% of respondents have family support to Posyandu Tarap. In addition, 90% of respondents were motivated  to visit Posyandu Tarap to get information about infant and toddlers health, 95% of respondents considered  that distance of building  with Posyandu Tarap is very close. Conclusion: There is 1 causal factor from 7 research variables that influence mother visit to posyandu to weigh her baby that is mother motivation in doing visit to Posyandu Tarap.

THE QUALITY OF BAKTERIOLOGIS STUDY AND USE OF WATER OR DUG WELLS WITH AN OCCURRENCE WATER BORNE DISEASES IN THE VILLAGE WEST PASAYANGAN

Agustina, Norsita, Hayati, Ridha, Irianty, Hilda

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Juni (2018)
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective : Clean water which could cause bakteriologis water quality ineligible .This study attempts to know the quality of water bakteriologis a well (the bacteria MPN coliformm and e.coli ) consumed villagers west Pasayangan Kabupaten Banjar in the water borne disease and relations the behavior of the people in the water borne disease. Materials and method: This research methods used the cross sectional. The study analyzed by the quality of bakteriologis (MPN coliform and E. Coli ) as many as 30 a well. Data obtained through observation, interview using a questionnaire and results laboratory.Results bakteriologis water quality a well suggests that the whole water a well ineligible clean water developed by the minister of health no. 416 / menkes / per / ix / 1990. Result: The results showed that source of drinking water and management of drinking water had links scene water borne disease. Conclusion: The quality of bakteriologis well water dig they did not qualified drinking water and there was a correlation between the clean and healthy living (PHBS) in a household with a water borne diseases .Was recommended to the community to need to do and healthy patterns of living water management well with the way of chlorine in and cook water with the right way before use

COMPLIANCE ANALYSIS OF MEDICAL RECORD FILLING AT KALISAT HOSPITAL JEMBER

Tandy, Dinnya Yesica, Witcahyo, Eri, Utami, Sri

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Juni (2018)
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective : Hospital quality services is not only from medical services but also the support services, one of them is the completeness of medical records. The medical record filling issues are incompleteness and non-spesific diagnostic writing from the doctor. In 2016, the completeness of medical records in Kalisat Hospital reaches 61,43%. Less motivation and performance may be the cause of doctors and nurses compliance in medical records filling. This study aims to analyze determinants that relate to the compliance of medical records filling in Kalisat Hospital. Material and Method: This study uses descriptive research with a sample size of 47 people. The data is also presented in Scatter diagram to find the correlation of two variables. Result: The result showed that the majority of respondents had good knowledge of medical records, more respondents worked for 5 – 10 years, and majority worked in early adult age 25 - ≥ 40 years old. The majority of respondents had a good attitude and motivation. The majority of respondents had a good response about the filling medical records leadership, a good rewards, but a less response about work design in Kalisat Hospital. The scatter diagram showed that there were a positive correlation between knowledge, attitude, motivation, leadership, and rewards variables for the compliance of medical record files. Conclusion: Based on the study, it can be concluded that there is a positive correlation between knowledge, attitude, motivation, leadership, and reward with compliance of medical records file in Kalisat Hospital Jember

HbsAg SCREENING IN TEENAGERS IN SURABAYA BY USING RAPID TEST

Alamudi, M Yusuf, Hadi, M.Irfan, Kumalasari, Mei Lina Fitri

Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Juni (2018)
Publisher : akultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Background & Objective : Hepatitis B immunization in Indonesia generally observes early age group (infant) and still rarely observed in adolescence. Teenagers become very important because they will soon be married and have children. The purpose of this study was to determine hepatitis based on HBsAg by using Rapid test Material and Method: Analytical observational with cross sectional approach is done at Center for Health Studies Pondok Pesantren Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya. The sample size was 54 adolescents using accidental sampling technique, with age between 19-20 years old. HbsAg examination using manual rapid test monotest. Result: The result of the research shows that the most respondents are female, 94.44% and male 5.56%. A manual rapid test monotest will show strips one for negative results and two for HbsAg positive results. Rapid test HBsAg Monotest showed negative results against 54 people. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study can be concluded that not found positive adolescent hepatitis based on HBsAg examination