Asian Journal for Poverty Studies (AJPS) is the official publication of Regional Network on Poverty Eradication (RENPER) and serves as media for promoting innovative theoretical and empirical research on poverty alleviation. AJPS is a peer reviewed international journal publishing research articles on poverty studies including, but not limited to, urban and rural poverties, gender issues in poverty, public policy on poverty, and community empowermen
In recent decades, corporate social responsibility has emerged as a crucial goal in business. Several researchers haveÂ agreed that it is a win-win business strategy which contributes to the financial well-being of the firm. However, theÂ question of how corporate social responsibility contributes to the well-being of workers is still unanswered, especiallyÂ in transitioning markets like Vietnam. Realizing this role of corporate social responsibility in business, this studyÂ investigates the impact of corporate social responsibility on both trust in organization and quality of work life ofÂ workers in Vietnam. Based on a data set collected from 501 employees working for various firms in Ho Chi Minh City,Â Vietnam, the study finds that corporate social responsibility directly and indirectly (mediated by trust in organization)enhances quality of work life of workers. The findings of the study suggest that the government and managementÂ should pay close attention to corporate social responsibility and make efforts to communicate its corporate socialÂ responsibility mission and activities to their employees.
International migration is one of the key components of local economic development in a labour sending country. TheÂ returns of migration and remittances play a significant role in the economic development and growth of the sourceÂ country. The remittance causes a positive Balance of Payment as well as poverty reduction in Bangladesh. TheseÂ international migrations also have impacts on micro economic issues like local and household economy, which havereceived very little attention in existing studies. Therefore, to check the issue, this study collected primary data basedÂ on a questionnaire survey from 306 Bangladesh workers who are engaged in wage-earning employment in Malaysiaduring the period of Nov-Dec 2010. This study analysed the data based on the Path Measurement Model. ThisÂ empirical study found that international migration significantly improves the micro economy of Bangladesh such ashouse ownership, improvement of economic conditions, donation towards local institutes and infrastructure, new workÂ experience, new skills, and poverty reduction. Some initiatives such as communication skills, maintaining andimproving economic diplomacy and discouraging the Hundi System (Illegal remittance transfer system) are suggestedÂ to improve these rising consequences of international migration in Bangladesh.
Sabah is the biggest state in contributing to the oil palm commodity in Malaysia with 1.54 million hectares of oil palm plantation and contributing 27.4 % of the total oil palm area in Malaysia. The potential and the opportunity of vacancy in this sector were very wide for local people in Sabah especially for the local youth. However the local youth in this state prefer to work in urban area especially most of them migrate to West Malaysia which offered more jobs in manufacturing and services sectors Due to this reason the more than 78 % of labour in this sectors mainly were foreign labour. The rising social issues of the illegal foreign workers and influx of the foreign workers without work permit work in Sabah. In addition another problem arises when the local youth migrate back to Sabah without job due to high of cost of leaving in urban area. This resulted social problem among the youth due to unemployment issue. This study was done in order to analyse the pull or push factors in constructing a particular pattern of perception among the selected respondents on socio economic prospect toward career in oil plantation. A survey method through structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 156 of local youth between 16 to 40 years of age as focused respondents which were selected using random sampling method. Descriptive statistic was applied in order to rank the factors according to demographic factors that affecting the factor of perception of local youth on socio- economic prospect towards career in oil palm plantation.
Challenges in rural communities call for awareness of community leaders in overcoming these challenges. One of these challenges is the governmentâs endeavour to ensure that the rural community development is parallel to the countryâs development; hence, a credible, effective community leader is needed to achieve the countryâs development aspiration. This study was conducted in four rural communitiesin the state of Terengganu, Malaysia to identify the role played by local community leaders. These communities were selected based on their excellent achievement in community development programmes and contests. The objectives of this research are, (1) identifying the role of leaders in bringing success for every development programme and (2) ascertaining the leadership style that can bring positively impact a community. The data for this study were obtained from observations and interviews with 40 respondents who comprised of chairpersons and members of the Villages Development and Safety Committee (J3K), as well as local residents. The findings showed that effective community leadership plays a significant role as an agent of change and has the ability to positively impact the development of rural community. Besides that, community leadersâ practise of effective leadership style is perceived to bring changes among the community in the social, economic and cultural aspects, as well as changes in the way of thinking among rural communities. In this regard, leadership in these four communities is viewed to manifests the change into better leadership that can inspire other community leaders.
The aim of the study is to investigate the decision making behaviour of the Malay women entrepreneurs at the peripheralÂ area of Tok Bali, Kelantan Malaysia. Six respondents were observed and interviewed using in depth interview protocol.Â The in depth interview (IDI) transcripts concluded that most respondents venture into business is just to raise theirÂ respective families and solve their current financial problem instead of contributing to the economy of the area. Thus,Â the characteristics of entrepreneurship among them do not exist. Therefore, most of the respondents cannot be categorizedÂ as real entrepreneurs as most of their businesses are just small-scale businesses to support their family. However, theyÂ do bring a significant change to their familyâs economy and play a role in changing their familyâs economic conditionÂ but do not act as catalyst for the economic change for the peripheral area. It was also found that the most popularÂ businesses in Tok Bali is âFish crackers (âi.e. Keropokâ)â business and they have received the governments assistanceÂ such as capital, machinery, business training and business premises. The present study is exploratory in nature, thus Â researchers will only able to describe the situation instead of recommending what should be done to improve theÂ situation. For further research, it is recommended that more extensive study to be done to gain more information onÂ their decision making behaviour towards entrepreneurship and their attribution to success. More respondents shouldÂ be interviewed to gauge more factors and issues. A mixed method with quantitative analysis will enrich the result.
Hope Family Program (HFP) commenced in 2007 served as a part of social security for the very poor households (VPH) to get their descent out from the poverty trap. HFP is focused on health and education sectors since both sectors are the core for life improvement of society. It has been implemented in 33 provinces with varying effectiveness. The purposes of this study were to identify the effectiveness of HFP implementation in Wanayasa Village, Wanayasa Sub-district, Purwakarta Regency and to reveal various related aspects that could potentially impact the success of the program. The study was conducted using quantitative descriptive approach by involving 41 participants from VPH joining to HFP implemented in the village as the respondents. A SWOT analysis was performed to explore the underlying issues as to the effectiveness, coverage, and sustainability of the program. In most cases, the respondents acknowledged that HFP had been well implemented and the received cash was sufficient to cover the expenses for children education and health care. The performed SWOT analysis leads to some offered approaches for the program improvement in the village
Interdisciplinary relations of social workers seen through interpersonal relationships of social workers with other professions, organization setting of interdisciplinary work systems and the funding model allocated for such interdisciplinary work. The researchers were interested in seeing the implementation of these three aspects with the aim of knowing the description of social worker relations with other professions in Suryakanti Health Clinic Bandung, Indonesia. The method used in this research was a qualitative descriptive method with ten informants consisting of two social workers, one doctor, one psychologist, four therapists, one nurse and one employee of management. Data collection techniques used interviews, observations, field notes, and document usage. Data validity was performed using credibility test with increasing perseverance, reference adequacy as well as triangulation of technique and time. The results showed that the clinic policy of separating the interdisciplinary works into inter-professional and referral divisions has brought about social workers lose their role as mediator and no longer participate in recommendation formulation with an interdisciplinary team. Consequently, all the activities related to the patient handling were mostly based on a good interpersonal relationship between the social workers and other professions. Similarly, due to the limited funding, the clinic provided the social workers with only transportation expenses, while the service fees expected to come from the parent of the visited patient were not always obtained.
Poverty and social welfare are inseparable indicators of poverty alleviation. The purposes of this study were to describe the distribution of poverty in Bondowoso Regency, East Java Province using welfare indicators and to overview the efforts had been made by the local government in tackling the poverty problems. The research was carried out using a qualitative descriptive method by referring to the secondary data with interactive model analysis. Based on the welfare-related issues that consisted of house ownership status, level of welfare, school drop out ,access to electricity, quality of water source, access to subsidized LPG, sanitation facility, working family members, and access to health service, there were five sub-districts of the regency experiencing acute deprivation. At regency level, all these issues were shared in equal proportions in contributing the poverty incidence across the twenty-three sub-districts. There were twelve sub- districts faced poverty problems by complying with at least two welfare issues. The highest level of poverty was found at Wringin Sub-district with six welfare issues, followed by Taman Krocok and Botolinggo Sub-districts with five welfare issues, and Klabang and Cerme Sub-districts with four welfare issues. Although a number of programs related to poverty eradication have been delivered, the root causesof poverty and welfare would still remain unsolved. Special attention and serious handlings for welfare improvement should be given to those sub-districts. The integrated program activities involving various parties should be taken into account to improve the effectiveness of the program as to the poverty alleviation in the Regency.
The ability of families to meet the food needs becomes one of the determining factors in the fulfillment of food of children under five. For the communities living in disaster areas, the situation can be further complicated by the conditions of the natural environment damaged by the disaster. This research describes the fulfillment of food of children under five, especially those aged between three to five years, by families who lived in disaster-prone areas. This research was conducted in Nagrakjaya Village, Curug kembar Subdistrict, Sukabumi Regency which is prone to earth movement disaster and part of its territory is considered as the red zone. The research employed a qualitative method using data obtained from parents informant of children under five, health cares, and community leaders. The aspects covered in this study were: food access, food availability, consumption pattern, coping strategy food, and food preparedness. The results showed that in terms of access to food, people obtained their foodstuffs depending on what was available to mobile vendors and small shops regardless of their financial ability to obtain food. Moreover, people did not provide special foods for toddlers. In dealing with difficult situations during the event of a disaster, people reliedon the provision of food from fellow citizens or small shop owners and outside help. People also felt no need to store food supplies for the possibility of difficult situations, both for adults and toddlers, even though toddlers have a different consumption pattern to adults and require balanced nutritional needs.As a recommendation, it is necessary to conduct campaigns and dissemination of healthy food for children under five to increase parents knowledge about healthy consumption for children under five, especially in the disaster-prone areas.
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play an important part in improving the Indonesia economy and, consequently, the government has a mandatory obligation to maintain their sustainability and development. The fact that government has a limitation in helping solve the problems the SMEs encounter, Business Development Service- Provider (BDS-P) can serve as an alternative partner in improving the performances and finding the solution for the problem faced by the SMEs. This research was conducted on BDS-P existing in Indonesia using the qualitative method to describe and to explore in-depth the role of government policy in BDS-P development in Indonesia. The primary data were collected through interviews and observations, while the secondary data were derived from the documentation, notes, and archives. From the data processing and data analysis, it could be concluded that the government policies concerning the development of BDS-P had resulted in the improvement of the ability and capacity of BDS-P in providing business services, dissemination of the BDS-P roles in developing SMEs, involvement of BDS-P in providing business service for SMEs, and the establishment of the standard on the competency certification for professional consultants/ facilitators.