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IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )
Published by Universitas Riau
Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia (IJAE) terbit dua kali dalam setahun pada bulan Juni dan Desember.
Articles by issue : Vol 2, No 01 (2010)
6
Articles
PERKEMBANGAN KONSUMSI DAN PENYEDIAAN ENERGI DALAM PEREKONOMIAN INDONESIA

Priyarsono, D S, Tambunan, Mangara, Firdaus, Muhammad

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 2, No 01 (2010)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

Indonesia is one country that is extravagant in energy utilization. On the otherhand the energy supply is relatively stagnant and even showed a declining trend,particularly in fuel oil supply. Therefore very interesting to discuss about thedevelopment of energy consumption based on the users and the energy supply by typeof energy. Trend analysis is used to show the pattern in energy supply by type of energyand energy consumption according to the user, combined with a descriptive analysis todescribe the problems and advantages of the fluctuations that occur from the results oftrend analysis are presented.The results show that the energy consumption across all sectors, namelyindustrial sector, household sector, transport sector, agriculture and other sectors, tendsto increase. Meanwhile, the overall energy supply tends to increase, but with a smallerincrease than the increase of consumption. This results in Indonesia is highly dependenton imports, especially imports of fuel oil.In order to solve the energy problem in Indonesia is needed for energyconservation, namely by making energy savings campaign, the establishment of energyconservation laws, and establishment of energy conservation center. Besides, it alsorequired a low interest rate policy and a stable exchange rate to encourage investment inenergy sector for increased crude oil production and counteract the negative impact ofrising world oil prices which led to decrease of energy supply. In the long term need toattempt to shift the use of energy sourced from unrenewable resources to the use ofenergy that are renewable resources, such as utilization of water energy, wind, biomass,biodiesel, biogas and sustainable energy sources other. In other words needed greenenergy strategy.

STRATEGI PEMASARAN GULA SEMUT DI KABUPATEN ROKAN HULU PROVINSI RIAU

Maharani, Evy, Kusumawaty, Yeni

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 2, No 01 (2010)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

Currently, granulated palm sugar (palm suiker) with local name “gula semut” becameknown and generally produced for export market and partly for domestic food industry.Great market prospects for granulated palm sugar can not be utilized by communitybecause majority of producers make solid (molded) palm sugar. In the district of RokanHulu, granulated palm sugar is only produced by one producer. This research is a casestudy of granulated palm sugar producer with the aims to study: (1) marketing strategyof granulated palm sugar; (2) external and internal marketing factors, and (3) alternativemarketing strategy. Analysis of qualitative description is to describe the marketing ofgranulated palm sugar in the form of marketing mix (product, price, promotion anddistribution). A quantitative analysis carried out to develop a marketing strategy withSWOT analysis. Conclusions of research: (1) product strategy of granulated palm sugaris applied through packaging attributes of halal label, barcode, license, product benefits,and area of origin; (2) the price of the sugar is Rp 30,000 per kg which is considered tooexpensive; (3) promotion strategy is still limited on personal selling by word of mouth;(4) strategy is direct distribution to consumers, and (5) recommended strategy is tomaintain the label and the brand and introduce product to general public, encourageproducers not to make wine to maintain continuity of the sugar production, set priceaccording to production costs while considering purchasing power, maintain healthstandard, and do continuous promotional activities.

KONFLIK KEPENTINGAN DIBALIK KONSERVASI STUDI DI TAMAN NASIONAL KERINCI SEBLAT (TNKS) PROVINSI JAMBI

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 2, No 01 (2010)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

The existence of conservation areas in Indonesia turned out to have caused lots ofproblems and conflict with society, especially local communities around theconservation area. Similarly, conservation areas of TNKS can not be separated from theconflicts of interest from various parties around the area. Therefore, this study tried toinvolve how conflicts of interest that occur within the conservation area of TNKS. Inthis research the method was descriptive while the approach used was qualitativeresearch. Research location was in Kerinci regency, Jambi Province, where more than50% of this area is the territory of TNKS region. The collecting of key informans usedpurposive sampling where respondents were drawn from those who know about theTNKS conflict and involved in the conflict. Based on research, there are many parties orstakeholders in the conflict, namely the conflict between the interests ofglobal/international and inside Indonesia, conflicts of central and local governments inthe management of conservation areas, and conflicts between the countries and people.So actually behind the conservation there is hidden conflict of interest from variousparties. Alternative solutions which need to be applied is to accommodate the interestsof each party, as well as to take steps to preserve the integrity of the conservation area.

KINERJA KEUANGAN USAHA MIKRO DAN KECIL NON KREDIT DI KABUPATEN KAMPAR

Bakce, Djaimi, Rizal, Fery

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 2, No 01 (2010)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

The general objective of this paper is to analyze the financial performance of non-creditmicro and small enterprises (MSE) in Kampar regency. Specifically aimed to analyzethe financial performance of non-credit MSE of non-agricultural and agro-industrysectors compared with MSE non-agricultural sectors. The analysis of financial ratiosand analysis of economic value added are used. The main findings showed that: First,the financial performance of MSE in Kampar regency, both MSE non-agriculturalsectors and MSE agricultural and agro-industry sectors, which were analyzed using anumber of indicators and financial ratios economic value added indicates goodconditions. This is reflected from the calculation of their financial ratios and economicvalue added that indicates a value above the industry average. Second, the financialperformance of the aspects of liquidity and shows the activity of MSE non-agriculturalsectors are better than MSE agricultural and agro-industry sectors. While theprofitability aspect of MSE non-agricultural sectors are better than MSE agriculturaland agro-industry sectors. And third, either before tax or after tax, economic valueadded of MSE non-agricultural and agro-industry sectors are greater than MSE non-agricultural sectors. This reflects that MSE agricultural and agro-industry sectors havesubstantial opportunities to obtain income and improve their welfare as compared withMSE non-agricultural sectors. Therefore, in order to improve the financial performanceof MSE need to do the training and guidance from relevant agencies. Next to open andincrease access to MSE to formal financial institutions, need to apply the policydirection of government and formal financial institutions are more aligned to MSE. Inreal terms the policy in question is to reduce the number of requirements and simplifyprocedures in lending to MSE.

PERSEPSI PETANI TERHADAP TEKNOLOGI PENGOLAHAN PAKAN DI KECAMATAN KERINCI KANAN KABUPATEN SIAK

Edwina, Susy, Maharani, Evi

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 2, No 01 (2010)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

The research was conducted in the village of Bukit harapan, District Kerinci Kanan, SiakRiau Province, aiming to find out the perception of farmers who have implemented theintegration of Cattle and Oil Palm (SISKA). The study lasted for 8 (eight) months,starting from March 2010. The study population was all farmers of the Joint AdvancedFarmers Group in the Village of Bukit harapan who have applied SISKA and feedprocessing technology. Sampling used census method of 7 members of the group.Sampling of non farmer groups of 15 people was carried out with the snowball method,which is an oil palm plantation farmers in the village of Bukit Harapan. Results showedperception of farmers of feed processing technology in the Joint Advanced FarmersGroup in the village of Bukit Harapan, District Kerinci Kanan, Siak Regency providesrelative advantages over the traditional way, with high fitness level, low level ofcomplexity (because the technology is simple), but somewhat difficult to start / appliedon a small scale, and easily observed in relatively quick time, through institutionalsupport for farmer groups in the formation of adequate venture capital and social capital.In general, the farmers perception of feed processing technology innovation is in goodcategory, so the technology worth to be disseminated to farmers by using groupapproach.

MARINE PROTECT AREA (MPA) SEBAGAI STRATEGI EKONOMI PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA KELAUTAN

Andaki, Jardie Androkles

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 2, No 01 (2010)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

This study aims to explain the success of marine protected areas (MPAs) as a strategyfor economic utilization of marine resources. Method study through literature review aswell as some previous research related to the strategy of sustainable utilization ofmarine resources. From the study results conclude 1) Marine Protect Area (MPA) isdesigned for a number of reasons, including fisheries management, tourism promotion,and maintaining biodiversity; 2) MPA can provide added value not only economicbenefits to be gained, but also in the ecological benefits long term will also provideadditional economic benefits to the marine protected area; 3) In the area of protection,benefits not only to benefit the direct benefits from the utilization of its resources, butinclude broader benefits including social benefits from the presence of marine protectedareas; 4) The role of government in terms of coordination, cooperation and funding isneeded for the success of MPA, in addition to the use of MPAs as a potential area ofsustainable funding sources for sustainable management.