Asian Journal for Poverty Studies (AJPS) is the official publication of Regional Network on Poverty Eradication (RENPER) and serves as media for promoting innovative theoretical and empirical research on poverty alleviation. AJPS is a peer reviewed international journal publishing research articles on poverty studies including, but not limited to, urban and rural poverties, gender issues in poverty, public policy on poverty, and community empowermen
The study was undertaken on production and marketing scenario, farmersâ perception and efficiency of hybrid rice and maize producers in Bangladesh. Data from400 farmers and 40 seed dealerswere collected fromDinajpur, Sherpur, Gopalganj andNoakhali district.Ten leading seed companies were also included in the study. About 4 thousand tons of hybrid rice seed were imported by leading 10 seed companies in 2014-15 which was about 38% of total import of hybrid rice seed. BADC is the main hybrid seed producer (HL 8 h) in Bangladesh but it is not more than 10% of total import. Twelve to twenty seven hybrid rice varieties were found in the study districts, and the highest area covered by hybrid in GopalganjSadar (13813 ha) followed by Sonaimuri (7200 ha) ofNoakhali. Farmerâs gross return and gross margin increased by using hybrid rice seed. The solution of the linear programming model shows that area under HYV rice have been shifted to hybrid rice about 8 to 52 percent. The results of stochastic frontier production modelindicated that inefficiency effects are present in hybrid rice and maize production. Hence, technical inefficiency effects have significant impact on output. These results suggest that there is a substantial scope for increasing rice production in the country using hybrid seed. Farmers are happy by producing hybrid rice as it is higher yielder.
This study aims to find solutions to solve the basic livelihoods of poor households in the tide reservoir Central Coast.Â The study results show that livelihoods of majority of families living around Cam Ranh reservoir depend mainly onÂ fisheries resources. The increase effort in fishing effort using different fishing means has caused challenges for localÂ government in solving problems of livelihood, environment and resources. Regression model finds out that besidesÂ demographic characteristics: the dependency ratio, education of household members and employment rate of adults,Â an increase fishing effort (boat) has affected the income and expenditure of poor households. Based on these findings,Â the authors suggest some recommendations to settle harmonious relationship between livelihoods and the environmentfor the poor fisherman in this area.
Bangladesh is a country of 140 million populations where poverty reduction is the prior challenge. With a low level of per capita income, Bangladesh needs to formulate a multi-sectorial strategy for poverty reduction. As Bangladesh is an agricultural based country poverty can be minimized by enhancing agricultural inputs to maximize our production. Tea is an important cash crop in our country. Vast population directly or indirectly depends on our tea industry. The present study was conducted to investigate yield, quality and drought performance of the two newly released variety named BT19 and BT20 by Bangladesh Tea Research Institute. The experiment was conducted at Bangladesh Tea Research Institute experimental farm where four test clones namely Sh/D/11/313, A/8/8, A/17/7, A/22/39 and a well renowned Indian clone TV1 used as a control. The experimental result revealed that amongst the four test clones A/17/7 and A/8/8 are statistically more high yielder and drought tolerant than the control. A/17/7 is more high yielding than A/8/8 but A/8/8 is more drought tolerant. So considering yield, quality and drought potentials, the test clone A/17/7 and A/8/8 have recently released as BT19 and BT20 respectively which can be used as improved planting material in our tea growing areas by small growers and small holders to increase our production, quality as well as job opportunities and national income to eradicate our poverty.
The position of women in Indonesian society is progressing. The progress trend is supported by several legal instrumentsÂ and policies that guarantee womens rights. Although adequate legal instruments began, many implementations in theÂ field are distorted. Implementation of the protection schemes for women does not address to the changing of the poorÂ womenâs living condition, instead it remains vulnerable. This action research was addressed to analyze and discussÂ the practices of state social protection for the poor communities, as well as the testimony of beneficiaries. Based on theÂ field learning from both parties, activists from universities and non-governmental organizations, attempt was made toÂ knit some state schemes and policies into a model of protection; it also aimed to facilitate access and accelerateÂ changes.
Poverty among the elderly should be measured using different methodology as to differentiate them based on the differentÂ dimensions of poverty and to reflect the true differences in needs and resource insufficiency among elderly. How poverty isÂ measured will influence coverage of programs for older persons and to date no specific measurement is available toÂ determine poverty among older persons. This paper is focus on poverty measurement among elderly in Malaysia.Â Household income data 2009/10 obtained from the Department of Statistic Malaysia were utilized to examine theÂ incidence of poverty among older persons in Malaysia. Incidence of poverty among older persons was measured using twoÂ measurements; absolute poverty (Yearly Poverty line income (PLI) of RM8640) and relative poverty (HalfÂ Median income of Malaysia of RM21756). Two income measurements were compared; individual elderlyincome and income of households headed by older persons. Measuring poverty using individual income will supportÂ the philosophy of economic empowerment of older persons. Income of household headed by older persons will reflectthe economic situation of household headed by older persons, the proportion expected to increase in the future. DataÂ of the study comprised of 184,447 individual member records of which 16325 were those age 60 and older (8.85%). ThereÂ was also information on 43026 households, 7892 of which are headed by those ages 60 and older (18.3%). TheÂ incidence of absolute and relative poverty using the two measurements will be calculated and the implications of suchÂ measurement will be discussed.
This study aims at finding possible links between the economic performance and institutional quality of provinces and cities in Vietnam by using regression analysis. The economic performance is measured by Net revenue of all firms in each province or city. The institutional quality is representative with Provincial Competitiveness Index (PCI) of respective province or city. For regression models, while the dependent variable is economic performance of provinces, PCI is used as the key independent variable. Labor and capital are main production factors of the economic performance, so they are also included in the regression models. The data of the years 2012 and 2013 collected from sixty-three provinces and cities in Vietnam is used in the study. The study shows a link between the economic performance and the institutional quality of provinces and cities in Vietnam.
Only 23 out of 63 provinces in Vietnam have established credit guarantee funds since 2001, when Vietnamese government encouraged the establishment of provincial credit guarantee funds to support small and medium enterprises. The Credit Guarantee Fund which reach the largest small and medium enterprises guarantee for only 105 loans. The article uses content analysis method to assess the situation of credit guarantee operation for small and medium enterprises in Vietnam. Research shows that guarantee funds are currently not expanding due to the fact that unfavorable guarantee regulations do not encourage borrowing under the guarantee of these funds; charter capital is at small scale; cooperation between banks and these funds are not based on sharing benefits and risks; inflexible and increative Municipal Credit Guarantee Funds. Following the recent findings, the paper suggests recommendations for the policies to strengthen the credit accessibility of SMEs in Vietnam.
Fiscal decentralization is considered to give positive as well as negative impacts for development policy such as povertyÂ reduction. The implementation of fiscal decentralization in Indonesia has changed the patterns of local governmentsâbudget allocation for poverty reduction. Local governments have wider discretion to allocate their budget for povertyÂ reduction strategy. This study aims at observing the potential link patterns of fiscal decentralization to poverty reductionÂ in Indonesian provinces before and in the period of fiscal decentralization implementation. This study applies aÂ descriptive analysis as a method for identifying the potential link patterns of fiscal decentralization to povertyÂ reduction in Indonesia. Firstly, this study identifies the trend of several poverty indicators in Indonesia, namely 1) theÂ percentage rate of poverty; 2) poverty gap index (P1) and poverty severity index (P2); and 3) Human DevelopmentÂ Index (HDI). Secondly, the link of fiscal decentralization to poverty reduction in Indonesia is elaborated using theÂ share of government budget expenditure on relevant sector to total expenditure and the percentage rate of poverty.Â This study shows that there is no clear link pattern of fiscal decentralization to poverty reduction in Indonesia. ThreeÂ link patterns, namely positive link, negative link, and no link appear differently among provinces and regions. SeveralÂ factors that support the conditions need to be elaborated more.
This paper examines determinants of accessibility to rural poor households in Vietnam from the viewpoint of policyÂ makers, credit institutions and poor households. From supply side annual report of provider will be cited, from demandÂ side, VHLSS primary data provided by GSO will be used. Beside that semi-structured questionnaire survey will beÂ conducted to collect qualitative information. Logit model is employed to investigate the determinants of their outstandingÂ loan. The quantitative modelâs results express that age, education, regional differentiation, industrial differentiation,Â land, asset affect to credit access of poor households. The qualitative analysis finds out some recommendations forÂ adjustment the poverty reducing credit policy
Agricultural development is the sine qua non for socio-economic development of a nation in general and developing countries in particular. The sustainable agriculture can be traced that it enhances the environmental quality and the resource base upon which agriculture depends. This form of agriculture is expected to provide basic human food and other major needs which are socially desirable and economically viable. This awareness has come to the centre stage of global debate as a result of degradation of natural resources and environment. The present study is an attempt to examine the farming practices in Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu, India. The study is an empirical investigation based upon the data collected from the above mentioned field. The data were collected from 335 respondents of the district who were selected through multi-stage stratified random sampling method. In the first phase one developed taluk, a backward taluk, and a most backward taluk were identified. In the second phase one community development block is selected from each taluk. Third phase is the selection of five villages from each block. And at the final stage from each village 10 per cent of the farm households were selected at random. From the selected respondents the data were collected by using the tool of interview-schedule. The farming pattern of each educational group is associated with the views on advantages of cultivating traditional crop variety and the awareness of impact of chemical fertilizer on land and crops.