Journal of Advanced Civil and Environmental Engineering
Journal of Advanced Civil & Environmental Engineering invites and welcomes the submission of advanced research and review papers, innovations and developed selected conference papers that have never been previously publicized. This journal provides publications and a forum to the academics, scholars and advanced level students for exchanging significant information and productive ideas associated with all these disciplines. The relevant topics of the latest progressive findings or developments will be taken seriously into consideration, the topics covered by the journals include: Materials Structure and Structural Analysis Geotechnic Water resources/hydro Construction management Transportation Highway engineering Environmental science and engineering
Articles
16
Articles
Erodibility of Granular Materials Models

Sentani, Ari, Marot, Didier, Bendahmane, Fateh

Journal of Advanced Civil and Environmental Engineering Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Abstract

Abstract: Two means physical processes are involved in failure of a dams structure: either a mechanical failure by sliding, or a hydraulic failure by erosion. The causes of failures are internal erosion (23 cases between 44), or external erosion (20 cases of overtopping) and 1 case of sliding. In consequence, internal erosion is the most frequent cause for all the water retaining structures. A series of test are needed to develop models that can describe the internal erosion. This research uses two kinds of tests. They are The Consodilated Drained (CD) Triaxial test and The Erodibility test with triaxial erodimetre. These two tests uses mixture between Kaolinite Proclay (25%) and Fontainebleau Sand (75%) with 9% of water content. The result shows that confinement pressure increase, time for obtained maximal deviatoric also increase. When deviatoric stress is increase, percentage of deformation is also increase. And also the volume variation of specimen is decrease in function of deformation. For the second test, the result shows after the loss of fine particles in the soil, the original dilative stress-strain behavior changes to be contractive and the peak stress is decreases. Comparing the results of Chang & Zhang in 2011, the curves rank in a coherent way for the stress-strain curve although it used different speciments.

Isogeometric Analysis of Euler-Bernoulli Beam Element

Gan, Buntara Sthenly

Journal of Advanced Civil and Environmental Engineering Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Abstract

Abstract: The Isogeometric analysis is a computational geometry based on a series of polynomial functions (Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline, NURBS) which are assembled to represent the exact geometry. In the Isogeometric analysis, the curvature geometry of the beam element can be represented exactly. The conventional beam element can be developed by using the Isogeometric approach which is based on Euler-Bernoulli principle which is under the assumption that the dimension of the beam cross section is small compared with the length of the beam. The geometric shape of the beam and the shape functions formulation of the element can be formulated by using the Isogeometric approach. This paper highlights the application of the NURBS for the Euler-Bernoulli beam element in the context of finite element analysis. Examples are given to verify the effectiveness of the Isogeometric approach in static and free vibration problems.

Element Modeling of Masonry Wall With Opening Under Lateral Force

Darmayadi, Danna, Ahyar, Muhamad Rusli

Journal of Advanced Civil and Environmental Engineering Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Abstract

Abstract: Three-dimensional Finite Element Model for Masonry Wall with openings under lateral force using ABAQUS software. Finite element model verification with an experiment masonry wall in the laboratory without openings. The load-displacement relationship of finite element model is well agreed with experimental results. Parametric studies conducted on masonry wall with openings to investigate the influence of an area of openings. This research aimed to investigate the behavior of Masonry Walls with openings under lateral force. The result showed that the increase of the area of openings decreases stiffness and strength of masonry. It is also well observed from the result that lateral resistance of masonry will decrease for each area of the opening wall.

Introducing Buton Natural Rock Asphalt New Materials for Bitumen Mofification and Soil Stabilization

Rusbintardjo, Gatot, Yusoff, Nur Izzi M., Yerro, Arafat Sulaiman

Journal of Advanced Civil and Environmental Engineering Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Abstract

Abstract:The natural asphalt in the world which can be explored until today is Buton Natural Rock Asphalt (BNRA). The other natural asphalt like Trinidad Lake Asphalt   Based on survey conducted by Directorate General of Mining Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Republik of Indonesia, amount of 650 million ton of BNRA are found in Buton island, yet until 92 years since BNRA in Buton Island discover by Hetzel, a Dutch Geolog, only 3.4 ton  that have been explored to be used for road work. This paper reported the using of  BNRA to modify bitumen to improve their properties in order to resist  the high temperature rutting, and to stabilize clay soil, to  improve their strenght. Bitumen penetration grade 80/100 which will be modified was blend by 15 to 65% of BNRA in increments of 5% by weight of bitumen, and to stabilized clay soil, amount of 2% to 8% in increements of 2% BNRA by weight of soil was added. To determine Penetration Index (PI) of neat bitumen and alsobitumen modified with BNRA,  penetration at 250 Celcius and softening point test were conducted. Penetration Index is the parameter to measure the temperature susceptibility of binder. The test results show that ...

Application of Failure Mode Effects Analysis (FMEA) Method and Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) Towards Health and Occupational Safety on Jetty Project, Gresik, Indonesia

Aulady, Mohamad Ferdaus Noor, Nuciferani, Felicia, Wicaksono, Satya

Journal of Advanced Civil and Environmental Engineering Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Abstract

Abstract: Work accident in Indonesia has considerably increased every year. Work accident is often occurred in Construction sector. This is due to lack of proper occupational health and safety system (OHS). By the simple OHS management system, this issue can be improved. This research aim to identify the most fatal and high intensity risk of Jetty Project. Furthermore, this study also identify the risk cause that occur by simple method. Therefore, it will be easier for the company to do risk mitigation. To overcome this issue this research use Failure Mode Effect Analysis and Fault Tree Analysis methods. The results of this research show the most dominant risk priority in the girder bridge construction is the girder fall from during the mobilization. And daydream is the most dominant causes.

Bond-shear Behavior of FRP Rods as a Function of Attachment Configuration

Budipriyanto, Agung, Han, Ay Lie, Hu, Hsuan Teh

Journal of Advanced Civil and Environmental Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Abstract

The use of external reinforcement to improve or enhances the flexural capacity of a member depends on the transfer capacity, and the failure behavior of the composite between the reinforcement, the epoxy resin and the concrete. The most influencing factor is the bond-shear capacity between the rod and the epoxy, and the epoxy to the concrete. Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) rods are the latest alternate for fulfilling the external reinforcement scheme. In the field, the mandated embedment depth as outlined by the ACI 440 code, could customary not be achieved since factors such as the depth of the concrete cover, and presence of stirrups limits the space. This study is aimed to evaluate the effect of FRP rod configurations with respect to the concrete surface, to the effectiveness of external reinforcement. The study looked into the bond-shear capacity as well as the mode of failure, influence by the rod attachment depth. It was shown that the embedment depth significantly influenced the failure mode, and therefore the strain transfer capacity from the concrete to the rods.

Application of GGBFS and Bentonite to Auto-Healing Cracks of Cement Paste

Ekaputri, J J, Anam, M S, Luan, Y, Fujiyama, C, Chijiwa, N, Setiamarga, D H E

Journal of Advanced Civil and Environmental Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Abstract

Cracks are caused by many factors. Shrinkage and external loading are the most common reason. It becomes a problem when the ingression of aggressive and harmful substance penetrates to the concrete gap. This problem reduces the durability of the structures. It is well known that self – healing of cracks significantly improves the durability of the concrete structure. This paper presents self-healing cracks of cement paste containing bentonite associated with ground granulated blast furnace slag. The self-healing properties were evaluated with four parameters: crack width on the surface, crack depth, tensile strength recovery, and flexural recovery. In combination with microscopic observation, a healing process over time is also performed. The results show that bentonite improves the healing properties, in terms of surface crack width and crack depth. On the other hand, GGBFS could also improve the healing process, in terms of crack depth, direst tensile recovery, and flexural stiffness recovery. Carbonation reaction is believed as the main mechanism, which contributes the self-healing process as well as the continuous hydration progress.

Beneficial Inner-City Quay Walls?

Goldbohm, Philine C.R., M. Wolfert, A. Rogier, G. de Gijt, Jarit, de Bruijne, Mark L.C., van Heesch, M A

Journal of Advanced Civil and Environmental Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Abstract

Inner-city quay walls in public urban areas: expense or added value? These civil structures approach, reach or exceed the end of their life span. This threatens the quality of the public urban area. Many municipalities are still willing to invest in the management of inner-city quay walls, despite the costs. Apparently, the quay walls generate more benefits than that are initially expected based on their original functions. Until now, municipalities have failed to determine the added value of inner-city quay walls. Theoretical and practical research suggests that adequate asset management is indispensable. Nevertheless, no research focuses on valuable management of inner-city quays, in terms of performance, costs, benefits and risks. How to decide on a management strategy that adds the most value to the public area? A new framework should identify and incorporate the value of inner-city quay walls in the management process.

Vibrational analysis of Levy-type plates by using SEM

Kiryu, Shota, Gan, Buntara Sthenly

Journal of Advanced Civil and Environmental Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Abstract

The use of the frequency-dependent spectral method in structural dynamic related problems is known to provide very accurate solutions while reducing the number of degree-of-freedom to resolve the computational and cost drawbacks. This paper investigated the vibrational characteristics of a rigid pavement road which is modeled by an isotropic Levy-type rectangular thin plates. The Spectral Element Method (SEM) in the frequency domain is developed to formulate the free vibration problems of the plate. Transcendental stiffness matrices are well established in vibration, derived from the exact analytical solutions of the differential equations of a plate element. The present spectral element model has four line-type degree-of-freedoms (DOF) on each edge of the Levy-type rectangular plate. Natural frequencies are found using the Wittrick-Williams algorithm. Numerical examples are given to show the effectiveness, efficiency, and accuracy of the SEM by using one element, unlike the FEM, the SEM gives exact solutions of the natural frequencies of plates without element discretization procedures.

A Parametric Study of Confinement Effects to the Interaction Diagram of P-M for High-Strength Concrete Columns

Cholida, Nur Fithriani Fatma, Antonius, A, Niam, Faiqun

Journal of Advanced Civil and Environmental Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Abstract

In reinforced concrete columns design, P-M interaction diagram is used as axial load control and column bending without taking into account the effect of lateral reinforcement bars. Design principles that ignore the effect of reinforcement bars will result in low value of actual axial capacity of column. This paper presents the effect of lateral reinforcement with a case study of square-sectional columns on high-strength concrete. The equation of unconfined concrete strength enhancement is based on Mander, Legeron, Imran, Antonius and Muguruma models. The reviewed parameters include compressive strength of concrete, reinforcement configuration, and spacings of confinement. The result of the analysis is a comparison of P-M diagram based on confinement models. It shows that confinement significantly influences axial capacity of column, yet it has a certain collapse point at point P = 0 in all models. This is caused by longitudinal reinforcement system. Configuration of reinforcement, spacing and confinement models greatly affects the collapse behavior of column, whether the collapse is classified as compressive collapse or tensile collapse based on the P-M diagram.