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Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan
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Core Subject : Health, Agriculture,
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Articles 181 Documents
Faktor- Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Permintaan Daging Ayam Kampung di Pasar Tradisional Kota Surakarta Amelia, Digna Puspa; Purnomo, Sutrisno Hadi; Sudiyono, Sudiyono
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 16, No 1 (2018): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (832.493 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.v16i1.18638

Abstract

This research aimed to find out the factors affecting the demand for free-range chicken meat among consumers and to find out the difference of demand between one consumer group and another by demographic characteristics of consumers in traditional markets of Surakarta City. This research was conducted from August 24 to September 21, 2017 in traditional markets of Surakarta City using survey method. This study was a descriptive and associative research. Respondents were 60 (sixty) buyers of free-range chicken meat selected using convenience sampling method. The data obtained consisted of primary and secondary ones. Primary data included demographic characteristics (income, age, education, and family member number), free-range chicken meat price, and broiler chicken meat price. Secondary data included data from Animal Husbandry Service, Central Statistic Bureau, and literature. Data analysis was carried out using a multiple linear regression analysis, followed with determinacy test (R2), F test, t-test and One-way Anova test. From the multiple linear regression analysis, the following equation was obtained = Y = 4.811 – 2.443X1- 4.366X2- 0.038X3+ 5.503X4- 0.248X5- 0.197X6+ 1.518. R2 value was 0.593, meaning that all independent variables affected dependent variable (demand for free-range chicken meat) by 59.3%. The result of Ftest showed Fstatistic12.876 > Ftable 2.275, meaning that H0 was not supported, indicating that independent variables affected simultaneously the dependent one. The result of t test and One-way Anova test showed that age and income partially (individually) affected significantly the demand for free-range chicken meat. The conclusion of research was that all variables affected simultaneously the demand for free-range chicken meat, and age and income factors individually showed the difference of demand for free-range chicken meat in traditional market of Surakarta City. 
Pengaruh Umur Potong dan Konsentrasi Larutan Asam Asetat terhadap Sifat Fisik dan Kimia Gelatin Kulit Babi Sompie, M.; Triatmojo, S.; Pertiwiningrum, A.; Pranoto, Y.
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 10, No 1 (2012): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.10.1.15-22

Abstract

This research was aimed to study the influence of animal age and acetic acid solution concentration on physical and chemical properties. The experiment used Randomized Complete Design (RCD) with two factors and three replicates. The first factor was animal age consisted 3 levels (5, 7 and 9 months). The second factor was concentration of acetic acid solution consisted of 3 levels (2, 4 and 6 percents). The result showed that interaction of animal age period and concentration of acetic acid had no significant effect on gel strength, moisture content, ash content and fat content of pig skin gelatin. It was concluded that pigskin gelatin from ages of 5, 7 and 9 months and concentration acetic acid 2, 4 and 6 % had similar physical and chemical peoperties with the commercial gelatin.
Variasi Genetik Itik Bayang Berbasis Marka Mikrosatelit Pada Lokus AY287 dan Lokus AY283 Rusfidra, Rusfidra; Heryandi, Y.; Jamsari, Jamsari; Rahman, E. Y.
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 11, No 2 (2013): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.11.2.91-98

Abstract

West Sumatera Province has poultry genetic resource of local duck that potential in supplyeggs and duck meat. Bayang duck was set by Indonesian Agricultural Ministry in 2012 as national livestock breeds in Indonesia. Microsatellite markers are widely used as a genetic identifier because of their abundant existence, co-dominant and high polymorphic. The purpose of this study was to determine the genetic diversity of Bayang ducks based on two microsatellite loci which include AY287 and AY283. DNA substances used in the study were blood samples from 24 Bayang duck in Pesisir Selatan Regency. The isolated DNA genom from 24 blood samples of Bayang duck could be detected by gel electrophoresis. Results showed that AY287 locus has 6 alleles; allele A (108 bp), allele B (142 bp), allele C (183 bp), allele D (227 bp), allele E (272 bp) and allele F (340 bp). Both allele E and F were specific genetic markers of Bayang duck. Alleles frequencies of the AY287 locus were as follow: allele C (26,93%), allele D (19,24%), allele A (15,38%), allele B (15,38%), allele E (15,38%) and allele F (7,69%). The AY283 locus has 6 alleles consisted of allele A (230 bp), allele B (320 bp), allele C (345 bp), allele D (390 bp), allele E (450 bp) and allele F (500 bp). Allele frequencies of this marker were allele B (20,51%), allele D (20,51%), allele E (20,51%), allele A (15,39%), allele C (15,39%), and allele F (7,69%), respectively. Our finding suggest that two microsatellite markers, AY287 and AY283, were polymorphic in Bayang duck population.Key words: Bayang duck, microsatellite, AY283, AY287
Pengaruh Suplementasi Ampas Tahu, Ampas Tempe dan Ampas Kecap dalam Ransum Terhadap Performan Domba Lokal Jantan Handayanta, Eka
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 5, No 1 (2007): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.5.1.1-9

Abstract

The aim of this research to determine the effect of supplementation of tofu. tempe, and soy sauce waste in ration on male local sheep performance. This research was carried out during three month, take place on July until October 200E in Minifarm Dept. of Animal Science, Agriculture Faculty of Sebelas Maret University, located in Jatikuwung. Gondangrejo, Karanganyar. It used 12 male local sheeps with average body weight of 15.86 ±0.93 kg, divided into four treatments and three replications, each replication consist of one sheep. The ration consisted of king grass only as basal diet, as many as four percent base on body weight. The treatment given is in the form of feed supplement, that namely without supplement (RO), 250 gram tofu waste (R1), 250 gram tempe waste (R2), and 250 gram soy sauce waste (R3). The data variables collected were feed consumption, dry and organic matter digestibility, crude protein consumption, energy consumption, average daily gain, and feed conversion ratio. All of data except average daily gain was analyzed by completely randomized design one way classification. While average daily gain was analyzed by covariance analyze. The result were significant followed by Duncan new multiple range test. The result showed that average of R0, RI, R2 and R3 for feed consumption 430.52; 720.44; 704.44; 549.08 gram/day, dry matter digestibility (%) 61,07; 72,46; 69,68: 63,60, organic matter digestibility (%) 64,41: 74,94; 72.41; 64,7 1, crude protein consumption 47.66; 106.77; 85.83; 73.70 gram/day, energy consumption 281.82; 482.65; 432.67; 330.83 gram/day, average daily gain 50.00.­1X00: 116.19; 38.10 gram/day and feed conversion ratio 8.74; 5.61; 6.06; 15.2. The result of variance analyze showed that feed supplementation have highly significant effect (P<0.01) on all of the data variable colected. Conclusion of this research was supplementation of tofu waste and tempe waste could improved performance, while soy sauce waste could not improved the performance of male local sheep. Key words : sheep, tofu waste, tempe waste, soy sauce waste, performance
Pengaruh Pemberian Ransum dengan Kualitas Berbeda Terhadap Profil Darah, Produksi Susu dan Pertambahan Bobot Badan Sapi Perah Hanifa, Aqni
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 6, No 1 (2008): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.6.1.26-33

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to study blood profile, milk yield and liveweight gain of dairy cows as affected by dietary different quality of diets. The experiment used 15 lactating PFH were assigned into three treatments of diets and  five replication, three treatments of diets were : 1) T1 (CP 12% dan TDN 65%); 2) T2 (CP 14% dan TDN 70%) dan 3) T3 (CP 16% dan TDN 75%).The results of this experiment showed that the average of dry matter (DM) intake on Tl, T2 and T3 treatments were 8,59; 10,03 and 10,94 kg/d, respectively (P<0,01). The average of crude protein intake (CP) on T1, T2 and T3 treatments were 1,06; 1,44 and 1,71 kg/d (P<0,01), also the average of TDN intake on T1, T2 and T3 treatments were 5,52; 6,86 and 8,02 kg/d (P<0,01). The average of Hemoglobin (Hb) concentration on T1, T2 and T3 treatments were 10,21: 11,18 and 10,44 g/dl (P>0,05), also the average of eritrosit value on TI, T2 and T3 treatments were 3,37; 3,73 and 3,48 million/mm3;, respectively (P>0,05). The average of milk yield on T1, T2 and T3 treatments were 8,12; 11,29 and 13,42 l/d (P<0,05). The average of liveweight gain on TI, T2 and T3 treatments were 81,66; 117,71 and 320,00 g/d (P>0,05). The conclusions of this research was the highest level of CP and "1DN in diets (CP 16% and TDN 75%) showed that feed intake (DM, CP and TDN) and milk yield gave the best than other treatments. Different dietary quality of diets altered significant on feed intake (DM, CP and TDN) and milk yield, but the treatments did not affect on liveweight gain, Fib and eritrosit concentration. Key words :     diets quality, feed intake, blood profile, milk yield, liveweight gain, dairy cows
Analisis Pemasaran Domba dari Tingkat Peternak Sampai Penjual Sate di Kabupaten Sleman Suwarta, F.X.
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 7, No 1 (2009): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.7.1.25-29

Abstract

This aim of this research was to study marketing chain of sheeps from farmer, trader and satay seller and to study cost of marketing at each of instituted marketing and the revenue of farmer, trader and satay seller in Sleman regency, Yogyakarta. The research was conducted using a survey method. The respondents from sheep farmer, sheep trader and satay seller were 107, 37 and 64, respectively. Data were analyzed descriptively. The cost efficiency of marketing system was analyzed for marketing cost, margin, farmer’s share, market competition and profitability. The result showed that the most efficient of the distribution of the sheep marketing was from sheep, farmer, sheep trader and consumer. Margin analyzed showed that male sheep contributed larger margin than female sheep (19.78: 19.14%). The farmer share for sheep marketing revealed that female sheep contributed 80.85% while male sheep 80.21%. Coefficiency of market competition showed that sheep farmer had higher coefficiency competition than sheep trader both to female and male. Sheep farmer had higher net profit margin (NPM) level but had lower operating ratio level. Satay seller had lower NPM and higher operating ratio level. Key words : sheep, marketing, efficiency of marketing
Karakteristik dan Komposisi Karkas Pada Sapi Krui di Kabupaten Pesisir Barat Provinsi Lampung Dewantara, Brisca Febria; Iqbal Hamdani, M. Dima; Sulastri, Sulastri; Adhianto, Kusuma
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 15, No 1 (2017): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (319.037 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.v15i1.8108

Abstract

The purpose of the resarch was knowing characteristic and composition carcass of  krui cattle on Pesisir Barat Region, Lampung Province. This reserch was hold on June-July 2016, abaout characteristic like body weigh, carcass percentage, skin percentage, and kidney pelpic heart fat percentage, and composition carcass like  fat percentage, bone percentage, meat percentage, meat bone ratio, and meat fat ratio. The result of reserch refers to descriptive analisisc on average from body weigh on male krui cattle is 220,28 kg and female krui cattle 180,26 kg, carcass percentage  on male krui cattle is 48,09% and female krui cattle 44,47%, skin precentage on male krui cattle 6,47% and famale krui cattle 7,02%, percentage of kidney pelpic heart fat on male krui cattle is 0.86% and famele 0,92%, fat percentege of male krui cattle is 5,58% and female 5,28%, bone precentage of male krui cattle is 13,66% and famale 13,44%, maet precentage of male krui cattle is 34,43% and famale krui cattle 31,01%.
Pengaruh Suplementasi Probiotik dalam Ransum Terhadap Kualitas Fisik Daging Itik Wahyuni, Dyah; Arisuteja, Sofi; Sandi, Sofia; Yosi, Fitra
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 14, No 2 (2016): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.14.2.50-56

Abstract

This research aim to find out the effect of probiotic in ration on physical quality (pH, water holding capacity, cooking loss and tenderness) of duck meat. The materials used was local duck supplemented probiotic into ration. Research’s method used was Completely Randomize Design (CRD) consisted of 7 treatments and 4 replications namely P1(basic ration/ control), P2 (basic ration+probiotic), P3 (basic ration+infected by E.coli), P4 (basic ration+infected by Salmonella), P5 (basic ration+probiotic+infected by E.coli), P6 (basic ration+ probiotic+infected by Salmonella) and P7 (basic ration+probiotic+infected by E.coli+Infected by Salmonella). The results showed that probiotic suplementation about 106 cfu/ml into ration were no significantly effect on physical quality (pH, water holding capacity, cooking loss and tenderness) of duck meat. Keywords: probiotic, ration, physical quality, meat, duck
Analisis Rantai Pasokan (Supply Chain) Daging Sapi dari Rumah Pemotongan Hewan sampai Konsumen di Kota Surakarta Syakur, Moh. Abdus; Purnomo, Sutrisno Hadi; Hertanto, Bayu Setya
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 15, No 2 (2017): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (728.526 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.v15i2.11444

Abstract

This research aims to: (1) analyzing the products flow, financials flow and information flow on the beef supply chain, (2) analyze the level of efficiency in the marketing of beef supply chain, (3) analyze the value added in the process of cutting a beef cattle in Surakarta. This research was carried out in September – November 2016 in Surakarta. The methods used in this research is a survey method. Sampling method in this research is purposive sampling technique and snowball sampling. The analysis of the data used in this research is descriptive analysis, efficiency of marketing and value added analysis method with Hayami. The results of the analysis show that: (1) there are 3 streams in the beef supply chain in Surakarta there are: products flow, financial flow and information flow that goes with the optimal; (2) beef distribution channels in Surakarta is efficient based on the value of the marketing efficiency of 0,79%, margins of profitable marketing (Ski > Sbi) amounting to Rp 7,500 and shared value that is proportionate in accordance with the contribution given per link; and (3) the average value obtained is Rp 70.551, 18/kg or 59.8% of total output produced.
Pengaruh Suplementasi Lisin terhadap Karakteristik Karkas Itik Lokal Jantan Umur Sepuluh Minggu Amiruddin, Bahtiar Nur Khalis; Sudiyono, Sudiyono; Ratriyanto, Adi
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 9, No 1 (2011): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.9.1.15-19

Abstract

The objective of the study was to determine the effect of lysine supplementation in ration on carcass yield, abdominal fat and fat content of ten-week old male local duck meat. The study used 80 male local ducks aged two weeks (average weight 326.40±31.84 g). The experimental design used was Completely Randomized Design with four treatments, consisted of four replications with five male local ducks each. Rations consisted of pollard, yellow corn, soybean meal, palm oil, premix and lysine (in the form of L-Lysine HCl). The basal diet was supplemented with lysine at the amount of 0 (control), 0.05, 0.10 and 0.15%. The variables observed were the slaughter weight, abdominal fat percentage, carcass yield and fat content of the meat. The results showed that lysine supplementation in the diet of local duck ten-week old male decreased (P<0.01) abdominal fat but did not affect slaughter weight, carcass yield and fat content of meat. It can be concluded that lysine supplementation of 0.15 percent of the total ration can reduce abdominal fat percentage of ten-week old male local duck meat.

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