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Sekolah Dasar: Kajian Teori dan Praktik Pendidikan
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Periodically published twice a year in May and November ( ISSN 0854-8285 ) ( E ISSN 2581-1983 ) ; contains writings on conceptual ideas, studies and application of theories, practical writing, and the results of educational research and teaching of elementary schools.
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Articles 93 Documents
FUNGSI KELOMPOK KERJA GURU (KKG) BAGI PENGEMBANGAN KEPROFESIONALAN GURU SEKOLAH DASAR Al Rasyid, Harun
Sekolah Dasar: Kajian Teori dan Praktik Pendidikan Tahun 24 Nomor 2 November 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

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Abstract: The current study was aimed at describing the functions of the Teacher Work Group (TWG) within the perspective of the continuous professionalism development. The study took place in Kras district Kediri Regency and had 17 elementary school teachers as the research subjects. The data was collected by using interview and inductive analysis. The results of the study suggested that TWG was positively responded by the teachers as the means of sharing knowledge and experiences especially those which were related to the improvement of the teaching and learning quality in the classrooms. TWG was an effective vessel in developing the teachers’ continuous professionalism development.Keywords: teacher work group, professionalism development, elementary schools.Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan fungsi Kelompok Kerja Guru (KKG) dalam perspektif pengembangan profesionalisme berkelanjutan. Lokasi Penelitian di Kecamatan Kras Kabupaten Kediri, dengan subjek 17 guru sekolah dasar. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik wawancara dan analisis induktif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keberadaan KKG direspon positif oleh guru sebagai sarana berbagi pengetahuan dan pengalaman, khususnya mengenai peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran di kelas. KKG efektif sebagai wadah pengembangan profesionalisme guru secara berkelanjutan.Kata Kunci: kelompok kerja guru, pengembangan profesi, sekolah dasar.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR DETERMINAN PADA MOTIVASI KERJA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR Sudarnoto, Laura F.N.
Sekolah Dasar: Kajian Teori dan Praktik Pendidikan Vol 25, No 2 (2016): Tahun 25 Nomor 2 November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan-Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.272 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um009v25i22016p091

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Abstract: The aim of this study is to describe the motivation of 121 teachers’ work at private Elementary School in Jakarta. The study of research objects as determinant factors include teachers’ commitment to school, the perception of leadership behaviors, and workplace conditions. Those variables are measured with assessment and behavior scale which the reliability is more than 0,90. Results of this study show that there is a positive and significant relationship of the three determinant factors toward the motivations of work, either individually or collectively. The effort that needs to be followed up is to maintain headmasters’ role as a leader because leadership is meaningful as a determinant factor that is important to increasing teachers’ motivation of work.Keywords: teachers’ motivation of work, determinant factorAbstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan motivasi kerja 121 guru SD sekolah swasta di Jakarta. Kajian objek penelitian sebagai faktor determinan meliputi komitmen terhadap sekolah, persepsi terhadap perilaku kepemimpinan, dan kondisi tempat kerja. Variabel-variabel tersebut diukur dengan skala penilaian dan skala sikap yang memiliki reliabilitas masing-masing di atas 0,90. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang positif dan signifikan dari ketiga faktor determinan terhadap motivasi kerja, baik secara sendiri-sendiri maupun bersama-sama. Usaha yang perlu ditindaklanjuti adalah mempertahankan peran kepala sekolah yang baik sebagai pimpinan karena kepemimpinan sangat bermakna sebagai faktor determinan yang penting untuk meningkatkan motivasi kerja para guru.Kata kunci: motivasi kerja guru, faktor determinan
PENILAIAN PEMBELAJARAN TEMATIK PADA KURIKULUM 2013 DI SEKOLAH DASAR Sutrisno, Sutrisno
Sekolah Dasar: Kajian Teori dan Praktik Pendidikan Tahun 24 Nomor 1 Mei 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

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Abstract: Assessment is a process of giving score to the students’ ability according to certain criteria. 2013 Curriculum for elementary schools applied authentic assessment to assess the students’ readiness, the process, and the learning outcome as a whole. The aforementioned assessment type included performance assessment, essay test, portfolio assessment, project assessment, and self-evaluation. The Curriculum 2013 was implemented through integrated theme and its processes were carried out by using scientific approach. The theme based teaching and learning was started by deciding the theme which was then developed in such a way so the teaching and learning was reflected by the activities of observing, questioning, associating, experimenting, and communicating the results.Keywords: curriculum, theme-based, assessment, elementary schools.Abstrak: Penilaian merupakan proses pemberian nilai terhadap kemampuan siswa berdasarkan kriteria tertentu. Kurikulum 2013 Sekolah Dasar (K.13 SD) menerapkan penilaian autentik untuk menilai kesiapan siswa, proses, dan hasil belajar secara utuh. Jenis penilaian tersebut meliputi penilaian kinerja, tes esai, penilaian portofolio, penilaian proyek, dan evaluasi diri. Implementasi pembelajaran (K.13 SD bersifat tematik terpadu dan prosesnya menggunakan pendekatan saintifik. Pembelajaran tematik terpadu diawali dengan penentuan tema yang kemudian dikembangkan sehingga siswa dapat belajar secara mandiri, baik secara individu maupun kelompok. Pendekatan saintifik dalam pembelajaran dilakukan melalui kegiatan mengamati, menanya, menalar, mencoba, dan mengomunikasikan hasil. Kata Kunci: kurikulum, tematik, asesmen, sekolah dasar.
TRADISI NYANYIAN ANAK TERHADAP PEMBENTUKAN KARAKTER ANAK USIA SEKOLAH DASAR Ridwan, M.; Mas’odi, Mas’odi
Sekolah Dasar: Kajian Teori dan Praktik Pendidikan Tahun 26 Nomor 1 Mei 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (435.951 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um009v26i12017p049

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Abtract: The objectives of this study are to (1) obtain an objective description of local wisdom in the form of children folk song; (2) identify folk song within children’s game in Sumenep; and (3) examine children’s game folk song as a media to develop children’s character as well as the stimulus for the development of motoric, social emotional, cognitive, and language. This research is a qualitative design using ethnography. Children’s traditional games in Saronggi are ti`titti` liya` liyu`, ko-soko bucang, kotana mera, jang kolajang, cong-koncong konce. In addition, in West kerta Village the children games are Tan-Pangantanan and Pesapean Pappa while in Juruan Daya Village are Ker-Tanongker and Pa’ Opa’ Eling.Keywords: local wisdom, traditional games, children character, elementary schoolAbstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah: (1) memperoleh deskriptif objektif kearifan lokal permainan tradisional yang dinyanyikan anak-anak; (2) mengidentifikasi permianan tradisional yang dinyanyikan di Sumenep; dan (3) mengkaji permainan tradisional yang dinyanyikan sebagai media pembentukan karakter anak sekaligus sebagai stimulus perkembangan fisik motorik, sosial emosional, kognitif dan bahasa. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif jenis etnografi. Permainan anak tradisional yang terdapat di Desa Saronggi adalah ti`titti` liya` liyu`, ko-soko bucang, kotana mera, jang kolajang, cong-koncong konce. Permainan anak tradisional lainnya seperti Tan-Pangantanan dan Pesapean Pappa terdapat di Desa Kerta Barat dan permainan Ker-Tanongker dan Pa’ Opa’ Eling terdapat di Desa Juruan Daya.Kata kunci: kearifan lokal, permainan tradisional, karakter anak. SD
PEMAHAMAN MAHASISWA PGSD TERHADAP IMPLEMENTASI NILAI-NILAI PANCASILA Muchtar, Muchtar; Mahanani, Putri; Rosyadi, M. Imron
Sekolah Dasar: Kajian Teori dan Praktik Pendidikan Tahun 24 Nomor 2 November 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

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Abstract: This survey study was intended to describe the students’ understanding of the values of the Pancasila in the life of the nation. The samples of the study were all active students of 2015/2016 academic year. The data was collected by using questionnaire and was analyzed by using percentage technique. The results of the study showed that the students’ understanding of the values of the Pancasila in their national life was fulfilled the criteria of good enough. The students had not fully understood the implementation of the values of Pancasila in the daily life.Keywords: students of Elementary School Teacher Education, implementation, values of Pancasila.Abstrak: Penelitian survey ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pemahaman mahasiswa tentang penerapan nilai-nilai Pancasila dalam kehidupan berbangsa. Sampel penelitian adalah mahasiswa angkatan 2015/2016 dari seluruh mahasiswa aktif. Data dikumpulkan melalui angket dan dianalisis dengan teknik persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemahaman mahasiswa tentang penerapan nilai-nilai Pancasila dalam kehidupan berbangsa termasuk kriteria cukup baik. Mahasiswa belum sepenuhnya memahami pelaksanaan nilai-nilai Pancasila dalam kehidupan sehari-hari.Kata kunci: mahasiswa PGSD, pelaksanaan, nilai-nilai Pancasila.
KARAKTERISTIK INTERTWINING DALAM PENDEKATAN MATEMATIKA REALISTIK DI SEKOLAH DASAR Julie, Hongki
Sekolah Dasar: Kajian Teori dan Praktik Pendidikan Tahun 25 Nomor 2 November 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (793.007 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um009v25i22016p109

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Abstract: The aim of this study is to describe intertwining characteristic or knowledge relations in realistic mathematics approach and what are teachers need to do in the mathematics learning process until the intertwining characteristic arise. The research development is applied in three phase. The data collection was done by observation and video recording during the learning process. Research objects are sixth-grade Elementary School students in Yogyakarta. The results of this study showed that the intertwining characteristic in realistic mathematics approach emphasizes a series of learning as a combination of learning series that must be used in problem-solving. Things that teachers should do is to create a series of problems that are explored and solved by students so mathematics formal language is well achieved.Keywords: intertwining characteristic, realistic mathematics approach, elementary schoolAbstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan karakteristik intertwining atau jalinan pengetahuan dalam pendekatan matematika realistik dan hal-hal yang perlu dilakukan guru dalam proses pembelajaran matematika hingga karakteristik intertwining muncul. Penelitian ini berjenis penelitian pengembangan yang dibagi dalam tiga fase. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan pengamatan dan perekaman video selama proses pembelajaran berlangsung. Subjek penelitian siswa kelas 6 SD di Yogyakarta. Hasil yang didapatkan: karakteristik intertwining dalam pendekatan matematika realistik menekanan rangkaian pembelajaran sebagai suatu jalinan dari rangkaian pembelajaran yang harus dimanfaatkan dalam penyelesaian masalah. Hal-hal yang dilakukan guru untuk membentuk jalinan rangkaian pembelajaran adalah membuat rangkaian masalah yang dieksplorasi dan diselesaikan siswa hingga pengetahuan formal matematika dicapai dengan baik.Kata kunci: karakteristik intertwining, pendekatan matematika realistik, sekolah dasar
PENGEMBANGAN MODEL BAHAN AJAR BERDIMENSI KARAKTER LOKAL PADA MATA PELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN PANCASILA KEWARGANEGARAAN DI SD Nisa, Khairun; Mansyur, Yusman; Rifai, Ropii
Sekolah Dasar: Kajian Teori dan Praktik Pendidikan Vol 25, No 1 (2016): Tahun 25 Nomor 1 Mei 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan-Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (449.274 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um009v25i12016p037

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Abstract: Developing learning material with a local dimension in citizenship and Pancasila education at elementary school. The purpose of the research was to develop a learning material model based on character education and local dimension elementary school in citizenship and Pancasila education. The development research method used 4 phases: (1) pre-elementary study, (2) developing a draft of the model, (3) tryout of an original product, (4) socialization and implementation of a final product and recommendations. Results: Teachers’ competency in developing learning material based on local character education, almost teachers had developed syllabus and learning program plan, while the problem that was emerged: largely teachers were not developing basic competency consistent with students’ need and environment, (2) almost teachers had not included learning method with character base.Keyword: Learning material, local dimension, elementary school, and Pancasila and citizenship education.Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan memperoleh model bahan ajar berbasis pendidikan karakter dan berdimensi lokal mata pelajaran PKn SD. Metode penelitian dan pengembangan ini menggunakan tahapan: (1) studi pendahuluan , (2) penyusunan draft model, (3) uji coba produk awal, (4) desiminasi dan implementasi. Pada tahap studi pendahuluan digunakan disain penelitian kualitatif. Hasil penelitian pada tahap ini menunjukkan: (1) hampir semua guru SD di kota Mataram belum pernah menyusun bahan ajar yang berbasis pendidikan karakter berdimensi lokal, (2) permasalahan yang dihadapi guru dalam mengembangkan bahan ajar berdimensi karakter adalah, beban mengajar guru yang lebih, dan kurangnya penghargaan terhadap guru yang mau mengembangkan diri dan berprestasi, (3) faktor pendorong dalam mengembangkan bahan ajar adalah manajemen sekolahnya mendukung, adanya dana BOS, iklim sekolah yang kondusif, dan ketersediaan literature. Sedangkan faktor peluangnya adalah adanya kebijakan dan dukungan pemerintah pusat, Pemda, dan LPMP dalam peningkatan kapasitas guru.Kata Kunci: bahan ajar, pendidikan karakter, dimensi lokal, PKn
KERAJINAN TANGAN DI BLITAR SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR SENI BUDAYA DAN PRAKARYA (SBdP) SEKOLAH DASAR Sumanto, Sumanto; Gipayana, Muhana; Rumidjan, Rumidjan
Sekolah Dasar: Kajian Teori dan Praktik Pendidikan Tahun 24 Nomor 2 November 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

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Abstract

Abstract: The current study was intended to describe the types, the models, the techniques and the materials of the handicrafts in Blitar City/Regency which could be treated as the learning sources of cultural arts and crafts in elementary schools. The subjects of this study were the handicrafts home industries. The data was collected by using observation, documentation, and interview techniques. The results suggested that (1) the types of the crafs included the key chains, bags, kendang, brooches, ketipung, birdcage crowns, marakas, creative bamboo, potteries, painted glasses, barongan, carved woods, puppets, and batik; (2) most of the models were three dimentionals and a few of them were two dimentionals; (3) the techniques were carving, sewing, tying, threading, applying, embroidering, folding, jiggering and jolleying, voluting, swiveling , printing, screen printing, painting, torah, and loathing; and (4) the materials were woods, coconut shells, leather, bamboo, clothes, and paper.Keywords: handicrafts, learning sources, cultural arts, Blitar.Abstrak: penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan jenis, model, teknik, dan bahan kerajinan tangan di Kota/Kabupaten Blitar yang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai sumber belajar Seni Budaya dan Prakarya Sekolah Dasar (SBdP SD). Subyek penelitian adalah home industri kerajinan tangan di Blitar. Data dikumpulkan dengan teknik observasi, dokumentasi, dan wawancara. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) jenis kerajinan meliputi bandul kunci, tas, kendang, bros, ketipung, mahkota sangkar burung, marakas, bambu kreatif, gerabah, kaca lukis, barongan, ukir kayu, wayang, dan batik; (2) modelnya sebagian besar tiga dimensi dan sebagian kecil dua dimensi; (3) tekniknya anyaman, ukiran, jahit, Ikat, rangkai-ronce, aplikasi, sulaman, batik, lipat, butsir, pilin, putar, cetak, sablon, lukis, torah dan bubut. (4) bahannya, yaitu kayu, batok kelapa, kulit, bambu, kain, plastik, dan kertas.Kata Kunci: kerajinan tangan, sumber belajar, seni budaya, Blitar.
MISKONSEPSI SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR PADA PEMBELAJARAN BILANGAN DESIMAL Johar, Rahmah; Mahmud, Fitriadi; Mahdalena, Mahdalena; Rusniati, Rusniati
Sekolah Dasar: Kajian Teori dan Praktik Pendidikan Tahun 25 Nomor 2 November 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1055.121 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um009v25i22016p160

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Abstract: The aim of this study is to describe students’ minsconception at decimal numbers learning. The research subjects are IV grade students SDN 67 and MIN Tungkob Aceh Besar. Qualitative research method using observation instrument and learning test on decimal numbers material were applied in this tudy. The results of this study is in the form students’ mistakes deccription in understanding the concept of deciding decimal numbers between two integers and change fractions into decimal numbers, and students’ mistakes in solving the addition operation of decimal numbers. It is indicated that the causes of the misconception are sample questions are less varied so that generalizations become wrong and the limited time in using props so students tend to use stackable summation like the summation of integers.Keyword: misconception, elementary school students, decimal numbersAbstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan bentuk miskonsepsi siswa pada pembelajaran bilangan desimal. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas IV SDN 67, dan MIN Tungkob Aceh Besar. Data penelitian melalui observasi dan tes pembelajaran materi bilangan desimal. Analisis secara kualitatif. Hasil penelitian berupa siswa salah memahami konsep menentukan bilangan desimal diantara dua bilangan bulat, dan mengubah pecahan menjadi bilangan desimal, dan siswa salah melakukan operasi penjumlahan bilangan desimal. Penyebab miskonsepsi yaitu contoh soal kurang bervariasi sehingga generalisasi yang dilakukan menjadi keliru dan waktu yang diberikan menggunakan alat peraga terlalu singkat sehingga siswa cenderung menggunakan cara penjumlahan bersusun seperti menjumlahkan bilangan bulat.Kata kunci: miskonsepsi, siswa sekolah dasar, bilangan desimal.
RAGAM TEKNIK DAN BAHANKERAJINAN TANGAN SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR SENI BUDAYA DAN PRAKARYA SEKOLAH DASAR Sumanto, Sumanto; Gipayana, Muhana; Rumidjan, Rumidjan
Sekolah Dasar: Kajian Teori dan Praktik Pendidikan Tahun 26 Nomor 1 Mei 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (982.392 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um009v26i12017p030

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Abstract: The study aims at describing a variety of handicraft techniques and materials which exist in Malang. This study employed qualitative descriptive approach. The subject of this study was handicraft home industry in Malang. The data collection of this study obtained by conducting observation, documentation, and interviews. The results indicated that (1) home industry of handicraft in Malang is feasible to be utilized as a learning resource in elementary school. In addition, the variety of technique of making handicrafts noted within this study are wickerworking, carving, sewing, tie, stringing-beading, application, embroidering, batik, folding, clay crafting, spinning, rotating, printing, screen printing, painting, scratching and lathing. (2) The variety of handicrafts materials selected or used is in the form of natural and artificial materials such as clay, katu, corn husk, cloth, plastic, and paper.Keywords: technique, handicraft materials, learning resources, arts, and culture, elementary schoolAbstrak: Penelitian bertujuan mendeskripsikan: ragam teknik, dan bahan kerajinan tangan di Kota Malang. Pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Subyek home industri kerajinan tangan di Malang. Pengumpulan data: observasi, dokumentasi dan wawancara. Hasil: (1) pada produk home industri kerajinan tangan yang ada di Kota Malang dapat dipelajari sebagai sumber belajar di SD. Ragam teknik atau cara pembuatan yaitu anyaman, ukir, jahit, ikat, merangkai-meronce, aplikasi, menyulam, membatik, melipat, membutsir, pilin, putar, mencetak, sablon, melukis, menoreh danbubut. (2) ragambahan kerajinan tangan yang dipilih atau digunakan yaitu berupa bahan alam dan bahan buatan contohnya tanah liat, katu, klobot jagung, kain, platik, dan kertas.Kata Kunci: teknik, bahan kerajinan tangan, sumber belajar, seni budaya, SD

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