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FRAKSI ETIL ASETAT KULIT BATANG FALOAK (Sterculia quadrifida R.Br ) MENGINDUKSI APOPTOSIS DAN SIKLUS SEL PADA SEL KANKER PAYUDARA T47D

Rollando, Rollando, Prilianti, Kestrilia Rega

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Community Vol 14, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

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Abstract

Faloak (Sterculia quadrifida R.Br) is one source of bioactive compounds that could be developed as chemotherapeutic agent. Empirically East Nusa Tenggara people use boiled water of faloak bark as a cure for hepatitis (types A, B, and C), and gastroenteritis. This study was performed to test anticancer activity fraction of n-hexane, ethyl acetate, ethanol, and methanol of ethanolic extract from faloak stem bark for the type of breast cancer cell line T47D, and normal cell types Vero using cytotoxic 3- (4,5-dimetilazol- 2-yl) -2,5-difeniltetrazolium bromide (MTT) test method. Ethanolic extract was subjected to column chromatography using different solvents polarity level as n-hexane, ethyl acetate, ethanol, and methanol. Testing the cytotoxic effects using the MTT assay in T47D breast cancer cells and normal Vero cells with EC50 parameter. Ethyl acetate fraction in inducing apoptosis and cell cycle modulation was observed with flowcytometry method. The test results cytotoxic fraction indicating the fraction of ethyl acetate has the lowest activity with EC50 of 24.88 μg/mL and selectivity index of 15.58. Ethyl acetate fraction effects an accumulation of cells in S phase (27.43%) in breast cancer cells T47D which is able to induce apoptosis. These results demonstrate that the ethyl acetate fraction can be developed as a chemotherapeutic agent in improving the effectiveness of breast cancer treatment.

FORMULASI SEDIAAN ORALLY DISINTEGRATING TABLET ATENOLOL DENGAN SODIUM STARCH GLYCOLATE SEBAGAI SUPERDISINTEGRAN

Rani, Karina Citra, Parfati, Nani, Putri, Jessica Wangsa

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Community Vol 14, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

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Abstract

Atenolol, a competitive beta (1)-selective adrenergic antagonists, has been widely used in hypertension therapy. Administration of conventional tablets of atenolol has limitation due to patient compliance in geriatric patients. Formulation of atenolol as orally disintegrating tablet (ODT) can improve the effectiveness of the drug and patient compliance in hypertension therapy. The objective of this study was to formulate orally disintegrating tablet of atenolol using sodium starch glycolate as superdisintegrant in two different concentrations (10% and 20%). Orally disintegrating tablets (ODT) of atenolol without superdisintegrant were used as a control in this study. It was found that orally disintegrating tablets (ODT) of atenolol which used 10% sodium starch glycolate have better wetting time (9.33±0.58 seconds), disintegration time (15.48±1.16 seconds), in vitro dispersion time (24.00±1.00 seconds), and dissolution efficiency (95.23±0.14 %) than orally disintegrating tablet (ODT) which used 20% sodium starch glycolate.

HUBUNGAN ANTARA AKTIVITAS FISIK DAN ANGKA KECUKUPAN GIZI MAKRONUTRIEN TERHADAP RASIO KOLESTEROL TOTAL/HDL PADA MASYARAKAT PEDESAAN

Sunu, Utari Febrina Supomo, Permadi, Galih, Fenty, Fenty

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Community Vol 14, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

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Abstract

Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death in the world. The diseaseis influenced by several factors such as lack of physical activity, imbalanced nutritional intake, and high blood cholesterol levels. The value of the total cholesterol / HDL can predict cardiovascular disease risk factors.  The study aims to investigate the relationship between physical activity and Dietary Allowances of the macronutrient and ratio total cholesterol / HDL in rural communities. This is observational analytic with cross-sectional design of the 102 respondents (male: 40, female: 62) in Kepuharjo village, Cangkringan, Sleman, Yogyakarta, with a purposive sampling techniques. Physical activity data were taken using a structured interview (Baecke) and Semi Quantitive Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQFFQ) for data macronutrient, while blood total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol levels  were analyzed using enzymatic methods. The results of the study showed that there is no significant relationship between physical activity and the ratio of total cholesterol / HDL (p = 0.038; CI 95%: 0.98-61.33), dietary allowances of the macronutrient energy and the ratio of total cholesterol / HDL (p = 0.068), protein intake on the ratio of total cholesterol / HDL (p = 1.000), fat intake to the ratio of total cholesterol / HDL (p = 0.081), and the intake of carbohydrates to the ratio of total cholesterol / HDL (p = 0.088). In conclusion  there is no significant relationship between physical activity and dietary allowance of macronutrient towards to the ratio of total cholesterol / HDL.

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CLOPIDOGREL AS AN ANTITHROMBOTIC COMPARED TO TICLOPIDINE AND ASPIRIN (META-ANALYSIS)

Hartayu, Titien Siwi, Setyaningsih, Dewi

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Community Vol 14, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

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Abstract

Clopidogrel, an antithrombotic drug, has been proven by FDA as Plavix® was initially used for the prevention of vascular occlusive that cause of myocardial infarction, stroke, and vascular death in patients with atherosclerosis and then it is used to treat Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Aim of the study is to compare the effectiveness of Clopidogrel to aspirin and ticlopidine by meta-analysis of CLASSICS (The Clopidogrel Aspirin Stent International Cooperative Study), MATCH trial dan CAPRIE trial. Results of the study show that the effectiveness of Clopidogrel is significantly higher, however the risk of ischemic and bleeding is lower than aspirin and ticlopidine. Cost-effectiveness of Clopidogrel in avoiding secondary stroke in one episode is approximately US $ 33,000, and aspirin is only US $ 1400.  In Indonesia the price of Clopidogrel  is ranged from US $1.5 to US $3 each tablet, while the price of aspirin ranged from US $ 0.35  to US $ 0.72. However, in Indonesia Clopidogrel is now in the list of National Formulary, this fact might have contributed to the increasing use of Clopidogrel, which has reached around 1000 tablets per day in each hospital while aspirin has reached  almost 1500 tablets per day. 

EFEK KO-KEMOTERAPI FRAKSI ETIL ASETAT AKAR PASAK BUMI DAN DOXORUBICIN TERHADAP PROLIFERASI DAN EKPRESI BAX JARINGAN PAYUDARA TIKUS SD

Zakinah, Tria, Nurani, Laela Hayu, Widyarini, Sitarina

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Community Vol 14, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

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Abstract

The use of co-chemotherapy agent was needed since there were some toxicities on the normal tissues caused by the use of doxorubicin. The root of Eurycoma longifolia Jack, a part of plant, has a potential activity as co-chemotherapy. This study aimed to determine the effect of co-chemotherapy of ethyl acetate fraction of E. longifolia Jack roots and doxorubicin against cell proliferation activity by AgNOR method and determine expression of Bax protein of breast tissue in rats induced by DMBA. The rats were divided into five groups: I (baseline), II (DMBA 20 mg/kgBW), III (DMBA, doxorubicin 1.12 mg/kg), IV (DMBA, fraction of 100 mg/kg), and V (DMBA, doxorubicin, fractions). All the rats were sacrificed at week 16. Their breast tissue was evacuated. Cell proliferation and expression was observed using AgNOR method and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Results showed the percentage of p-AgNOR obtained by the healthy group, DMBA group, DMBA+Doxorubicin group, DMBA+ethyl acetate fraction of E. longifolia Jack root group, and DMBA+Doxorubicin+Ethyl acetate fraction of E. longifolia group were 0±0%, 14.67±2.11%, 1.83±1.21%, 6.83±2.03%, and 4.08±0.95%, respectively. The percentage of Bax expression obtained by the healthy group, DMBA group, DMBA+Doxorubicin group, DMBA+ethyl acetate fraction of E. longifolia Jack root group, and DMBA+Doxorubicin+Ethyl acetate fraction of E. longifolia group were 68.82±1.52%, 26.86±3.25%, 44.49±2.06%, 80.92±3.27%, and 78.70±4.87%, respectively. Based on the results, it was concluded that co-chemotherapy agent of ethyl acetate fraction of E. longifolia Jack roots and Doxorubicin could inhibit proliferation and trigger apoptosis through Bax expression in breast tissue of rats induced by DMBA. 

KANDUNGAN BETA KAROTEN DAN AKTIVITAS PENANGKAPAN RADIKAL BEBAS TERHADAP DPPH (1,1-difenil 2-pikrilhidrazil) EKSTRAK BUAH BLEWAH (Cucumis melo var. Cantalupensis L) SECARA SPEKTROFOTOMETRI UV-VISIBEL

Kusbandari, Aprilia, Susanti, Hari

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Community Vol 14, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

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Abstract

Cantaloupe (Cucumis melo var. Cantalupensis L.), a fruit containing some compounds, have activity to protect human body from free radical. The beta carotene (provitamin A) was recognized as antioxidant compound. Antioxidants could protect the body from cardiovascular damage caused by free radical.  The aims of this study was to determine the levels of beta carotene and antioxidant activity (IC50) from Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis L. extract using DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) method. Cantaloupe was extracted using n-hexan-acetone-methanol ratio (2: 1: 1). Identification of beta carotene was performed using 25% antimony trichloride reagent followed by TLC and UV-Vis spectrum test compared with beta carotene as standard. The content of beta carotene and free radical scavenging activity was measured spectrophotometrically at 425 nm. The beta carotene level of cantaloupe was 3.171 ± 0.150 %. The antioxidant activity, presented as IC50 value of cantaloupe extract, was 12.137±0.44 µg/mL and the antioxidant activity of standard beta carotene was 2.15 ± 0.172 µg/mL. The cantaloupe extract contained beta carotene compunds but the antioxidant activity of extract was lower than beta carotene standard.

PENCEMARAN SODIUM DODECYLBENZENE SULFONATE (SDBS) PADA IKAN AIR TAWAR: PENENTUAN AKUMULASI DAN MONITORING PENCEMARAN

Ratri, Monica Cahyaning

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Community Vol 14, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

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The research for accumulation determination and monitoring of Sodium Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate (SDBS) contamination in freshwater fish has been conducted. The aims of this research were to determine the interference of protein and ions in analysis, the parameters of validation, the correlation of SDBS concentration in the basin and SDBS accumulation in catfish followed by SDBS analysis in freshwater fish that sold in market in the area of Yogyakarta city. This research was started by isolating SDBS from freshwater fish using soxhlet extraction method and then followed by analysis of SDBS using spectrophotometer UV-Vis with acridine orange (AO) reagent. The results showed that the presence of proteins might be interferre the analysis process, Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions might interfere the analysis process at concentrations > 12 mg/L and > 6 mg/L. Analytical method validation was performed and showed correlation coefficient values (r) was 0,9981, limit of detection was 0,089 mg/L, limit of quantification was 0,0296 mg/L, RSD < 2% and % recovery between 83-107%. The content of the SDBS in fish increased with increasing concentrations of SDBS in water and caused the decrease of Bio-concentration Factor (BCF) value. The concentration of SDBS in the analysis of fish in the market were between 0,0012-0,0029 mg/g, 0,0038-0,0077 mg/g and 0.0008-0,0026 mg/g for catfish, red tilapia and carp, respectively.

EFEK PROTEKSI DEKOKTA KULIT ALPUKAT PADA HEPAR TIKUS TERINDUKSI KARBON TETRAKLORIDA

Hendra, Phebe, Liong, Paramita, Putri, Brigita Wina Rosari, Fransiskus, Angeline Syahputri, Andriani, Fransisca, Putriati, Asih, Eviani, Theresia

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Community Vol 13, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

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Abstract

The decoction of avocado peels was tested for their hepatoprotective activity against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rat.  The rats were treated with the decoction of avocado peels at doses of 363; 762, 1600 mg/kg per oral once in a day for 6 days and carbon tetrachloride (2 mL/kg) was given on the 7th day. Different groups of rats were given water decoction of avocado peels at a dose of 363; 762, 1600 mg/kg and after 6 hours received carbon tetrachloride (2 mL/kg), respectively. The degree of protection was measured by using biochemical parameters like serum transaminase, alkaline phosphatase and albumin. From these results it suggested that the decoction of avocado peels 762, 1600 mg/kg for 6 hours has a potent hepatoprotective action upon carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic damage in rats.

QUALITY OF LIFE OF PATIENTS PRESCRIBED WITH HERBAL MEDICINE

Perwitasari, Dyah Aryani, Mahdi, Nur, Muthaharah, Mustika, Kertia, I Nyoman

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Community Vol 13, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

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Herbal medicine has been an alternative treatment, instead of modern medicines. However, some of patients could experience adverse drug reaction (ADR) due to the use of herbal medicines. The ADR can decrease patients’ quality of life (QoL). Objective. This study was aimed to understand the QoL of patients prescribed with herbal medicines. Methods. Patients prescribed with herbal medicines as complementary treatment, in two Public Health Centers of Yogyakarta were recruited. The patients were prescribed with herbal medicines one year before this study was started. Naranjo algorithm was used to identify the ADR. The SF-36 questionnaire was given to the patients as the instrument to measure patients’ QoL. Results. There were 47 patients participated in this study. Most of the patients are female (62.5%).Ten patients experienced ADR. There are no significant differences between QoL domains in patients experienced ADR and those without ADR. However, the scores of physical function, role physical, general health, social function, role emotional, and mental health in patients without ADR are higher than those  with ADR ( p>0.05) . Conclusion. There are no significant differences of QoL between patients with and without ADR. In general, the QoL of patients’ without ADR is higher than those with ADR.

KEPATUHAN PENGGUNAAN OBAT DAN KUALITAS HIDUP PASIEN HEMODIALISA DI RS PKU MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA PERIODE MARET 2015

Karuniawati, Endah, Supadmi, Woro

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Community Vol 13, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Sanata Dharma University

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Abstract

The adherence holds an important role that can affect the success rate of the therapy and increase the life quality of the patients. Quality of life is an ability to reflect the health in the term of physically, psychology, and socially and the satisfaction of the patients’ functional and control level. Research aims to understand relations compliance treatment with the quality of life can be measured by MMAS and WHOQOL questioners. The research applied descriptive, non experimental and cross-sectional methods. The aim of the research was to find out the relationship between the medication adherence and the life quality of the hemodialysis patients. The medication adherence data was gathered by MMAS (Morisky Medication Adherence Scale) and the life quality was gathered by WHOQOL (World Health Organization Quality of Life) of hemodialysis patients at PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Hospital. The research results showed that from 101 respondents the medication adherence in the level of high  58,42 %, level moderate  8 , 91 %  and  low  32 , 67 %.) .The quality of life of patients of the domain physical, mental, social and environmental at a high rate and low. Relations adherence the use of a drug with the quality of life of significant (p< 0,005) in all the domain. Compliance the use of drugs associated with the quality of life of hemodialysis patients at PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Hospital.