Policy & Governance Review
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This journal encompasses issues and practices in policy analysis, public management, public policy and administration. PGR provides high quality study outcomes and new thoughts for academic practitioners, researchers, scientists and consultants to discuss about social science theories and concepts to significant political, economic and social issues and to the ways in which public policies are made.
Articles
43
Articles
Front Matter

Secretary, Editorial

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

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Abstract

Front Matter

The Tendency of Transition from Structural to Functional Positions in National Civil Service Agency and the Ministry of Environment and Forestry

Rahayu, Amy Yayuk Sri, Rahmayanti, Krisna Puji

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

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Abstract

This study aims to highlight the phenomenon of transition from structural to functional positions in government bureaucracy in Indonesia. Since in this modern era, an environmental change strongly influences public organizations which encourage public organizations like bureaucracy must be adaptive. In line with the issuance of Law No. 5/2014 on State Civil Apparatus (ASN), public organizations such as bureaucracy have undergone reform to be structurally lean and functionally rich. Consequently, there is a gradual change that government institutions change from structural to functional positions. The methodology applied is post-positivism. The concept of job analysis in the structure of public organizations is deductively downgraded into its indicators and then used as guidance in qualitative data collection. The result found that, firstly, job analysis is still applied and relevant to determine Administrative and Functional Positions in both government institutions, yet it is not carried out systematically and optimally. Secondly, the trend in the tendency of transition from structural to functional positions in both government institutions is due to the misperception of the employees towards Functional Positions.

Decentralization in Educational Disparity of the Southeast Sulawesi Province

Bida, Obed

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

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Abstract

Educational disparity is a public issue that continues to be an endless subject matter of discourse due to the highly centralistic process of education policy in the government bureaucracy. This research aims to understand the pattern of educational disparity occurring in the islands of Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The role of political actors in the success of education policy is a vital element in the policy process, and this is apparent in the significance of the political aspect in the education policy process, which emphasizes more on political approaches rather than actual social, economic, and geographical conditions. This study was conducted using the descriptive qualitative approach with data collection techniques that included observations, in-depth interviews, and document analysis in Buton and South Buton Regencies. Study results indicate that the education policy pattern developing in island regions is inclined to using the spatial approach with a central area priority scale, and the structural elite approach, which is political lobbying employed by structural elites (school principals) targeting education bureaucracy in the region. The education policy pattern developing in the region actually has an impact on educational disparity in the public, both at the district and regency levels. In general, the education decentralization policy has yet to run optimally on account of educational resources in the region being distributed by using the spatial and structural elite approaches which have, consequently, created a pathological behavior in the education bureaucracy that is chockfull of vested interests.

The Dynamics of Social Network Structures and Contestation in the Collaborative Management of Lake Tempe in South Sulawesi

Said, Muhammad, Kusumasari, Bevaola, Baiquni, M., Margono, Subando Agus

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

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Abstract

In managing common pool resources; ideally, it was carried out using a co-management approach that facilitated the cooperation, sharing of power, and responsibility among actors. However, this is quite difficult to achieve since each actor competes against each other’s interests. Such cooperation and competition between actors will form a structure of social networks. This study aims to explain the dynamics of the formation of social network structures based on the cooperation and competition among actors in the management of Lake Tempe, a common pool resource crossing Wajo, Soppeng and Sidenreng Rappang Regencies in South Sulawesi Province. This is a qualitative study with explanatory case study approach, using two data collection techniques: participatory observation and in-depth interview with the government, fishermen, businessmen, and NGOs. This study found that the formation process of the social network structure in the management of Lake Tempe is a dynamic interaction among actors, i.e., cooperation in one side and competition on the other side, forming a social networking structure in two types: centrality and heterogeneity network. Network centrality occurs at the level of decision-making, the rules of play, and the allocation of resources, which is dominated by government actors, while heterogeneity network is dominated by communities that are still maintaining social capital such as kinship as well as knowledge and resources sharing. Brokerages, those who link the advantaged groups (local government and big-scale-fisherman/Pallawang) with the disadvantaged (small-scale-fisherman/ Pakkajalalla) do not exist in the management. Although the existence of brokerages is potential, they may also have a conflict of interest, since authorities and economic factors will be their target.

The Analysis of the Central Kalimantan Tourism Development Plan Based on Ecotourism Policy Perspective

Rhama, Bhayu

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

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Abstract

Ecotourism globally has become an alternative to mass tourism to minimize environmental impacts, and at the same time, it is also useful to improve the living standards of local communities. The Central Kalimantan government also underpin ecotourism activities as a tourism focus and written it on its regional regulations. This study is a literature study to analyse RIPPARPROV (Rencana Induk Pengembangan Pariwisata Provinsi/Provincial Tourism Development Master Plan) of Central Kalimantan 2013-2028 with a conceptual approach from Hall and Jenkins by looking at how clearly the desired policy issues are set forth in regulations. The method of analysis uses qualitative-comparative methods, by exploring the main themes of the global concept of ecotourism (which are ecotourism definition, ecology, education, responsibility, awareness of conservation and economy of local communities) in the RIPPARPROV of Central Kalimantan 2013-2028. The results of the analysis show that the Central Kalimantan Provincial Government is still premature in an effort to develop ecotourism in its territory. This is indicated by the lack of explanation about ecotourism specifically the absence of a policy on tourist education, awareness and conservation participation by tourists. There is only a policy of improving the local economy which is very prominent in Central Kalimantan’s RIPPARPROV.

Back Matter

Secretary, Editorial

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

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Abstract

Back Matter

The Strategy to Increase the Regional Revenue (PAD) of the Government of Central Kalimantan through the Governor Regulation No. 16/2018

Suprayitno, Suprayitno, Tulis, Riamona Sadelman, Zuraida, Ira

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

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Abstract

This article aimed to analyze and identify the strategies of Central Kalimantan Provincial Government as an effort to increase Regional revenue (Pendapatan Asli Daerah - PAD) through third-party grants or donations. One of the efforts made by the Central Kalimantan Provincial Government in increasing regional revenue (PAD) is through the issuance of Governor Regulation No. 16/2018 on Guidelines for the Acceptance and Management of Grants or Donations from Third Parties to the Central Kalimantan Provincial Government. The data showed that the governor’s regulation had shown positive results relating to the efforts to increase the Regional revenue in Central Kalimantan Province. Local Revenue Offices of Central Kalimantan as the leading sector to implement the regulation has made several strategic efforts including sharing/spreading the information to 3 P i.e., investors, monitoring and controlling. The purposes of the governor’s regulation No. 16/2018 to provide legal protection to guarantee the participation of third parties in Central Kalimantan development, provide legal certainty in the management and acceptance of third-party grants or donations, and create an orderly administration, transparency and accountability in acceptance the grants or third-party donations to the government of Central Kalimantan Province. The collaboration cooperation between Central Kalimantan Provincial Government and the private sector to increase Regional revenue (PAD) needs to have support from all parties.

Democratize Health Policy Through Citizen’s Charter in North Bengkulu District

Aminudin, Achmad

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

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Abstract

This research is analyzing about how the policy of democratization and regional autonomy can born Citizen’s Charter in public sevice. The purpose of the regional autonomy implementation is to shortening the distance of service among goverment and the society, so the local goverment can understand more about desires, aspirations and needs of the community compared with the central government who has longer distance from the society. The effort to shortening the distance makes the execution of regional autonomy needs some changes and inovations in giving the service in order to match with the society needs. The result of this research shows that the democratization and regional autonomy policy still can’t born the Citizen’s Charter in local public service yet, particularly in health care services contract in the Arga Makmur city, North Bengkulu. Realization of the Citizen’s Charter principles in the Puskesmas Arga Makmur, North Bengkulu district is proved to have different characteristics with the Citizen’s Charter which occurred in Java commonly. In North Bengkulu, the implementation of the Citizen’s Charter not only need strong political will from local goverment, budget support (General Revenue and Expenditure Budget/ APBD), the availability of adequate infrastructure, commitment and quality of the resource officers, community support, the importance of shifting paradigm in society toward formal treatment like Puskesmas, but also need a personal leadership for the head of Puskesmas. Without any initiation from personal leadership, it can be sure that the implementation of Citizen’s Charter in regional seems can’t be running well.

Role of Democratic Volunteers as the "Election Marketer"

Abror, M. Daimul, Sunarno, Heri

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 2 (2018): May
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

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Abstract

Voter turnout in 1999-2009 has decreased significantly. At 1999 92.6% chosen and 7.3% abstains, at 2004 84.1% chosen and 15.9% abstains, at 2009 70.9% chosen and 29.1% abstains. (www.merdeka.com). These conditions encourage Indonesian Election Commision to form Democratic Volunteer as an agent that helps the socialization of Election 2014. This study aims to comprehensively assess the role of Democratic Volunteer as "Election Marketer" in Principal Agency Theory perspective. This study uses qualitative research with case study approach. The results are (1) Relations between Pasuruan Regency Election Commision as principal with Democratic Volunteerasagent (2) Contract model of Democratic Volunteer in two aspects, the type of contract that contract model is short Term Contracts, and the type of both relationship are relation between government and civil society; (3) In carrying out its role as election marketer, Democratic Volunteer fulfill four criteria in Principal Agency Theory perspective. The weakness of model contract of Democratic Volunteer are Short Term Contracts must be solved by entering into a Long Term Contracts to be interwoven communication simultaneously between the government, in this case between Pasuruan Regency Election Commision with Democratic Volunteer as the embodiment of Civil Societies participation is represented by five segments groups of voters.

Implementation of Mental Health Policies toward Indonesia Free Restraint

Ayuningtyas, Dumilah, Rayhani, Marisa, Misnaniarti, Misnaniarti, Maulidya, Asri Nur

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 2 (2018): May
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

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Abstract

Mental health disorders are still one of the most prominent health problems in the world, including in Indonesia. There is still a misguided stigma and discrimination on people with mental disorders, so more than 56,000 of them experience restraint. This study aims to determine the efforts and review the implementation of Law no. 18/2014 about Mental Health until 2017. This is a policy study using literature review. Descriptive exploration is done using a policy analysis framework in the implementation phase based on Edwards III model. The unit of analysis is mental health policy in Indonesia. The results show that only a few local governments initiate special mental health regulations as well as more operational programs. Activities are still focused on curative and rehabilitative efforts. There has been prevention of deprivation through the ‘Indonesia Free Restraint’ program since 1977 but this has not gone well. The communication process encountered problems of unclear and inconsistent information. Moreover, not all local governments use the authority to regulate the mental health policy to mobilize resources. Law no. 18/2014 has not been implemented optimally. Not all implementers and policy targets are dedicated to direction of the Law. Neither not all aspects of mental health efforts have programs, Standard Operating Procedure and coordination governance. Conversely, optimal implementation can be done by introducing it as an element of primary health in basic health service.