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AL-FIKRA
Al-Fikra (p-ISSN: 1693-508X; e-ISSN: -; http://alfikra.pasca-uinsuska.info/index.php/alfikra/index) adalah peer-reviewed journal yang mempublikasikan artikel-artikel ilmiah keislaman. Artikel-artikel yang dipublikasikan di jurnal Al-Fikra meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian ilmiah asli (prioritas utama), artikel ulasan ilmiah yang bersifat baru (tidak prioritas), atau komentar atau kritik terhadap tulisan yang ada di jurnal Al-Fikra. Jurnal Al-Fikra diterbitkan oleh Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau. Jurnal Al-Fikra menerima manuskrip atau artikel dalam bidang ilmiah keislaman dari berbagai kalangan akademisi dan peneliti baik nasional maupun internasional.
Articles by issue : Vol 5, No 1 (2006): Al Fikra
9
Articles
MORALITAS KEPENDIDIKAN: SUATU TELAAH FILSAFAT PENDIDIKAN ISLAM TENTANG ARAH BANGUN PENDIDIKAN

Muhmidayely, Muhmidayeli

AL-FIKRA Vol 5, No 1 (2006): Al Fikra
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

Morality of Education: A discussion of Islamic educational philosophy on the direction of Islamic education: The real identity of human beings is morality which should become the ideology of education as a place to make people humane. The gradual disappearance of moral values in people’s daily lives has a significant relationship with the gradual disappearance of the orientation of Islamic education. It therefore becomes a certainty to place the Islamic education as an institution which is not only of a pragmatic, technological and proven dimension but also of an ideal, sacred and moral dimension

AGAMA DAN SOLIDARITAS SOSIAL: Pandangan Islam Terhadap Pemikiran Sosiologi Emile Durkheim

Kamirudin, Kamirudin

AL-FIKRA Vol 5, No 1 (2006): Al Fikra
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

Religion and Social Solidarity : How Islam views the social ideology of Emile Durkheim: This article discusses Emile Durkheim’s idea on the relationship between religion and social solidarity and then it is compared with how Islam views it. This study is merely based on social approach, not to discover which religion is correct or wrong (collective), but only to describes the impacts of religious teaching on social life empirically. This study is of great importance especially to understand Durkheim’s idea on the above issue which hopefully clarifies the relationship between religion and social solidarity. From Durkheim’s view it is obvious that religion is a projection of the experience of the community. Sanctity and community are united that have something in common and religion is a tool to symbolically express life totally. According to Durkheim, religion and the community are inseparable. According to him, the stronger the social solidarity of a community, the deeper their religious feeling about sacred matters will be, which goes together with the collective manifestation. In fact, Islam can increase the solidarity of Muslims because they do religious ritual activities (liturgis) together (jamaah) and they interact one another which later results in a strong solidarity among them.

MENUJU SISTEM PENDIDIKAN INTEGRAL MELALUI DEKONTRUKSI DIKOTOMI ILMU PENGETAHUAN

Masduki, Masduki

AL-FIKRA Vol 5, No 1 (2006): Al Fikra
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

Towards Integrated Educational System Through Dichotomy Deconstruction of Science: The development of science and technology plays a key role in developing the community which is directly related to education. However, the quality of education in Indonesia including Riau is still low. Educationalists claim that one of the factors as to why it happens is that there is a belief that there is a sort of dichotomy of general science and religious science. Through books and our everyday talks we often hear the terms general science and religious science from which other terms such as general school and religious school, general faculty and religious faculty were born. Nevertheless, it was discovered lately that this was caused not only by the dichotomy in science but also by the dichotomy in leadership and management systems. A leader sometimes does not position himself as a leader and a manager, while in managing an educational institution both leadership and managerial attitude must be planted in the manager’s mind. This article tries to explore the above insight because the discourse of the dichotomy in education seems to give an image that there is a separation between general science and religious science, whereas the dichotomy in leadership and management also gives an image that there is a separation between the leader and manager.

PEMIKIRAN POLITIK ISLAM: Tinjauan Sejarah Awal Islam Klasik

Palawa, Alimuddin Hassan

AL-FIKRA Vol 5, No 1 (2006): Al Fikra
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

Islamic Political Ideology: A Historical overview of the beginning of classical Islam: Muslim are divided into three ideologies. Firstly, the ideology which claims that Islam is a religion which regulates the totality of life and finds out solutions to all problems including problems in politics. Secondly, the ideology that claims Islam is simply a religion that has no connection with politics at all. Thirdly, the ideology that claims there is no political and constitutional systems in Islam, but Islam has ethical values for the life of the nation. There is no doubt that under the leadership of the Prophet Mohammad (peace be up on him) the Arab people made a great breakthrough both in sophisticated social and political lives. When the social structure was already set up under the leadership of the Prophet and was then developed by the first caliphs to provide the principles of arranging a world empire, it was considered modern in terms of time and place. It was modern because of high commitment of people and the participation of ordinary people as the members of the community and the openness of their leaders to be evaluated on universal basis which symbolized the leadership which were not based on descent.

PARADIGMA PEMBELAJARAN REKONTRUKSIONISME

Hanafi, Imam

AL-FIKRA Vol 5, No 1 (2006): Al Fikra
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

The Paradigm of Reconstructionism Learning: The existence of a brilliant generation as the ‘product’ of education is the end of the long process of all activities of education. The end of such a process is often far from the universal values and what education wants to achieve, and even education is felt to give no consideration to students’ learning experiences so that they become the object of education. Reconstructionism as one of the ideologies of the Modern Educational Philosophy attempts to raise these questions – What is actually meant by learning? How do students learn?, And how should teachers teach? In this respect, Reconstructionism views that there must be an interaction between the students and the materials they are learning because knowledge comes from neither the subject nor the object, but from the unity of the two

NUANSA SHUFISTIK DALAM GERAKAN IKHWAN AL-SHAFA` DAN IKHWAN AL-MUSLIMIN

Abduh, Muhammad Arrafie

AL-FIKRA Vol 5, No 1 (2006): Al Fikra
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

The Nuance of Sufism in the Movement of ‘Ikhwan Al-Shafa’ and ‘Ikhwan Al-Muslimin’ : The life, doctrine, and events of those being in Sufism give a nuance and a meaningful contribution towards a conducive environment in the movement and development of economy, politics, sociology, culture, and arts such as the movement of Ikhwan Al-Shafa’ in 983 BC that was pioneered by Abu Hayyan al- Tauhidi and Ikhwan Al-Muslimin  in 1928 BC in the modern century and at the end of the second millennium pioneered by Hassan al-Banna. The spirit, according to Ikwan al-shfa is being prepared in the world  through a physical medium for the life in the Hereafter. The life in the world is no more than a place towards the Hereafter. In the world the soul is given an opportunity to achieve the real perfection to be permitted to regain the life on the sky. The body is only a place where the soul works, and when the spirit already leaves the body, the body will become a file of solid materials united with the soil. However, the body is needed by the soul like the woman’s vagina needed for the growth of a baby.

IMPLEMENTASI KLARIFIKASI NILAI DALAM PEMBELAJARAN DAN FUNGSIONALISASI ETIKA ISLAM

Mansur, Amril

AL-FIKRA Vol 5, No 1 (2006): Al Fikra
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

Implementation of the clarification of values in learning and the functionalization of Islamic ethics: Morality is inseparable from the development of human existence. Perhaps, it is not excessive to say that human existence is basically morality. Developing critical and dialogical thinking towards ideas and cultures beyond  the Islamic teaching in an effort to build ethical thinking and methodologies in its application in learning and developing students’ moral values in particular and moral education in general seems to be a necessity which cannot be neglected. This is because the product of thinking is normally produced for the interest and consumption of the community at large who have different cultures, ways of life, ambitions and beliefs. Also, an ideology comes up as a result of the idealistic desire of the thinking itself. The application of the clarification of values and the concept of Islamic ethics (which has, from the beginning, been based on ahkam al-syari’ah) has planted the moral values in the students’ minds in the form of moral behaviour, honesty, and intelligence, not in the form of knowledge of morality either verbal or mechanical.

HAK-HAK KEWARISAN AHLI WARIS YANG MELAKUKAN TINDAKAN EUTHANASIA

Cholis, Mohd Nasir

AL-FIKRA Vol 5, No 1 (2006): Al Fikra
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

The Rights for Inheritance of Heirs who Commit Euthanasia: Euthanasia is of two categories. Firstly, positive euthanasia, that is, to ease death actively (taisir al-maut al-af’al). Secondly, negative euthanasia which means to ease death without any action at all. According to the law, the positive euthanasia is not permitted and is regarded as a killing, whereas the one who commits such as an action gets no inheritance from the victim. In the case of the negative euthanasia Muslim scholars have different opinions whether it needs treatment or not (patience).

KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH TENTANG YAYASAN DAN EKSISTENSI MADRASAH SWASTA DI INDONESIA (Antara Solusi dan Permasalahannya)

Syaifudin, Muhammad

AL-FIKRA Vol 5, No 1 (2006): Al Fikra
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

The Government Policy on Foundations and the Existence of Private Religious Schools in Indonesia: The establishment of religious schools is the participation of the community in achieving the goal of the nation that is to develop the mentality people. Therefore, the government supports the establishment of foundations where the community are concerned with the education of people. So far, the support obtained is just in the form of non-material things because private religious schools are much dependent on the foundations under which they exist. The government support to the foundations that are developing very steadily can be seen from its policy through the Acts number 16 the year 2000 on Foundations. The impact felt by the community with the birth of this policy is that the legal status of the foundations is clear in the national constitutions so that they can run their programs smoothly. In addition, the role of the community, in this respect,, the builders of the foundations is limited so that the owners may not run them as they wishe. On the other hand, the impacts of the Acts on Foundations towards the religious schools which operate under their umbrellas are progression in various aspects. For example, the foundations are more proportional in giving the rights of the schools which have so far been dominated by the owners especially in financial matters. But one of the negative impacts of the Acts on the part of the owners of the foundations is that the owners do not manage the educational programs seriously which may affect the progress of the foundations.