ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS)
Published by Universitas Bengkulu
Asian Journal for Poverty Studies (AJPS) is the official publication of Regional Network on Poverty Eradication (RENPER) and serves as media for promoting innovative theoretical and empirical research on poverty alleviation. AJPS is a peer reviewed international journal publishing research articles on poverty studies including, but not limited to, urban and rural poverties, gender issues in poverty, public policy on poverty, and community empowermen
Articles
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Articles
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SOCIAL PROTECTIONS IN HEALTH AND EDUCATION THROUGH THE HOPE FAMILY PROGRAM: A CASE STUDY IN WANAYASA VILLAGE, WANAYASA SUB-DISTRICT, PURWAKARTA REGENCY

Yuningsih, Yuyun, Sumardani, Sumardani, Hani, Ummi

ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

Hope Family Program (HFP) commenced in 2007 served as a part of social security for the very poor households (VPH) to get their descent out from the poverty trap. HFP is focused on health and education sectors since both sectors are the core for life improvement of society. It has been implemented in 33 provinces with varying effectiveness. The purposes of this study were to identify the effectiveness of HFP implementation in Wanayasa Village, Wanayasa Sub-district, Purwakarta Regency and to reveal various related aspects that could potentially impact the success of the program. The study was conducted using quantitative descriptive approach by involving 41 participants from VPH joining to HFP implemented in the village as the respondents. A SWOT analysis was performed to explore the underlying issues as to the effectiveness, coverage, and sustainability of the program. In most cases, the respondents acknowledged that HFP had been well implemented and the received cash was sufficient to cover the expenses for children education and health care. The performed SWOT analysis leads to some offered approaches for the program improvement in the village

INTERDISCIPLINARY RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SOCIAL WORKERS AND OTHER PROFESSIONS IN HANDLING CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS AT SURYAKANTI HEALTH CLINIC BANDUNG, INDONESIA

Ocktilia, Helly, Wigaringtyas, Odha, Tukino, Tukino, Nainggolan, Atirista

ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

Interdisciplinary relations of social workers seen through interpersonal relationships of social workers with other professions, organization setting of interdisciplinary work systems and the funding model allocated for such interdisciplinary work. The researchers were interested in seeing the implementation of these three aspects with the aim of knowing the description of social worker relations with other professions in Suryakanti Health Clinic Bandung, Indonesia. The method used in this research was a qualitative descriptive method with ten informants consisting of two social workers, one doctor, one psychologist, four therapists, one nurse and one employee of management. Data collection techniques used interviews, observations, field notes, and document usage. Data validity was performed using credibility test with increasing perseverance, reference adequacy as well as triangulation of technique and time. The results showed that the clinic policy of separating the interdisciplinary works into inter-professional and referral divisions has brought about social workers lose their role as mediator and no longer participate in recommendation formulation with an interdisciplinary team. Consequently, all the activities related to the patient handling were mostly based on a good interpersonal relationship between the social workers and other professions. Similarly, due to the limited funding, the clinic provided the social workers with only transportation expenses, while the service fees expected to come from the parent of the visited patient were not always obtained.

POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND COMMUNITY WELFARE: A CASE STUDY IN BONDOWOSO REGENCY, EAST JAVA, INDONESIA

Wulandari, Kusuma, Rosfiantika, Evi

ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

Poverty and social welfare are inseparable indicators of poverty alleviation. The purposes of this study were to describe the distribution of poverty in Bondowoso Regency, East Java Province using welfare indicators and to overview the efforts had been made by the local government in tackling the poverty problems. The research was carried out using a qualitative descriptive method by referring to the secondary data with interactive model analysis. Based on the welfare-related issues that consisted of house ownership status, level of welfare, school drop out ,access to electricity, quality of water source, access to subsidized LPG, sanitation facility, working family members, and access to health service, there were five sub-districts of the regency experiencing acute deprivation. At regency level, all these issues were shared in equal proportions in contributing the poverty incidence across the twenty-three sub-districts. There were twelve sub- districts faced poverty problems by complying with at least two welfare issues. The highest level of poverty was found at Wringin Sub-district with six welfare issues, followed by Taman Krocok and Botolinggo Sub-districts with five welfare issues, and Klabang and Cerme Sub-districts with four welfare issues. Although a number of programs related to poverty eradication have been delivered, the root causesof poverty and welfare would still remain unsolved. Special attention and serious handlings for welfare improvement should be given to those sub-districts. The integrated program activities involving various parties should be taken into account to improve the effectiveness of the program as to the poverty alleviation in the Regency.

FOOD FULFILLMENT FOR CHILDREN UNDER FIVE BY FAMILY IN DISASTER RESERVE AREA

Darwis, Rudi Saprudin, Nurseto, Hardian Eko, Andoyo, Robi, Sukri, Nandi, Hadi, Bambang Nur, Huda, Syamsul, Triani, Rini

ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

The ability of families to meet the food needs becomes one of the determining factors in the fulfillment of food of children under five. For the communities living in disaster areas, the situation can be further complicated by the conditions of the natural environment damaged by the disaster. This research describes the fulfillment of food of children under five, especially those aged between three to five years, by families who lived in disaster-prone areas. This research was conducted in Nagrakjaya Village, Curug kembar Subdistrict, Sukabumi Regency which is prone to earth movement disaster and part of its territory is considered as the red zone. The research employed a qualitative method using data obtained from parents informant of children under five, health cares, and community leaders. The aspects covered in this study were: food access, food availability, consumption pattern, coping strategy food, and food preparedness. The results showed that in terms of access to food, people obtained their foodstuffs depending on what was available to mobile vendors and small shops regardless of their financial ability to obtain food. Moreover, people did not provide special foods for toddlers. In dealing with difficult situations during the event of a disaster, people reliedon the provision of food from fellow citizens or small shop owners and outside help. People also felt no need to store food supplies for the possibility of difficult situations, both for adults and toddlers, even though toddlers have a different consumption pattern to adults and require balanced nutritional needs.As a recommendation, it is necessary to conduct campaigns and dissemination of healthy food for children under five to increase parents knowledge about healthy consumption for children under five, especially in the disaster-prone areas.

THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT POLICY IN SMES FACILITATING INSTITUTIONS IN INDONESIA: A CASE STUDY ON BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES PROVIDER

Akhmad, Khabib Alia, Karsidi, Ravik, Rahayu, Endang Siti, Wijaya, Mahendra

ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play an important part in improving the Indonesia economy and, consequently, the government has a mandatory obligation to maintain their sustainability and development. The fact that government has a limitation in helping solve the problems the SMEs encounter, Business Development Service- Provider (BDS-P) can serve as an alternative partner in improving the performances and finding the solution for the problem faced by the SMEs. This research was conducted on BDS-P existing in Indonesia using the qualitative method to describe and to explore in-depth the role of government policy in BDS-P development in Indonesia. The primary data were collected through interviews and observations, while the secondary data were derived from the documentation, notes, and archives. From the data processing and data analysis, it could be concluded that the government policies concerning the development of BDS-P had resulted in the improvement of the ability and capacity of BDS-P in providing business services, dissemination of the BDS-P roles in developing SMEs, involvement of BDS-P in providing business service for SMEs, and the establishment of the standard on the competency certification for professional consultants/ facilitators.

THE ISLAMIC WOMEN MOVEMENT FOR SOCIAL WELFARE IN INDONESIA: A STUDY ON WOMENS ORGANIZATION â??AISYIYAHâ?? IN MALANG REGENCY, EAST JAVA - INDONESIA

Sukmana, Oman

ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

Aisyiyah is an organization of Islamic womens social movements aimed at improving the social welfare of women in Indonesia. The organization has spread throughout the country at national, provincial, district /city, sub-district, and village levels. This study was undertaken on Aisyiyahof Malang Regency to describe the types of activity performed by the organization and the implementation of the Islamic values in improving the women social welfare. A qualitative research approach was adopted and the data were collected from the interview, documentation, records, and other archival materials available in the organization management office. The results showed that the activities of Aisyiyah organizations at the local level were manifested in the form of various business charities, including (1) Sub-sub- recipient community TB-care; (2) Kindergarten teachers association; (3) Zakat, infaq, and shadaqahinstitute; (4) Economic Business-Cooperative; and (5) Junior high boarding school.The Islamic values underlying the spirit of the movement were the values contained in the Al-Quran, surah of Al-Maun regarding the obligation of Muslims to care for orphans and the poor.

RELEASE OF CLONE BT19 AND BT20 FOR POVERTY REDUCTION IN TEA SECTOR OF BANGLADESH

Hossain, M.I. ( Bangladesh Tea Research Institute, Moulvibazar, Srimangal 3210, Bangladesh ) , Ahmed, M. ( Bangladesh Tea Research Institute, Moulvibazar, Srimangal 3210, Bangladesh ) , Aziz, M.A. ( Bangladesh Tea Research Institute, Moulvibazar, Srimangal 3210, Bangladesh ) , Arefin, M.R. ( Bangladesh Tea Research Institute, Moulvibazar, Srimangal 3210, Bangladesh ) , Ashrafuzzaman, M. Ashrafuzzaman ( Department of Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh ) , Hossain, M.A. ( Department of Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh )

ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

Bangladesh is a country of 140 million populations where poverty reduction is the prior challenge. With a low level of per capita income, Bangladesh needs to formulate a multi-sectorial strategy for poverty reduction. As Bangladesh is an agricultural based country poverty can be minimized by enhancing agricultural inputs to maximize our production. Tea is an important cash crop in our country. Vast population directly or indirectly depends on our tea industry. The present study was conducted to investigate yield, quality and drought performance of the two newly released variety named BT19 and BT20 by Bangladesh Tea Research Institute. The experiment was conducted at Bangladesh Tea Research Institute experimental farm where four test clones namely Sh/D/11/313, A/8/8, A/17/7, A/22/39 and a well renowned Indian clone TV1 used as a control. The experimental result revealed that amongst the four test clones A/17/7 and A/8/8 are statistically more high yielder and drought tolerant than the control. A/17/7 is more high yielding than A/8/8 but A/8/8 is more drought tolerant. So considering yield, quality and drought potentials, the test clone A/17/7 and A/8/8 have recently released as BT19 and BT20 respectively which can be used as improved planting material in our tea growing areas by small growers and small holders to increase our production, quality as well as job opportunities and national income to eradicate our poverty.

ANY LINKS BETWEEN ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE AND INSTITUTIONAL QUALITY? EVIDENCE FROM VIETNAM PROVINCES AND CITIES

Nhan, Le Trung ( International Economics Faculty, Banking University of HCMC, Vietnam ) , Tung, Nguyen Van ( International Economics Faculty, Banking University of HCMC, Vietnam )

ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

This study aims at finding possible links between the economic performance and institutional quality of provinces and cities in Vietnam by using regression analysis. The economic performance is measured by Net revenue of all firms in each province or city. The institutional quality is representative with Provincial Competitiveness Index (PCI) of respective province or city. For regression models, while the dependent variable is economic performance of provinces, PCI is used as the key independent variable. Labor and capital are main production factors of the economic performance, so they are also included in the regression models. The data of the years 2012 and 2013 collected from sixty-three provinces and cities in Vietnam is used in the study. The study shows a link between the economic performance and the institutional quality of provinces and cities in Vietnam.

ON-FARM GROWER-FRIENDLY NURSERY TECHNIQUE FOR ACCLIMATIZATION OF TISSUE-CULTURED BANANA SEEDLINGS

Wong, K.F. ( Faculty of Agro-Based Industry, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan Jeli Kampus, Locked Bag No. 100. 17600 Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia ) , Suhaimi, O. ( Faculty of Agro-Based Industry, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan Jeli Kampus, Locked Bag No. 100. 17600 Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia ) , Fatimah, K. ( Faculty of Agro-Based Industry, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan Jeli Kampus, Locked Bag No. 100. 17600 Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia )

ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

Banana is one of the common fruit preferences in the world. The market demand for this crop increasing year round. Tissue-cultured banana seedlings are getting widely used as planting materials among the growers for its quality assured properties, particularly for commercial plantation. However, most of the small scale growers are still using conventional planting sources (water suckers and sword suckers). They do not prefer tissue-cultured seedlings due to its expensive price, delicate to handle and often result in high post-transplanting mortality rate. The considerably high cost is due to the process of producing the tissue-cultured seedlings at the nursery stage (acclimatization). Even at the nursery stage, the conventional acclimatization process of the plantlets in the nursery results in non-uniformity of establishment and high mortality rate. The research was conducted to develop a nursery technique that will improve these drawbacks in order to improve greater acceptance and responsive level for the growers towards tissue-cultured seedlings. Based on the results, the developed technique has increased the survival rate (reducing mortality rate) of seedlings as compared to the conventional technique. In addition, this developed technique can be adopted on-farm instead of using protected nursery as conventionally practiced. Using this technique, the seedlings would be more easily adapted to the farm after transplanting. Ordinary farmers prefer younger seedlings (10-15cm in height) for planting as they grow faster than that of older seedlings with common quality (15-25cm in height). Girth size of seedlings would be the higher consideration in meeting the requirement for transplanting purpose. The developed technique has shown better growth performance in both height and girth parameters in the first 36 days as compared to conventional technique. Meaning that this helps to shorten the nursery period and create an alternative standard for seedlings to be transplanted.

EFFECTIVENESS OF FOOD SECURITY POLICIES IN IBSA AND BANGLADESH

Nirmala, V. ( Department of Economics, Pondicherry University, Kalapet, Pondicherry - 605014. India ) , Shaurav, Kumar ( Department of Economics, Pondicherry University, Kalapet, Pondicherry - 605014. India )

ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

The paper examines food security in terms of its three basic indicators, viz., availability, accessibility and absorption, across IBSA countries and Bangladesh, which together account for nearly a quarter of the worldâ??s population and more than one-third the undernourished. It also analyses the determinants of prevalence of food inadequacy in these countries. The study is based on data drawn from FAOSTAT, World Development Indicators (World Bank) and Global Food Security Index 2016 for the period 1990-2016. The objectives of the study have been analysed using ratios, percentages, simple average and multiple regressions. The results of the study indicate Brazil to be leading in achievement of the three indicators of food security indicators, whereas India and Bangladesh lag behind in most of the parameters. The determinants of prevalence of food inadequacy revealed that while increase in GDP per capita significantly reduced food inadequacy, growth in population significantly increased it in Brazil. Value of food production and targeted policies ensuring food security emerged as the most significant factors reducing prevalence of food inadequacy in most of the selected countries. The study recommends increasing food production and effective implementation of the food security policies by the four countries. Above all, these countries could also benefit from sharing each othersâ?? best practices.