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IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )
Published by Universitas Riau
Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia (IJAE) terbit dua kali dalam setahun pada bulan Juni dan Desember.
Articles by issue : Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
12
Articles
ANALISIS DETERMINAN DAN DAYA SAING EKSPOR MINYAK KELAPA SAWIT INDONESIA DI PASAR DUNIA

Yuhendra, Alfis

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

Palm oil is the leading agricultural export commodity of Indonesia, which is the biggest palm oil producer and exporter in the world. The size of palm oil plantations increases 3,27-11,33 percent every year. Despite the increased plantation size, Indonesian palm oil export has negative growth with the peak at negative 10,32% in 2013. Compared with the main competitor, the CPO export of Indonesia always beats Malaysia. However, Malaysia leads in refinery and fraction and oleochemical group commodities. This study was aimed to determine factors determining Indonesia palm oil export and its competitiveness in the world market and compared with Malaysia. The observation was performed from 2001 to 2014 on 10 leading importing countries using Gravity Model theory with palm oil export value as the dependent variable and the GDP per capita of Indonesia and the importing countries, geographical distance, population, soy oil price, and RSPO regulation as the independent variables. To determine the competitiveness, the method used here was RCA (Revealed Comparative Advantage) to analyze the comparative competitiveness and Vollrath Index to analyze the competitiveness. The research result showed that Indonesia’s GDP per capital had positive and significant influence on Indonesian palm oil export. Meanwhile, the GDP per capita of importing countries had negative and significant influence on Indonesian palm oil export value. The analysis result of competitiveness revealed that Indonesia’s CPO commodity had comparative and competitive advantages over Malaysia. Refinery and fraction and oleochemical group commodities had similar result. Indonesian commodities had comparative and competitive advantages in the world market but lost the competition with Malaysian commodities.

KONTRIBUSI PEMANFAATAN LAHAN PEKARANGAN TERHADAP KEHIDUPAN SOSIAL EKONOMI KELOMPOK KEMBANG TANI DI DESA CUCUM KABUPATEN ACEH BESAR

Susanti, Elly, Hamid, Ahmad Humam, Hidayah, Nurul

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

Yard area is an area of land that is in the front, rear and side of the house building which can be harnessed into productive land with socially economically functional outcome. The purpose of this study was to determine the utilization of yard area by commodity type and yard area contribution form to the social and economic life of Kembang Tani Group. This research was conducted at Cucum Village in Aceh Besar Regency by using census method. Data were analyzed using descriptive qualitative and quantitative approaches. The results showed that: (1) Utilization of yard area was mostly used for vegetables (water spinach, celery, spinach, mustard greens, lettuce), poultry (free-range chicken, duck laying hens and muscovy duck), fruits, fish (freshwater catfish, tilapia fish) and medicinal plants; (2) Social contribution form of  giving (2,65%) and exchange (3,27%) with neighbors as well as giving (7,09%) to relatives; (3) The economic value such as saving expense or non-cash income was on the low category of Rp 1.650.237/year or Rp 137.519/month and additional cash income was on medium category of Rp 28.876.183/year or Rp 2.406.348/month.

STRUKTUR DAN DISTRIBUSI PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI SAWIT POLA KKPA DI DESA BINA BARU KECAMATAN KAMPAR KIRI TENGAH KABUPATEN KAMPAR

Lestari, Frisna Dewi, Yusmini, Yusmini, Edwina, Susy

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

The purposes of this study were: (1) to analyze household income of smallholder oil palm farmers in the Bina Baru village, District Of Kampar Kiri Tengah, (2) to analyze the structure of household income of smallholders farmers in the village Bina Baru District Of Kampar Kiri Tengah, (3) to analyze the distribution of household income smallholders farmers of palm in the village Bina Baru District Of Kampar Kiri Tengah. This research applied survey method. The population in this study was incorporated in the palm farmer groups and samples were taken using proportional random sampling with a total sample of 36 farmers. Sources of revenue largely derived from agricultural products. Agricultural income of the farming sector oil obtained by samples of farmers in the village of Bina Baru was 77.26 %, because oil palm is the main source of income for farmers. There is 9.93 %  side income from rubber farming. The distribution of income of smallholder farmers of Bina Baru in the lowest income group of 15 farmers were IDR 1.960.123 – 4.880.095 or 40%. Farmers in the middle income group of 15 farmers were IDR 4.959.824 – 8.441.628 or 40%. While farmers in the highest income group of 6 farmers were IDR 8.912.565 – 12.073.051 or 20%. Gini Ratio index was 0.11 which indicated low inequality and Lorenz curve approaching the perfect evenness. It means that the distribution of household income among the palm farmers is relatively even.

KONTRIBUSI PEMANFAATAN LAHAN PEKARANGAN TERHADAP KEHIDUPAN SOSIAL EKONOMI KELOMPOK KEMBANG TANI DI DESA CUCUM KABUPATEN ACEH BESAR

Susanti, Elly, Hamid, Ahmad Humam, Hidayah, Nurul

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

Yard area is an area of land that is in the front, rear and side of the house building which can be harnessed into productive land with socially economically functional outcome. The purpose of this study was to determine the utilization of yard area by commodity type and yard area contribution form to the social and economic life of Kembang Tani Group. This research was conducted at Cucum Village in Aceh Besar Regency by using census method. Data were analyzed using descriptive qualitative and quantitative approaches. The results showed that: (1) Utilization of yard area was mostly used for vegetables (water spinach, celery, spinach, mustard greens, lettuce), poultry (free-range chicken, duck laying hens and muscovy duck), fruits, fish (freshwater catfish, tilapia fish) and medicinal plants; (2) Social contribution form of  giving (2,65%) and exchange (3,27%) with neighbors as well as giving to relatives (7,09%); (3) The economic value such as saving expense or non-cash income was on the low category of IDR 1.650.237/year or IDR 137.519/month and additional cash income was on medium category of IDR 28.876.183/year or IDR 2.406.348/month.

KINERJA KELOMPOKTANI PADI DI KECAMATAN PANGEAN KABUPATEN KUANTAN SINGINGI

Hardika, Hardika, Rosnita, Rosnita, Kausar, Kausar

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

The purposes of the research were: 1) identify the implementation of agriculture extention in the pangean district kuantan singingi, 2) analyze performance of rice farmer groups in the pangean district kuantan singingi. This research used survey method. This research was conducted in the pangean district kuantan singingi from May to October 2016. The respondents were 78 people which were selected by purposive sampling. Analysis of the data used is descriptive analysis and likert scale. The results showed that: The results showed that: 1) the implementation of counseling in the District of Pangean was carried out well, the extension workers totaling eight people assist 17 villages and this sub-district is still lacking 9 extension workers. The targets of extension activities are farmers and rice farming groups in Pangean District. Methods and materials adapted to their needs. The counseling material provided were the "jajar legowo" planting system, the benefits of using superior seeds, fertilization, administrative control and time adjustments in the planting season and extension was carried out twice a month and 2) performance of rice farmer groups in the pangean district categorized as not too good with a value score of 2.36. The ability to the plan activities of rice farmer groups have a quite good category with a value score of 2.66, the ability to organize activities categorized quite good with a value score of 2,75, the ability to implement activities categorized poor with a score of 2.11, the ability to control and report categorized as not too good with score of 2.15, and ability to develop leadership categorized as not too good with score of 2.14.

ANALISIS MODEL MODAL SOSIAL TERHADAP KEBERDAYAAN PETANI KARET DI KECAMATAN TAMBUSAI UTARA

Sitorus, Antonius Cosnami, Rifai, Ahmad, Kausar, Kausar

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

The objectives of this research were to (1) analyze the social capital; (2) analyze the empowerment of the rubber farmers and (3) analyze the relationship between social capital and empowerment of rubber farmers. The research was conducted in North Tambusai sub-district in Rokan Hulu regency. The rubber farmer sample was taken purposively in two villages that were involving 60 rubber farmers. The social capital and empowerment of rubber farmers was measured by Likert scale, and the relationship between social capital and empowerment of the rubber farmers was examined by Spearman rank correlation analysis. The result showed that the networking, trust and norm were strong ties in social capital of the rubber farmers. The families, neighborhoods, and business partners were strong tie builders to three elements of the social capital, which are social networking, trust, and social norm, while the government and community leader were weak tie builders to three elements of the social capital of the rubber farmers. The rubber farmers was powerless both socially and economically. The social powerless condition was depicted by rubber farmers’ weakness in accessing extension information, health services, and social security. The economical powerless condition was depicted by weak access to capital, educations, production inputs, and the household access to electricity, gas, clean water, exception market access. Significant positive correlation was found between the social capital and the empowerment of rubber farmers. This study suggests that the government role is needed to build stronger social networking of the rubber farmers to the business partners.

ANALISIS DETERMINAN DAN DAYA SAING EKSPOR KARET ALAM INDONESIA DI PASAR DUNIA

Raihanisyah, Raihanisyah

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

 Natural rubber is one of Indonesia’s leading plantation export with increasing area and production every year. However, Indonesian natural rubber export in the world market has negative growth and even lower growth than a competing country, Thailand. The purpose of this study was to determine the determinant factors of Indonesian natural rubber export value and the competitiveness of Indonesian natural rubber in the world market and compare it with Thailand. Determinant was observed for 10 years (2001-2014) in 10 main Indonesian natural rubber importing countries using Gravity Model theory with natural rubber export value as the dependent variable and GDP per capita of Indonesia and the importing countries, geographic distance, population, real exchange rate, world crude oil price, and IRCo membership as the independent variables. To observe competitiveness, RCA/Revealed Comparative Advantage (comparative advantage) and Vollrath Index (to analyze competitive advantage). The research result showed that the GDP per capita of Indonesia and destination countries, population and IRCo membership had positive and significant influence on Indonesian natural rubber export. Meanwhile, distance, real exchange rate and world crude oil price didn’t significantly influence Indonesian natural rubber export. The result of competitiveness analysis showed that Indonesian natural rubber export had comparative and competitive advantages in the world market. Compared with the main competitor, Thailand, Indonesia was only able to lead in comparative advantage, while Thailand led in competitive advantage.

ANALISIS KELAYAKAN FINANSIAL AGROINDUSTRI KERIPIK NENAS DI DESA KUALU NENAS KECAMATAN TAMBANG KABUPATEN KAMPAR

Purba, Yona, Yusri, Jumatri, Yulida, Roza

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
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Abstract

This research aimed to analyze the financial feasibility of pineapple chips agroindustry in Kualu Nenas Village. Investment criteria used in analyzing the financial feasibility were Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR) and Net Benefit Cost Ratio (Net B/C). The results of the research showed that pineapple chips agroindustry is feasible to run with production of 9 kg with the NPV value of IDR 257.628.276, Net B/C of 3,52 (Net B/C is more than 1) and IRR of 64,42%. If the production is 6 kg in one day, pineapple chips agroindustry is feasible to run with the NPV value of IDR 96.910.084, Net B/C of 1,84 (Net B/C is more than 1) and IRR of 31,68%. The sensitivity analysis showed that if there is a 20% increase in pineapple raw material prices, an increase in the price of cooking oil of 4%, and fixed output price during the life of the business, then the pineapple chips agroindustry business is still feasible with either 9 kg or 6 kg production per day. If there is a decrease in the scale of production on a 9 kg production scale, this business is still feasible to run. This business is no longer feasible if there is a decrease in production on a production scale of 6 kg per day.

ANALISIS KELEMBAGAAN PENYULUHAN PERTANIAN DI KABUPATEN KAMPAR

Pelawi, Widya Dwi Pertiwi, Rosnita, Rosnita, Yulida, Roza

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
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Abstract

Institutional extension is a government agency which has the task and function of organizing counseling. The enactment of the Constitution No. 32 of 2004 explained that the extension activities carried out in their respective offices and constitution No 16 of 2006 explaining there are special institutions cause a wide range of extension activities in each area. The objectives of this research were reviewing the vision and mission of extension agents, analyzing the role and function of the structure based on each institution, reviewing the policy rule extension, and reviewing each program of extension agency. The research was conducted at BPPKP in Kampar District. The number of respondents were 23 people. They are  heads of the field extension and head of the hall extension. The data used were primary and secondary data. Primary data was collected through interview method. Data analysis applied descriptive method. The results showed that mission and vision led to the development of natural resources and human resources, the role functions and duties of each structure has not been fully implemented in accordance with policy rules and extension activities have not been operating effectively and efficiently, rules defined policy has not done well in which BPPKP has not fully guided by the Constitution No. 16 of 2006 and extension activities are not polyvalent, programs were prepared based on the needs of farmers.

PEMASARAN KARET (KAJIAN STRUKTUR, PERILAKU DAN PENAMPILAN PASAR) DI DESA SOREK DUA DAN TERANTANG MANUK KECAMATAN PANGKALAN KURAS KABUPATEN PELALAWAN

Yanti, Afprida, Yusri, Jumatri, Dewi, Novia

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

This research aimed to analyze rubber marketing at subdistrict of Pangkalan Kuras with the structure approach, behavior, and market outlook. The research used survey method. The place was set purposively at Sorek Dua and Terantang Manuk village. The sample of the research was rubber farmers and all of the marketing institution of rubber at the research area. The result of the research concluded that there was only one marketing channel of the rubber at the area of the research. That was, the farmer sold the rubber product to the collector, the collector then sold it to the wholesaler of the rubber. Then, the wholesalers sold it to the manufacturer (rubber industry). The structure of rubber market at level of farmer was an Oligopsony Market. The characteristic of oligopsony was seen by the indicators as follow: 1) Number of the buyers in this case were the collectors, which were only a few; 2) The market share of the seller was not really different and the Herfindahl index value for the Sorek Dua and Terantang Manuk village were 0.348 and 0.5553 respectively. The farmer was a price taker and the selling price at the level of farmer was lowest than the selling price at the industry level. Total of market margin at Sorek Dua village was IDR 1837/kg with the detail of marketing cost of IDR 780.7/kg and the profit of IDR 1056.3/kg. The market margin of the Terantang Manuk village was   IDR 1740/kg, with the detail of marketing cost of IDR 825.85/kg and the profit of marketing institution was IDR 914.15/kg.