cover
Filter by Year
Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies
Kafa’ah (Print ISSN 2356-0894 Online ISSN 2356-0630)is an open-access and peer reviewed journal published by Center for Gender and Child Studies, State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Imam Bonjol Padang. This journal covers key issues on gender studies, including: place of women in society, empowering women, and government policies on women empowerment. The objective of the journal is to promote the sharing of knowledge and understanding on the gender issues. It then welcomes contributions from experts, researchers, practitioners, and policy makers around the world. This journal is published twice a year.
Articles by issue : Vol 7, No 1 (2017)
9
Articles
Potensi Konflik Perkawinan Lintas Budaya Perempuan Indonesia dan Laki-Laki Bule

Pratamawaty, Benazir Bona ( Fakultas Ilmu Komunikasi, Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The intercultural marriages are frequently encountered by many problems and conflicts. One of the causes is the cultural background differences. This kind of marriage occurs between Indonesian women and the foreigner, the mixing between different cultural background, western and eastern culture. This research was aimed at identifying and recognizing the conflict that caused by the intercultural marriages of the Indonesian women and the caucasians. This research is one part of a broader scope of research using a phenomenological approach,in terms of particular symbolic interaction and social construction theory of reality. Methods of data collection include in-depth interviews and observations of seven Indonesian women who married caucasian and domiciled in Jakarta. The results show some dominant conflict-causing differences in cross-cultural marriages between Indonesian women and male caucasians. The differences include language – context differences, communication style, perceptions on family concepts, and perceptions about privacy. In the end, cross-cultural marriage couples find a pattern of settlement in responding the cultural differences they find in everyday life. Over time, sharing the differences that exist together, the Indonesian .Finally, women and foreign husbands reach the a point where they start sharing the same values and worldviews.

Cyberfeminis: Wajah Baru Pembebasan Diri Kaum Perempuan

Andarwulan, Trisna ( Universitas Brawijaya, Malang )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Feminists appear to be a movement to reject everything being  marginalized, subordinated, and demeaned by dominant cultures, either in politic, economic, culture, or social life. The purpose of this research is to describe new face of the women rebellation. Library research was employed where the data taken from content analysis. The research finding showed that one of the new movements done by feminists in the era of globalization is through the virtual world, the cyber world. This movement became known as cyberfeminists. Its cross-boundary nature which beyond the physical and geographical world as a new social field for feminists to explore new freedoms in term of building their relationships and identities. One of the common movement is by using the publication of short stories and novels published in cyberspace. Run Away with You is one of the short stories reviewed in this study.

Pemetaan Pusat Pelayanan Terpadu Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Anak (P2TP2A) Provinsi Sumatera Barat

Bakar, Hallen Abu ( IAIN Imam Bonjol Padang )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The Center of Integrated Service for Women and Children Empowerment (P2TP2A) is established by the government based community in order to eliminate the violence towards women and children.  It also aims to empower the position of women and children. The purpose of the study is to describe comprehensively the existance of P2TP2A in sub-district, district, city, and province in West Sumatra. Descriptive qualitative research was used where the data taken from questionnaire and in-deepth-interview. The study found that the Center of Integrated Service for Women and Children Empowerment was established by following certain procedure, legality and personnel structure. It also found that the majority of P2TP2A in West Sumatra has insufficient infrastructures. Meanwhile, it is only P2TP2A Limpapeh Rumah Nan Gadang of West Sumatera, and P2TP2A Luhak Nan Tuo Batusangkar has sufficient infrastructures. Many of them were located at the corner of Community Empowerment and Women and Family Planning office (BPMPKB). Every P2TP2A in those district and city have made their programs, but they faced some difficulties in realize them doe to financial problems. The human resources were recruited from SKPD, academician, professional, society figures, LSM who concern on gender meanstreaming. They play the role more on providing the service than giving information and empowerment. The last finding of the study showed that the involvement of local government, Health offices, social services, police, ministry of religion, prosecutors and social services have been effective.

Buruh Perempuan di Negeri Perempuan: Studi Kasus Pergeseran Peran Perempuan Minangkabau

Kurnia, Mery

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The research reveals a shifting paradigm in the role of women in Minangkabau. The society perceived that the women world was still dominated by women, where a few of indigenous women still a shield and place it in the safest spot in the economic filed. It makes the case of marginalization of women’s  right becomes a metter that is not relevant to be discussed, but this pradigm could come back in the evalution with the advent of this case study. This research uses historical heuristic method, criticism, interpretation, and historiography). It also describes a shift on the women’s role at Kubang Nan Duo, from the holders of power into centers of production because many asset like lands, have been sold and spout, forcing them to throw them selves in to farm working. This makes the women being undermined from two sides, where indigenous cult as a protector for woman have been cracked by the heat and weathered by rain, while patriarchal culture held them ever after.

Kebahagiaan Perkawinan Isteri dalam Konsep Perempuan Ideal Jawa

Ajrin, Subhan ( Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study illustrates the wife happiness in various cultural metaphors, one of them by using a Javanese cultural perspective. The purpose of this research is to provide conceptual constructions of marriage happiness of wives according to the ideal concept of Javanese women. There are four aspects of marriage happiness, namely harmony, husband and wife attachment, marital intimacy, and economic life.The research finding also found that the Wulas Sari Script contains 13 attitude learning principles besides the ideal woman characteristic.  Among the 13 principles, it was found that there were only 8 points used commonly by the women: obedience, loyality,response, readiness, worship, tenderness, self take care and skillful.This study provides the hypothesis and conceptual basis on the wife marriage in the concept of Javanese ideal women.

Ideologi Feminisme dalam Kaba Cindua Mato

Ruaidah, Ruaidah ( (Faculty of Ushuluddin, State Institute of Islamic Studies "Imam Bonjol" Padang, West Sumatera) )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Verbal literature becomes one of the national cultural heritages that have worthy  values and it still plays a role in peoples lives, especially among the youth. As a social product, verbal literature is a reflection of the cultural ideology associated with systems of thought, belief; symbols related to actions prevailed in society. The purpose of the research is to reveal the feminist ideology of Bundo Kanduang in Kaba Cindua Mato. Libarary research was employed where the data taken from document of Kaba Cindua Mato. It was analysis using content analysis.  The finding of the research showed that Kaba Cindua Mato represented the role of Minangkabau women. Bundo Kanduang portrays as a woman who is gentle, authoritative, and has a power ideology as aleader in a territory of power. For Minangkabau people, the women play special roles in the domestic and in the local wisdom.

Perempuan dan Perilaku Kriminalitas: Studi Kritis Peran Stigma Sosial Pada Kasus Residivis Perempuan

Fitri, Wanda ( Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jogyakarta )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Criminality is one of the most andocentric acts (centered on men) based on public view. This perspective binds women to appropriate behaviors for women that are the atributes and behaviors that keep them from violating laws and crimes. Qualitative phenomenology was used in this research where the data taken from interview and observation which involved 5 women prisoners. Hence, when a woman is involved in a crime she will be considered very bad and labeled in ways that are negative and stereotypical. In the analysis of feminist criminology theories criticize that men are actually commit more crimes than women. Unfortunately, the women fall in a crime are caused by various factors. One among factor is the unfair treatment on women. Even in criminal acts women often get layered violence. They are not only judged as perpetrators but also become the victims. The punishment they received were not only in prison but also entail them after leaving the prison. The rejection and negative responses are also delivered from the environment reinforce the negative stigma about themselves. Stigma as criminals, unbelievers, and labeling as prisoners make it is difficult for them to adapt, find work, and become antisocial. The stigma develops along with the process of understanding (interpretation), the definition of criminals, and the differentiation of treatment that society gives to them (discrimination). The negative self-acceptance and self-acceptance became one of the triggers that pushed former female prisoners to repeat their criminal acts (recidivists).

Perempuan Memberontak: Perlawanan Perempuan Minangkabau terhadap Kolonialisme Belanda di Sumatera Barat 1908-1942

Arsa, Dedi ( STKIP PAYAKUMBUH, SUMATERA BARAT )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The women play important position against the Dutch colonialism in West Sumatra. The image of women as a representation of tenderness and squeezes were in different with the condition that they can also be radical. This study examined the involvement of Minangkabau women in their struggle towards the colonialism and the consequences they faced against their resistance. It was found that women have special position in the Indonesian struggle opposing the Dutch colonialism in West Sumatra. The image of women who were closely refers to tenderness and squeezing are much differ from it was in colonial era, that they were hard-hearted and radicalism. By using Historical approach this study found that in the nineteenth century there was almost no resistance to colonization involved the women. It did not happen until the twentieth century where women were involved, in the form of a physical (violent) resistance and with a radical-political path. The average resistance figures were imprisoned or thrown away, but each character carried a different fate, half the loneliness in wasted anguish and the other half get the joys from the public.

Keterlibatan Perempuan dalam Kepemimpinan Publik: Studi Kepemimpinan Ketua RT Perempuan di Desa Dendun Kepulauan Riau

Hanani, Silfia ( IAIN Bukittinggi )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 7, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The trend of the women participation on public leadership shows its limitation in number, even in the modern time, the comparison on the number is still imbalance for many years. This condition mirrors to the number who participate in politic such as parliamentary. To respond to such kind of condition, people in Indonesia try to apply the affirmative action to push the women in taking their part and fill the blank position as the women representation in the particular aspect. Conversely, the number of the women Dendun Village at Mantang District of Riau Province is quantitatively different. In Fact, the number shows the the trends of improvement as there are many of the who run the local competition for Village Office Administrator like neighborhood leader. This fact reveals that, women have been building their awareness in the case of public leadership and play their role as the decision maker. This representation is important as a mean of the women resurrection in finding their self identity as the inseparable part from the prosperous Community Development with gender fairness.