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International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS)
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39
Articles
WOMEN STORIES OF THE VIOLENT CONFLICT IN POSO AND TRAUMA HEALING

Subagya, Yustinus Tri

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS)

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Abstract

This article intends to unfold woman experiences in coping with trauma of the violent conflict and their efforts to release its burden. In the last decade, the victims of violence are referred to get a psycho-theuraphy of trauma due to their depression from the disaster. Development agencies often initiate the program of trauma healings for the victims with the post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) model, especially for women who were described as passive actors and became the most vulnerable victims in the violent conflict. The fact that women involved in the conflict as active social actors was less accounted due to the healing mechanism. Their experiences such as individual memories on vengeance and strugling for family survival  tend to be inarticulated, except their attempts to forget of the trumatic burdens. This article defines the articulation of women stories as both a crucial factor in healing their past traumatic experiences which in turn the stories could be as an effective approach to pave a way for reconciliation. We use stories of women experiences in Poso, Indonesia as the lesson. The contribution of narrative for releasing the burden of traumatic experiences from the past atrocities has been the subject of the recent discussion in academic fields such as Anthropology or Psychology as well as Humanitarian Agencies or Development Practitioners.  DOI: https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2018.020111

THE PROBLEM OF EQUILIBRIUM IN THE PANJI STORY: A TZVETAN TODOROV’S NARRATOLOGY PERSPECTIVE

Taum, Yoseph Yapi

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS)

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Abstract

Narrative is understood as the record of human activities which relate strongly to a cultural matrix.  Narrative, in terms of story or story telling, is representative of factual and fictional achievement placed in a chronological or causal order. Therefore, narrative and narratology have an important function in understanding cultural activities. Some structuralist scholars, especialy those living during 1960-1980, created a special theory on narratology. There are four specialists of narratology; they are: Vladimir Propp, Claude Levi-Strauss, Tvsetan Todorov, and A. J. Greimas. They claimed the same perspective, that all narrative (such as folktale, myth, and legend) in fact share the same fundamental structure (i.e grammar, syntactical structure, semantics axes, actantial structure, or logical structure). Panji Story is one of Indonesian heritage stories popular during the rule of Madjapahit Kingdom. The narratives were transmitted into folktales, oral literature, written literature, hikayat, or engraved as the reliefs at ancient temples. The narrative which was originated from Singasari Kingdom was so pervasive in East Javanese culture, as it created a Panji Culture (Nurcahyo, 2016). The spread of the narratives was so extensive, reaching Bali, Nusa Tenggara, Sumatra, Borneo, Papua, and to neighbouring countries such as Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar. This paper aims at revealing narrative sequences of Panji Narratives in line with Todorov’s narrative theory, especially in relation to his narratology theory of equilibrium. Todorov’s equilibrium gets a new perspective and meaning.DOI: https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2018.020110

THE PHONOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF A JAPANESE SINGER: THE CRITICISM OF USING SONGS IN ENGLISH TEACHING

Sanjaya, Agung

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS)

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Abstract

This study deals with the phonological analysis of a Japanese singer in some English sounds in live performance music videos. It aims to analyse and describe the pronunciation process of Japanese singer in producing tense vowels, diphthongs, and liquids. It also criticizes the use of songs in English teaching based on the findings. The data are from live performance videos of Japanese singer. The researcher watched and listened to the videos. After that, the researcher listed the words in the lyrics of the songs containing tense vowels, diphthongs, and liquids. The words were transcribed into standard phonetic transcription. Then, the researcher transcribed the words into the phonetic transcription according to the pronunciation of the singer. After that, the data were classified into three parts which were the words containing tense vowels, diphthongs, and liquids. After the researcher analyzed the videos, the findings of this study showed that the Japanese singer as an EFL speaker had different pronunciation process in producing tense vowels, diphthongs, and liquids sound. The findings also gave the criticism on the use of songs in English teaching in a form of caution and contribution.DOI: https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2018.020108

THE NATURE OF LITERARY STUDY AFTER THE RISE OF CONTEMPORARY LITERARY THEORY

Sutanto, Dian Natalia

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS)

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Abstract

Before the rise of contemporary literary theory, literary study mainly concerned with the nature, role, function of literary works and general schema for literary criticism. The rise of contemporary literary theories, such as structuralism, poststructuralism, psychoanalysis, feminism, new historicism, postcolonialism, and so on have changed the nature of literary study. By applying concepts and paradigms taken from other spheres of intellectual activity, such as culture, linguistics, aesthetics, politics, history, psychology, economics, gender, and so on, current literary study starts questioning and criticizing literary study basic assumptions. Contemporary literary theory brings a broad array of fundamental issues to attention, such as the act of reading, interpretative strategy, epistemology of literary scholarships, nationalism, genre, gender, originality, intertextuality, social hegemony, authorial intention, truth, representation and so on.DOI: https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2018.020109

LOCATING DIGITAL LITERATURE IN WORLD LITERATURE: A CASE OF QUARTERLY LITERARY REVIEW SINGAPORE

Indriyanto, Kristiawan

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS)

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Abstract

Participants in an interaction risk their sense of face in every action (Goffman, 1967).  Requests, by definition, are face-threatening acts (Brown and Levinson, 1978).  In making a request, a speaker not only threatens the hearer’s negative face as he impinges on the hearer’s claim to freedom of action; he also threatens his positive face as he exposes himself to the possibility of being denied or rejected.  In order to minimize this possibility, the speaker has to present himself in such a way that the hearer would have a positive impression of him. This paper examined letters of request written by students of a university in Metro Manila for noticeable forms of self-presentation.  Following Goffman’s thesis (1956) that self-presentation is a tangible component of identity, this paper analyzed lexico-syntactic patterns, and impression management strategies utilized by the writers to express their communicative intention (make a request), and construct an identity deemed necessary in attaining the hearer’s approval.DOI: https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2018.020103

THE REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN CHARACTERS IN THE MOVIE THE BREADWINNER

Darta, Deta Maria Sri, Kristina, Diah

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS)

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Abstract

This article would like to present how women were defined in the movie, both by male and female characters. Mills (1998) provides a tool to help the readers understanding the style of a writer through her choices of words, sentences, and even in the discourse level. A novel based movie which won and was nominated in several awards, The Breadwinner, was full of portrayal of women in the setting of Afghanistan under the Taliban rule. The tragic story was beautifully wrapped under the animated movie produced to show the real picture towards the world. The data are in the form of words, sentences and discourse spoken by male and female characters that represent the depiction of women. The data obtained are examined with the view of Sara Mills theory. It is found that in the movie, the women are represented as two opposing aspects: women representation as an object of man domination,and women as the subject who is able to speak out her mind and to decide independently.DOI: https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2018.020105

THE FUNCTIONS OF METAPHOR IN THE LYRICS OF RAYOLA’S SONG

SN, Nasrul

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS)

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Abstract

This study aims to show some of the functions of the metaphor used in the lyrics of Rayola’s song. Rayola is a singer of Minang’s songs from Padang. The method used in this research is qualitative research in three stages: stage the provision of data, data analysis, and presentation of the results of the data analysis. Sources of data in the form of a song sung by Rayola, consisting of 8 albums Rayola ever published and commercialized. The theory used in this research is the theory of metaphor which is initiatived by Lakoff and Johnson (1980) as well as the theory of metaphor functions according to Stefanowitsch (2005). The results of this study revealed that there are at least seven functions of  metaphor contained in the lyrics of Rayola’s song 1) to concrete  human experience, 2) creating space imagination, 3) soften the language, 4) means to achieve aesthetic effects, 5) to attract attention, 6) to beautify the tone, and 7) pleasing to be heard.DOI: https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2018.020107

LOCAL CULTURAL LITERACY AND ITS PROMOTION

Muljani, Retno, Sunarto, Emanuel

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS)

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Abstract

As a place of conservation, research, education, and entertainment, a museum can support formal educational institutions to introduce kinds of literacy, including local cultural literacy. Local  cultural  literacy in this  study referred to  the knowledge of  wayang ( = puppets) belonging  to Museum Wayang Kekayon Yogyakarta (MWK).  Visitors  to MWK can learn the tangible and intangible aspects of  wayang collections  of  MWK. As a preliminary study of a multi-year research, this study addressed two research questions: 1) what educational functions can be promoted through MWK collections? and 2) what criteria should  promotional media  have  in order to promote MWK? The study implemented hermeneutic approach supported by theories of  Semiotics,   Discourse, Pragmatics, and   Web Usability. Data were collected by browsing the Internet, conducting observations while visiting MWK, interviewing experts on museum, wayang, and semiotics and MWK educators. The findings of the study were 1) the identification of  MWK educational functions  to introduce cultural literacy and other relevant philosophical values, and 2) the CLEAR criteria of effective promotional media to promote  cultural (wayang) literacy in the digital era. The study recommended that fun but meaningful activities should be conducted at MWK, and relevant resources and tools should be provided  and used  to support the  activities.DOI: https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2018.020104

CHILD MARRIAGE IN SHORT STORIES FROM INDONESIA AND BANGLADESH: VICTOR, SURVIVOR, AND VICTIM

Dewi, Novita

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS)

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Abstract

Early marriage is a total destruction to the human rights of children. Contrary to the conviction that child marriage in rural, developing countries is inextricably linked with their cultural backwardness, violence against women need to be examined and addressed in terms of the specific socio-economic and cultural conditions as to why girls, adolescents and young women are forced to live and marry in their young age. This article examines two shorts stories from Indonesia to be analyzed comparatively with another story from Bangladesh to show the limit of mainstream feminist perspectives that often put the blame on minority cultures. The present study reveals that first, child marriages in both countries are largely driven by such factors as poverty, economic dependency, lack of education, and dowry in Bangladesh’s case. Secondly, the ways in which authors depict child marriages vary, i.e. it is either perpetuating the violence in child marriage, or critically depicting child marriage as an aberrant patriarchal practice. Taken together, the child brides play their respective role as victor, survivor, or victim.DOI: https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2018.020106

THE PORTRAYAL OF AN AFGHAN WIFE IN ÅSNE SEIERSTAD’S THE BOOKSELLER OF KABUL: STYLISTIC ANALYSIS

Istianah, Arina

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS)

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Abstract

In the grammatical level of analysis, transitivity is one of the choices. The role of verb in a clause determines its process and participants, and thus imply particular meanings. This research took two chapters as the research data taken from a novel by Åsne Seierstad entitled The Bookseller of Kabul. Talking about literature about Afghanistan society, what attracts this research is the Afghan character named Sharifa. The research found that Seierstad employed various types of processes, participants and circumstances to describe Sharifa. First, the use of Actor and of material process aims at portraying the responsibility of an Afghan wife in spite of the sorrow seen from the mental process with Sharifa as the Senser. The use of relational process with Sharifa as the Carrier is to attach her to particular character, both physical and psychological states. In sum, the novel portrays the Afghan wife as a submissive, yet devoted character.   DOI: https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2018.020101