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JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA
Jurnal Galung Tropika dengan nomor p-ISSN 2302-4178 (cetak) dan e-ISSN 2407-6279 (online) adalah jurnal ilmiah yang menerbitkan hasil penelitian di bidang Pertanian, Peternakan, Perikanan, dan Biologi Tanaman. Serta menyajikan informasi hasil penelitian dan artikel ilmiah untuk pembangunan pertanian berkelanjutan di Indonesia yang dipublikasikan secara elektronik dan cetak.
Articles by issue : Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
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Articles
EVALUASI PERTAMBAHAN BOBOT BADAN DAN EFISIENSI PENGGUNAAN PAKAN PADA ITIK PEDAGING YANG DIBERI LEVEL AMPAS TAHU YANG BERBEDA

Rasyid, Satri

JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fapetrik-UMPAR

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Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the body weight gain and feed efficiency of the various different levels of tofu on duck meat with intensive farming systems. The usefulness of this research is to find feed formulations using tofu as an alternative feed to increase weight gain and more efficient for feed use, is being used is duck duck king. This research was conducted in the village of Talumae district. Wattang Sidenreng Kab. Sidrap for three months.The study used a base CRD (completely randomized design) with four standard treatment, ie control without giving tofu, tofu waste treatment with the addition of 20%, treatment with the addition of tofu waste 30%, and treatment with the addition of 40% tofu. Each treatment consisted of 4 groups, so there are 16 experimental units, each unit consisting of 6 ducks Raja, a total of 96 observations ducks. The parameters measured were body weight gain (UN) and the efficiency of feed utilization is calculated every week.Results showed Giving tofu tofu in the treatment of 30% can increase body weight broiler ducks better than other treatments, and not significantly different from the control and 20% tofu, but tofu significantly different from 40% at level α> 0 , 05. Efficiency of feed use in the treatment obtained the lowest score tofu 30% and did not differ very significantly with 40% tofu waste treatment. Being the highest value obtained from the control and did not differ very significantly with 20% tofu waste treatment, but differed significantly with treatment tofu and tofu 30% 40% at level α> 0.01.

STATUS PEMANFAATAN BERDASARKAN UKURAN IKAN HIAS INJEL NAPOLEON POMACANTHUS XANTHOMETAPON DI PERAIRAN SULAWESI SELATAN

Kasmi, Mauli ( Jurusan Agribisnis Perikanan, Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Pangkep, Sulawesi Selatan )

JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fapetrik-UMPAR

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Abstract

This research aims at: 1) Determine the utilization of fish in the waters injel napolen South Sulawesi. 2) Knowing the production rate under on sustainability stocks in the waters of South Sulawesi. 3) to analyze the size and age structure of fish in the waters injel napolen South Sulawesi. The basic method used in this research is descriptive and explanatory. Kinds of data in this study based dimensiwaktu, the time series data (time series) and cross section (cross-points) and the weight of the fish length.The Status of analysis is the use of the model to determine the relationship FOX CPUE and effort. The composition of the length and weight of fish length injel napoleon analyzed descriptively in tables and graphs with units or percentages.Injel napoleon fish caught is where 53% of young fish gonadnya undeveloped, 26% female, 14% male and 7% hermaphrodites. While fekunditasnya not be determined because gonadnya undeveloped. Size of the fish were caught ranging in size from 4.3 cm which is dominated by the size of 8.1 to 11 cm (38.4%) and the size from 11.1 to 15 (29.4%). While the size of the largest was 15.1 - 25 cm which is only 6.7%. Length relationships are allometrik weight, growth rate of 0.4934 cm / yr with a maximum length of 41.7 cm at the age of 13 years. Examples of fish obtained 1.5 years old, age of first arrest 151 days and the age of first spawning of 2.5 years.

APLIKASI BAKTERI PROBIOTIK DAN TANAMAN HERBAL PADA AYAM BROILER

Nurhaeda, Nurhaeda ( Prodi Ilmu Peternakan Fak. Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan Univ. Muhammadiyah Parepare )

JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fapetrik-UMPAR

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Abstract

Sebagian besar masyarakat menolak membeli produk peternakan yang diketahuinya menggunakan antibiotik atau bahan kimia dalam prosesnya, karena adanya residu  dan berkembangnya mikroba yang resisten dalam tubuh ternak maupun tubuh manusia yang mengkomsumsinya. Sehingga diperlukan produk probiotik dan tanaman herbal yang nantinya dapat mengurangi ketergantungan terhadap antibiotik dan obat-obatan kimia.   Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh pemberian dan komposisi jamu probiotik dan tanaman herbal pada air minum terhadap pertambahan bobot badan, berat karkas, persentase karkas, kualitas karkas dan mortalitas ayam broiler. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok (RAK). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan Pertambahan bobot badan yang terbaik adalah  pemberian probiotik lengkap (J1) yang rata-rata pertambahan bobot badan 0,78 kg perhari  dan meningkatkan berat dan kualitas karkas ayam broiler, dengan berat rata-rata 1,25 Kg/ek. dan ditinjau dari kualitasnya perlemakan sub kutan yang relatif sedikit. Pemberian jamu probiotik dapat menekan angka mortalitas ternak yang diakibatkan oleh infeksi penyakit.  Adanya angka mortalitas rata-rata 0,05% diduga ternak stress akibat perubahan cuaca yang ekstrim atau cuaca yang sangat panas.

PENANGANAN PASCA PANEN BERBAGAI VARIETAS PADI DENGAN RICE MILLING UNIT (RMU)

Ashar, Ashar, Putera, Ikbal

JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fapetrik-UMPAR

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Abstract

The purpose of research to see and know the process and the results of post-harvest handling of the various varieties of rice using the Rice Milling Unit (RMU). The experiment was conducted PB on rice plant. Ase ball and Laboratory PT. Sang Hyang Seri (Persero) Sidrap. samples is done by taking 100 grams of grain at random from each of the varieties are varieties Mekongga, Ciliwung, Inpari 7, Ciherang, and Cisantana. Post-harvest rice by using Rice Milling Unit (RMU) that will address the quality of milled rice, rice resulting in a clean, white, shiny, and keep nourishing that have undergone the process as follows: a) The water content of dry grain harvest (GKP) is between 18% - 22%, b) storage of dry grain harvest (GKP) into dry milled grain (GKK) does not exceed 36 hours after the rice is harvested. The results average GKP processed using RMU shows the lowest water content at 22.9% which is the Ciliwung varieties. GKP higher water content, the higher the percentage of empty. The results of average quality rice Broken skin is processed at RMUshows the water content GKP all varieties together is 14%. Results Mean Quality Components Milled Rice, Variety show any degree of polished rice is the same, namely 95%. Mekongga varieties have the highest head rice percentage, ie 97% of the lowest broken rate, namely 2.8%. The percentage is the lowest head rice varieties Inpari 7, which is 79% broken rate is also high at 16%.

OPTIMASI PROSES PEMBUATAN KARAGINAN DARI RUMPUT LAUT MERAH (Euchema cottonii)

Arfini, Fifi ( Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Pangkep, Kampus Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Pangkep, Sulawesi Selatan )

JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fapetrik-UMPAR

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to assess and optimize the process of extraction of carrageenan (variation ratio of water, the concentration of KCl precipitation and temperature) on the seaweed Eucheuma cottonii to shorten the processing time. This research method is divided into two stages: 1) Preliminary research with the aim to find a range of concentrations of KCl solution is best, 2) optimization of the process is to compare the water phase, the concentration of KCl precipitation and temperature are optimal. Carrageenan is then analyzed yield (AOAC. 1984), viscosity (FMC Corp. 1977), power gel (FMC Corp. 1977), moisture content (AOAC 1995), ash (AOAC 1995), acid insoluble ash content (AOAC 1995), the levels of sulfate (FMC Corp. 1977) and whiteness (Food Chemical Codex. 1981). Experimental design used was completely randomized factorial design. Preliminary results show The concentration of KCl solution 1 and 1.5% selected the best, although the structure is not harder than 2% KCl but not to cause a sense of the carrageenan produced. Produced the highest yield of water ratio 1:40. Highest viscosity ratio obtained in the combination treatment of water 1:20, 1% KCl. Carrageenan gel strength generated in this study ranged between 1493.49 - 2202.97 g/cm2 at each combination of treatments. Combination treatments are best produced water ratio 1: 20, 1% KCl concentration and precipitation temperature of 30 oC (A1B1C2) based on the parameters yield of 31.77%, 145.00 cP viscosity, gel strength 1897.14, 9.73 moisture content, ash content of 29.59, ash content was 0.83 acid soluble, sulfate levels and whiteness 18:36 51.57. Research on the optimization process can still be studied better, especially in the financial analysis.

EFEKTIFITAS PENGGUNAAN PROBIOTIK DAN ANTIBIOTIK TERHADAP KUALITAS AIR DALAM MENINGKATKAN SINTASAN POST LARVA

Hasniar, Hasniar, Firman, Firman, Yunarti, Yunarti

JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fapetrik-UMPAR

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dosis probiotik Bacillus Plus-1 dan antibiotik yang paling efektif dan efisien dalam memperbaiki dan mengontrol kualitas air media pemeliharaan post larva. Disain yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah rancangan acak kelompok dengan bahan uji yang diaplikasikan adalah probiotik Bacillus dengan dosis 0,75 mg/l, 1,0 mg/l dan 1,25 mg/l, bakteri Vibrio harveyi resisten rifamvicin 6 mg/l, serta Oxytetracyclin dan Erytromicin masing-masing 1 mg/l.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pertumbuhan udang windu cukup baik, akan tetapi perlakuan C2 (perlakuan probiotik 1,25 ppm dan erytromicin) dan B1 (perlakuan probiotik 1,00 ppm dan oxytetracycline) memiliki pertumbuhan tertinggi dibandingkan dengan perlakuan lainnya. Sintasan tertinggi udang windu selama pemeliharaan diperoleh pada perlakuan C1 (perlakuan probiotik 1,25 dan oxytetracycline), menyusul perlakuan D (kontrol). Pada saat uji tantang larva udang windu dengan bakteri Vibrio harveyi pada tingkat kepadatan 105, maka perlakuan kontrol memiliki tingkat kematian yan tertinggi. Hasil analisis sidik ragam menunjukkan bahwa baik pertumbuhan, sintasan maupun uji tantang tidak memberikan pengaruh nyata terhadap larva udang windu yang diuji.

KANDUNGAN ADF DAN NDF RUMPUT GAJAH (Pennisetum purpureum), YANG DIFERMENTASI DENGAN STARBIO

Amin, Nurul ( Prodi Ilmu Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan Univ. Muhammadiyah Parepare )

JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fapetrik-UMPAR

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Abstract

Salah satu alternatif untuk mengatasi kekurangan pakan adalah melakukan pengawetan sekaligus meningkatkan kualitas hijauan dalam bentuk fermentasi hijauan dengan menggunakan bahan inokulan mikroba seperti starbio.  Starbio dinamakan probiotik karena Starbio berperan dalam menunjang jehidupan (Pro-biotik) dan sangat bertentangan dengan antibiotic (anti hidup) serta berguna dalam usaha pengembangan peternakan yang berwawasan lingkungan.  Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kelurahan Ujung Baru, Kecamatan Soreang Kota Parepare dan analisis kandungan zat-zat makanan dilaksanankan di Lab.  Kimia Makanan Ternak UNHAS.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kandungan ADF dan NDF rumput gajah yang di fermentasi dengan starbio sekaligus mengetahui dosis penggunaan yang tepat.  Hasil analisa Kandungan unsur hara menunjukkan Pemberian tingkat starbio tidak memperlihatkan perbedaan yang nyata terhadap kandungan NDF, ADF, hemiselulosa, selulosa, ADL dan kerusakan bahan kering rumput gajah yang difermentasi.