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Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies
Kafa’ah (Print ISSN 2356-0894 Online ISSN 2356-0630)is an open-access and peer reviewed journal published by Center for Gender and Child Studies, State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Imam Bonjol Padang. This journal covers key issues on gender studies, including: place of women in society, empowering women, and government policies on women empowerment. The objective of the journal is to promote the sharing of knowledge and understanding on the gender issues. It then welcomes contributions from experts, researchers, practitioners, and policy makers around the world. This journal is published twice a year.
Articles by issue : Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
7
Articles
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MENGHALANG WANITA SISTEM NASAB IBU BERNIAGA SENDIRIAN DI PASAR-PASAR REMBAU NEGERI SEMBILAN

Midawati, Midawati ( Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Andalas )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

Daily and night markets have long existed in Malaysia and Negeri Sembilan in particular. These markets are visited by matrilineal traders, China, India, Cambodia and Kelantan Malay. However, trading is not easy to be performed by women because it carries some barriers for them. Nevertheless, matrilineal women traders still dominate in number among the traders of other tribes in daily and night markets. Accordingly, this study tries to observe factors that hinder matrilineal women in performing their bussiness. The data is obtained from 91 female traders as the sample of the research by giving them questionnaires and interview. The result shows that there are six factors as the obstacles which are: culture, childhood, unsupported infrastructure, the amount of capital, less access to funding sources and safety reason.

PEREMPUAN DI RUANG PUBLIK DALAM PERSFEKTIF HADIS

Nafriandi, Nafriandi ( Dosen Luar Biasa STAIN Batusangkar )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

Religion, in the past time, was flourished by servitude system. Therefore, there are more words in religious literature related to slavery issues. The words also implicitly indicated the superiority of man position to women in some degrees. In Jahiliyah time, there were customs and bad habits that related to woman. Woman felt more inferior to men in the freedom of status context. Accordingly, Al-Qur’an presented to escalate the social status of women and against the negative tradition and customs that had been prevalent. This article tries to analyze hadits perspective on regarding woman in public space.

PENERIMAAN DIRI PADA PEMBANTU RUMAH TANGGA

Ajrin, Subhan ( Fakultas Ushuluddin IAIN Imam Bonjol Padang )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

PRT (housemaid) is a group of professional maids who exits with large number. Meanwhile, they sometimes were treated unfair by their households. The role of a PRT in the household becomes very important, when the family began to shift from domestic functions to public functions. The current condition shows that in the development process, poor women have disadvantage both economically and socially. They were trapped in a process that tends to be marginalized, co-opt and exploited them. In the relationship with self-acceptance PRT in undergoing work, they still looked down on this profession (PRT job is considered low because of work-related domestic/household), as well as someone who is considered abnormal conditions in the community. In other words, someone is considered abnormal in the community can accept ourselves fully without feeling embarrassed with the environment, even though the get a lot of opposition from the neighborhood where it is located.

MEMBANGUN KOTA RAMAH ANAK DENGAN BUDAYA KOTA BERSERAMBI BACA

Sari, Susi Ratna

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

The citizen run their social activities such as economy, with all economical aspects and dimension. However, it has various types of social problems, as it was faced by children in urban areas. The problems of children are concerned to us all, because those kinds of troubles affect the national quality of a nation. The problems are caused by the limitation both on facilities and institution for managing purposes. Therefore, it is important to consider that the government must build serambi baca (reading place) as the children can take its benefits for reading facilities. By building the well organized programs to help them to deal with the social problem which dominate social phenomenon in the cities, it makes them be able overcome their social problems.

PERLINDUNGAN PEREMPUAN LANJUT USIA KORBAN BENCANA GEMPA BUMI MELALUI TRADISI SUMBAYANG 40 DI SUMATERA BARAT

Hanani, Silfia

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

Indonesia is one of disaster-prone countries. The disasters in Indonesia have destructed infra and supra structure that evoked more problems in human life, in example, the problems faced by elderly women. Not feasible residence, poor health service, and not guaranteed well-being are the examples of negative effect of disaster for elderly women. Therefore, elderly women face a dilemmatic situation that disrupts their life. Related to this poor condition post of earthquake in 2009, some tarekhat ulamas in West Sumatera performed a protection act through sumbayang 40 (40 praying). By means of this religious tradition, the elderly women who were disrupted by the earthquake gain protections from this activity such as religious education, economic support, psychological recovery, and settlement protection. As the result, the elderly women who followed this tradition obtained a well-being guarantee in the post disaster phase. Consequently, direct or indirect, sumbayang 40 tradition that is established in Minangkabau, contributes in achieving the goal of Millennium Development Goals (MGDs) program and improving life quality of elderly women.

PEREMPUAN MENGGUGAT: KURSUS PRA NIKAH SEBUAH UPAYA PREVENTIF DI BP4 KOTA PARIAMAN

Afrinaldi, Afrinaldi ( IAIN Bukittinggi ) , Sesmiarni, Zulfani ( IAIN Bukittinggi )

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

The key concept of “Kursus Pra Nikah” (Pre - Marital Course ) is proposed as one of the sollutions in avoiding the rate on divorce cases in Padang Pariaman.  The writing is aimed at answering all questions addressed by people who were tend to be confused on the legal exsistance of BP4 as non formal institution that handle the  cases. The previous data told that woman tand to be the innitiator more in proposing the divorce than man. Considering for the prevention, the BP4 was created to be in charged for doing the pre- marital course since 2011 to the present day.This study was conducted in BP4 Pariaman. A mixed method was used in this study by using questionnaire and  interview. The findings which are gained from the questionnaire showed that 2.9% (117-123) of the sample argue that the course is effective. Then, 38.2% of them (110-123) argue that the course is hardly very effective. Meanwhile, 103-109 (17.6%) of argue that this program is relative effective. The interview data implies that the task of BP4 are related with the social- religious work and do the responsibility to the community  to reach the main purpose of marriage.

PENINGKATAN DAYA SAING UMKM PEREMPUAN MELALUI COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE: Study pada UMKM “Keripik Tempe Rohani” di Sentra Keripik Sanan, Kota Malang

Mindarti, Lely Indah

Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : State Institute for Islamic Studies Imam Bonjol Padang

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Abstract

UMKM “keripik tempe rohani”  has contributed in increasing the local economic level and has provided job opportunity for women in Kampung Sanan Malang city.  At the moment, there are more UMKM of tempe chips that are established at Sentra Kripik Sanan in Malang. Thus, it creates a competitive atmosphere among the traders. In fact, there is decreasing in revenue and production as the effect of a highly competitive market. There fore, there must be an action taken to increase its competitiveness on UMKM “keripik tempe rohani” .  The study aims to determine: (a) the financial and economic potential; (b) the ability to create strategic products; (c) technology and process ability; and (d) organizational competence. The study used descriptive research where the data taken from interview, obcervation and documentation. The research shows that the competitiveness in UMKM “keripik tempe rohani” has increased although there are still more obstacless, especially relate to the lack of women resources, and fluctuation of book prices.