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Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies
Kafa’ah (Print ISSN 2356-0894 Online ISSN 2356-0630)is an open-access and peer reviewed journal published by Center for Gender and Child Studies, State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Imam Bonjol Padang. This journal covers key issues on gender studies, including: place of women in society, empowering women, and government policies on women empowerment. The objective of the journal is to promote the sharing of knowledge and understanding on the gender issues. It then welcomes contributions from experts, researchers, practitioners, and policy makers around the world. This journal is published twice a year.
Articles by issue : Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
9
Articles
Konsep Kesetaraan Gender dalam Kisah Pengusiran Adam dan Hawa dari Surga: Sebuah Kajian Tematik Menggunakan Pendekatan Linguistik

Ahmad, Hamdi Putra ( Islamic State University of Sunan Kalijaga (UIN Sunan Kalijaga) Yogyakarta )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

There are not a few Muslims who make the story of Adam and Eve as an argument to consider women as a source of triggering sin. This study aims to find out the Quranic view of the story of the expulsion of Adam and Eve from heaven, expressingthe comprehensive view of the Quran about the chronology of the exorcism of Adamand Eve and outlining the causes of the expulsion of Adam and Eve from Heaven. This study uses thematic method with Q.S.  An-Nisa  (4): 1 and al-Araf (7): 22 assources of data. Linguistic analysis was used to analyze the data. The results of thestudy showed that the emergence of this assumption is motivated by several reasons. Among the reasons is the history of Israiliyyat made by the classicalinterpreters as the primary source in interpreting the verses about Adam and Eve, which began at the end of the first century of Hhijriyah. The Israiliyyat narrations which speak of the story of Adam and Eve in general provide information which tends to make Eve a degrading party as well as a source of sin. This understanding ultimately affects the lowering of womens position over men in real life. In fact, if we examine directly the linguistic structure of the text of the verses in the Quran and read it holistically, and linked with the maqashid of equality of human creation, we will find that the Quran always makes Eve in an equal position with Adam.

Kesehatan Reproduksi Perempuan Rimba: Studi Tentang Kearifan Lokal Perempuan Rimba dalam Memanfaatkan Lingkungan

Yenti, Zarfina ( UIN Sulthan Thaha Saifuddin Jambi )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

The aim of this research is to explore how the women of Orang Rimba keep their reproduction system healthy without the help of modern amenities. A qualitative research method was used in this study ehere the data taken from interviews, observation, and documentations. After several interviews, observation and by looking at the documentation, the researcher found that the women of Rimba people uses local wisdom in keeping their reproduction healthy, that is they use natural surroundings in their life in every way, including in keeping their reproduction system healthy. For example during menstruation circle, the women uses special tree bark as a substitute for ordinary sanitary napkins; during their pregnancy; they eat special fruit usually fruit with high acidity that they could found in the forest; they also uses natural way in preventing pregnancy; they also uses several natural plant to prevent pregnancy, such as the women eat turmeric plant and several other plants. During the birthing time, they have special place called “tanoh peranaan” where the women gives birth and no men even their husbands are not allowed to come. But even without modern amenities, these women have good reproduction system. The researcher also found that there are several things that Orang Rimba women do that almost similar with Islamic life, for example they wean their babies until they are two years old and this was also used to prevent pregnancies.

Lahirnya Pergerakan Perempuan Minangkabau Pada Awal Abad XX

Yati, Risa Marta ( STKIP PGRI Lubuklinggau )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

This article aims to elaborate the influences of the modernization of education that occurred in Minangkabau since the middle of the 19th century to advance of Minangkabau women in the early 20th century. The progress of Minangkabau women is clear in the birth of educated female figures thatwill become to spearhead the emergence of the Minangkabau womens movement. The opening of women’s schools, publication of womens newspapers, the establishment of womens organizations and associations and the active participation in the politics of the national movement are clear proofs of the size of the Minangkabau womens want to appear on the public spaces they never have before. 

Pemberdayaan Lembaga Bundo Kanduang di Nagari Melalui Kebijakan Pembangunan yang Responsif Gender

Yunarti, Sri ( IAIN Batusangkar Jl. Sudirman No.137 Lima Kaum Batusangkar )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

Minangkabau traditional institutions have sociological and psychological relationship with the local community. In West Sumatra, known as Bundo institutions Kanduang a custom isntitusi driven by women in addressing the problems of households, women and children. Potentially progress or setbacks half of an area determined by the progress and setbacks of women. Various development policies in many areas have yet to put women as subjects of development. Development policies that there is not yet considering the condition of the position and needs of women, both practical and strategic. Many of the problems faced by women in the scope of Bundo Kanduang institution as a result of cultural and structural in society. Bundo institutions Kanduang in Nagari as a base empirically women empowerment development. just a sub-section of institutions that deal with social issues, youth, and women are still the strong gender bias both political elites, government and community leaders. At least the figures of women who are able to act as agents for the empowerment of women in Nagari level.

The Women As a Leader, Why Not?

Harida, Eka Sustri ( PSGA IAIN Padangsidimpuan )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

This article aimed to describe the leadership done by the women, and also to show the reality of the women leadership in IAIN Padangsidimpuan whether it has been fulfilled the gender equity of the leadership in this place or not. The data gained through qualitative research, that is by doing observation and interviews, and giving questionnaires. The data have been analysed through grouping, verifying, interpreting, and concluding. The result showed that many informants agreed that women must give the chance to lead. The women leadership is accepted in IAIN Padangsidimpuan, it is shown by the result that 65.83% students and 93.93% from the other components in IAIN Padangsidimpuan agreed to women leadership. It means that many people in IAIN Padangsidimpuan agree for the women leadership. Moreover, the equality of gender in leadership has been fulfilled, because about 40% the leader in IAIN Padangsidimpuan are women.Based on the result, it can be stated that in IAIN Padangsidimpuan, the women leaders are accepted; and it is also not rejected by Al-Qur’an. So, will be the woman as a leader? Why not. IAIN Padangsidimpuan also supported it.

Shamsiah Fakeh: Perempuan Minang Rantau Pejuang Tanah Melayu

Nelmawarni, Nelmawarni ( UIN Imam Bonjol Padang ) , kustati, martin ( UIN Imam Bonjol Padang ) , wrnis, warnis ( UIN Imam Bonjol Padang )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

Shamsiah Fakeh is a Minangkabau woman who became one of Malaysian defenders. She was a real nationalist who also became anti-British until her death and the earliest women who dared to speak openly to stimulate the spirit of Malay nationalism. She was directly involved in struggling Malay Peninsula from the invaders. She is also the earliest figure to make Malay women to be progressive and dare to challenge a conservative culture. She also opens opportunities and attracts other women to become more courageous and high-minded women. This study uses a historical approach. This study found that Shamsiah Fakehs struggle in achieving Malayas independence cannot be denied. The character of Shamsiah Fakeh as a Malay-nationalist politician was forthright in struggling the independence of the Malay Land. She becomes a political figure of woman who is positive and progressive minded, especially in defending women political rights. Her courage, abundance and honesty in fighting for womens political rights are difficult to match in contemporary contexts. Shamsiahs involvement in the political field and the struggle for independence were solely based on the sincerity of the nation liberation from the grip of British colonialism. Although she was a member of the leftist party and was not accepted by the kingdom which made her name less shining in Malay history but she was a sincere warrior to defend the homeland rather than the invaders.

Gender Equity and Equality from Islamic Perspective: Malaysian Context

Alyati, Wan Fariza ( University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia ) , Zakaria, Wan ( University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

The question of women has always attracted audiences from various religions, societies or civilizations. As a complete way of life, Islam has given special attention and position to women who will never find it in any system of belief and civilization. This paper discusses gender equity and equality from Islamic perspective and specifically looks it within Malaysian context. It also traces the historical involvement of Muslim women in nation building since Malaysia achieved her independence in 1957. This is important to show that the government of Malaysia has given special attention to women, especially Muslim women to play significant role and contribute positively to the society and nation building. This is in accordance to the government focus on positioning the wasatiyyah approach in line with the role of the state in preserving Shariah according to the maqasid al-shariah. The protection of women rights is therefore under the responsibilities of the government.

Isu Gender dalam Al-Qur’an: Studi Penafsirsan Kontekstual Abdullah Saeed Terhadap Ayat-ayat Warisan

Putra, Afriadi ( Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

There are not a few Muslims who make the story of Adam and Eve as an argument to consider women as a source of triggering sin.This study aims to find out the Quranic view of the story of the expulsion of Adam and Eve from heaven, expressing the comprehensive view of the Quran about the chronology of the exorcism of Adam and Eve and outlining the causes of the expulsion of Adam and Eve from Heaven. This study uses thematic method with Q.S.  An-Nisa  (4): 1 and al-Araf (7): 22 as  sources of data. Linguistic analysis was used to analyze the data. The results of the study showed that the emergence of this assumption is motivated by several reasons. Among the reasons is the history of Israiliyyat made by the classical interpreters as the primary source in interpreting the verses about Adam and Eve, which began at the end of the first century of Hhijriyah. The Israiliyyat narrations which speak of the story of Adam and Eve in general provide information which tends to make Eve a degrading party as well as a source of sin. This understanding ultimately affects the lowering of womens position over men in real life. In fact, if we examine directly the linguistic structure of the text of the verses in the Quran and read it holistically, and linked with the maqashid of equality of human creation, we will find that the Quran always makes Eve in an equal position with Adam.

Buruknya Kualitas Perkawinan Pemicu Kekerasan Seksual: Studi terhadap Pelaku Kekerasan Seksual Anak di Kabupaten Agam

Fadhli, Ashabul ( UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

The stalled needs of fulfilling sexual needs for some man who divorced or death divorced with their wives have been believed to be one of the causes of child sex perpetrator to carry out their actions. For men who have a particular social background, the desire tocommit a crime is likely to have a higher chance. This assumption begins with the tendency of men as husbands who are more eager to fulfill their sexual needs that may end positive or negative. But when a man no longer has a place tofulfill his desire, they will divert the purpose of his power to another subject that is considered vulnerable and easy to master.  Starting from field research, this research has succeeded to deepen the testimony of three child sex perpetrators who are all domiciled in Agam regency of West Sumatra. The result of exploring the three perpetrators, there are indicators that are interconnected with each other about how they approach the child. Sense of power as an adult male by giving a caring attitude, a sense of security and friendship is aimed to form a circle of power that easily weaken, control and then will attack the child.