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IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )
Published by Universitas Riau
Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia (IJAE) terbit dua kali dalam setahun pada bulan Juni dan Desember.
Articles by issue : Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
6
Articles
ANALISIS PELUANG PILIHAN KELEMBAGAAN PEMASARAN KAKAO DI PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGAH

Dewi, Novia Dewi

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

The policy objectives for cacao agribusiness development in the Province of CentralSulawesi was directed toward the improvement of production and farm income. In factthere were so many cases that had becoming obstacles in these efforts, such as lowprices of outputs, while the capital of the farmers was relatively low. The objectives ofthis study were to: (1) Analyze the opportunity of market agent cacao, (2) Know theopportunity of market agent cacao was relatively efficient and margin contribution ofthe family profit on cacao farming. The results of this study indicated that: (1)Educational, land use, production, income, and the number of their family memberfactor had affected upon the farmers choice a market agent, (2 ) The change of price atthe farm level was fluctuated lower than those price change at the collector agent orexporter level. It had indicated that in cacao marketing there were still monopsony oroligopsony power, and the benefit of a higher price were mostly enjoyed by theexporter.Keyword: opportunity of market agent, price, monopsony

PENGARUH FAKTOR-FAKTOR PRODUKSI TERHADAP PRODUKSI SAWI DI KELURAHAN MAHARATU KECAMATAN MARPOYAN DAMAI KOTA PEKANBARU

Purnami, Etik, Khaswarina, Shorea, Tarumun, Suardi

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

Mostly Indonesian people depend their life on agricultural sector. Vegetable is one ofagriculture comodity which can give big contribution to economics development if itmanaged optimally. The productivity of vegetable influenced by natural factor (climate,soil, etc), fertilizer, pestiside, capital, and human resource. This research is aimed atidentifying the influence of production factor to mustard production and to analyze theallocation efficiency of the production factor usage in mustard farm using the purposivesampling method with 40 mustard farmer in Maharatu village, Marpoyan Damaisubdistrict. The estimated result with Cobb-Douglas production function indicated that theproduction of mustard farm in Maharatu village were influenced by seed, organic fertilizer,urea, NPK, pestisde, and labour in level 99%. The NPM/Px value for seed and urea is ≥ 1,it means the usage both of that factors can be increased. The value of NPM/Px for NPK,pestiside and labour usage is not important to reach economic efficiency condition and getthe maximum benefit.Keyword: mustard, production factor, cobb-douglas, economic efficiency

DAMPAK KEGIATAN PENYULUHAN TERHADAP PERUBAHAN PERILAKU PETANI SAYURAN DI KOTA PEKANBARU

Yulida, Roza, Marjelita, Lena

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

The extension aims to change the farmers or peasent behavior; koqnitive, affective, andpsychomotorict. Therefore, the impact of extensional activities can be done byinvestigating the changing of peasents behavior. The purpose of this research is to learndirectly about impact of Extension in changing of Peasents’ behavior in SidomulyoBarat Village, and analyze the significant variables which partially explain the role ofextensionists. The method analysis was regression while it used 30 peasents asrespondents. The results showed, firstly, the roles of extensionist as educator,dissemination information/ innovation, facilitators, and consultant are high. It means theextensionists’ have been doing their task seriously. Secondly, the significant variablesof extensionists’ role that affect to peasent’s behavior are dissemination andsupervision.Keywords: Analysis of Impact, Extension, Change of behavior, Peasants.

PENGARUH VARIABEL EKONOMI DAN KARAKTERISTIK IBU RUMAHTANGGA TERHADAP KONSUMSI DAGING SAPI, DAGING BROILER DAN TELUR AYAM RAS RUMAHTANGGA DI KOTA PADANG

Yusri, Jum’atri

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is determining the factors affecting the meat, broiler and eggconsumption in Padang, West Sumatera. The primary data was used: householdspending on meat, broiler and egg consumption, the prices and housewife’scharacteristic (the housewife’s educational level, the housewife’s level of nutritionknowledge and the housewife’s occupation whose worked or not worked. Theanalytical method was Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) with Almost IdealDemand System (AIDS) as the model. The study results showed (1) Variablessignificant effect on meat expenditure are meat price and the housewife’s level ofeducation (2) Meat expenditure share is relatively higher in household whosehousewife’s undergraduate (3) Variables significant effect on broiler expenditure aremeat price, broiler price, egg price, income and the housewife’s level of education (4)Broiler expenditure share is relatively lower in household whose housewife’sundergraduate (5) Variables significant effect on egg expenditure are egg price andbroiler price (5) There are differences in the behavior of consumption of meat, broilerand egg among household because of housewives’ educational level and housewives’occupation status.Keyword: housewife, expenditure share, educational level, level of nutritionknowledge, SUR, AIDS

PENGARUH FAKTOR-FAKTOR INTERNAL DAN EKSTERNAL TERHADAP KEPUTUSAN EKONOMI RUMAHTANGGA PETANI KARET DI KABUPATEN KUANTAN SINGINGI

Putra, Andri Yama, Bakce, Djaimi, Rifai, Ahmad

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor internal dan eksternal yangmempengaruhi produksi, alokasi waktu kerja, pendapatan dan pengeluaranrumahtangga petani karet di Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi. Untuk menjawab hal inimaka digunakan pendekatan ekonometrika, yakni membangun model persamaansimultan dengan pendugaan parameter menggunakan metode Two Stage LeastSquare. Temuan utama dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa hanya faktor internalrumahtangga petani yang responsif terhadap keputusan ekonomi rumahtangga. Tidakada faktor eksternal yang dimasukkan ke dalam model yang responsif terhadapkeputusan ekonomi rumahtangga petani karet di Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi terkaitdengan aspek produksi, alokasi waktu kerja, pendapatan dan pengeluaranrumahtangga petani karet. Dari aspek produksi, tidak ditemukan faktor internalmaupun ekternal yang responsif, namun yang paling besar pengaruhnya adalah jumlahbatang karet produktif. Dari aspek alokasi waktu kerja, faktor internal yang responsifmempengaruhi adalah total curahan kerja petani, curahan kerja keluarga petani didalam usaha dan angkatan kerja rumahtangga petani. Selanjutnya, dari aspekpendapatan rumahtangga petani yang faktor internal yang responsif mempengaruhinyaadalah pendapatan rumahtangga petani di dalam usaha. Terakhir dari aspekpengeluaran rumahtangga petani karet, faktor internal yang mempengaruhinya adalahcurahan kerja di dalam usaha, pendidikan petani, pendidikan istri dan pendapatan totalpetani karet.Kata kunci: faktor internal dan eksternal, keputusan ekonomi rumahtangga, karet.

ANALISIS DISTRIBUSI PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA GAPOKTAN TUNAS BERDURI PENERIMA DANA PUAP DI DESA KUALU NANAS KECAMATAN TAMBANG KABUPATEN KAMPAR

Sayamar, Eri, Khaswarina, Shorea

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

Rural poverty is the main problem to overcome national can not be delayed andshould be a priority in the implementation of social welfare development.Government in poverty alleviation and job creation in rural areas, has launchedMandiri National Community Empowerment Program (PNPM-M). The presenceof the PNPM-Mandiri through PUAP is expected to change the societies, both interms of income and income distribution. From the results showed that therespondents´ income from the agricultural sector amounted to Rp 124,387,319 or90.9% of total revenue. Revenue from non-agricultural sector amounted to Rp12.425 million or 9.1% of total income respondents, the average income permonth of Rp 5,472,493. Through analysis of the income distribution ofrespondents´ income, gini index ratio of 0.35 at the farmer respondents. Thisfigure shows that there is inequality in the income of farmers was lower inresponders. This can occur because of differences in income are quite evenlyamong respondents. Based on the analysis of the level of welfare by theDirectorate of Rural Development Year 1991/1992, as many as 81% or 20 kk ofthe respondents had been in poor condition. This indicates that the purpose of theprogram is to increase the level PUAP welfare/beneficiary PUAP fund has beenreached.Keywords: PUAP, revenue, income distribution.