ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS)
Published by Universitas Bengkulu
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Asian Journal for Poverty Studies (AJPS) is the official publication of Regional Network on Poverty Eradication (RENPER) and serves as media for promoting innovative theoretical and empirical research on poverty alleviation. AJPS is a peer reviewed international journal publishing research articles on poverty studies including, but not limited to, urban and rural poverties, gender issues in poverty, public policy on poverty, and community empowermen
Articles 51 Documents
IMPACT OF HYBRID RICE AND MAIZE SEED IN CEREAL PRODUCTION SYSTEM IN BANGLADESH Anwar, M.M.; Awal, M.A.; Khan, A.S.M. M.R.; Haque, M.E.; Hossain, A.
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 3, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

The study was undertaken on production and marketing scenario, farmers’ perception and efficiency of hybrid rice and maize producers in Bangladesh. Data from400 farmers and 40 seed dealerswere collected fromDinajpur, Sherpur, Gopalganj andNoakhali district.Ten leading seed companies were also included in the study. About 4 thousand tons of hybrid rice seed were imported by leading 10 seed companies in 2014-15 which was about 38% of total import of hybrid rice seed. BADC is the main hybrid seed producer (HL 8 h) in Bangladesh but it is not more than 10% of total import. Twelve to twenty seven hybrid rice varieties were found in the study districts, and the highest area covered by hybrid in GopalganjSadar (13813 ha) followed by Sonaimuri (7200 ha) ofNoakhali. Farmer’s gross return and gross margin increased by using hybrid rice seed. The solution of the linear programming model shows that area under HYV rice have been shifted to hybrid rice about 8 to 52 percent. The results of stochastic frontier production modelindicated that inefficiency effects are present in hybrid rice and maize production. Hence, technical inefficiency effects have significant impact on output. These results suggest that there is a substantial scope for increasing rice production in the country using hybrid seed. Farmers are happy by producing hybrid rice as it is higher yielder.
SETTLEMENT HOUSEHOLD LIVELIHOODS FOR POOR FISHERMEN: THE CASE OF CAM RANH RESERVOIR,KHANH HOA PROVINCE Dao, Ha Thi Thieu; Manh, Pham Hong
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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This study aims to find solutions to solve the basic livelihoods of poor households in the tide reservoir Central Coast. The study results show that livelihoods of majority of families living around Cam Ranh reservoir depend mainly on fisheries resources. The increase effort in fishing effort using different fishing means has caused challenges for local government in solving problems of livelihood, environment and resources. Regression model finds out that besides demographic characteristics: the dependency ratio, education of household members and employment rate of adults, an increase fishing effort (boat) has affected the income and expenditure of poor households. Based on these findings, the authors suggest some recommendations to settle harmonious relationship between livelihoods and the environmentfor the poor fisherman in this area.
RELEASE OF CLONE BT19 AND BT20 FOR POVERTY REDUCTION IN TEA SECTOR OF BANGLADESH Hossain, M.I.; Ahmed, M.; Aziz, M.A.; Arefin, M.R.; Ashrafuzzaman, M. Ashrafuzzaman; Hossain, M.A.
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Bangladesh is a country of 140 million populations where poverty reduction is the prior challenge. With a low level of per capita income, Bangladesh needs to formulate a multi-sectorial strategy for poverty reduction. As Bangladesh is an agricultural based country poverty can be minimized by enhancing agricultural inputs to maximize our production. Tea is an important cash crop in our country. Vast population directly or indirectly depends on our tea industry. The present study was conducted to investigate yield, quality and drought performance of the two newly released variety named BT19 and BT20 by Bangladesh Tea Research Institute. The experiment was conducted at Bangladesh Tea Research Institute experimental farm where four test clones namely Sh/D/11/313, A/8/8, A/17/7, A/22/39 and a well renowned Indian clone TV1 used as a control. The experimental result revealed that amongst the four test clones A/17/7 and A/8/8 are statistically more high yielder and drought tolerant than the control. A/17/7 is more high yielding than A/8/8 but A/8/8 is more drought tolerant. So considering yield, quality and drought potentials, the test clone A/17/7 and A/8/8 have recently released as BT19 and BT20 respectively which can be used as improved planting material in our tea growing areas by small growers and small holders to increase our production, quality as well as job opportunities and national income to eradicate our poverty.
CENTERING VULNERABLE INTERESTS: THE CONSTRUCTION OF WOMEN’S PROTECTION MODEL FROM FIELD LESSONS Hendrastiti, Titiek Kartika; Riza, Irna
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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The position of women in Indonesian society is progressing. The progress trend is supported by several legal instruments and policies that guarantee womens rights. Although adequate legal instruments began, many implementations in the field are distorted. Implementation of the protection schemes for women does not address to the changing of the poor women’s living condition, instead it remains vulnerable. This action research was addressed to analyze and discuss the practices of state social protection for the poor communities, as well as the testimony of beneficiaries. Based on the field learning from both parties, activists from universities and non-governmental organizations, attempt was made to knit some state schemes and policies into a model of protection; it also aimed to facilitate access and accelerate changes.
MEASURING POVERTY AMONG ELDERLY MALAYSIANS Masud, Jariah; Hamid, Tengku Aizan; Haron, Sharifah A.
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Poverty among the elderly should be measured using different methodology as to differentiate them based on the different dimensions of poverty and to reflect the true differences in needs and resource insufficiency among elderly. How poverty is measured will influence coverage of programs for older persons and to date no specific measurement is available to determine poverty among older persons. This paper is focus on poverty measurement among elderly in Malaysia. Household income data 2009/10 obtained from the Department of Statistic Malaysia were utilized to examine the incidence of poverty among older persons in Malaysia. Incidence of poverty among older persons was measured using two measurements; absolute poverty (Yearly Poverty line income (PLI) of RM8640) and relative poverty (Half Median income of Malaysia of RM21756). Two income measurements were compared; individual elderlyincome and income of households headed by older persons. Measuring poverty using individual income will support the philosophy of economic empowerment of older persons. Income of household headed by older persons will reflectthe economic situation of household headed by older persons, the proportion expected to increase in the future. Data of the study comprised of 184,447 individual member records of which 16325 were those age 60 and older (8.85%). There was also information on 43026 households, 7892 of which are headed by those ages 60 and older (18.3%). The incidence of absolute and relative poverty using the two measurements will be calculated and the implications of such measurement will be discussed.
ANY LINKS BETWEEN ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE AND INSTITUTIONAL QUALITY? EVIDENCE FROM VIETNAM PROVINCES AND CITIES Nhan, Le Trung; Tung, Nguyen Van
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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This study aims at finding possible links between the economic performance and institutional quality of provinces and cities in Vietnam by using regression analysis. The economic performance is measured by Net revenue of all firms in each province or city. The institutional quality is representative with Provincial Competitiveness Index (PCI) of respective province or city. For regression models, while the dependent variable is economic performance of provinces, PCI is used as the key independent variable. Labor and capital are main production factors of the economic performance, so they are also included in the regression models. The data of the years 2012 and 2013 collected from sixty-three provinces and cities in Vietnam is used in the study. The study shows a link between the economic performance and the institutional quality of provinces and cities in Vietnam.
CREDIT GUARANTEE FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES THE CASE OF MUNICIPAL CREDIT GUARANTEE FUNDS IN VIETNAM Dao, Ha Thi Thieu
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 3, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Only 23 out of 63 provinces in Vietnam have established credit guarantee funds since 2001, when Vietnamese government encouraged the establishment of provincial credit guarantee funds to support small and medium enterprises. The Credit Guarantee Fund which reach the largest small and medium enterprises guarantee for only 105 loans. The article uses content analysis method to assess the situation of credit guarantee operation for small and medium enterprises in Vietnam. Research shows that guarantee funds are currently not expanding due to the fact that unfavorable guarantee regulations do not encourage borrowing under the guarantee of these funds; charter capital is at small scale; cooperation between banks and these funds are not based on sharing benefits and risks; inflexible and increative Municipal Credit Guarantee Funds. Following the recent findings, the paper suggests recommendations for the policies to strengthen the credit accessibility of SMEs in Vietnam.
POTENTIAL LINK PATTERNS OF FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION TO POVERTY REDUCTION IN INDONESIA Kusumaningrum, Sita Dewi; Sambodo, Deny Purwo
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
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Fiscal decentralization is considered to give positive as well as negative impacts for development policy such as poverty reduction. The implementation of fiscal decentralization in Indonesia has changed the patterns of local governments’budget allocation for poverty reduction. Local governments have wider discretion to allocate their budget for poverty reduction strategy. This study aims at observing the potential link patterns of fiscal decentralization to poverty reduction in Indonesian provinces before and in the period of fiscal decentralization implementation. This study applies a descriptive analysis as a method for identifying the potential link patterns of fiscal decentralization to poverty reduction in Indonesia. Firstly, this study identifies the trend of several poverty indicators in Indonesia, namely 1) the percentage rate of poverty; 2) poverty gap index (P1) and poverty severity index (P2); and 3) Human Development Index (HDI). Secondly, the link of fiscal decentralization to poverty reduction in Indonesia is elaborated using the share of government budget expenditure on relevant sector to total expenditure and the percentage rate of poverty. This study shows that there is no clear link pattern of fiscal decentralization to poverty reduction in Indonesia. Three link patterns, namely positive link, negative link, and no link appear differently among provinces and regions. Several factors that support the conditions need to be elaborated more.
POOR HOUSEHOLDS’ CREDIT ACCESSIBILITY: THE CASE OF RURAL VIETNAM Dao, Ha Thi Thieu; Kim, Nguyen Thien; Mai, Nguyen Thi
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
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This paper examines determinants of accessibility to rural poor households in Vietnam from the viewpoint of policy makers, credit institutions and poor households. From supply side annual report of provider will be cited, from demand side, VHLSS primary data provided by GSO will be used. Beside that semi-structured questionnaire survey will be conducted to collect qualitative information. Logit model is employed to investigate the determinants of their outstanding loan. The quantitative model’s results express that age, education, regional differentiation, industrial differentiation, land, asset affect to credit access of poor households. The qualitative analysis finds out some recommendations for adjustment the poverty reducing credit policy
PATTERN OF FARMING PRACTICES AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT: A STUDY ON THE LINKAGE Baksh, S. Allah; Rajkumar, P.; Sankaran, A.
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 3, No 1 (2017)
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Agricultural development is the sine qua non for socio-economic development of a nation in general and developing countries in particular. The sustainable agriculture can be traced that it enhances the environmental quality and the resource base upon which agriculture depends. This form of agriculture is expected to provide basic human food and other major needs which are socially desirable and economically viable. This awareness has come to the centre stage of global debate as a result of degradation of natural resources and environment. The present study is an attempt to examine the farming practices in Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu, India. The study is an empirical investigation based upon the data collected from the above mentioned field. The data were collected from 335 respondents of the district who were selected through multi-stage stratified random sampling method. In the first phase one developed taluk, a backward taluk, and a most backward taluk were identified. In the second phase one community development block is selected from each taluk. Third phase is the selection of five villages from each block. And at the final stage from each village 10 per cent of the farm households were selected at random. From the selected respondents the data were collected by using the tool of interview-schedule. The farming pattern of each educational group is associated with the views on advantages of cultivating traditional crop variety and the awareness of impact of chemical fertilizer on land and crops.