Global Health Management Journal
GLOBAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT JOURNAL (GHMJ) focuses on health field with strong preference (but not limited) on public health in general, maternal and child health, nursing, midwifery, sexual and reproductive health, public health nutrition, environmental health, occupational health and safety, health promotion, health economics in South East Asia and other regions. Applied science in health also becomes one of our priority, especially in the field of health information and technology, innovation in health, and development of devices, medicines, vaccines, procedures and systems developed to solve a health problem and improve quality of lives.
Articles by issue : Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
6
Articles
Knowledge transfer of advances in applied health and science

Macnab, Andrew John

Global Health Management Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : YAYASAN ALIANSI CENDEKIAWAN INDONESIA THAILAND (Indonesian Scholars Alliance)

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Abstract

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The Use of Photo-Essay to Report Advances in Applied Science and Health

Macnab, Andrew John, Mukisa, Ronald, Stothers, Lynn

Global Health Management Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : YAYASAN ALIANSI CENDEKIAWAN INDONESIA THAILAND (Indonesian Scholars Alliance)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (329.091 KB)

Abstract

Background: In the applied health and science disciples there is an expectation that project work is reported through a publication. The conventional papers written to do this follow a structure that includes sections providing background, methods, results and a discussion or conclusion, supported by figures and tables. Sometimes photographs are included, and with more on-line publications the opportunities have increased for these to be available in full color. Borrowing from the field of photojournalism photo-essays are now a publication option where a series of images are used to tell the story; these are often related to health and well-being.Aims: To summarize the methodology used to effectively combine a series of images with a brief text, and short reference list to create a visually engaging and informative short report.Guidelines: Images are taken throughout the project with consent obtained from those whose images will be recognisable. Creative licence is used to compile representative images into a sequence that conveys the background, method, results and outcome(s) of the project. Images need to be of high resolution; editing for light, colour and contrast, and cropping is allowed to increase their clarity and relevance. The ethics of photojournalism apply making inappropriate manipulation of images or erroneous captions unacceptable.Conclusions: Photo-essays are a novel and informative way to report on an applied health, social or scientific topic. The format is an excellent one to use for a brief report, or to prepare a research presentation for a scientific meeting.Keywords: Photograph, Photojournalism, Photo-manipulation.

Factors Influencing Stigma to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Among Teenagers at Ngaran Village, Gamping, Sleman, Indonesia

Astuti, Dhesi Ari, Kurniati, Nurul

Global Health Management Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : YAYASAN ALIANSI CENDEKIAWAN INDONESIA THAILAND (Indonesian Scholars Alliance)

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Abstract

Background: As the part of sexual orientation varieties and gender identities, until now the existence of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) still becomes a social, theological, and psychological problem. Similar to trauma, low self acceptance, low self esteem, and anxiety, if it is not handled properly, the condition will be getting worse. Aims: The aim of the study is to increase prevention efforts toward growing phenomena of TGBT on teenagers. Methods: This is a quantitative study with one group pretest and posttest design. The work involved a total of 41 teenagers at at Ngaran Village, Balecatur, Gamping, Sleman, Indonesia. A set of questionnaires was given to the respondents to measure knowledge, attitude, perception, service access, and also peer’s attitude to LGBT. Counseling was given once together with material content about LGBT awareness in family. Statistical analysis was employed to process and analyze the data. Results: The result showed factors correlated to stigma about LGBT on teenagers namely knowledge, attitude, perception, access to any service, and peer’s attitude. The most influential factor was knowledge factor with p value 0.00 and peer’s attitude with p value 0.02.Conclusion: After being participated in the study, it is expected that teenagers can give information to the family members, so the family members and the society will have appropriate knowledge and attitude related LGBT stigma. Keywords       : Teenagers, LGBT, Stigma, Indonesia

Sentinel Surveillance for HIV Among People who Inject Drugs, Gia Lai Province, Vietnam

Hoang, Thang Nghia, Pham, Duoc Tho, Nguyen, Ha Thi Thu

Global Health Management Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : YAYASAN ALIANSI CENDEKIAWAN INDONESIA THAILAND (Indonesian Scholars Alliance)

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Abstract

Background: HIV remains a public health challenge, especially among people who inject drug (PWID). The HIV Sentinel Surveillance (HSS), together with the HIV/AIDS case reporting, are two core components of the HIV/AIDS surveillance system providing systematic, on-going monitoring of HIV epidemic in Viet Nam. The HSS was first conducted in 1994 to determine HIV prevalence among the high-risk group by collecting blood sample. But in 2009, this system was monitored the risk behaviors by addition of a brief behavioral questionnaire, known as HSS+. In Central Highland, the HIV situation in Gia Lai province has primarily affected PWID, which are main criteria to select into the surveillance system.Aims: This study aims to determine risk factors for HIV infection to improve intervention programs for PWID in Gia Lai province, Vietnam.Methods: We performed a cross-sectional survey of 150 randomly selected PWID from June to September 2014 in Gia Lai province. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to collect information regarding drug use, sexual behavior, accessibility of HIV/AIDS counseling and testing services. Blood samples were collected and tested for the presence of HIV antibodies using ELISA and rapid test. For data analysis, the frequencies and proportions were calculated. Chi-square or Fisher’s exact tests and multivariable logistic regression were performed to assess the association between risk factors and HIV infection.Results: We identified 14 infections among 150 PWID (prevalence = 9.3%). Among PWID, 22.7% (34/150) had shared needles and 3 HIV prevalence among PWIDs injecting drug for at least 3 years was 2.4%. HIV prevalence among PWIDs who have had sexual intercourse with more than one commercial sex worker (CSW) per month was 6.5%. In multivariable logistic regression, the odds of HIV infection with sharing needles, injecting for over 3 years, and sexual intercourse with more than one CSW per month was 6.7 (95% CI: 1.6-27.7), 6.1 (95% CI: 1.2-30.3) and with 4.0 (95% CI: 1.0-15.3), respectively.Conclusion: We identified a few modifiable risk factors among PWID. Based on these data, we recommend improving harm reduction intervention and behavior change communication. The sentinel surveillance site should continue monitoring PWID behavior over time.

Potential of Carrageenans in Foods and Medical Applications

Noor, Hafizh Muhammad

Global Health Management Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : YAYASAN ALIANSI CENDEKIAWAN INDONESIA THAILAND (Indonesian Scholars Alliance)

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Abstract

Background: Carrageenans, the polysaccharides obtained by extraction of certain species of red seaweeds (Rhodophyceae), have been widely used in both food industry and medical applications because of their excellent physical functional properties that are used as gelling, thickening and stabilizing agent. Several studies showed biological properties of carrageenans such as antiviral, anticoagulant, antitumor, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and immune-modulatory activity.  Aims: This study is to bring a short overview of the potential of carrageenans in foods and medical applications based on their biological activities.Methods: This short overview used relevant works and articles examined that collected through several electronic database including PubMed, Science Direct, Springer Link and Google Scholars for the years 1991-2018 with full text in English.Results: This study is an alternative approach that is necessary in order to present the potential of carrageenans in foods and medical applications.The advantages of carrageenans as a food additive and pharmaceutical formulation lie on their high availability, low cost, and low induction of resistance. Conclusion: This review suggested that carrageenans are suitable to be applied in many kinds of food products as gelling and thickening agent with their antioxidant potency as well as medical applications such as pharmaceutical formulations in drug delivery and experimental medicine. However, more comprehensive studies on toxicity and side effect of carrageenans are necessary.

Selective Abortion After Preimplantation Sex Selection: An Ethical and Legal Issue in Indonesia

Pujiyono, Pujiyono, Budiyanti, Rani Tiyas

Global Health Management Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : YAYASAN ALIANSI CENDEKIAWAN INDONESIA THAILAND (Indonesian Scholars Alliance)

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Abstract

Background: The emerging of sex selection technology in Indonesia is sperm sorting, meanwhile sex selection with Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) methods is not widely used. The use of sperm sorting has bigger chance to fail than PGD, thus potentially cause ethical and legal problems that is selective abortion during pregnancy. The potency for selective abortion is enlarged by Indonesian law that permitting sex selection without distinction of medical and non-medical reasons. There is no special policy to regulate the selective abortion because of sex selection failure.  Aims: This study aims to find out the legal concept of selective abortion after preimplantation sex selection that appropriate to be applied in Indonesia.Methods: This research is normative research that use analytics method with legal approach and conceptual approach. The research material consists of primary legal material (legislation about sex selection and abortion in Indonesia), secondary legal materials (legal journals, law books, and legal proceedings), and also non-legal materials (journals, books, and health proceedings about sex selection and abortion).Results: In Indonesia meanwhile in general, abortion is permitted for pregnancy with medical indication and rape victim. Through a statue approach in Indonesia, selective abortion after preimplantation sex selection can be implemented for strong medical reasons. While the failure for non-medical reasons can’t be aborted. This regulation contrary with ethics, morals and religion. Selective abortion should not be done because of preimplantation sex selection failure either medical or non-medical reasons. Conclusion: Selective abortion after preimplantation sex selection both medical and non medical reason contrary with moral, ethical, and religion. Indonesia needs to regulate further policy about selective abortion if there is a failure of preimplantation sex selection.