Policy & Governance Review
This journal encompasses issues and practices in policy analysis, public management, public policy and administration. PGR provides high quality study outcomes and new thoughts for academic practitioners, researchers, scientists and consultants to discuss about social science theories and concepts to significant political, economic and social issues and to the ways in which public policies are made.
Articles
35
Articles
ā€‹
Role of Democratic Volunteers as the "Election Marketer"

Abror, M. Daimul, Sunarno, Heri

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 2 (2018): May
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Voter turnout in 1999-2009 has decreased significantly. At 1999 92.6% chosen and 7.3% abstains, at 2004 84.1% chosen and 15.9% abstains, at 2009 70.9% chosen and 29.1% abstains. (www.merdeka.com). These conditions encourage Indonesian Election Commision to form Democratic Volunteer as an agent that helps the socialization of Election 2014. This study aims to comprehensively assess the role of Democratic Volunteer as "Election Marketer" in Principal Agency Theory perspective. This study uses qualitative research with case study approach. The results are (1) Relations between Pasuruan Regency Election Commision as principal with Democratic Volunteerasagent (2) Contract model of Democratic Volunteer in two aspects, the type of contract that contract model is short Term Contracts, and the type of both relationship are relation between government and civil society; (3) In carrying out its role as election marketer, Democratic Volunteer fulfill four criteria in Principal Agency Theory perspective. The weakness of model contract of Democratic Volunteer are Short Term Contracts must be solved by entering into a Long Term Contracts to be interwoven communication simultaneously between the government, in this case between Pasuruan Regency Election Commision with Democratic Volunteer as the embodiment of Civil Societies participation is represented by five segments groups of voters.

Implementation of Mental Health Policies toward Indonesia Free Restraint

Ayuningtyas, Dumilah, Rayhani, Marisa, Misnaniarti, Misnaniarti, Maulidya, Asri Nur

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 2 (2018): May
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Mental health disorders are still one of the most prominent health problems in the world, including in Indonesia. There is still a misguided stigma and discrimination on people with mental disorders, so more than 56,000 of them experience restraint. This study aims to determine the eļ¬?orts and review the implementation of Law no. 18/2014 about Mental Health until 2017. This is a policy study using literature review. Descriptive exploration is done using a policy analysis framework in the implementation phase based on Edwards III model. The unit of analysis is mental health policy in Indonesia. The results show that only a few local governments initiate special mental health regulations as well as more operational programs. Activities are still focused on curative and rehabilitative eļ¬?orts. There has been prevention of deprivation through the ā??Indonesia Free Restraintā?? program since 1977 but this has not gone well. The communication process encountered problems of unclear and inconsistent information. Moreover, not all local governments use the authority to regulate the mental health policy to mobilize resources. Law no. 18/2014 has not been implemented optimally. Not all implementers and policy targets are dedicated to direction of the Law. Neither not all aspects of mental health eļ¬?orts have programs, Standard Operating Procedure and coordination governance. Conversely, optimal implementation can be done by introducing it as an element of primary health in basic health service.

Compliance and Conflict of Value in Public Policy Implementation: Comparison between the New Order and the Reformation Era

Indiahono, Dwiyanto, Purwanto, Erwan, Pramusinto, Agus

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 2 (2018): May
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

This research aims to examine diļ¬?erences in the relationship of bureaucratic and political oļ¬?cials during the New Order (Soehartoā??s era) and the Reformation (post-Soeharto) era within the arena of public policy implementation. This is a matter of importance given that there is a change in relations between the two from integration in the New Order to bureaucratic impartiality in the Reformation Era. This study attempts to answer the question: How were the relations of bureaucratic and political oļ¬?cials in the implementation of local level public policy during the New Order and the Reformation Era? A qualitative research has been conducted in Tegal Municipality using the following data collection techniques: interview, focus group discussion, documentation, and observation. Tegal Municipality was selected as the study location because of the unique relationship shown between the mayor and the bureaucracy. Its uniqueness lies in the emergence of bureaucratic oļ¬?cials who dare to oppose political oļ¬?cials, based on their convictions that bureaucratic/public values should be maintained even if it means having to be in direct conflict with political oļ¬?cials. This research indicates that the relationship between bureaucratic and political oļ¬?cials in the arena of local level policy implementation during the New Order was characterized as being full of pressure and compliance, whereas during the Reformation Era bureaucrats have the audacity to hinder policy implementation. Such audacity to thwart policies is considered to have developed from a stance that aims to protect public budget and values in policies. The occurring conflict of values here demonstrates a dichotomy of political and bureaucratic oļ¬?cials that is diļ¬?erent from the prevailing definition of politics-administration dichotomy introduced at the onset of Public Administration studies.

Actor Relations in Interregional Cooperation Policy Dynamics Case Study: The Banjar Bakula Metropolitan Area Development Program in South Kalimantan Province

Abrain, Taufik

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 2 (2018): May
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Several studies have shown that the success of interregional cooperation may be influenced by coordination, commitment, participation, variance of cooperation, structure, format of cooperation, and political will. Nevertheless, these factors do not stand alone since actor relations as a determining aspect is capable of driving those factors eļ¬?ectively. This article aims to examine the aspect of actor relations as a contributing factor that determines successful cooperation among regions. This is a qualitative research with the policy of inter-regional cooperation of the Banjarbakula Program, South Kalimantan Province from February 2017 to February 2018, set as its object of study. The result of this study states that the success of inter-regional cooperation is influenced by the relationship of actors in development factors as suggested by previous experts. The actors involved in the inter-regional cooperation examined in this case had become triggers of coordination, commitment, and participation toward success and failure, as well as the eļ¬?ectiveness of regional cooperation policy. Structural obstacles, ego-centric character, minimum budget availability, and non-visionary planning could be overcome as long as actor relations were properly managed.

Labor Market Flexibility: Advantages for Workforce or Threat?

Nugroho, Alih Aji

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 2 (2018): May
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Labor Market Flexibility (LMF) which is supported by the law of supply and demand are considered capable of creating an eļ¬?cient labor market. As well as apprenticeship programs were considered to improve the quality of the labor force which can suppress the number of unemployed. Whether the application of LMF can be a positive impact like as imagined by its proponents? This is the result of research that seeks to see the dynamics of industrial relations faced by the workforce under the LMF system and dismantle the neoliberal project of the apprenticeship system. The study was conducted during September-November 2016 in the industrial area of Bekasi. The study used a descriptive qualitative approach. Collecting data through participatory research or live in. Searchable data sources using methods of a snowball eļ¬?ect. In the end, this study involved seven trade unions, six companies, two foundations labor brokers, three government agencies, 35 workers (10 contract workers, 10 workers outsourcing, and 15 workers apprenticeship) and three labor activists. The result is the implementation of contract system and outsourcing many violate the rules. In the industrial area of Bekasi composition flexible workforce of more than 50% of the total workforce. And under the LMF system occurs bureaucratization in industrial relations. In addition, LMF policy does not reduce unemployment but only rotate unemployment. and the apprenticeship system is expected to increase human resources in the labor force application only used by the owners of capital to get cheap labor.

Back Matter

Secretary, Editorial

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 2 (2018): May
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Back Matter

Logic Model of Governance Innovation and Public Policy in Public Service

Andhika, Lesmana Rian, Nurasa, Heru, Karlina, Nina, Candradewini, Candradewini

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 2 (2018): May
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

This research aims to provide additional qualitative evidence of the logical relationship between governance innovation and public policy in public services in Indonesia with adopting the logic model. The logic model is often not adopting in the formulation of policies that resulted in the implementation of public sector innovation such as cannot show more significant results. Also this model is believed to contribute in planning and evaluation of government programs. Most of this article based on the literature study and direct observation. The study also refers to some cases were chosen deliberately and treated as evidence by using a descriptive qualitative approach for developing an argument and conceptual framework accordingly. This research resulted in some information. First, governance innovation will provide multi-benefits, not only for the government but will involve a range of other institutions. Second, public policy is treated as a formal legal basis to keep programs planning and evaluation. That way this article is expected to contribute to the knowledge development of logical relationships among governance innovation and public policy in the diļ¬?erent local contexts Indonesia from countries which often becomes a reference in managing public service innovation.

Back Matter

Secretary, Editorial

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 1 (2018): January
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Back Matter

Factors Affecting the Implementation of Canal Blocking Development as A Fire Prevention Solution In River Village Tohor Regency

Yuliani, Febri, Erlina, Nova

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 1 (2018): January
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

The area of forest and burning land in Riau Province until 2016 has reached 3,218 hectares with the highest number of fires in Rokan Hilir Regency with 32 points. Other fire spots are also spread in Pelalawan, Meranti, Rokan Hulu, Bengkalis, Inhil, and Inhu districts. Meanwhile, forest fires and peat lands in the eastern coastal region also continue. Up to now, there have been 310.25 hectares of peat land already burned in Meranti Regency. To know and analyze the factors that influence the development of canal blocking as a peat land fire prevention solution in Sungai Tohor village, Kepulauan Meranti regency. The type of this research is qualitative with explorative method. In the construction of canal blocking as a peat land fire prevention solution in Sungai Tohor Village is influenced by several factors. The first is the government regulation factor, community participation in the form of participation and public awareness in the construction of canal blocking. As well as public awareness as a subject who felt the benefits of the existence of this blocking canal. Next is the local wisdom of peat communities. Which communities should maintain the sustainability of peat lands that are the source of their lives that have traditionally used them to cultivate sago.

Institutionalization of Ethical Principles to Overcome Ethical Dilemmas in the Public Sector

Krisnajaya, I Made

Policy & Governance Review Vol 2 No 1 (2018): January
Publisher : Indonesian Association for Public Administration

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Discussions on public sector ethics essentially cover three main issues. First, how to establish a theoretical argument capable of providing answers to queries about what is considered an ethical and unethical conducts in public sector management. Second, how to develop ethical instruments and standards capable of helping resolve ethical dilemmas that commonly occur in the public sector. Third, how to institutionalize ethical principles and instruments developed in public institutions. Both theoretical studies and empirical experiences indicate that the essence of the various forms of a dilemma in the public sector is the conflict between personal virtue and public virtue. These ethical dilemmas may be subdued by institutionalizing ethical principles in public institutions, and it basically involves two substantial activities, namely integration, and revitalization of ethical principles in public institutions. These ethical principles should be integrated within a system of conducts covering standard values and norms that serve as a reference in conducting oneself and in minimizing unethical conducts and in preventing maladministration in public sector management. Legal instruments remain necessary in order to ensure the effectiveness of ethical principles as a code of conduct for government personnel to carry out their tasks and functions. Of no less importance is the effort to improve leadership that highly reveres ethical principles in the public bureaucracy.