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Journal of Language and Literature
ISSN : 14105691     EISSN : 25805878     DOI : -
Journal of Language and Literature presents articles on the study of language and literature. Appropriate topics include studies on language, translation, and literary texts. To be considered for publication, articles must be in English.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 130 Documents
The Questioning of the Concept of Masculinity in Joyce Lebra’s The Scent of Sake Mianani, Sindhy Sintya; Wardani, Elisa Dwi
Journal of Language and Literature Vol 18, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sanata Dharma

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Abstract

Gender is the social construction of elaborating sex, which is supposed to be distinguished from the biological categories of being male or female. Gender is said to be a very complex phenomenon and one has to acquire it through the process of socialization. Sex itself determines gender, while gender determines gender roles, whether it is masculinity or femininity. This study discusses Joyce Lebra’s The Scent of Sake as a novel which portrays a violation to the concept of masculinity recognized in Japanese male gender roles, or also known as daikokubashira, through the analysis of its male character, Jihei. The discussion consists of the analysis of how Jihei is depicted as an unmasculine man in the novel. Then, followed by the discussion on the reason why Jihei’s unmasculine characteristics are considered as a form of violation to the concept of masculinity recognized in daikokubashira.The results of this study shows that Jihei is depicted as a man whose characteristics reject the masculine qualities expected by society. Thus, they are also said as questioning the concept of masculinity recognized in daikokubashira. Hence, it can be said that Joyce Lebra’s The Scent of Sake portrays and encourages masculinity as a mandatory characteristic which is supposed to be possessed by men, especially in patriarchal culture, but it also counts as a double-edged sword for them.Keywords: questioning, masculinity, ‘daikokubashira’_________________________________________DOI >  https://doi.org/10.24071/joll.2018.180106
The Search for Oral Narratives of the Chinese Community in Semaran Adhyanggono, G.M.
Journal of Language and Literature Vol 14, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sanata Dharma

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Abstract

Oral narratives are considered for their being out-dated, excessively glorifying and exposing the romantic past and therefore useless. Yet, it is almost forgotten that in connection with the sustainability of Indonesia as a nation there are many basic things needs preserving and developing. One of them is about the national consensus on racial and ethnical heterogeneity. The study on the Chinese community in ‘Pecinan’ (Chinatown) that was conducted several years ago interestingly resulted in some “facts” about Chinese culture that had been ‘silenced’ during the New Order regime. Regarding the fact, it is quite interesting to find out oral narratives in the community. This article is concerned with the existence of oral narratives and how they are appreciated. Keywords: oral narratives, ethnicity, race, cultural diffusion, pluralism
The Representation of Mexican-Americans’ Life Stages through the Models in Luis Valdez’s Los Vendidos Christianto, Adi Prasatya; Widyastuti, Dewi
Journal of Language and Literature Vol 14, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sanata Dharma

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Abstract

Literature and history are interrelated. Literature does not only serve for entertainment but it also serves as a historical record of certain society in certain period. Through literature, many history and events can be examined. This is particularly why Los Vendidos becomes an interesting example. It examines Mexican-Americans’ history through its satirical element. The model characters in the play describe not only distinctive characteristics but also specific perception and condition of Mexican-Americans’ life in different periods, or stages. Each model represents the reality of Mexican-Americans’ history. Thus, at the end, this research will not only evaluated Mexican-Americans’ history or discrimination, but it also examine the whole life, the culture and the ideology of Mexican-Americans.Keywords: Mexican-Americans’ history, models, stages
An Analysis of The Old Man and the Sea in Christian, Universal and Buddhist Perspectives Sa-ngiamwibool, Amporn
Journal of Language and Literature Vol 16, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sanata Dharma

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Abstract

Religion and literature share universal senses that touch human mind.  The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway, a Pulitzer-award and-Nobel-prize winner, which is full of Christianity symbols and allusions, is selected to verify this universality, with three specific purposes which aimed to analyze and draw out: 1) Christian symbols and allusions, 2) universal senses of life, and 3) Buddhist essence in the novella. The analysis revealed these findings. All symbols and allusions relate to Christ. The attempt to fight against inevitable destiny that is a universal and natural order of life touches the mind. The novella implicated two cores of Buddhist essence: the four noble truths and the eightfold path. It could be concluded that the line between literature and religion share universality which lies in human mind, regardless of religious beliefs. 
Analysis of Free Indirect Discourse Narratives in the Works of Austen, Joyce, and Kingston Manggong, Lestari
Journal of Language and Literature Vol 17, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sanata Dharma

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Abstract

Language, with the complexity of its structure, can be problematic in terms of interpreting works of literature. This essay discusses the problems perceived in the process of interpretation of free indirect discourse narratives in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice and Emma, James Joyce’s A Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man and The Dead, and Maxine Hong Kingston’s Tripmaster Monkey. Narratives with free indirect discourse opens up possibility of misinterpretation caused by the misconception of whose point of view the story is told. By looking at the works within the concept of narratology by Chatman (1978) and Prince (2003), such narratives—which apply the viewpoint of omniscient narrators—cause ambiguity to the voice of external and internal focalisers. This is due to the fact that the use of such narratives blends the two types of focalisations. The findings of this research lead to an argument that through external focalisation, the view becomes objective. Yet through internal focalisation, the view tends to become subjective as it is infiltrated by the character’s view. Such an argument then gives way to a conclusion that narratives with free indirect discourse gives effect to irony in the story-telling process of the works discussed. Keywords: free indirect discourse, narratology, focalisation
The Transitivity Process Patterns and Styles in the Characterization of the Protagonist Character in Phuoc’s “The Story of Tam and Cam” Manggala, Simon Arsa
Journal of Language and Literature Vol 17, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sanata Dharma

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Abstract

This paper is based on the notion in Stylistics that the study focuses on language use, the purposes, and the effects (Verdonk, 2002). The data is taken from one of the stories from Vietnam. The story is selected since the plot shares similarities in terms of the plot with the popular Cinderella stories. Therefore, readers are familiar with the plot since Cinderella stories exist in many cultures and languages (Tatar, 1999). The language use is reviewed by utilizing transitivity analysis (Matthiessen & Halliday, 2004) to examine the processes in the characterization since transitivity analysis is a significant analytical tool in accounting ideational perspective systematically (Simpson, 1993). Further, the choice of processes and patterns lead to the discussion on the purposes and effects. The examination on the transitivity analysis shows that the processes employed to characterize the protagonist character are material, mental, relational, verbal, and behavioral processes. The processes might reveal particular significant to the process of characterization. For instance, material processes frequently dominate the characterization of the main character. Thus, the character is mostly characterized by what they do and what happens with them. The other transitivity processes resemble the purpose and effect based on their meanings. Hopefully, this paper might serve an example of how to examine the language patterns in a literary work to further observe the purposes and the effects of the patterns. Keywords: folktale, stylistics, and Transitivity Analysis.
The Contrastive and Contextual Analysis of the Verb Run
Journal of Language and Literature Vol 16, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sanata Dharma

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Abstract

Words become the source for understanding the meanings of language. In relation to the study of meanings, this paper attempts ate presenting the contrastive and contextual analysis of the verb RUN. The contrastive analysis is conducted in order to find the distinctive features of the word run and its synonymous words. After finding out the features differentiating the verb RUN, the contextual analysis is conducted. The contextual analysis displays the features which take place in the verb RUN in various fields. Based on the analysis, RUN has features of “manner”, “agent”, “situation”, “distance” or “duration”, “direction” and “purpose”. The feature AGENT dominates the feature of RUN in the contexts which equals 28%. The context of initiating the action causes the appearance of the feature AGENT. The feature distance or duration appears the least in the context of regular activity. The occurrence of the same feature in different contexts proves that a word shares the same feature in the different context, in other words, overlapping features happens.
Humorous Situations Created by Violations and Floutings of Conversational Maxims in a Situation Comedy Entitled How I Met Your Mother Amianna, Jenna Nadia Rasbi Putri; Putranti, Adventina
Journal of Language and Literature Vol 17, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sanata Dharma

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Abstract

As a form of communication that evokes laughter, humor is seen as one of important aspects in building relationship with people. Linguists suggest that humor exists because there is noncooperative interaction among interlocutors resulting from not observing Cooperative Principle in the conversations. Related to that, this study aims to analyze humorous situations in a situation comedy entitled How I Met Your Mother Season 2, Episodes 1 to 5 which are created by violating and flouting the conversational maxims as the forms of not observing the Cooperative Principle. Keywords: humorous situation, cooperative principle, flouting, violation
On Ethnic Jokes in Indonesia Wijana, I Dewa Putu
Journal of Language and Literature Vol 15, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sanata Dharma

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Abstract

This paper aims to describe various scripts opposed in ethnic jokes found among diverse ethnic groups in Indonesia. By examining carefully the humorous discourses extracted from humor collection, English lesson, linguistics text books, and jocular discourses ever heard as well, it is found that several scripts which are often opposed by the joking creators are language distortion, dumbness, stinginess and deceitfulness, and cunningness script. Ethnic jokes found amid various Indonesian ethnic groups essentially constitute a wealthy source to promote a harmonious multicultural society in Indonesia
Comparative Forms of Adjectives: the Semantic Classes and Syntactic Functions Kristanti, Fransisca
Journal of Language and Literature Vol 15, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sanata Dharma

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Abstract

The aim of the research is to identify the real-life distribution of the comparative forms of adjectives. This paper is a corpus-based analysis which discusses comparative forms of adjectives from the linguistics perspectives. British National Corpus (BNC) is used to collect the data due to the generality of the corpora. BNC contains the collection of both spoken and written language in various text types, thus, it represents language variety as a whole. The analysis is done using semantic and syntax approach. Downing’s and Locke’s (2006) theory on semantic classes and Quirk’s and Greenbaum’s (1973) theory on syntactic functions were applied. The analysis was done in cycles, and stopped at the third cycle due to the similar findings between cycles. Ninety out of two hundred sentences containing comparative adjectives were analyzed. The analysis results in several findings. First, both semantic classes, descriptors and classifiers, appear in the analysis of comparative adjectives. Yet, the most frequent occurrence is in the semantic class of descriptors. Second, there are four syntactic functions in which comparative adjectives occur and most of them function as pre-modifier of a noun phrase. This paper presents the initial step for further research on comparative adjectives based on the research of semantics and syntax. Further researches on how semantic classes influence syntactic functions is encouraged.

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